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Accessions No. "^^O^ Shelf No. 






TO THE YEAR 1540. 








y^^ S O 

[\0. XXXV 






THOMAS AMYOT, ESQ. F.R.S., Treas. S.A. Director. 











AVILLIAM J. THOMS, ESQ. F.S.A., Secretary. 




The Council of the Camden Society desire it to be under- 
stood that they are not answerable for any opinions or observa- 
tions that may appear in the Society's publications ; the Editors 
of the several Works being alone responsible for the same. 



Preface ....... ix 

Biographical notices of Richard Turpyn the chronicler, and his son 

Richard Turpyn the herald, victualler of Calais . . xiii 

Historical notices of Calais in the hands of the English . xxiii 

Description of the Cottonian view of Calais . . . xxvi 

Description of the Cottonian map of Calais . . . xxviii 

Catalogue of Captains, Lieutenants, and Deputies of Calais . xxxii 

Other officers of Calais ..... xxxix 

Historical Commission founded at Calais in 1845 . . xli 
1485-1340. The Chronicle of Calais, compiled or possessed 

by Richard Turpyn ..... 1 

1492. Expenses of Henry VII. when visiting France . . 49 
1500. The Meeting of Henry VII. and the archduke Philip, at 

St. Peter's near Calais .... ib. 
1508. Imprisonment at Calais of the marquess of Dorset and lord 

William of Devonshire . . . .51 

Letter of Henry VII. to sir John Wiltshire, regarding a 

proposed visit to Calais . . . .52 

Preparations for the proposed marriage of the princess Mary 

to Charles prince of Castille . . . .54 

1511. Lord Darcy's expedition to Portugal . . .66 

Expedition of lord Ponynges to Guelderland . . ib. 

1512. Commission of sir Edward Howard as lord admiral . 67 

1513. The campaign of Henry VIII. in France . . ib. 

Secret history of Margaret duchess of Savoy and Charles 

Brandon duke of Suffolk . . . .68 

1515. Marriage of the princess Mary to Louis XII. . . 76 


1520. The Field of Cloth of Gold 

Entertainment of three French gentlemen in London 

1521. The expenses of cardinal Wolsey's embassy 

1523. Order in council for the advance of 2000/. for the repa 
rations of Calais, upon credit of the wools there 

Bill of Browne the painter for Banners, &c. furnished to the 

duke of Suffolk .... 

Knights made by the duke of Suffolk in France 

1.522. Proclamation for the victualling of Calais 

1527. for the encouragement of merchants 

1520 (?). Letter on a variance between the two jurisdictions in 

Calais, and on the decay of the town 
1527. Proclamation for the reparation of Calais 

Letter of Cardinal Wolsey to the ambassadors in France 

signifying his coming on a special ambassage 
1532. Interview of Henry VIII. and Francis I. 

Expenses of the king when at Calais 

Knights made by the king at Calais 

1530 or 31. Survey of dilapidations at Calais 

1532. Device for the fortification of Calais 

1535. Letter of sir William Fitzwilliam and other commissioner 
on the reformation of the government of Calais . 

Inquest on the state of Calais 

1533. Muster-roll of the garrison of Calais 

Ordenances for watch and ward * 

15 — . Memorial of lord Berners, &c. on the scarcity of fuel, in 

consequence of the French cruisers 
1533. Notice of the will of lord Berners, deputy of Calais 










* It seems not improbable that this was the book " Of the duties of the inhabitants of 
Calais," which Bale has placed in his list of works of John Bourshier lord Berners, but 
which is not known to have been issued in a printed form at that time. There is also 
mentioned in the same list "a comedy called Ite in vineam,^'' of whicli Anthony a 
Wood says (it does not appear from what source,) that it was " usually acted in the great 
oliurch of Calais after vespers." This has not been seen by any recent author. 





1 5—. 


Kfturn of tlie duke of Riclmiond and viwl of Surrey froui 

France .... 

Letter of bishop Gardiner to lord Lisle 
Election of burgesses from Calais to parliament 
Reception of the lady Anna of Cleves 
Imprisonment of sir John Butler, pinest 
Letter of lord Lisle and the council of Calais to the king 

respecting victuals 
The recall of lord Lisle from Calais 
Visit of the prince of Salerno to England 
Visit of the marquess of Padula, brother to the duke of 

Ferrara .... 

Administration of lord Maltravers as deputy 
Arrangements made for the demolition of Cowbridge, at th 
limits of the English pale 
Works in progress at Calais and Guisnes 
Documents relating to the castle of Guisnes 
Commission of sir Robert Jerningham as captain of Newn 

hambridge .... 
Foray into the French country, conducted by sir John 

Wallop .... 

Addenda et Corrigenda 









The present Volume owes its existence to the casual 
discovery, among the transcripts by Stowe in the British 
Museum,* of the Chronicle of Calais, formed, or at least 
once possessed, by Richard Turpyn, a " burgess there." 
This appeared to be a fragment which, in a brief compass, 
contained so much historical information previously 
unpublished, that I was desirous to recommend it to the 
patronage of the Camden Society, a suggestion which at 
once received the approval of the Council. 

As it was found, on a further search, that the manu- 
script stores of the British Museum contained many 
other papers illustrative of the events commemorated in 
Turpyn's chronicle, equally unpublished, it was then 
determined to extend its somewhat scanty dimensions by 
appending such documents as might contribute to eluci- 
date the history of the town and marches of Calais, 
during the same period. 

Much less has been hitherto published on the history 
of our continental Borders than on the history of our 

* MS. Harl. 542. 


Borders next Scotland ; although the latter retained their 
frontier state not quite half a century later than the 
former. Indeed, with the exception of a brief memoir in 
the second series of Sir Henry Ellis's Original Letters, 
the present Editor is not aware of any historical notice of 
Calais whilst in the possession of the English. It is, 
therefore, with some confidence as well in the importance 
as in the novelty of the subject, that he presents this 
volume to the members of the Camden Society. 

At the same time he is fully conscious that a collection 
of this extent can comprise but a small portion of what 
should constitute a complete History of the English 
Border towards France : a work more suited to occupy 
several future volumes of the Royal publication of State 
Papers, — the continuation of which, in the substantial and 
accurate form so well commenced (with reference to the 
affairs of Cardinal Wolsey's administration, those of Scot- 
land, and those of Ireland), must be desired by every 
student of English History. 

In forming the present series of papers, the Editor soon 
found that it was necessary to assign several boundary- 
marks within which it should be confined. It w^ould have 
been easy to have filled several such volumes with the 
contemporary letters of ambassadors and other persons 
employed either in a diplomatic or military capacity in 
France. The documents which have been admitted will 


be found to apply either to the same occurrences which 
are noticed in Turpyn's Chronicle, or immediately to the 
history of Calais, and both, with a few supplementary 
papers of the latter kind, within the period to which the 
chronicle itself belongs. 

It is remarkable that Turpyn's Chronicle extends to the 
same year, in which the existing register of the Privy 
Council for the reign of Henry VIII. commences,* and 
from that source the subsequent administration of Calais 
may be traced with some minuteness, and dates assigned 
to other existing documents with far less difficulty than 
the Editor has experienced in the present work. 

In like manner, considerable materials for the earlier 
history of Calais may be gleaned from the Rolls of Parlia- 
ment,'|~ which terminate in the year 1503. Thus the 
collection made in these pages furnishes the memorials of 
a period hitherto less provided than others. 

During the seventeen years which elapsed between 
the year 1540 and the final loss of Calais by the English, 
there are large materials for its history in the papers of 
George lord Cobham, who was deputy of the town and 
marches from 1544 to 1550, and which exist among the 
Harleian MSS. J The papers of one of his predecessors, lord 
Lisle, which were seized in 1540, form nineteen volumes, 

* See Proceedings, &c. of the Privy Council, edited by Sir N. H. Nicolas, 
vol. vii. p. ii. f See the Index, fol. 1832, pp. 111—115. 

X Nos. 283 and 284. 


which are preserved in the State Paper Office,* whilst a few 
of them are scattered in the volumes of Cottonian MSS. 

There is one year of the period included in the present 
collection^ namely that of King Henry's campaign to The- 
rouenne and Tournay, the documents respecting which 
have been altogether reserved. This course was adopted, at 
once to keep the volume within its proposed limits, and also 
in consequence of the existence of two contemporary jour- 
nals of the events of that campaign, which it was thought 
might hereafter be available for a volume correspondent 
to the present. 

A single exception has been made, in favour of a docu- 
ment of a very remarkable character, belonging indeed 
rather to private than public history, but the private his- 
tory of some of the most important personages of their 
day. To this has been applied the title of " secret history 
of Margaret, duchess of Savoy, and Charles Brandon, 
duke of Suffolk ;" for secret it was at the time, and secret 
it has remained, until its present development.-f- 

* Some interesting extracts from the Lisle correspondence have been re- 
cently made by Miss M. A. E. Wood, now Mrs. Green, in her valuable collec- 
tion of " Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies." It is to the same lady 
that the Editor has acknowledged his obligations in his note on the queen of 
France's marriage to the duke of Suffolk, in p. 17. 

t This discovery appeared to the Editor sufficiently important to be 
brought before the Historical section of the British Archaeological Institute 
on its congress at Winchester in the year 1845 ; and he had then the 
honour of reading a paper on the subject at one of the general meetings 
held in St. John's rooms. 


My attention was first directed to the mysterious 
and enigmatical nature of this document by Mr. E. G. 
Ballard, and to the same gentleman I have to acknow- 
ledge my obligations for searching out, as well as tran- 
scribing, most of the other materials of this volume. 

I shall only add, in this place, a few biographical 
notices of Richard Turpyn, the supposed author of 
the Chronicle of Calais. 

He was the grandson of John Turpyn, whose father 
Nicholas was of Whitchester, in Northumberland ; which 
John by marriage with Elizabeth Kinnesman, heiress of 
the Paynells and Gobions of Knaptoft in Leicestershire, 
became possessed of that manor, and left issue his son 
and heir William Turpyn esquire, who died Sept. 1, 1523. 
Richard Turpyn, of Calais, was the fifth and youngest 
son of William.* 

I httle suspected, until some time after this volume had 
been in the press, that Turpyn's Chronicle had already 
placed his name in the memorials of Bale,-)- and all the 

* Pedigree in Nichols's Leicestershire, iv. 225, as corrected by Mr. 
Townsend (see note in p. xvi. hereafter). 

t " Ricardus Tui'pyn, ex honesta quadam Anglorum familia natus, et 
Caleti sub rege Henrico octavo miUtiam exercens, Anglice congessit Sui 
temporis Chronicon, Lib. i. obiitque Caleti circa annum a Christi nativitate 
1541, in D. Nicolai templo illic sepultus." Balaei Scriptores, fol. Basil. 
1359, part ii. p. 103. (In the Hist, of Leicestershire, iv. 217, the hke 
reference is erroneously made to Pitsaeus, who does not notice Turpyn.) 


sequel of literary biographers.* Such, however, proves to 
be the case ; though we collect but Httle from them all. 
Anthony a Wood claims him as a scholar of Oxford, but 
adds that he was taken thence before he was honoured 
with a degree. 

In the line written at the head of his chronicle, (p. 1,) 
Turpyn is styled a burgess of Calais. In the list of the 
garrison made in 1533, his name appears as one of the 
constabulary, whose duties in the watch and ward of the 
town are detailed in one of the documents in the Appendix. 

* Fuller's account of Turpyn, in his " Worthies of England," under 
Leicestershire, is as follows : " Richard Turpin was born at Knaptoft in 
this county, very lately (if not still) in the possession of that antient fa- 
mily, and was one of the gentlemen of the English garrison of Calis in 
France in the reign of king Henry the Eighth. Such soldiers generally in 
time of war had too much, in time of peace too little work, to employ 
themselves therein. Commendable therefore the industry of this Richard, 
who spent his spare hours in writing of a Chronicle of his Time. He dyed 
anno Domini 1541, in the thirty-fifth year of the aforesaid king's reign. 
(Weever's Funerall Monuments, p. 682.) This I observe the rather, that 
the reader may not run with me on the rock of the same mistake, who in 
my apprehension confounded him with Richard Turpin the herauld, first 
Blewmantle and then created Windsor, in the beginning of Queen Eliza- 
beth." The reference to Weever is misplaced, as it did not belong (as was 
not unnaturally imagined by the printer) to the record of Turpyn's death, 
but to the catalogue of the Heralds which Weever has given in his work. 
The error of the " thirty^^A year " was made by miscopying Burton 
(History of Leicestershire), who has it consistently, if not correctly, 
" 1541. 33 Hen. VHL" 


His pay in this capacity was eightpence a day. His 
death is generally stated to have occurred in or about 
1541,* when his body was interred in the church of St. 
Nicholas at Calais ; but another authority places it in 

According to that statement, Richard Turpyn the 
chronicler was born in 1506, and died in 1545. In such 
case he was only thirty-nine years of age at the time of 
his death, and not more than thirty-four at the period 
when his chronicle ceases. These dates would tend to 
invalidate his claim to be considered as the author of the 
Chronicle ; for it will be remarked that within a very few 
years of the time thus determined for his birth, its me- 
morials are very minute and particular, and must have 
been made by some person of competent age and know- 
ledge. If Richard Turpyn was both born in 1506, and 
was really the compiler of the chronicle, he must have 
been indebted for its early portions, at least, to the 
memoranda of a former writer, or possibly he may have 
derived his information from some of the official records 
of the town. 

* This date is not to be depended upon : for Bale (as quoted in a pre- 
vious note) says only " circa annum 1341," which may have been merely a 
guess formed from the period at which the chronicle terminates. I have 
searched the register of the prerogative court of Canterbury for Turpyn's 
will in vain. 

f Pedigree, ut supra. 


He introduced into employment at Calais a second 
Richard Turpyn, who was afterwards a member of the 
College of Arms. In the family pedigree the herald has 
been placed as nephew of the chronicler, and as a younger 
son of John Turpyn of Knaptoft ;* but another authority^- 

* In the copy of Nichols's Leicestershire in the College of Arms, the 
late Francis Townsend, esq. Windsor herald, has drawn his pen through 
the name of Richard Turpyn the herald, thus apparently adopting the state- 
ment of Le Neve mentioned in the next page. Mr. Townsend has also in 
the same place made the following corrections : £or sir William Turpin, died 
1525, read William Turpyn esquire, died 1523; the death of John, for "June 
18, 1530," in 1528-9 (without altering the month) ; his son William, born 
Sept. 30, 1527, not Sept. 1, 1529 ; the effects of George were administered to 
by his widow, Frances, 17 Aug. 1583. To these memoranda it may be added 
that the will of William Turpyn, 1584, is recorded in the Prerogative Court 
of Canterbury, in 8 Wathan, and that of John, 1582, in 29 Rawe. The 
main authority for the Turpyn pedigree is not the Leicestershire Visitation 
of 1619, but Vincent's Leicester, 217. In 2 H. 5 (Coll. Arm.) f. 94 b. is 
the following record of a crest granted to the family : "The armes and 
crest of George Turpyn of Knaptoft, in the countye of Leycester, 
esquyer : he bereth geules, on a bende silver thre lyon's heddes rasy sable, 
langued and oreilled geules ; upon his helme on a torse asure and golde, A 
grype standyng ung pie levant golde, the forparte dropped geules, beked 
and armed sable, manteled geules, dobled silver : yeven the said crest by 
me, Thomas Hawley, alias Clarencieulx, the first daye of Aprill, in the 
vjth yere of the reigne of owr soverayne lorde kyng Edward the syxte." 
There were two marriages between the family of Turpyn and that of 
Docwra, the lord prior of St. John's (often mentioned in the present volume), 
the particulars of which will be found in Collectanea Topogr. et Genea- 
logica, 1840, vol. vi. p. 90. 

-j- Memorandum in Anstis's MS. Lives of the Heralds, in the College of 
Arms, vol. ii. p. 628. verso. 


declares him to have been still more nearly related to the 
former. " He was son of Richard Turpyn, burgess of 
Calis, gent, by Margaret, daughter of John de Mount, de 
Guisnes. (MS. penes P. le Neve, Norroy.)" 

The second Richard Turpyn was, at the time of the sur- 
render of Calais in 1558, clerk of the victuals there, at the 
salary of 40/. per ann.; together with which office he lost 
lands worth 100 marks a-year, and goods estimated at 
more than 2000/. He was also a pursuivant by the name 
of Hampnes.* 

After his return to England, he was created Bluemantle 
pursuivant Dec. 21, 1560, and his patent was dated on 
the 22d of the following month.'f- In 1562 he went with 
Ambrose earl of Warwick to Newhaven (now Havre) in 
Normandy, then lately occupied by the English, with 
the consent of the chiefs of the Huguenots. The earl 
landed there on the 29th of October, and on the last 
day of that month Bluemantle proclaimed in that town 
the earl's commission, in Latin, English, and French. 
After a protracted siege, the place was evacuated by 
the English in the following July, chiefly in consequence 
of the fatality produced by the plague ; and a narrative 
of the expedition was written by the pursuivant, which 

* Mark Noble (History of the College of Arms) says he was so created 
" at his return," adding, with his usual blundering, that " he continued in 
that office during the reigns of Edward VI. and Mary." 

t It is printed in Rymer, xv. 566. 


was in the possession of Garter Anstis. This was not the 
only occasion on which Turpyn was employed upon the 
continent, for a few years after we find him representing 
that there had scarcely been any service beyond the seas 
for twenty-four years in which he had not borne a part. 

By patent dated the 25th Jan. 1565, he was promoted 
to be Windsor herald, and so created on Maundy Thursday 
the 19th of April following. Some years after, being in 
pecuniary difficulties, he was suspended from receiving 
the profits of his office because he owed certain sums to 
his successor Bluemantle and to York herald, but he was 
restored by the Earl Marshal on the 19th July, 1570, 
having previously presented the following petition to his 
grace, — how long before does not appear, for it is un- 
dated : 

To the right honorable the duke of Norffolkes grace. 

Shevveth unto your good grace your poor oratour Richard 
Turpyn, alias Wyndsor heraulde of arms, so it is, gracious 
honorable lord. That, whereas your saide oratour was a pursuyvant 
of armes in Caleys, at the losse therof, and there dwelled and 
inhabyted, his wages beinge ther above xU'. by the yere, and 
his londes above c. markes by the yere, as also his goods, plate, 
and moveables, and others esteemed above and better than uhi^li. 
so that by mysfortune of the saide losse of Caleys [he] was spoyled 
of londes, goodes, and wages, as also havinge ther another ofFyce of 
the Queues Majestie called by the name of Clarke of the Victuals, 
and their havinge the victuallinge, lodginge of all the workemen 


and laborers, and also for alle other such necessaries as to them 
belongeth, your saide supplyaiint upon his credyt the bakers, 
brewers, bowchers, victuallers, drapers, shoemakers, with all others 
the said victuallers before specifyed, at all tymes did delyver all 
such kyndes as was neadefull for them to be had upon your saide 
oratour his warraunt, payenge to the sayd victuallers from paie to 
paie that was made ther by the quenes majestic their saide sommes 
of money as was growenge to them by the saide workmen and 
laborers, as the right worshippfull sir Thomas Cornwaleys knight, 
then being threasourer in Caleys, can testifye unto your good 
grace, as also of my honestye and good behavour; wherupon, 
most gratious lord, the saide victuallers before specified did delyver 
upon your saide oratour his warrants and bylls to the somme of 
iiij c. or thereabouts. So now, most honourable lord, by 
reason of the saide towne of Caleys was lost and taken by th'enne- 
mie, and ther I being spoyled and dystressed of all my goodes, 
londes, and wages, at my retorne into Englande shortely after, the 
said bakers, brewers, bouchers, drapers, with others, dyd vexe and 
troble your sayde poor supplyaunt for the paymenttes of the saide 
some before specifyed : wherupon your oratour was dryven to make 
shyft and borrow of dyvers and sondrie persons, of some of them 
vli., and of other xli.,^T\d some more and some les, for the pay- 
ment of the saide sommes of money before wrytten ; all which 
sommes of money was dew to the saide victuallers by the quenes 
majestic, howbeit untyll this daie the poor souldyours, victuallers, 
workmen, nor laborers are nothing paide of their wages and dewties, 
so that by that meanes your saide poore oratour was dryven from 
tyme to tyme here in London to make shyft to paie and satisfie 
the saide sommes above specifyed ; so that, most honorable lord. 


by that meanes now at this present 1 am greatly indebted, to ray 
utter undoyenge, oneles that your honorable lordshipp wyll and 
comaunde my company the kings andheraulds of amies that I may 
enjoie all such larges, comodities, and proffyts as shall growe to me 
by vertue of my saide offyce, I beinge an herauld of armes, seinge 
that I have not offended the prince, nor no part of your grace's 
comandements and decrees set forth by your grace, nor being no 
droncard, dycer, nor carder, no ruffyan, nor no spot of vylonny. 
I trust none of my companye can stayne me. Howbeit certain of 
my company hath dysbarred me of all my droytes and comodytees 
dew to me by my sayde servyce, which I have served by the space 
of this xx^i yeres in my saide call, and hath not received one penny 
out of the saide ofFyce syns the first of Aprill last past, so that, 
most honorable Lord, I have ben fayne to laye to gage all my 
rayment and my wyffes, with all suche poore stuff as I had. 
Furthermore I have served as paynfuUy and as daungerously as 
ony in the sayde offyce hath done, for ther hath ben no service thes 
xxiiijt' yeres past done beyonde the seas but lyghtly I have 
been at them, and I trust I am as well able to serve as any 
other are in the sayde offyce, and that wyll I stande to their 
judgementts, as also my good lord of Warwycke wyll testifie, 
with others, of my honest and paynfull service lately done with 
the sayde lord of Warwyck in Newhaven in Normandye, when 
ther I served under his lordship. Therefore, honorable lord, for 
so moche as I have loste all my londes and goodes which I was 
well able to lyve in Caleys before the losse thereof, and now a 
poore man, and not able to lyve oneless your good lordship do 
comaunde the saide companye the kings and heraulds of arms that 
I may receive all suche dewties and droicts as shall growe, with 


all other comodities, as all other the heraulds hathe, and so by 
that means I trust in God, with your good lordship's favour, 
shortely to come to some end with my credytors, that I am 
indebted unto, and to be at lyberty, and so yerely to paye unto 
them a portition of my saide proffitts, as shall growe unto me. 
And your saide poore oratour, accordinge to his bounden dewtie, 
shall dayly praye to God for your noble grace in moche felicitie, 
with th'increase of the same, long to contenewe. 

Richard Turpyn, Windsor herald, died on the 1 7th of 
October, 1581. He was, says Anstis, "an officer of great 
industry, as will appear from his MSS. relating mostly to 
armory, now in the collector's keeping." * 

In conclusion, I would remind the members of the 
Camden Society that this is the second time that we 
have been indebted for the preservation and use of 
historical works to the zeal and industry of "honest 
John Stowe." In the present instance, as in that of 
"The Historic of the Arrivall and Restoration of King 
Edward IV.," with which the series of this Society 
was commenced, his transcripts have at last, after the 
lapse of more than two centuries, conducted works to the 
press, of which the original manuscripts are now lost or 

* The above document I have been allowed to ti-anscribe from Anstis's 
collections for the history of the officers of arms, lately belonging to Sir 
George Nayler, and now in the library of the College of Arms. Anstis's 
manuscripts were dispersed after his death, and I am not aware where those 

of Turpyn above mentioned are now preserved. 


To have obtained Richard Turpyn's own copy of the 
Chronicle of Calais would certainly have been more satis- 
factory, inasmuch as Stowe with all his merits was no 
great scholar, nor, whether from want of care on his 
own part, or on that of his printers, do we find that he 
edited with perfect accuracy. Passages from Turj^yn's 
chronicle are to be found interweaved in that of Stowe, 
and in three places " Richard Turpin " is quoted in his 
margin, aIz. in May 1514, July 1520, and in 152/ for 
Wolsey's embassy. Under the year 1532 he has given 
the same list of names as in this volume, p. 42, but with 
several errors. The name of Donne is misprinted Deane, 
Semer is misprinted Femer, and Markam misprinted 
Marleant. I suspect further that, in the same place, 
Stowe transcribed " Sir John Page " for Sir John Gage, 
K.G. and " Sir Edward Santener " for Santmer or Sey- 
mour, afterwards the Duke of Somerset and protector.* 
Such instances of inaccuracy in our standard works con- 
tribute to justify that recurrence to original authorities 
which it is the practice of the Camden Society to adopt 
and recommend. 

* So in p. 8 Dicky for Digby : and in p. 48 he has written " his " for 
"her;" see note, p. 187. 


From the time that the town of Calais was surrendered to King Edward 
the Third in 1347, in the manner so picturesquely described by Froissart, 
it remained for two hundred and eleven years in most respects an English 
colony. The poorer inhabitants, to the number of more than seventeen 
hundred, had been sent away during the siege, * and never returned, finding 
refuge chiefly at St. Omer's. 

When the conqueror commissioned sir Walter de Manny and his two 
marshals, the earl of Warwick and the earl of Stafford, to take possession 
of the town, he said, " Sirs, take here the kayes of the towne and castell of 
Calys ; go and take possessyon there, and putte in prison all the knyhts 
that be there ; and all other soudyours that came thyder symply to wynne 
their ly veng, cause theym to avoyde the towne, and also all other men , 
women, and chyldren ; for I wolde re-people agayne the towne with pure 
Englysshemen.f " This plan Froissart says was fulfilled. " They made all 
maner of people to voyde, and kept there no mo persons but a preest and 
two other auncyent personages, such as knewe the customes, lawes, and ordy- 
naunces of the towne, and to signe out the herytages howe they were de- 
vyded." " The kynge sent from London xxxvj burgesses to Calays, who were 
ryche and sage, and their wyves and chyldren, and dayly encreased the 
nombre, for the kynge graunted them such liberties and franchysses that men 
were gladde to go and dwell there." 

* The names of the commanders and knights in the army of Edward the Third, at the 
time of his winning of Calais, with the amount of their respective retinues, and their ar- 
morial bearings, form the second part of the volume entitled, " Nomina et Insignia Gen- 
tilitia Nobilium Equitumque sub Edwardo primo rege militantium. Accedunt classes 
exercitus Edwardi tertii regis Caletem obsidentis. Edidit Edwardus Rowe Mores, 1748." 
The same roll occurs in manuscript in MS. Harl. 246, MS. Harl. 782, and MS. Cotton. 
Titus, F. HI. p. 262. 

In the Gentleman's Magazine for Oct. 1837, is " A brief memoir of the Campaigns of 
Edward the Third, in the years 1315, 1316, and 1347, ending with the surrender of 
Calais ; with a Defence or Apology of Edward, as to his conduct to Eustace de St. Pierre 
and the other Burgesses on the Surrender of that Fortress :" by Christopher Godmond, Esq. 
the author of a drama entitled " The Campaign of 1346," 8vo. 1836. 

f Froissart, in liovd Berners' translation. 



It was not, however, until the last year of his reign that the style of the 
governing body was altered to the London type of a mayor and aldermen. 
By an old charter of Maud countess of Artois the community consisted of 
a bailiff, eskivyns or echevins, and cornemans ; the new municipality of a 
mayor and twelve aldermen was settled by act of parliament passed in the 
50 Edw. III. 1377.* The staple of wool, which was also a corporation 
presided over by a mayor, was fixed at Calais in 1362. The mayor of the 
staple, when the captain made any expedition, kept watch in the town with 
one hundred billmen (gleyves ) and two hundred archers, of the merchants 
y and their servants, taking no wages of the king, f 

No attempt will be here made to trace the history of Calais \ during the 
first century and a half of the English occupation, for such an undertaking 
(as already remarked in the Preface) is beyond the design of this volume. 
Without entering into particulars, it is obvious that the possession of a town 
and port on the continent, situated at its nearest point to the English coast, 
and which afforded undisputed facilities for the debarcation and marshalling 
of troops, was of the first importance in military affairs ; and that no 
charges would be spared that could tend to its defence and preservation. 
In 2 Ric. II. the annual expenditure of the crown for this purpose ex- 
ceeded 24,000/,§ It was not less regarded in subsequent reigns ; and 
though several documents in the present volume speak of disorder and 
decay, yet there are others which shew the vigorous efforts which were 
made for the reformation of abuses and the repair of all deficiencies. The 
report of the Venetian ambassador Michele, made to the senate of Venice 

* Rot. Pari. vol. ii. pp. 358, 359, 

t Ibid. p. 358. 

X There are two French works on the history of the town, viz. " Les Annales de la 
Ville de Calais et du pays reconquis, par P. Bernard. Saint Omer, 1715," 4to. ; and 
" Histoire de la Ville de Calais et du Calaisis, par le Febvre. Paris, 1768." 2 vols. 4to. ; — 
neither of which, strange to say, has the Editor been able to find in the public libraries of 
London. The extent of the disadvantages under which he may thus labour in writing 
these preliminary observations he is of course unable to estimate ; but it is most probable 
that little, if any, of the subsequent contents of this volume have been anticipated. The 
works of Bernard and Le Febvre are not mentioned in M. Legros-Devofs recent report 
on the historical records of the town (hereafter noticed). 

§ Speech of sir Richard PEscrope on opening the parliament. Rot. Pari. vol. iii. p. 346. 



on his return from England, only one year before the loss of Calais, proves 
that it was then esteemed as highly as ever : 

" Another frontier (he says) besides that of Scotland, and of no less import- 
ance for the security of the kingdom, though it be separated, is that which the 
Enghsh occupy on the other side of the sea, by means of two fortresses, 
Calais and Guisnes, guarded by them (and justly) with jealousy, especially 
Calais, for this is the key and principal entrance to their dominions, without 
which the Enghsh would have no outlet from their own, nor access to other 
countries, at least none so easy, so short, and so secure ; so much so, that if 
they were deprived of it, they would not only be shut out from the continent, 
but also from the commerce and intercourse of the world. They would con- 
sequently lose what is essentially necessary for the existence of a country, 
and become dependent upon the will and pleasure of other sovereigns, in 
availing themselves of their ports, besides having to encounter a more dis- 
tant, more hazardous, and more expensive passage ; whereas, by way of 
Calais, which is directly opposite to the harbour of Dover, distant only 
about thirty miles, they can, at any time, without hindrance, even in 
spite of contrary winds, at their pleasure, enter or leave the harbour (such 
is the experience and boldness of their sailors), and carry over either troops 
or anything else for warfare, offensive and defensive, without giving rise to 
jealousy and suspicion ; and thus they ai*e enabled, as Calais is not more 
than ten miles from Ardres, the frontier of the French, nor further from 
Gravelines, the frontier of the Imperialists, to join either the one or the 
other, as they please, and to add their strength to him with whom they are 
at amity, in prejudice of an enemy. For these reasons, therefore, it is not 
to be wondered at, that, besides the inhabitants of the place, who are 
esteemed men of most unshaken fidelity, being the descendants of an English 
colony settled there shortly after the first conquest, it should also be guarded 
by one of the most trusty barons which the king has, bearing the title of 
deputy, with a force of five hundred of the best soldiers, besides a troop of 
fifty horsemen. 

" It is considered by every one as an impregnable fortress, on account of 
the inundation with which it may be surrounded, although there are persons 
skilled in the art of fortification, who doubt that it would prove so if put to 
the test. For the same reason, Guisnes is also reckoned impregnable, situated 
about three miles more inland, on the French frontier, and guarded with the 

CAMD. soc. d 


same degree of care, though, being a smaller place, only by a hundred and 
fifty men, under a chief governor. The same is done with regard to a third 
place, called Hammes, situated between the two former, and thought to be 
of equal importance, the waters which inundate the country being collected 

When Henry the Eighth came to Calais in 1532, it was calculated that 
the town furnished in lodging 2,400 beds, and stabling for 2,000 horses.f 

The circumstances attendant upon the recovery of the town by the French 
in the year 1538, were described the same year in a Latin treatise written 
by Guillaume Paradin, dean of Baieux.+ 

In 1596 Calais was destined to submit a second time to a conqueror, 
being taken by the Spaniards after a destructive siege. Paul Hentzner, who 
visited the place in 1598, just after it had been restored to the French, 
describes the castle of Rysebank (" Richehan") as then destroyed, having 
been seized by the Spaniards in their first attack, and made the means 
of assaulting the town. The town walls were still partly in ruins, but 
Henri IV. was then sedulously engaged in repairing them.§ 

The external appearance of Calais at the period to which this volume 
relates is admirably illustrated by the contemporary view represented in the 
annexed lithographic fac-simile,|| which exhibits the whole extent of the quay, 
and the line of walls from Beauchamp's bulwark to the castle ; and, in front, 
" Rys bank," with its fort and tower.^ The principal buildings which erect 
their heads above the houses, are St. Mary's church, the halls of the town 
and the staple, and the church of St. Nicholas. 

* Report of signer Giovanni Michele to the doge and senate of Venice, as translated in 
Ellis's Original Letters, Second Series, vol. ii. p. 226. 

•t" " The towne of Calais had at this season 24 C. beds, and stabling for 2,000 horses, 
besides the villages about." — Stowe's Chronicle. 

+ " De Motibus Galliaj, et expugnato receptoque Itio Caletorum, anno M.D. LVIII. 
Per Gulielmum Paradinum Bellijoci Deeanum. Lugduni, m.d.lviii." 4to, pp. 45. 

§ P. Hentzneri Itinerarium, Noribergse, 1629, p. 241. 

II From the MS. Cotton. Aug. I. ii. 70. The lithograph is of the scale of the original, 
which comprises, however, a more extended view, reaching from Ow church and 
castle to Newnhambridge, A reduced copy of the same view was engraved in 1827, 
for Sir Henry Ellis's Original Letters, and has been since republished in the volume 
entitled " Chronicles of the White Rose." 

•j The castle of Rysebank is drawn on a large scale, and with great apparent care, in 
the view of the harbour of Calais, MS. Cotton. Aug. L ii. 57 c. 


mil • \^ ,0^'i':' 



.VJ). Coitt" Ai^ I u 7o 

Viav of Calais in th 


K ? 





iiiii alii 

,u/ie of Jienrv Vm 

J. ,YeAerc-Ufi LuJio^ 




St, Mary's church is still standing.* The other church gave place to the 
new citadel formed by cai'dinal Richelieu. 

The hotel-de-ville, situated in the market-place, has still a belfry, the 
chimes of which are celebrated. The guildhall of the staple, in which the 
prince of Castillo's lodgings were prepared in 1508 (p. 60), and those of 
Henry VIII. in 1532,t is likewise in existence, and, in the words of Sir 
Henry Ellis, " exhibits a curious mixture of the well-known Tudor style 
with the forms of Flemish architecture." After the capture of the town, 
in 1558, the Staple inn was appropriated for the residence of the conqueror, 
and from him it has since borne the name of the hotel de Guise. 

The names of all the principal towers on the walls may be gathered from 
the documents in the Appendix to this volume. In looking at the prints 
and proceeding from the right hand towards the left, we accompany " the 
ordre of the wardes" described in p. 159. The first remarkable feature is 
the Watergate, near which many ships are waiting ; we may suppose them 
fishing-boats in the " herring -time," of which busy season, and its attendant 
cares, some curious particulars will be found at p. 152. Directly in front 
of this are buildings which on one side terminated the quay in front of the 
town, and which connected the town wall with a round tower, built imme- 
diately upon the water, and guarding the entrance to the inner harbour. 
This is believed to have been the Search or Searcher's tower mentioned in 
p. 123 and p. 161. 

The next and principal gate of the town is the Lantern gate. In advance 
of this now stands the gate which is well known from a print by Hogarth, 
and which was built in 1685, when the modern fortifications were formed 
by cardinal Richelieu. In the same situation, in our ancient view, are seen 
" the hedd bytwene both stayres byfore the Lanterne gate, and also the pere 
that standeth in the Fishers' gap," all which required repair in 1530 (see 
p. 123). On the quay without the Lantern gate was a spot called Para- 
dise, no doubt originally a garden, and here it was that the games of kevles 

* The discovery, in 1840, of some paintings in St. Mary's church, which were accom- 
panied by an inscription commemorative of Thomas Wodehouse, and various shields of 
arms (different from those borne by the present Wodehouse family), will be found 
noticed in the Gentleman's Magazine, N. S. vol. xx. p. 77. 

+ In 1520 the King was lodged at the exchequer. (Holinshed.) In 1532, the ex- 
chequer was prepared for the French king, (see p. 117.) 


and haud-out were played in the days of Henry the Eighth.* The name 
of Paradise occurs as early as the reign of Richard the Second,-]- and it is 
still retained in the nomenclature of the town, though now but little appro- 
priate to the purlieus of a sea-port. 

The great tower terminating the line of wall in the view was the Beau- 
champ tower, and in advance thereof we see the Beauchamp bulwark, the 
services assigned to which, in event of an enemy's approach, are described 
in p. 125. In proceeding, from this point, round the walls in the rear of 
the town (and the reader may now turn to the annexed Map,) we arrive 
at the Milk gate, no doubt so called from its affording the readiest access to 
the adjoining pastures. There was a new bulwark before this, in the reign 
of Henry VHI., and another before the next principal tower, called Dewlyn, 
Dyvelin, or Dublin tower. | Soon after the Staple Inn abutted upon the 
town wall ; then came the Prince's tower and bulwarks ; and not far distant 
was one called the Northumberland tower (named in p. 160) ; after which 
succeeded the Boulogne gate, and from thence there was one principal ward 
of the walls to the Castle. 

Sir Henry Ellis, writing in 1827, remarked that, " The southern bulwarks 
are yet defended by the identical bastions erected according to the orders 
given by Henry VIII., and which continue unaltered within the rampart 
which forms the modern fortification ;" but from a subsequent writer it 
appears that, more recently, " the inner ramparts have been removed to 
make way for bastions." § 

In order to illustrate the situation of the several places in the vicinity of 
Calais that are mentioned in the course of the volume, a reduced copy has 
been made of a contemporary map, which is preserved in the Cottonian 
collection, Aug. I. ii. 71. There can be little doubt that this is the "platt 
of the marches" which was made by Stephen the Almayne, in the year 1540. || 

* See p. xli. 

■|" Act for the repair of the haven of Caleys, 21 Ric. II. Rot. Pari. vol. iii. p. 371. 
There was a spot bearing the same name near the palace of Westminster. 

X See note at j). 126. 

§ Murray's Handbook for France, 1843. 

II See the extract in p. 197, from the Proceedings, &c. of the Privy Council, vol. vii. 
In the Index to that volume, p. 360, this person has been identified with " Mr. Steven," 
who was in 1512 master of the works at Carlisle. There is, in the same collection, No. 
57 b, another " Platt of the Lowe country at Calais," made in 37 Hen. VIII. " by me 


B.e^kicid Fuc-simiie , '/•:f'.siy.(^ofOj'uruudDrajvuc0in.Bnt.Mu^Colt Mi /lu^.I vol-2.f-71. 

Map of tJu, yjarcfus 

^^alais . temp. Berv. Mil. 

■J . .Veehercii/c Lii/iocf 


The language of the names upon it is English, but they are all spelt after a 
German fashion. The surveyor has written ve for way : as, to the left of 
the town, after passing the tvaterhos, or " water-house," is the medel ve, 
that is, the middle way ; and to the extreme right of the map is Bolen ve, 
the way to Boulogne. Near this is the laser hos, the lazar-house, or 
hospital for lepers. Master Stephen has written od for wood, as Caleve od 
and Sanddyngfelde od ; and mel for mill, asjines mel. Churches, fields, 
and dykes, are described by kerck, feld, and dyck, and every bulwark is 
marked bolvork, though the latter word has in some places been altered to 
holwork by the lithographer. The several pools of water called plashes by 
the English are written plays. " Wetel's plays," near Guisnes, was so 
named after the family of Whetehyll, noticed in p. xli. : there was also 
Whetehill's bulwark at Guisnes, mentioned in p. 199. Towards the centre 
of the map is the tornpick, i.e. the turnpike. 

Passing out of the town of Calais, towards Boulogne, the traveller saw on 
his left the gallows and wheel, seldom, if ever, unfurnished with the 
mouldering remains of the traitor, the spy, or the robber. He then went 
past the fortress of Newnham bridge, marked ne non hruge in the map,* 
and proceeded by a few houses at the causey, (written case,) which 
houses were burnt by the French in 1513, (see p. 13 of our chronicle), to 
the village of Pepeling. Of this parish the antiquary Leland was some time 
the rector.f On the right, after passing Pepeling, is Boninges, beyond 

Thomas Pettyt," as marked on its back. No. 75 is a map roughly drawn of all tho 
country of Guynes and Bolenois. No. 69 is a map of the fields near Guisnes. 

In " Les Plans et Profiles de toutes les principales Villas de France, par le Sieur 
Tassin," an oblong quarto, 1638, are — 1. Carte particuliere des environs de Calais ; 2. A 
plan of Calais ; 3. A view of Calais ; 4. A plan of Le fort de Nieulet (Newnhambridge). 

A view of Calais, drawn by Johan Peeters, is in the " Topographia Galliso, Franeof, 
1656," vol. ii. and also a plan of the town. 

* The name Newnhambridge seems to have been an alteration from Newlandbridge, 
under which title it occurs in lord Berners' translation of Froissart, and in Holinshed, 
reign of Edward III. ; and the latter was apparently corrupted from Nieullet, which is 
the orthography of Mr. Johnes's Froissart, and of most of the French writers, ancient and 
modern: in a map by L. Denis, 1776, it is "Fort Nieulay." In the old edition of 
Froissart, Paris, 1530, it is printed " le pont de Millaij," a form evidently partaking of 
clerical error. 

+ Leiand's license for his perpetual non-residence from his " pai-sonage of Peppcling," 
was dated 12 July, 1536, (Pat. 28 Hen. VIII. pars 1, n. 19,) and is appended to his 
Life, Oxf. 1772, p. 83. 


which is " Pettem," called Pytham in a record of the time of Henry VIII.* 
Besides Calais, and its contiguous fortresses of Risebank and Newnham- 
bridge, the principal places in the map are the Flemish town of Graveling, 
at the extreme left ; the French castle of Ardres, near the upper margin ; 
the English town and castle of Guysnes ; and the castle of Hammes. 
Between Calais and Graveling will be seen Marck and Owe, or Oye ; 
places which gave name to the royal manors into which the adjacent 
country was divided, and the bailiwicks of which formed places for the 
English office-hunters. A little above Marck is " Colaem," or Colume, 
where was one of the principal fortalices in the reign of Edward III. 
(see p. xxxiii) : it is written Coulogne in a map by Louis Denis, Oct. 1776. 
As showing, in some degree, the manner in which the country was 
inhabited, the following document may be here introduced. It was written 
early in the reign of Elizabeth, at the time when calculations were made as 
to the probability of recovering Calais, t 

Indorsed, — A certyffycate of suche persones dwelling in Callyce and 
Hames, as he well affected to the English Natyon. 

(MS. Harl. 283. f. 154.) 

In Calis, John Masters, at the salmander, a Calisian born. There is 
another .John de Master there, but he is a Frenchman. 

In Calis, mistris Burton, at the three headdes. 

In Calis, at the balance, the wjrfe is sure. 

In Calis, seargeant Marian, the seargeant of the haven, that gives and 
takes the passeportes ; a sure and trustie freind. 

Without the landgate, along the dyke, is John Harvye ; he is a boate- 
man ; sure also. 

At Waldam \ the brewer is a Calisian, called Thomas Haines ; there is 
another that keepes lodging, whose name is forgotten. 

* Nicholas Hall clerk was presented to the church of the blessed Mary at Pytham, 
in the county of Guysnes, within the marches of Calais, and diocese of Canterbury, the 
26th March, 1530, which was then vacant by death. Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2, in 
Rymer, xiv. 387. 

t See Ellis's Original Letters, Second Series, vol. ii. p. 2, 

X Wael dam in the map, on the road to Gravelines. 


Att Oey, along the downes,* ar three Calisians, fishermen ; sure also; butt 
there names ar forgotten. 

Beyond Oey, in the waie to Graveling, next to Graveling, in the two 
greate farmes, dwelleth Harrie Grenewood ; the other I have forgotten. 

At Mark, are two northern wemen, that kepe vittaileng ; bothe sure. 

At Cowkerkjf is John Slainey. 

At Newkerk, certaine whose names ar forgotten, 

Downe in the marrishe, toward Hammes, I thenk there be vj Calisian 
soldiours, sure. 

At Hammes Castell, the brewer is a Calisian, sure, John HawU. 

At Hammes there is one Haines, that hath in farme all the fisheng in 
the pooles from Hammes to Ard. 

In Gysnes there are two bi'etheren, called Vincentes, the one a cowper, 
the other a farmer. 

Half a myle out of Gysnes, a rich man ; his name is Peter John [son . . 
.... (the paper cut off.) 

The farmer of mounser de Vinion is a Calisian, but hated of the Inglishe. 

At Whitesand, John Browne, a fisherman ; sui*e. 

At Graveling, at the George, dwelleth Rickborne. 

Att Mount de Ore,:}: dwelleth a fouterer, called Archer, an Irishman ; 

Att Tourneyham, next howse to the further gate, dwelleth a widow 
Calisian ; a sure freind. 

In the high waie to St. Omer's from thence dwelleth John King ; the 
village forgotten. 

In St, Omer's, William Smith, by St. Bartaines ; and diverse others, 
both within and without. 

At Ark there is an odd fellow, called mouns"" de Prye ; sure. 

By St. Augustine's cloisture there is one sure freind ; butt he muste not 
be named, for good respect. 

All thereabout dwell Calisians ; and yf there be anie hollow-harted 
amongst them, they all will hate him lyke a toade. 

* The sand hills on the sea coast. 

+ Probably the " Hof kerek" of our map, and " Offekerqiie " in the map by L. Denis, 

+ " Mountoi'e" will be found at the upper corner of the map. 


There be Fleminges a nombre, that in anie action will be readie to helpe 
where gaine may arise. 

Lawrence Minter, an Inglishe soldiour, dwelling between Graveling and 

Other Englishe soldiours there be that do serve within Graveling, who 
be ti-ustie and assured ; and so there be dispersed throughout the contrie 
a number of others well affected, and readie to service for England. 


Froissart states that the first captain of Calais appointed by Edward III. was Sir Amery 
of Pavia, " a Lumbard borne, whom the kyng had greatly avauneed," and that before the 
expiration of eighteen months this Lombard plotted to sell the town to the French, but 
having been discovered was pardoned, on condition of his continuing the negociation, 
and entrapping the captain of St. Omer's, with whom he treated. Of the consummation of 
this plot, and the repulse of the Frenchmen, in which the king was personally engaged, a 
long and interesting account is given by Froissart. That historian, however, seems to 
have mistaken the post occupied by the Italian, who was appointed commander of the 
King's galleys by patent dated Westminster, 24 April, 1348, (Rymer, v. 619,) but by a 
previous patent, dated at Calais, 8th Oct. 1347, and therefore a few weeks only after its 
surrender, John de Montgomery was appointed captain of the town of Calais, and at the 
same date John de Gatesden was appointed Marshal of the town. (Rymer, v. 293.) 

The following list of the captains and other chief commanders of Calais was probably 
extracted from the records cited, whilst the town was still in the possession of England. 
The editor has not attempted to make such additions to it as a careful research would 
doubtless produce, except a few names towards the latter end, in connection with the 
period of the present volume. The index to the Rolls of Parliament, p. 112, refers to 
some other names, as well as to several particulars connected with the administration of 
those who are here mentioned. The high rank of many of them corresponds with the 
statement of Comines, that the captainship of Calais was one of the best places in 

Capitanei Calisite. 

[MS. Cotton. Faustina, E. vii. f. 16.] 

Johannes de Chivereston constituitur capitaneus et custos villae Calisiae 
quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste rege apud Westm. 1 Dec. a° 21. (2 pars 
Franc. 21 Edw. III. m. 4.) 


Henricus comes Lancastriae locum tenens regis tam in partibus Flandriae 
et Calesiae quam alibi in regno Franciae, 25 Sept. a° 22 E. 3. (Franc, m. 2.) 

Johannes de Chevereton capitaneus villse Calesiae, 1 Oct. a" 22 E. 3. 
m. 10.) 

Johannes de Bellocampo capitaneus castri Calesiae, 2 Aug. a" 22. (m. 12.) 

Johannes de Bellocampo constituitur capitaneus et custos villae Calesiae 
quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste I'ege apud Westm. 1 Jan. a" 22 E. 3. (m. 1.) 

Johannes de Bellocampo constituitur capitaneus et custos villae Calesiae 
quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste rege apud Clai-endon 12 Julii, a° 23 E. 3. 
(Franc, m. 6.) » 

Robertus de Herle miles, locum-tenens capitanei villae Calesiae, 26 die 
Septembris. (m. 3.) 

Johannes de Bellocampo capitaneus castri Calesiae, 27 Decembris, et capi- 
taneus villae Calesiae, 18 Octobris. (m. 1. 3.) 

Robertus de Herle constituitur capitaneus et custos villae Calesiae a primo 
die Aprilis proximo futuro, quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste rege apud Westm. 
9 Martii, anno 24 E. 3. (Franc, m. 11.) 

Johannes de Bellocampo constituitur capitaneus et custos villae Calesiae 
a primo die Aprilis proximo futuro, quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste rege 
apud Westm. 30 Martii, anno 25 E. 3. (Franc, m. 11.) 

Robertus de Herle constituitur capitaneus et custos villae Calesiae a festo 
Nativitatis Sancti Johannis Baptistae proximo preterito, quamdiu regi pla- 
cuerit. Teste rege apud Westm. 30 Junii, 25 E. 3. (m. 8.) 

Robertus de Herle chr. capitaneus villae Calesiae, 30 Septembris, anno 
26 E. 3. (Franc, m. 2.) 

Reginaldus de Cobham constituitur capitaneus et custos castri et villae 
Calesiae in regno Franciae, necnon castri de Gynes et fortaliciorum de 
Merke, Colume, Oye, et Sandegafce, quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste rege 
apud Westm. 29 Junii, anno 27 E. 3. (Franc, m. 4.) 

Thomas de Hoggeshaue constabularius castri Calesiae, 15 Octobr. anno 
27. (Franc, m. 3.) 

Rogerus de Bellocampo constituitur capitaneus et custos castri ac villce 
Calesiae in regno Franciae, necnon castri de Gynes, et fortaliciorum de 
Merke, Colume, Oye, et Sandegate, a 30 die Feb. proximo futuro, quam- 
diu regi placuerit. Teste rege apud Westm. 23 Jan. anno 28. (Franc, m. 1.) 

Johannes de Bellocampo de Warwic constituitur capitaneus et custos 

CAMD. soc. e 


castri et villse Calesise in regno Franciae, necnon castri de Guines, et forta- 
liciorum de Merke, Colume, Oye, et Sandegate, a 10 die Februarii proximo 
futuro, quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste rege apud Novum Castrum super 
Tinam, 14 die Januarii, anno 29 E. 3. Et mandatum est Rogero de Bello- 
campo capitaneo villse Calesiae quod, &c. (Franc. a° 29 E. 3, m. 1.) 

Johannes de Bellocampo capitaneus villse Calesiae, 3° Novembris, anno 

30 E. 3. (Franc, a". 30 E. 3. m. 3.) 

Johannes de Bellocampo de Warwic constituitur capitaneus et custos 
castri ac villse Calesise, necnon castri de Guisnes, ac fortaliciorum de Marke, 
Colume, Oye, et Sandegate, ab undecimo die Februarii proximo futuro, quam- 
diu regise placuerit voluntati. Teste rege apud Westm. 10 Februarii, anno 

31 E. 3. (Franc. a° 31 E. 3, m. 16.) 

Radulphus de Ferrariis constituitur capitaneus et custos castri ac villas 
Calesiae, necnon castri de Guisnes, et fortaliciorum de Marke, Colume, Oye, 
et Sandegate, a primo die Mali proximo futuro, quamdiu regiae placuerit 
voluntati. Teste rege apud Westm. 16 Martii, anno 32 E. 3. Et manda- 
tum est Johannes de Bellocampo nuper capitaneo villse Calesise, etc. (Franc. 
a°. 32 E. 3, m. 14.) 

[The next are from MS. Cotton. Calig. E. i. f. 152.] 

[Anno Edw.] 3. 

Kingeston nuper custos castri Caleis. 

Henricus le Scrop gubernator dominii de Caleis, constitutus custos cas- 
trorum de Caleis et de Guynes. Teste rege apud Westm. 20 Febr. 

Anno 39. Henricus le Scrop gubernator dominiorum de Caleis et de 
Guynes, 28 Julij, constituitur gubernator et supervisor castrorum, villarum, 
dominiorum et comitatuum de Caleis, etc. per unum annum regem (sic) 
duraturum. Teste rege apud W. 28 Julij. 

Anno 40. Henricus le Scrop constituitur gubernator villse et castri Calleis, 
per unum annum duraturum. Teste rege apud W. 28 Junii. 

Anno 41. Henricus le Scrop idem. Teste rege apud W. 28 Junii. 

Anno 42. Idem Henricus eodem modo. Teste ut supra. 

Anno 43. Idem Henricus, 19 Octobr. 

Anno 44. Idem Henricus, 20 Febr. 

Anno 44. Nicolaus de Tanworth constituitur capitaneus villae et castri 
Caleis per unum annum duraturum. Teste rege apud Westm. 1 Maii. 


Anno 45. Idem Nicolaus eodem niodo 

Anno 48. Johannes de Burley capitaneus villae Caleis, &c. . 
Anno 49. Hugo de Calvirlye capitaneus villae Caleis, 8 Decemb. con- 
stitutus 18 Octobr. apud Westm. 


[MS. Cotton. Faustina, E. vii. f. 17, resumed.] 

Anno 1. Hugo de Calvile constituitur capitaneus et custos villae Calesise 
quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste rege apud Westm. 22 Junii. (Franc. 1 pars, 
m. 30.) 

Thomas Fogg chevalier constituitur capitaneus et custos castri 

Caleis quamdiu, &c. Teste rege apud Westm. 22 Junii. (1 pars Franc. 
m. 29.) 

Bernardus Brocas chevalier constituitur capitaneus castri per unum 

Anno 2. Willelmus de INIonte acuto comes Sarisburie constituitur capi- 
taneus et custos villae Calesiae, quamdiu regi placuerit. Teste rege apud 
Westm. 2 die Feb. (Franc, m. 9.) 

Bernardus Brocas capitaneus castri Caleis. 

Anno 3. Johannes Devereux constituitur capitaneus villae Caleis, quam- 
diu, &c. Teste rege apud Westm. 17 Januarii. (Franc, m. 16.) 

Willelmus Trussell chevalier capitaneus et custos castri Caleis, a 

die Omnium Sanctorum proximo futuro, per annum tunc proxime sequentem. 
Teste rege apud Westm. 26 Octobris. (Franc, m. 19.) 

Anno 4. Johannes Devereux capitaneus villae Caleis. 

Anno 3. Johannes Burley le fitz habet custodiam castri Caleis a festo 
Sancti Michaelis proximo futuro in unum annum proxime sequentem. Teste 
rege apud Westm. 10 Septembris. (Franc, m. 12.) 

■ Johannes Devereux capitaneus villae Caleis. 

Anno 6. Johannes Devereux capitaneus villae Caleis. 

Johannes Burley le fitz capitaneus castri Caleis. 

Anno 7. Willelmus de Bellocampo constituitur capitaneus villae Caleis 
ab octavo die Januarii proximo futuro, eodem die computato, usque ad finem 
duorum annorum proxime sequentium. Teste rege apud Westm. 15 Sept. 
(Franc, m. 20.) 


Edmundus de la Pole constituitur custos castri Caleis pro uno anno. 
Teste rege apud Westm. 23 Jan. (Franc, m. 10.) 

Henricus IV. 

Anno 11. Johannes comes Somerset. (Claus. m. 29.) 

Anno 12. Henricus princeps Wallisp capitaneus villse Caleis. (Pat. m.45.) 

— Thomas Beaufort frater regis, castri. (Pat. m. 25.) 

Anno 13. Henricus princeps, capitaneus villae Caleis. (2 pars Pat. m. 18.) 
Anno 14. Henricus princeps Walliae, capitaneus villse Caleis. (Pat. m. 2.) 

Henricus V. 

Anno I. Willelmus dominus la Zouch miles, locum tenens villse, 1 Maii. 

(m. 36, 37.) 

Ricardus comes Warwic. villge (Franc, m. 4.) constitutus 3 

Februarii in trienniura (m. 12.) 

Thomas comes Dorset, avunculus regis, castri, constitutus 1 die 

Aprilis, in triennium. (Franc, m. 1.) 

Anno 2. Ricardus comes Warwic. (Franc, m. 23.) 

Anno 3. Ricardus comes Warwic* (Claus. in dorso.) 

Anno 4. Ricardus Beauchamp, comes Warwic. (Claus. in dorso, m. 16.) 

Constitutus a 3 die Februarii in duos annos. (Franc, m. 3.) 

Anno 6. Ricardus Beauchamp, comes Warwic. dominus de Insula. (2 pars 

Norm, m, 2.) 

Anno 8. Willelmus Bardolf, locimi tenens. (2 pars Norm, in dorso.) 
Ricardus de Beauchamp comes Warwic. capitaneus villge Caleis, 

26 die Februarii. (Franc, m. 1.) 

* Dugdale (Baronage, i. 244) has quoted an indenture, dated 19th June, 1415, by 
which the earl of Warwick was retained to serve as captain of Calais until the 3d Feb. 
following. An account of the garrisons kept at this period at Calais, Risebanke, Guysnes, 
and Hammes, is printed in Excerpta Historica, 8vo. 1831, p. 25. 


Henricus VI. 

Anno 2. Ricardiis Beauchamp comes Warwic, (1 pars Pat. m. 22.) 

Anno 11. Johannes dux Bedford. (1 pars Pat. m. 9.) 

Anno 14. Humfredus dux Gloucestrie. (Claus. in dorso, m. 4.) 

Anno 15. Humfredus dux Gloucestrie. (Pat. m. 33.) 

Anno 16. Humfredus dux Gloucestrie capitaneus castri et villae ac 

raarchiarum ibidem, 12 Octobris. (1 pars Pat. m. 32.) 

Thomas Rempston, locum tenens regis villae Caleis, 2 Martii. 

(Ibidem, m. 5.) 

Anno 18. Thomas Kiriel miles, locum tenens villse. (3 pars Pat. m. 16.) 
Anno 19. Thomas Kiriel locum tenens villae. (1 pars Pat. m. 27.) 
Anno 20. Thomas Kiriel locum tenens villae. (Franciae m.) 
Anno 21. Humfredus comes Stafford, constitutus capitaneus villae Caleis, 

a data presentium usque ad finem 10 annorum proxime sequentium. Teste 

rege apud Westm. 3 die Septembris anno 21 Henry VI. (Franc, m. 31.) 
Anno 23. Humphredus comes Stafford et dux Buckingham, castri et 

villae. (1 pars Pat. m. 29.) 

Annis 24 — 28. Humphredus dux Buckingham. (Franc, m. 9.) 

Anno 29. Jacobus comes Wilteshire, Henricus vicecomes de Bourghchier, 

Radulfus dominus de Sudeley, Johannes de Stourton, Thomas Stanleye, 

milites, et Thomas Rempston miles, habent custodiam villae et castri a 2 die 

Aprilis in quinquennium. (Franc, m. 8.) 

Anno 37. Ricardus Nevill comes Warwic. (1 pars Pat. m. 16.) 

Edwardus IV. 

Annis 1 — 10. Ricardus comes Warwic. villae et castri. (Franc, m. 24, 
and other records.) 

Annis 11 — 23. Willelmus dominus Hastinges, miles, locum tenens gene- 
ralis villae, castri et marchiarum Caleis. Constitutus 1 7 July, 1 1 Edw. IV. 
(Various Letters Patent, and Pardon, 23 Edw. IV. m. 2.) 


Henricus VII. 
Anno 4. Egidius dominus Dawbeney.* 

Henricus VIII. 

Anno 1. Gilbertus Talbot, miles, constitutus 26 die Septembris. 

Anno 5. Gilbertus Talbot et Ricardus Wingfield, milites, constituti 6 die 

Anno [Sir Richard Wingfield. 
Sir John Peche. 
Sir Robert Wingfield.t] 

Anno 12. Johannes Bourchier dominus Berners, constitutus 28 die 

Anno 24. Arthurus Plantagenet, vicecomes Insulae, constitutus 24 Martii.;}: 

[Anno 32. Henry Arundel lord Maltravers. 

Anno . George Lord Cobham.§] 

* Giles lord Daubeney was fined in the Starchamber 200/. for his pardon for receipts of 
money at Calais. Archseologia, vol. xxv. p. 392. 

•f- These three deputies are named, with John Lord Berners, in the patent constituting 
lord Lisle. 

X The patent for the appointment of lord Lisle is printed in Rymer, vol. xiv. p. 452. 
It describes the office conferred as " deputatiam nostram sive officium deputatise nostrae 
villse nostrae Calisioe et marchiarum ibidem." He was to receive in support of his office an 
annual rent of 100/. sterling, payable from the royal lordships or manors of Marc and Oye ; 
also an annual sum of 104/. sterling for " spyall money," to be received from the same 
manors ; he was allowed a retinue of thirty-one " souldiours," namely, one horseman 
called " a spere," two horsemen called " archers," and twenty-eight others called 
" souldeours ; " also, because no other lieutenant of the town and marches was appointed, 
a further retinue of ten ' ' souldeours." By the two next clauses the election and removal 
of the said souldeours was granted to him ; and by the following the power of granting 
safe conducts to aliens, and certain other privileges necessary to the due administration of 
his government. 

§ Lord Cobham was deputy of Calais for a period extending from 1544 to 1550, (as 
appears from his papers,) but I have not found the date of his appointment. 


Edwardus VI. 

Anno 4. Willelmus dominus Willoughby, miles, constitulus 13 Augt. 
Anno 6. Willelmus dominus Howard, constitutus 31 Octobris. 

Maria regina. 
Anno 1. Thomas dominus Wentworth,* constitutus 13 die Decembris. 

In 1511, (May 1,) the officers of the town of Calais were as follow :f 

Sir Gilbert Talbot, deputy of the town. 

Sir Richard Carew, lieutenant of the castle. 

Sir William Meryng, marshall. 

Sir Hugh Conway, treasurer, j; 

Sir John Wiltshire, controller. 

Robert W^otton, porter. 

Walter Culpeper esquire, vice-marshall.§ 

John Brettowlte, secretary of the king there. 

In 1323, sir Maurice Berkeley was lieutenant of the castle (see p. 32) ; 
in 1533 sir John Wallop (see p. 138). In 1489 sir Humphrey Talbot was 
marshal (see note in p. 2) ; sir Edward Guilford at the time of the Field 
of Cloth of Gold, and still in 1523 (Hohnshed, p. 1526); sir Richard 
Grenville in 1533 (see p. 138) ; and subsequently, sir John Wallop. 

As one of the treasurers of Calais, a few words may be said respecting 

* Lord Wentworth was the deputy at the time of the loss of Calais in 1558. Sir 
John Hayward (Hist, of Edward VI. p. 162,) states that lord Grey of Wilton was 
made deputy of Calais, and that statement is adopted by Dugdale (Baronage, i. 715). 
But lord Grey was only captain of Guisnes when Calais was taken, and his subsequent 
defence of the former fortress is described by his son, in a paper which was used by 
Holinshed, and which is about to be printed by the Camden Society, from the original 
in the possession of Sir Philip Grey Egerton, Bart. 

t Rymer, xiii. 298. 

X In MS. Cotton. Vesp. F. xiii. p. 78, is a royal warrant, dated Greenwich, March 12, 
1511, to sir Hugh Conway, treasurer of Calais, to pay 200^ to Thomas Deacon, to be 
expended in the repairs of Rysebank. 

§ He held this office of " under marshall" in 1508 (see p. 6). 


sir Richard Nanfant, who held that office under king Henry VII. and 
whose name occurs in the present volume, p. 50. He is best known to 
history as the early patron of Wolsey, but under another christian name, 
the cardinal's biographer having incorrectly called him sir John. " He fell," 
says Cavendish, " in acquaintance with one sir John Nanphant, a very 
grave and ancient knight, who had a great room in Calais under king Henry 
the Seventh. This knight he served, and behaved him so discreatly and 
justly, that he obtained the especial favour of his said master ; insomuch 
that for his wit, gravity, and just behaviour, he committed all the charge of 
his office unto his chaplain. And, as I understand, the office was the 
treasui-ership of Calais. * Who was, in consideration of his great age, 
discharged of his chargeable room, and returned again into England, in- 
tending to live more at quiet. And through his instant labour and especial 
favour his chaplain was promoted to the king's service, and made his 
chaplain." (Cavendish's Life of Wolsey.) 

Of subsequent treasurers of Calais, we find the names of sir John 
Turbrevyle (mentioned in the letter of bishop Fox printed in Ellis's 
Original Letters, Second series, ii. 7) ; of sir Hugh Conway (already named,) 
in 1511 ; of William lord Sandes, in July, 1523 (Holinshed, p. 1526) ; of 
sir Richard Weston (see p. 209 of this volume) ; and sir Thomas Corn- 
waleys was the last treasurer, as appears by the document printed in the 
preface, p. xix. 

Richard Whetehill esquire and Adrian his son were comptrollers of 
Calais in the time of Edward IV. The former had an annuity of 40/. 
from the custom of wools at Calais ; and both together had a grant, by 
letters patent under the great seal, " of two wynde milles, with the appur- 
tenaunce3, upon the castell-hill, within the said towne of Calls, and soile 
called Mille-hill, besides the said milles toward the south ; " also of two 
warrens of conies, one in the lordship of Marke, and the other in the lord- 
ship of Oye ; both which grants were exempted in the act of resumption, 

* In Nash's History of Worcestershire, vol. i. p. 85, where a pedigree of the family of 
Nanfant or Nanfan will be found, sir Rich. Nanfan is styled " captain of Calais " (i. 85), 
and in the next page "treasurer of Calais, and deputy lieutenant of the castle," in 18 
Hen. VII. 1503 ; but this is only Dr. Nash's want of precision ; and Cavendish was pro- 
bably right in the office, though not in the christian name. 


7 and 8 Edw. IV. (Rot. Pari. v. 602, 1) ; as was the office of comptroller 
itself to Adrian Whetehill esquire, in the later act of 3 Hen. VIII. (Ibid, 
vi. 406). Sir Richard Whetehill, living' in Calais during the period of the 
present volume (see p. 118), was probably son of Adrian ; and the act of 
parliament, 27 Hen. VIII. cap. 10, shews in its last clause that Robert 
Whethyll esquire was the son and heir of sir Richard Whethyll. (Statutes 
of the Realm, vol. iii.) 

Sir John Wiltshire was comptroller of Calais in ] 505-6, and in 1508 
(see p. 6 of this volume). In 1533, sir Edward Ringley held this oflfice 
(see p. 138), and he still retained it in 1540. (Rymer, xiv. 707). 

In MS. Cotton. Calig. D. vi. p. 91, is a patent, dated 21 M(ay ?) 
4 Hen. VIII. appointing John Cokeson water-bailiff of Calais, officium 
aqueballivi ville et portus nostri Caleis, et collectoris ancoragii, lastagii, 
hede-silver, et aliarum monetarum custumarium tam in portu ville nostra 
predicte quam in portu nostro juxta eandem vocato le newe haven. 

In Rymer, vol. xiv. p. 707, is printed a patent, remarkable not only in 
reference to Calais, but as referring to the history of ancient sports. It 
grants " unto our welbiloved servants Gilbert Clerc, one of oure governours* 
in our retynue of our seid town of Calais, and Nicholas Damporte, one of the 
retynue in our eschequier there, th' office and rowme of keper, as well of 
the playes of hande-oute and at kei/Ies, without the Lantern-gate of our seid 
towne, during the tyme accustomed, as also of dice, tables, and cardes, in the 
Market-place of the same our said towne of Calais, which office and rowme 
Robert Donyngton, deceased, lately had." The office was granted to Clerke 
and Damporte and their assigns (ov their lives, and to the longer Uver. 
This gi-ant was dated 28 Nov. 1540. 

With these unimportant collections I jnust now take leave of this subject, 
but before so doing I have the pleasure to welcome a recent manifestation 
of the historical spirit which has appeared within the walls of our ancient 
town itself. 

Whilst this volume has been passing through the press an historical 
commission has been formed at Calais, by an arrete of M. Legros-Devot, 
the mayor, dated the 23d October, 1845. This commission is " charged 
with the research, classification, preservation, analysis, and publication, 
either entire or by extracts, of the manuscripts, charters, and diplomas, 

* Possibly this word may be a misprint for " souldeours." 


ancient calendars, charts, and plans, and all other documents calculated to 
establish or elucidate the history of Calais." It is also directed to watch 
that, day by day, the events and transactions worthy of being recorded shall 
be enreg-istered, a duty which is to be performed by the chief secretary of 
the mairie. The documents collected are to belong to the town, and will 
be carefully classed and deposited at the public library, where they will form 
a distinct section in the catalogue of the establishment. 

At a sitting of the commission, held on the 19th December, M. Legros- 
Devot made a report on the state of the archives, in which it was stated 
that the town possessed few materials relative to the times which preceded 
the taking of Calais by the English ; and those which belong to the period 
of the foreign occupations of the town are not more numerous. The com- 
munal archives date only from the early years of the seventeenth century, 
and are even then deficient in many respects. 

It is evident that for the chief materials of its early history Calais must 
be indebted to the archives of this country ; first, to the Rotuli Franciae, 
then to the Patent Rolls, the Rolls of Parliament, the Proceedings of the 
Privy Comicil, and, lastly, to the voluminous papers of the Lords Deputy, 
particularly those of Lord Lisle and Lord Cobham, preserved in the State 
Paper Office and the British Museum. 




(Richard Turpijn, of Caleys, and Boiorges there.) 

Kynge Henry the Seventh enterid the realme of England, and 
landyd at Mylford haven with his army out of Britayne, in the 
monethe of August, in the yere of our Lord 1485. On seint Bar- 
tilmew's even he went to the filde at Bosworthe hethe, and there 
was kynge Richarde slayne and the duke of Norfolke slayne, and 
the erle of Surrey the duke of Norfolkes sone taken prisoner, 
and the erle of Northumbarland taken prisoner, the lorde Sowche 
taken prisoner, and there was slayne Ratclife, Catesby, and gentle 
Brakenbery, and the erle of Shrowsbery was taken prisoner, and 
the lorde Lovell escaped and fled ; and there was slayne of 
kynge Henry's party ser William Brandon, who bare kynge 
Henry's standard that day. 

1487. Battayle at Stooke, anno 1487. — Ther was slayne the 
erle of Lyncoln, syr Martyn Swarte, a Fleminge that came into 
England with the forsayde erle out of Flaunders from the dutches 
of Burgoyne kyng Edward the fourth's systar, for she was the 
carles aunte, and she would have made hym kynge of England, 
but the erle was slayne and many other that bare amies that day, 
and the lorde Lovell was nevar sene aftar. 



1489. The battayle of Dicky smewe^ was on the xiij. day of 
June, that day beyng satterday, and the 4. yere of Henry the 
Seventh, anno 1489, where the YngUshe men had great vyctorye, 
for there was taken and slayne a greate nombar, and there was 
slayne the lorde Morley an EngUshe man. 

1492. Kyng Henry the Seventh landyd at Caleys toward Bo- 
leyne ^ the 2. of Octobar in the 8. yere of his raigne, and in anno 
1492. And the 19. of Octobar he departyd from Caleis toward 
Boleyne with his army, and lay the first night at Sandynfelde, 
the next night at Margyson, and ther met with hym therle of 
of Oxenforde, chefe capitayne of the forwarde, then comynge from 
the betinge downe of the towne of Arde, and with the erle of 
Oxenforde cam the erle of Shrowesbery, the erle of Devonshire, 
the erle of SufFolke, the erle of Essex, the lorde Gray [of] Cod- 
nor, the lorde Straunge, the lorde Powise, the lorde Hastings, 
the lorde Awdley, the lorde Latimere, the baron of Dudley, and 
dyvers knyghts and esquiers, and laye the same night at Margy- 
son before the kinge, and the next night bothe wards laye at Wy- 
melle, and the next night bothe ostes cam before Boleyne, and 
there at the seige still unto viij. day of Novembar nexte folowynge. 
Than the Frenche kynge sente unto oure sovereigne lorde kynge 
of Englande be the lorde Cordes,c chefe capitayne under the 
Frenche kynge, besechinge the kynge of England of his pease, 
whiche the kynge of England graunted upon a condition that the 
Frenche kynge shuld paye every yere lii thowsand crownes to tlie 

'^ Dixmew in Flanders. A full account of this action will be found in Hall and Ho- 
linshed. The Englishmen engaged were " the lord Daubeney chieftaine of the army, the 
lorde Morley, sir James Tirrell capitaine of Guysnes, sir Henry Willougliby, sir Gilbert 
Talbot, and sir Humfrey Talbot marshall of Calais, wyth divers other knyghtes and 
esquires, and others, of the garrisons of Hammes, Guysnes, and Callais, to the number of 
twoo thowsand men, or thereaboutes." Sir Humphrey Talbot was left with six score 
archers at the water of Gravelyng, " for a stale," and to keep the passage. Lord Morley, 
who "being on horseback in a riche coate, was slayne wyth a gunne," was buried at Calais. 

'' i. e. on his route to Boulogne. 

<= Philippe de Creveceur seigneur des Querdes et de Lannoy, marshal of France 
lieutenant and captain general in Artois and Picardy. Rymer, xii. 497- 


kynge of England during bothe theyr lyves ; the Frenche graunted 
thereunto, and the kynge of England brake up his sege and cam 
agayne to Galleys, the xij. of November, and the xvij. day he toke 
his shipe and sayled to Dovar. 

1500. Kynge Henry the Seventh and quene Elizabeth his 
wyfFe, corny nge out of England, landed at Caleis on the 8. day of 
May, being friday at night, in anno 1500, and in the 15. of his 
raigne. With hym came the duke of Buckyngham, the erle of Sur- 
rey, the erle of Essex, the lorde Dawbeney, being then lorde lyve- 
tenaunt of the towne and marches of Caleis, and lord chamberlayn 
of the kyng's bowse, the bysshope of London,^ the lorde of Burga- 
veny, the lorde Dakers of the Northe, the lorde William of Suf- 
folke,^ and the lorde Souche. 

The X of May landed the lorde of Saint John's,*^ ser John Pechy, 
ser John Shawe, ser Robert Constable, and other esquiers and 

The xiij of May landyd ser Edmond a Poole earle of SufFolke? 
and dyvars esquiers and gentlemen and yemen. 

The XV day of May landyd ser John Foskew,'^ ser John Savyll, 
ser William Skott, ser RafFe Verney, and dyvars esquiers and 

The xxiij day of May landyd the lord Harington, ser Edmond 
Arundell, ser Walter Hungarforde, ser Nicholas Vausse, ser 
John Dicby, ser Thomas Dicby, ser John Husy, ser Edward De- 
relle, and dyvers esquires and gentlemen. 

The 4. of June 1500 landyd the lorde Richard of SufFolke, ser 
John Derell, and other gentlemen and theyr servaunts. 

The 5. of June landyd the bysshope of Derham° lorde j^revy 
scale, the erle of Urmond, and ser John Reseley.^ 

* Thomas Savage. '' Lord William de la Pole. 

■= Sir Thomas Docwra, lord prior of St. John's. ■* Forteseue. "^ Richard Fox. 

' This Sir John Risley narrowly escaped being slain or captured at the siege of 
Boulogne in 1492, when riding round the town with Sir John Savage, who was killed 
by a sudden assault of the enemy. — Polydoro Vergil. 


The G. of June landyd lord William of Devonshere, ser John 
Both, and dyvers esquiers and gentlemen. 

The 7. of June landyd the earle of Northumbarland, with many 
esquiers and gentlemen. 

The 9. of June landyd the lorde Mongoyja and ser John Wyng- 
fylde, and other esquiers and gentlemen. 

The same day kynge Henry the Seventh and qwene Elisabethe his 
wyfe, with many lords, ladyes, knights, esquiers, gentlemen and 
yemen, met M'ith the duke of Burgoyne ^ at owr lady of Saint 
Petar's without Calays. Saint Petar's churche was richely hanged 
with arras, and ther they all dyned, for the churche was partyd 
with hangings into dyvers offices, and when they had dyned and 
comunyd ther was a rich banqAvete, and after the duke of Burgoyne 
dauncyd with the ladyes of England, and then toke leave of the 
kynge and qwene, and rode that nyght to Gravenynge, for he would 
not come within the of Caleys. 

The 16. day of June the kynge, the qwene, and all the lords and 
ladyes, landyd at Dover from Galleys. 

Speres of Caleys, 18. vyntoners of Caleys, 12. 

archars on horsbake, 18. sowldiars at Sd. the day, 73. 

scowrars in the morninge, 4. sowldiars at vjc?. the day, 138. 

sergeaunts with typstaves, 6. day watche men, 4. 

constables of Calleis, 18. portars, 12. 

The whole yer's wages of the sowldiars of Caleys and of the 
castle of the same, the towre of Rysbancke, the castles of Hames 
and Gwysnes, and the wages of the tresorar of the towne of Caleys 
for his whole companye, — 

First the lorde lyvetenaunt of the towne and marches of Caleys, 
for his retinue the whole yere 5635 li. iij s. iiij d. starlinge table. 

The hevetenaunt of the castle of Caleys for his retinew the 
whole yere 591 pound, xvj s. viij d. 

The lievetenaunt of the towre of Ruysbancke for his company 
the hole yere come [to] 206 pound, x s. 

== Mouiitjoy. •> The aiclKlukc Philip. See the Appendix. 


The tresorar of Caleys towne for his company the whole yere 
comithe to 1912 pound starlyng tabJe. 

The Uevetenaunt of the castle of Guysnes for his retinew the 
whole yere xj hundred xlviij pound, xviij s. iiij d. 

The lievetenaunt of the castle of Haraes his retinew the whole 
yere 426 pound v s. 

The some of the \vhole yeres wages of all these places and 
parcels before writen come to 9920 pound, xiij s. iiij d. starlyn^e 

1505. The 16. of January the xxj. of Henry the Seventh, the 
kynge of Castle and duke of Burgoyne, with his wyfe the kyno-e 
of Spayn's dowghtar,'' landyd at Falmowthe in England agaynst 
theyr wills, beinge wethar-dryven. He had kepte ser Edmond a 
Poole erle of SufFolke in his land, but before he departyd from hens 
he was fayne to send for hym, and cawse hyme here to be dely- 

Edmond a Poole late erle of SufFolke was browght owt of the 

a Philip and Jane, the heiress of Castille. The port at which they landed was Wey- 
mouth, not Falmouth. They were entertained by sir Thomas Trenchard, at his mansion 
of Wolveton in Dorsetshire; and he is traditionally said to have summoned to assist in 
their entertainment his kinsman John Russell, who had been in Spain, and was qualified 
to act as an interpreter. This was the means of Eussell's introduction at Court, where he 
became lord privy seal, earl of Bedford, and the founder of the fortunes of that family, 
(See Wiffen's Memoirs of the Russells, vol. i. p. ] 81 .) Portraits of the king and queen of 
Castille, which have been preserved in the Trenchard family, are engraved in Hutchins's 
Dorsetshire, 1813, vol. iii. p. 22. A white china bowl, on a foot bound with silver 
still at Wolveton, is also said to have been left by them. Their subsequent entertain- 
ment at court will be seen in Hall, and the other Chronicles. 

^ This was in pursuance of a treaty made between Henry and Philip at Windsor 9 
Feb. 1505-6, and to be seen in Rymer ; one of the articles of which was that neither 
sovereign should harbour any rebel sulyects of the other. It has been suggested that 
the surrender of Edmund de la Pole was effected by some threat or dread of detention 
intimated to the king of Castille when in England. See the conversation stated by 
Hall to have taken place between the two kings on the subject. The duke (not earl) of 
Suffolk was nephew to king Edward the Fourth, being the son of the princess Elizabeth of 
York and John duke of Suffolk. 


duke of Burgoyn^s lande to Galleys the xvj. of Marche [1505-6], 
and was convayd over to Dovar on the xxiiij. day of Marche by 
ser Henry Wiette knight and ser John Wilshere knight and 
comptrowler of the towne and marches of Galleys, and Ix sowldiars 
of Galleys all in barneys ; where he was receyved by ser Thomas 
Lovell and othar, and conveyed to the towre of London.^ 

1508. Ser Richard Garow knight, lievetenaunt of the castle of 
Galeys, browght owt of England, by the kyng's comaundement, the 
lord marques Dorset and the lord William of Devonshire the erle 
of Devonshire's sone and heyre, whiche were bothe of kynne to 
the late qwene Elizabethe and of hir blode.^ They had bene in the 
towre of London a greate season. They were kepte prisoners in the 
castle of Galeys as longe as kynge Henry the Seventhe lyved, and 
shulde have bene put to deathe, yf he had lyved longar. They 
wer browght in to the castle of Galeys the xviij. of Octobar the 
xxiij. of Henry the Seventhe [1508]. 

The xxvij. of October there came out of England the byss- 
hope of Wynchestar*^ lorde prevye scale, the erle of Surrey 
lorde treasurar, and the lord of Saint John's, with doctor Weston, 
all ambassadors ; they landyd at Temperlto in Pecardye, and the ij 
of November, there came to Galeys out of Flaunders from the 
duke of Burgoyne the erle of Fynes, the lorde of Barowe, and the 
presydent of Flaunders, with dyvers othar of the contrye, and with 
them met ser Richard Garew, livetenaunt of the castle of Galleys, 
and syr John Wilshere comptrowlar of Galeis, and Waltar Cul- 
pepar undar-marshall of Galeys, and all the speres and archars on 
horsbacke and dyvars sowldiars all in harnes, for thes strangars 
feared the Frenche men ; but beinge browght in savetie to Galeys, 
there the lords on bothe partyes concludyd the mariage betwixt 
the duke of Burgoyne and the lady Mary dowghtar to kynge 

'^ " And in the end of the moneth of March syr Edmond de la Pool was conveyed 
through the citie unto the Towre, and there left as prysoner," (Fahyan.) He was be- 
headed in April 1513. 

'' See a note in the Appendix. "^ Richard Fox. 


Henry the Seventhe/ where on seynt Thomas day the Apostle 
was great triumphe made in Calles. 

[1508,] The 23, of Henry the Seventh, the 9. of July, bemge 
relyke sonday, there was sene at Galleys an innumerable swarme 
of whit buttarflyes cominge out of the north-este and flyenge 
south-estewarde, so thicke as flakes of snowe, that men beinge a 
shutynge in Saint Petar's filde without the towne of Galleys cowld 
not se the towne at fowre of the cloke in the aftarnone, they flewe 
so highe and so thicke. 

1509, the 24.of Awgust, the 1. of Henry the Eighth, ther came 
a grete swarme of bees, and light on the bole undar the wethar- 
coke of S. Nicholas steple in Galeys, at xi. of the cloke, and 
sat tyll iij. in the aftarnone. 

[1510.] In the 2. yere of Henry the Eighth, the lorde Da[r]cie 
went out of England by the kyng's apoyntment into Portingall,'^ 
with 1500 men of warre, and landyd at Skalis malis % but he gate 
litle worshipe there, and therefore dyvars of his men lefte hym 
there, aud went othar wayes into other contries, and some came 
home ragged and torne. 

" The documents relating to this treaty will be found in Rymer, vol. xiii. pp. 171, 175 
— 189. "The duke of Burgoyne" is elsewhere called the Prince of Castille, and was 
afterwards the emperor Charles V. The Ambassadors of Maximilian his grandfather pro- 
ceeded from Calais to England ; and " The Solempnities and Triumphes " performed on 
the ratification of the treaty were described in a tract printed by Richard Pynson, the sub- 
stance of which was communicated by Sir Henry Ellis in 1814 to the Society of Antiqua- 
ries, and printed in the Archseologia, vol. xviii. pp. 33 — 39 ; and the tract itself, though 
imperfect, was reprinted for the Roxburghe club at the expense of John Dent, esq. in 
1818. See further notices respecting the failure of this alliance in Ellis's Original Let- 
ters, 1st Series, vol. i. p. 113. 

•^ "This yere was the lord Darey sent into Spaine to aide the kynge of Spayne agaynst 
the Mores, but peace was made before his aryvj'nge, and so returned." Fabyan, under 
3 Hen, VIII. See also in Hall a fuller narrative than the above, 

'^ i. e. Cadiz. See Dyce's Skelton, vol. i. p. 135 ; vol. ii. 196. 


1511. The 3. yere of Henry the Eighth;, in the monethe of JuHj 
lorde Ponyngs^ went out of England into Geldarland with 1500 
men of warre. He toke shipinge at Sandwiche; and in Gilder- 
land he conquered a little towne or twayne, and a castle or twayne, 
and then he went to the siege of Fenlawe^*' for ther lay a siege 
or he cam ; he continuyd with his company till aftar all-halewen 
tyde, and there they were almoste betrayed by the lorde amerall 
of all the easte,*^ for he went ofte into the towne of Fenlawe, and 
had promysed the capitayne to deseyve them all, but the kyng of 
England sent for them to come home into England; and then 
lady Margaret duches of Savoye, aunte to the yonge duke of Bur- 
goyne,*! gaffe to all Englishe men coates of whit and grene, red 
and yelowe ; the white and grene for the kynge of England's 
liverye, the red and yelowe for the duke of Burgoyne's lyvery, and 
thes iiij colours were medeled togethar. And [at] ser Edward Poyn- 
ings' departure, the yonge duke made dyvars gentlemen of Eng- 
land knights, as ser John Skott, ser John Norton, ser John Fogge, 
and ser James Derelle f for our kynge sent the lorde Poynings, 
chefe capitayne, withe thes xv hundred men, for to helpe the 
duke of Burgoyne agayne the duke of Gilder. They all came 
backe to Galleys, and so ovar to England, the xxv. of November. 
Ser Frauncis Cheny, ser John Dicky,^ ser John Norton, ser 
John Scott, ser John Fogge, and ser James Darell were the chefe 
of that army.s 

1512. The 4. of Henry the Eighth, the 2. of June, the lorde 
marques Dorset, as chefe capitayne, and the lords John, Edward, 

» Sir Edward Poynings, K.Gr. For a fuller account of this expedition, the reader 
may again be referred to Hall. b Venloo. 

•= So in MS. but qu. coste. 

^ Charles, afterwards the emperor Charles V. 

<^ Instead of Darell, Hall gives the name of Thomas Lind. ' Read Digby, 

% Hall mentions beside, the lord Clinton son-in-law to lord Poynings, sir Matthew 
Browne, John Warton (a« error for Norton), Richard Whethrill, (read Whetehill) 
and Sherley, esquires. 


and Leonard his britherne, with the lorde Howard, the lorde 
Brooke, the lorde Ferreyrs, the lorde Willowby, with vij. knights 
and xi. esquiers, with divars gentlemen and vij c. men of warre, 
departed out of England from Sowthampton, with a great navy of 
shipps to set that company aland in Spayne, for to helpe the 
kynge of Spayne agaynste the Frenche kynge;^ and ser Edward 
Howard was lord adrayrall of the kyng's flete, for to kepe the se 
before theyr syttynge forwarde ; but thes lords made but a smal 
jorney there at that season. 

1512. The 4. of Henry the Eighth, the kyng's greate shippe 
called the Sovereigne was brente upon the see,^ with the greate 
carecke of Brest ; and in the Sovereigne ser Thomas Knevett was 
one of the capitaynes, and ser John Carewe the tother, and they 
were bothe brent in the great caricke of Breste, for they were 
entered in hir, and she was almoste yolden c • and then the 
Frenche men set fire in hir, and brent bothe the shippes, for they 
were faste crapelyd together, and almost brent all the men in 
bothe shipps. 

* The king of Spain had invaded Navarre, and England supported him in the hope of 
recovering Guienne. The English army, however, effected nothing, after having lost 800 
men by sickness. See Stowe's Chronicle ; and Letters of Dr. William Knight to Wolsey, 
in Ellis's Original Letters, Second Series. 

^ A more correct account of this catastrophe will be found in Hall. The English ship 
burnt was the Regent, not the Sovei-eign. The action was commenced by the latter, in 
which were sir Henry Guilford and sir Charles Brandon, " but by negligence of the 
maistre, or else by smoke of the ordinance, or otherwise, the Soveraigne was caste at the 
stem of the carrike." The Regent, commanded by Sir Thomas Knevet, who had been 
preparing to board another vessel called " the great shippe of Deepe," then suddenly 
made for the carrick, and was able " to craple with her along-boorde ; " and after a cruel 
fight the explosion took place, and both ships were burnt. With sir Thomas Knevet and 
sir John Carew were seven hundred men, who were all drowned or burnt ; in the car- 
rick were nine hundred Frenchmen, a few of whom were saved by the James of Hull. 
The carrick is said to have appertained to the queen of France, and was called Cordelier ; 
her commander sir Piers Morgan, which name perhaps is Anglicised. A letter of Wolsey, 
describing the loss of the Regent, is in MS. Cotton. Vitell. B. ii. f. 180, and printed by 
Fiddes, Collections, No. 9. 

^' i. e. surrendered. 


1513. The 5. of Henry the Eighth^ Edward Howard, lorde 
amerall, was slayne with the Frenche men before the towne of 
Brest, on the coaste of Britaigne, in the monithe of May.» 

The vi. of June, the erle of Shrewsbery landyd at Caleys, beinge 
chefe capitaine of the forwarde goinge into France; with hym landyd 
the erle of Darby, the lord Hasty ngs, the lorde Fitzwaltar, and 
ser Rafe ap Thomas knight baneret, ser Randill of Brewton, ser 
John Crofts, ser John of Assheton, ser John Dicby knight mar- 
shall of the forwarde, ser John Hogan, ser Alisander Baynham, 
ser Edward Belknappe, ser Sampson Norton master of the orde- 
nance of the forward, and ser [Richard] Cheverall^ tresorar of 
the warrs of the forward, with dyvars knights and esquiers, with 
ther retynewe of xv. thowsand men of warr, besyde all othar fol- 

The 7- of June landyd the lord of St. John's c with dyvars gen- 
tlemen and men of warre to goo in the forward. 

The viij. of June landyd the lord Cobham with dyvers othars. 

The viiij. of June landyd the baron of Dudley with his retinew. 

The X. of June landed the erle of Wilshere the duke of Bok- 
ingham's brothar, and the lorde Herberd, *^ than beinge lord 
chamberlayn of the kyng's howse, the baron of Burforth,^ and the 

" This did not happen in May, but on the 25tli April 1513, in an attempt to cut out 
some French gallies in the harbour of Conquet. In a letter written by king James IV. 
(probably his last) to king Henry, dated Edinburgh, the 24:th May, the event is thus 
alluded to, as an argument for peace between Christian princes : "And surlie, derrest 
brothir, we think mair lose is to you of joure lait admirall, quha decessit to his grete 
honour and laude, than the avantage micht have bene of the vynnyng of all the Franche 
galeis and tliair equippage. The saidis unquhile vai^eant knichtis service, and utheris 
noble men that mon on baith the sides apparently be perist, geve weir (if war) continew, 
war bettir applyt aponn the innemyis of Crist, quhairintill all cristen men war well 
warit." It is melancholy to remark that, in less than four months after penning these 
lines, king James fell in battle fighting against an army of the " dearest brother " he 
thus addressed, and which was commanded by the father of the man of whom he here 
speaks in such handsome terms. Sir Edward Howard, K.G. was the third son of the 
e;irl of Surrey, soon after restored to the dukedom of Norfolk. 

'' Sacheverall. <= Thomas Docwra, the lord prior of St. John's. 

•^ Sir Charles Somerset, lord Herbert. 

* Sir Thomas Cornwall, baron of Burford. 


barone of Carewe/ with dyvars knights and esquiers, gentlemen, 
and men of warre, to goo in the seconde warde. 

The xij. day of June landyd the erle of Kent, the lord Awdeley, 
the baron Curson, and dyvars othar for the seconde warde. 

Ther landyd also in thes dayes, ser Richard Wentworthe, ser 
Arthur HoptoUj ser Thomas Grene, ser John Raynforthe, ser John 
Awdley, ser Thomas Leighton, ser Robart Demmocke, ser John 
Husse, ser Davie Owen, with othar gentlemen. 

The xiij. of June landyd the lord Dakers and the lord Suche, 
with dyvars gentlemen and men of warr for to serve the kynge. 
On the sayde xiij. day the erle of Shrewsbery, the erle of Derby, 
the lord Hastyngs, the lord Fitzwatar, the lorde of Seint John's, 
the lorde Cobham, the lord Awdley, ser Rys ap Thomas, with 
dyvars knights and squiers with their retinewe set toward Fraunce, 
and lay the first night betwixt Newname brydge and the cawsey, 
with ther retinewe to the nombar of xvj. thowsand, and the next 
night betwixt Sandingfilde and Margysen, and the next night 
almost at Margysen, iij. miles without the Englyshe pale, where 
they lay tyll the forwarde cam to them. 

The xvj. of June the lorde Herberd, lord chamberleyne of the 
kyngs howse and chefe capitayne of the second warde, the erle of 
Wilshere, the erle of Kent, the baron of Burforthe, the baron of 
Carewe, the baron Cursen, with dyvars knights and esquiers and 
men of warre, to the nombar of x. thowsand men of warre, set 
fro Caleys and lay the first night betwixt Newnara bridge and the 
cawsey, the next night betwyxt Sandyngfild and Margison, and so 
to the forwarde, where they lay ij. or iij. nights, and no Frenche- 
men came to them, and they wente almoste to Boloyne, and then 
returned and went to Terwen,'' and beseged it. 

The xvij. day of June landyd at Caleys ser Moris Barkeley, ser 
William Sands, ser John Seemer, and vij c. Almayns that cam out 
of England. 

* Sir Edmund Carew. '' Theroueniip. 


The xviij. of June came v c. Almayns out of Flandars into the 
Englyshe pale, and there taried the kyng's coraynge. 

The xxj. of June landyd the lord marques of Dorset, ser Adrian 
Forteskewe, ser Thomas Luce, ser Richard Caundishe, ser John 
Woderofe, and many esquiers and gentlemen. 

The xxij. of June landyd the lorde Roose, the lorde Dacy,^ and 
ser Robert Brandon, and othar esquiers and gentlemen. 

The XXV. of June landyd the duke of Bukingham, with divars 
knights, esquiers, and gentlemen. 

The xxvij. of June landyd the erle of North umbarland, ser John 
Pechy,'^ ser John Arundell, and ij. of the lorde marques Dorset^ s 
bretherne, with othar knights, esquiers, and gentlemen. 
Thexxviij.of June landyd the lorde Barnes withdyvars gentlemen. 

When the erle of Shrewsbury with his hoste, and the lord Her- 
bert with his oste, were before the towne of Turwen lyinge at the 
siege, ser Edmond Carowe, baron, was slayne with a gonne, in the 
lord Herberd's pavilion ; his body was buryed at Caleys. 

Shortly aftar that this army was before Terwyne, there was 
dayly sent carts out of Caleys laden with brede and beare and 
victuales to the oste that lay before Terwyne, whereof when the 
Frenche men knewe, they lay in awayte, set on them, bett them, 
and slewe a iij c. Engiishe men, toke many prisonars, [and] put the 
rest to flight. Ser Nicholas Vasse,^ lyve-tenaunt of Gwisnes 
castle, and ser Edward Belknape, and othar divars capitaynes 
that went to conduct the carts, fled to Arde for socowre, or els they 
had been slayne or taken .<i 

The last day of June kynge Henry landyd at Caleys ; with hym 
landed thebj-sshope of Wynchestar lord prevye seale,^ the byshope 
of Durham,^ the earle of Essex,? the vicount Lile,'^ the lorde Wil- 

* Darcy. 

^ Sir John Pechy was " vice-governor of all the horsemen" in this campaign. — Hall. 

'^^ Vaux. '' This occurred on the 27th of June. — Hall. "= Richard Fox. 

' Thomas Ruthall. « The earl of Essex was " lieutenant-generall of the spears." — Hall. 

*• Charles Brandon. He was " marshal of the host and captaine of the forewarde." He 
had heen created viscount Lisle on the 15th May preceding. 


lowbye, the lord Broke, the lord Fitzwaren, and the lord of Bur- 
genye, ser Edward Poynyngs, ser Henry Marney, ser William 
Sydney, ser John Foskew,^ ser Edward Cobham, ser Adrian 
Wyndsore tresurar of the warris of the kyng's oste, ser William 
Vaumpage, ser Griffithe Doon, ser Antony Outtred, with many 
othar knights, esquiers, and othar. 

The viij. of July there cam to the kynge at Caleis embassadors 
from Maximilian, then emperowre ; ther came also dyvars great 
men from the lady Margaret duchesse of Savoy, the emperowr's 

The xiiij. of July ther came to Caleis ambassadors from the 
kynge of Spayne ; they spake there withe kynge Henry of 
England, and returnyd. 

The xxj. of July the kynge departed from Caleys, forwarde, 
and he lay the first nyght betwixt Calkewell and Freydon, the next 
night before the castle of Gwisnes at Bocarde ; the next night 
he lay besyde Arde a good way without the Englyshe pale, and 
when he was a lytle beyond Dornome there came a great oste of 
Frenchemen that wer purposed to have set upon hym to have 
taken or slayn hym, but the kynge with his ost kept theyr grownd, 
and shot theyr greate ordinance, and barke^ the array of the 
Frenche men. In this busynes there was a greate gonne of brasse 
callyd one of the xij Apostles,c with dyvars othar ordinaunce 
that cam not redelye aftar the kynge, where of the Frenche men 
heringe cam and kyllyd many cartars and laborars ; amonge the 
whiche they kyllyd Gorge Buckemer the kyng's mastar carpentar of 
the towne of Caleys ; they toke many prisonars. 

The first day of August a bushement of Frenchemen came to 
the cawsey but a myle and halfe out of Caleys, where they 
brenned howses, toke many men prisonars, drofFe away horses, 

» Forteseue. '' brake. 

■^ Termed by Hall " a great curtail called the John Evangelist." It was overthrown in 
a deep pond of water. 


mares, kyne, shepe, l^oggs, and all othar things that they might 
carry away with them at theyr pleasure to the towne of Boleyne. 

The iiij. of August the Frenchemen cam to the vyllage called 
Bonyngs within the English pale in the morninge, and there toke 
dyvars prisonars, with all the cattayll, and othar pilferye. 

The X. of Awgust Maximilian emperowr of Almayne came to 
kynge Henry of England besyde Terwyn, and there the empe- 
rowre had wages of the kynge. 

The xvi. of Awgust, there came a greate oste of Frenche men to 
dryve kynge Henry from the sige of Turwyne, hut the kynge met 
with them a litle besyde Terwyne, and kylled many of them, put 
the othar to flight, and toke many great men prisoners, as the 
prince of Naverne, the duke of Longevile, mounsure Clermonde 
amerall of Fraunce, monsur Delefer. 

The xviij. of Awgust there cam x m'. Scotts into England, for to 
distroy the northe partes, but mayny of them were slayne, and 
theyr grete men taken prisonars. 

The xxiij. day of Awguste the towne of Terwen was gyven ovar 
unto the kynge of England, with condition that all the men of 
were that kept the towne shuld safely passe with horse and harnyes, 
but nothinge els; and so on the xxiiij. day of Awgust there came 
out of the towne iiij m'. men of warre and more, well apoynted, 
whereof about vi c. were well horsed ; ther standards were borne 
before them. 

When James kynge of Scotts hard that his Scotts and lords 
were taken, and many of them kylled in England, he prepared and 
cam with a greate nombar of Scotts and many wyld Yreshemen. He 
made his vowe that he would distroy all the northe parte of Eng- 
land, becaws kynge Henry warryd agaynst the French kynge his 
greate cosyn; and so he cam into England and bet downe Norham 
castle, and came on still to a more callyd Bramston more, and on 
the vij of September, the erle of Surrey being lord protector of the 
realme, the lord Dakers of the Northe, the lord Howard then lord 
admarall and sone to the earle of Surrey, the lord Ferrers, the 


lorde Coniers, and ser William Percye the erle of Northumber- 
land's brothar, with dyvers other knights and esquiers with theyr 
retinue, met with James kynge of Scotts and there kylled hym, &c. 

The xxj. day of Septembar, when kynge Henry had don his 
pleasure in the towne of Terwyne, he cam before the citie of Tur- 
ney with his hoste ; he bet downe towrs and gates, and the walles 
in dyvars places, wherefore on the same xxj. day of Septembar the 
citizens besowght hym of pitye, and he grauntyd them his peace, 
and had the citie at his pleasure with all the comodities belong- 
ynge thereto, to do withe men and goods what it pleased hym. 
And when the kynge had bene a certayne days and sene the citie 
abowte, he made ser Edward Ponyngs his lyvetenaunt of that citie, 
and then he made a marshall, a comptrowlar, a master portar, with 
other officers, and with them he lefte iiij thowsand good men, and 
made many yonge knights, &c. When he had taken order for the 
citie of Turney, and the Frenche men fled out and gone, then he 
returned Avith his armye and enteryd the towne of Galleys on the 
xix. of October, and the xxj. day he sayled ovar to Dovar. 

Charles Brandon, sone to ser William Brandon that bare 
kynge Henry's standard at Bosworthe filde, and was ther slayn, 
was made duke of Suffolke. » 

1514. The xiij. May the 6. of Henry the Eighth, ser Thomas 
Lovell landyd at Caleys with c. men of ware, and ther cam to hym 
iij c. aftarward. 

The XV. of May landyd ser John Pechye with c. men. 

The xix. of May landyd ser Wyllyam Sands with c. men. 

The xxij. of May landyd the lorde Burgaveny, the lord Daw- 
beny, lord Clinton, lord Cobham, syr Richard LcM'es, ser John 
RaynfForthe, ser William Scott, ser John Scott his sonne, ser Ed- 
warde Gilforthe, ser Henry Gilforthe, ser John Norton, ser John 
Fogge, ser Mathew Browne, and ser James Derellcj with dyvars 
esquiers and gentlemen, and men of warre to the nombar of v m. 
The lord Burgayny was chefe capitayne of all. 

a On the 1st Feb, 1514. 


The xiij. of Awguste peace was proclaymed betwyxt the kyngs of 
England and Fraunce. 

The XXX. of Septembar kynge Henries greate shipe with iiij. 
toppes called the Lubicke, was broken and loste, a litle from San- 
gate, weste of Caleys ; there was in hir at that tyme almoaste v c. 
men, sowldiars and mariners, that ware apoyntyd for to conducte 
the lady Mary the kyng's sistar, for to brynge her to Boloyne to be 
wedded to the Frenche kynge ; and she was maried before by 
attorney the lord Rever to the yonge duke of Burgoyne, by his 
father's apoyntment : there was not one hundred of the v c. men 

The 2. of Octobar the lady Mary dowghter to Henry the 
Seventh arrived at [Boulogne] ; they set out of Dover xiiij. gret 
shipps, but landyd at Boleyn with iiij, for the othar [were] driven 
by tempest, some to one place some to an other, with great 

The Frenche kyng Lewes maried lady Mary the kyng's systar 
of England at Abafilde * in Picardy, the 9. of October. 

The XX. of Octobar ser Charles Brandon, late made duke of Suf- 
folke, landyd at Galleys, with ser Edward Nevile lord Burgevenies 
brothar, [and] ser William Sydney, all in grey coates and whodes, 
becaws they would not be knowne ; they rode to Paris to the just- 
inge at the coronation.'' 

The xxvj. of Octobar ser Henry Gilford landyd at Caleis, with 
two sergeants at armes and xx. yemen of the crowne and kyngs 
garde, to goo to the citi of Paris with x. or xij. goodly horses, to be 
at the justs at the coronation of lady Mary qwene of Fraunce.<= 

* Abbeville. Two despatches written by the Earl of Worcester to Cardinal Wolsey and 
the King, dated respectively from Abbeville on the 3d and 13th of October, which are 
printed in Ellis's Original Letters, Second Series, give an interesting account of King 
Louis's reception of his bride ; and two letters of Mary herself to her brother and Wolsey, 
dated Abbeville, 12 Oct. are in the First Series of the same Collection, See also the 
Rutland Papers, p. 26. 

'' Several despatches of these ambassadors are preserved in the MS. Cotton. Calig. D. 
VI. and some of them are printed in Ellis's Original Letters, Second Series. 

« The coronation took place at St. Denis on the 5th of November. 


The last of Decembar, Lewes kynge of Fraunce deceased. 

1515. Mary the Frenche qwene cam to Caleys out of Fraunce 
the XXV. of Aprell, with Charles Brandon, who had been with her 
in Fraunce sence the xix. of January.'*"^ 

The 2. of May, Mary qwene of Fraunce toke shippe at Caleys 
with the duke of Suflfolke and other, and landyd the same nyght 
at Dovar. 

The 13. of May Mary the Frenche qwene was maried at Grene- 
wiche to Charles Brandon duke of Suffolke.^ 

1518. The x. of Henry the Eighth, landyd at Caleis the xiiij. 
of November the bysshope of Ely,c the erle of Worcestar lord 
chambarlen of England, and the lord of Saint John's, thes iij. beinge 
chefe ambassadors into Fraunce to finishe the mariage betwyxt 
the dolfyn of Fraunce'^ and the princes of England, the kyng's 

* The duke of Suffolk, sir Richard Wingfield, and doctor West, " with a goodly bande 
of yomen, all in black," (Hall) had been sent in embassy to Paris to negociate the settle- 
ment of the Queen's dower. 

'' It was rumoured at the time (says Hall) that the queen and duke had been married 
secretly whilst at Paris, and it is now ascertained that such was the fact, and that the 
event took place about the latter end of February. In letters (unfortunately half burnt) 
in the MS. Cotton. Caligula, D. vi. this is stated by Suffolk himself, and alluded to by 
Wolsey : also in the miscellaneous Exchequer documents at the Rolls House (as I am 
kindly informed by Mrs. Green, who is engaged on the biography of the Princesses of 
England,) there is a draught in Wolsey's hand of a reproving letter from him to the 
duke of Suffolk on the subject, and a letter of exculpation from Mary to Henry VIII. 
The hotel de Clugny in Paris (which has recently been converted into a most interesting 
mediaeval museum) was the residence of la llanche reine (as it was customary to term 
the royal widows), and was certainly the scene of this secret marriage. Some of our his- 
torical writers, as Sir Henry Ellis (Orig. Letters, 1st Series, i. 123), Sharon Turner, and 
the author of the Pictorial History of England, have stated that the public solemnity of 
the marriage took place at Calais ; but for this there appears no foundation. The mar- 
riage at Greenwich on the 13th of May is confirmed by several authorities : but it would 
have been unnecessary if any such solemnization had taken place at Calais. 
Nicholas West. 

** i. e. Francis, afterwards Francis II., and Mai-y, afterwards queen of England. See 
various documents on this projected alliance in Rymer. 



tlowghter, and to delyvar agaj^n the citie of Turney,^ that Henry 
the Eighth had conqwered, and sens buylded a new castle, the 
whiche cost hym many a thowsand pounds. 

The citie of Turney was delyvered on the x. of February by 
ser Charles Beawforde, earle of Worcester, lord chamberlayne of 
England, and the lord of Seynt John's.^ 

1519. The xvij. of Marche the 11. of Henry the Eighth Ian dyd 
at Caleys ser Nicholas Vauxe, ser Edward Bellknape, ser William 
Sands knight of the gartar, commissioners to ovar-se the makynge 
of a palace before the castle gate of Gwines, wherefore there was 
sent the kyng's mastar mason, mastar carpentar, and iii c. masons 
and V c. carpentars, one c. joynars, many payntars, glaysers, tay- 
lors, smythes, and other artificers bothe out of England and 
Flaundars to the nombar in all ij m. and more. The sayd palays 
was begone the xix. of Marche, for the whiche miche tymbar was 
bowght in Hoiand, whiche tymbar was so longe that the same was 
bownden togethar, and browght to Caleys without any shype, for 
no shype mowght receyve it, all the tymbar borde that cowld 
be browght out of England, whiche palays was framed in many 
places, all the roves whereof was paynted canvas, and all the 
walls from the second plate downward. It was allso glased with the 
best glass that cowld be gotten, from the over plate, the second 
plate of the stone wall downward ; and undar the lofte of the 
palays round abowt were bowses of office, as pantrye, botrye, 
sellar, and dyvars othar. And at the campe betwixt Gwysnes and 
Arde was cut a greate dyke, a greate compas abowte, and within 
the sayd dyke was made a tilte for men to juste at, and a goodly 
bowse and galerie for the kynges and qwenes and lords and ladyes 

* The Treaty for this measure was made at London on the 4th Oct. 1516 (Rymer, 
xiii. 642) ; and four days after a further Treaty was made for an interview to take place 
between Henry and Francis (ibid. 695). This, however, was deferred until 1520. 

. *• See the instrument bearing this date in RjTner, xiii. 694, and others relating to the 
sum of 600,000 crowns paid by the French king for the surrender, ibid. 697, et seq. 


for to stond in for to se the justes and turncys and other masteryes 
ther done of the lords and othar. This triumphe continyed xx. 
dayes space with the days of the metynge of the ij. kyngs. 

1520. The xiij. of Aprell the xj. of Henry the Eighth, the erle of 
Worcestar, lorde chamberlayne of Englande, landyd at Caleys for 
to goo to Gwynes and the campe of the kyng's counsell of Caleys, 
for to mete with dyvars lords of Fraunce for to aj^oynte the grownd 
at the campe, where the justs and turnements shuld be kepte 
moaste convenient for suche a triumphe for so noble kyngs and 

The apoyntment for the kynge a to atend upon hym over the sea 
to Caleys in the xij. yere of his reigne, 1520 : 


First the archbysshope of the bysshope of Ely.^ 

Yorke, cardinall.*^ the bysshope of Chestar.' 

tharchbysshopeof Cantorbery.c the bysshope of Excetar.? 

the bysshope of Durham/^ tharchbysshopeof Armachane.'' 

* The list of names which now follows is to be compared with another formed on t''e 
same occasion which was inserted in the Rutland Papers, pp. 29 — 38. Of the latter 
document there is a duplicate copy in the Harleian MSS. No 2210, art. 1. bearing this 
title : " The appointment for the King and the Queen to Cantei-bury, and soe to Callais and 
Guisnes, to the meeting of the French king. ■" It supplies the following corrections or varia- 
tions : Rutland Papers, p. 30, Bishops' servants, xxxiij. not xxxiiij ; the name mentioned 
in p. 32, note ( "^ ) occurs, it is Sir Nicholas Carew, not Carver ; p. 33, the Emperor's Am- 
bassadors' horses, for xxiij read xviij ; the Venetian Ambassadors' servants, for xxiij read 
xviij. Among the Heralds, p. 34, is inserted Somerset, and among the Pursuivants Rise- 
bank. Among the Knights, p. 36, occurs the name of Sir William Reade, and Sir Thomas 
Trenchard is omitted. Both the countesses of Oxford are omitted, and the countess of 
Dorset inserted. P. 37, Every knight's wife that had no husband to have a gentlernan, 
not a. woman ; sed qu ? P. 38, /or Aphard reac? Apleyard. 

" Thomas Wolsey. '^ William Warham. "^ Thomas Ruthall. 

^ Nicholas West. ' Geoffrey Blyth. s John Voysey, alias Ilarman. 

'' Octavian de Palatio. 




Temporall lords. 

the duke of Buckyngham. 

the duke of SufFolke. 

the marqwes Dorsset. 

the erle of Shrewesbery. 

the erle of Essex. 

the erle of Devonshere. 

the erle of Westmerland. 

the erle of Stafford. 

the erle of Kent. 

the erle of Wilshere. 

the erle of Worcestar. 

the erle of Northumbarland. 

the erle of Oxenforde. 

the erle of Keldare. 

the lord of Sent John's. 

the lord Fitzwatar. 

the lorde of Burgaveny. 

the lord Hastings. 

the lorde Roos. 

the lorde Mountagewe. 

the lord Ferris. 

the lord Darsse. 

the lord Dawbeney. 

the lord Barnes. 

the lord Edmond Howard. 

the lord Herberd. 

the lorde John Grey. 

the lorde Leonard Grey. 

the lord Richard Grey. 

the lorde Broke. 

the lorde Lonaeley. 

the lorde Materface. ( ? ) 

the lorde Delaware. 

the lorde Dakers of the 

the lorde Cobham. 

Chapleytis for the Kynge. 

the mastar of the roles.^ 
the mastar secretary, 
the dene of the chaple. 
the kyng's almoner, 
the deane of Salisbury, 
tharchedeacon of Richemond. 
doctar Taylor. 

doctar Denton. 

doctar Fell. 

doctar Knight. 

doctar Stokesley. 

doctar Higgans. 

mastar Magnus. 

the clerke of the closet. 

Cutbbert Tunstall. 





of Barkshire. 
ser John Dauncy. 
ser William Essex, 
ser Richard Morreis. 
ser John Cheny. 
ser Edward Chambarleyn. 
ser William Bretayne. 

ser William Sands, 
ser Richard Weston, 
ser William Fitzwilliam. 
ser Nicholas Wadham. 
ser Arthure Plantaginet. 

ser Nicholas Vauxe. 
ser William Aparie. 

ser Edward Ponyngs. 
ser Edward Gilforthe. 
ser Henry Gilforthe. 
ser Thomas Boleyn. 
ser John Pechye. 
ser Thomas Chauncye. 
ser Thomas Nevile. 
ser Edmond Walsyngham. 

ser Pierce Edgecombe. 

ser William Corteney. 
ser Edward Pomery. 

Worse tars hire. 
ser Gilbert Talbot, 
ser Richard Uptoins. 
ser GrifFen Aprise. 
ser William Compton. 
ser William Morgayne. 
ser John Ragland. 

ser Thomas Cornewalle. 
ser Richard Cornewalle. 
ser Raufe Egarton. 

ser Mawris Barkley. 
ser John Hungerforde. 
ser William Kyngstone. 
ser Antony Poynes. 
ser Edward Wadeham. 

syr John Hussie. 
ser Thomas Newporte. 
ser Myles Busshey. 
ser William Master, 
ser William Hussie. 
ser Christopher Willeby. 
ser Thomas Burgis junior, 
ser William Halforde. 




«er Robert Constable, 
ser William Bilmar. 
ser Richard Tempest. 

ser Thomas West, 
ser Davy Owen . 
ser Henry Owen, 
ser John Fynche. 

ser Edward Hungerforde. 
ser John Seemer. 
ser Henry Longe. 

ser Robert Curson. 
ser Richard Wentford. 
ser Anthony Wingfeld. 
ser Robert Drewry. 
ser Arthure Hopton. 
ser Phylype Tilney. 
ser Edward Boleyn. 

ser Thomas Wyndam. 
ser John Awdeley. 
ser John Haydon. 
ser William Paston. 
ser Robart Brandon. 

ser Henry Marney. 

ser John Vere. 
syr John Raynford. 
ser John Marney. 
ser Weston Browne, 
ser Thomas Teye. 
ser John Cutte. 

Somersetshyre and Dorsetshyre. 
ser Giles Strangwise. 

syr Richard Sewgeverelle. 
syr William Skevyngton. 

ser Richard Carrowe. 
ser Henry Wiette. 
ser Edmond Braye. 
ser John Gaynford. 
ser Nicolas Carrowe. 

ser George Hervie. 
ser William Gaston. 

ser Andrew Windsor, 
syr John Heeron. 
ser John Nevell. 
syr Giles Capelle. 
syr John Gilforde. 
mastar Thomas Moore. 




syr Godfrey Fulgeham. 

ser Edward Belknappe. 
ser Edward Ferres. 
ser Henry Willeby. 
ser Thomas Lucye. 
ser Gerard Dannyt. 
ser Gylbard Talbot, 
ser Gorge Fi'ogmerton. 
ser Edward Graye. 
ser John Bordett. 

ser William Smythe. 

ser Rauffe Varney. 
ser Fraunces Brian, 
ser John Cheny. 

ser William Purpoynt. 
ser Rowland Velvelle. 
ser Griffith Donne, 
ser William CofFen and his 


Officers of amies of almaner 
Serjeants of armes 
Pursivaunts . 
Trumpets and Clarions 
Minstrels of all maner. 



xxiiij . 


the erle of Derby. the lord Willowbye. 

the bysshope of Rochestar.^ the lord Morley. 

the bysshope of Hareforde.*" the lord chamberleyn. 

Chapleynes to wayte on the qwene viij. 

ser Robert Ponythz. ser George Fostar. 

^ John Fisher. ^ Charles Booth. 




ser Thomas Fetiplace. 

ser John Litille.^ 

ser Adrian Foscu. 

ser Water Stoner. 

ser Edward Grevell. 

ser Symond Harcorte. 

ser John Hampden of the Hill. 

ser George Selengcr. 

ser John Kercam. 

ser Mylles Busshey. 

ser Marmaduke Truby.^ 

ser Edward Darelle, vice- 

cliamberleyn to the qwene. 
ser RafFe Chamberleyne. 
ser John Shelton. 
ser Robart Clere. 
ser Philype Calthorpe. 

ser John Henyngham. 
ser William Walgrave. 
ser Thomas Terell, master of 

the qwenes horsses. 
ser Rogar Wentworthe. 
ser Thomas Trynchart. 
ser Thomas Lynd. 
ser John Vellurs. 
ser John Hasden.^ 
ser Mathew Browne, 
ser John Mordant, 
ser Henry Saugevelill. 
ser Henry Willowbye. 
ser RafFe Verny junior, 
ser William Rede, 
ser Robart Johnes. 
mastar Paris of Cambridgshire. 



the dutches of Buckyngham. 

the lady Boleyne. 

the countys of Stafforde. 

the lady Mowntagwe. 

the countis of Oxford. 

the lady Willowby. 

the countis of Oxford senior. 

the lady Dawbeny. 

the countis of Shrewsbery. 

the lady Mountjoye. 

the countis of Devonshere. 

the lady Cobham. 

the countis of Derby. 

the lady Grey.d 

the lady Fitzwater. 

the lady Elesabeth Gray, 

the lady Hastings. 

the lady Anne Gray.^ 

■ Lyle in the Rutland Papers. 

'' In the Eutland Papers occurs Sir Marmaduke Constable, in this list, but not Sir 
Marmaduke Truby. <= Ashton in the Rutland Papers, 

'' " Lord John's wife." Rutl. Papers. "^ " widowe." Ibid. 




the lady Broke. 

the lady Morley. 

the lady Gilforth junior. 

the lady Scroppe. 

the lady Fitzwilliams. 

the lady Gilforth senior. 

the lady Fetiplace. 

the lady Yauxe. 

the lady Selinger. 

the lady Parre widow. 

the lady Parre wyfe. 

the lady Griffithe Rise. 

the lady Compton. 

the lady Darell. 

the lady Finche. 

the lady Hopton. 

the lady Wingfilde, ser Anto- 
ny's wyfe. 

the lady Tilney. 

the lady Wingfild, ser Richard's 

the lady Clei'e. 

the lady Owen junior. 

the ladye Nevell, ser John Ne- 
vell's wyfe. 

the lady Bolen junior. 

the lady Carrewe. 

mistres Cheney. 

mistres Carie. 

mistres CotFen. 

mistres Morris. 

mistres Parker. 

mistres Fitzwaren. 

mistres AVotten. 

mistres Brewis. 

mistres Dannet. 

mistres Browne. 

mistres Gernyngham widow. 

mistres Finche. 

mistres Cooke. 

mistres Kateryn Mentoria. 

mystres Lawrance. 

mistres Victoria. 

mistres Kempe. 

mistres Margaret. 

mistres Margery, lord Fitz- 

waren's dowghter. 
Antony Poyns' dowghter. 
mistres Appleyarde. 
Anne Wentworthe. 
John Wentworth's wyfe. 
mistres Hugayne. 
mistres Cornewaleys. 
mistres Paris of Cambridg- 


Chalengars agaynst all gentlemen on horsebake and on foot for all 
feats of armesfor xxx. days. 

the kynge of England. 


the duke of Suffolke. 



the lord marqwes. ser Gylls Capell. 

ser Richard Gerningham. ser Nicholas Carrowe. 

ser William Kyngston. mastar Anthony Knevet. 

The Frenche kynge and vij. gentlemen chalengars of Fraunce. 

For to furnishe the days of justs, there were bonds, and to every 
bond a captayn. 

The erle of Devonshere capitayne of thes lords : — 

the lorde Herberd. mastar Nicholas Hervye. 

the lorde Edmond Howard. ser John Awdley. 

the lord Leonard Grey. mastar John Parkar. 

ser Edward Nevell. mastar William Palmer, 

mastar Frauncys Brian. Robert Gernyngham. 

mastar Henry Norreys. ser John Nevell. 
mastar Antony Browne. 

The second capitayne of the bonds, the lorde Montagwe of thes 
lords : — 

the lord Richard Greye. ser Geffrey Gate. 

the lord John Graye. ser Rowland Velvell. 

ser Thomas Chenye. mastar Arthur Poole. 

ser William Aparre. mastar Francis Poynes. 

ser WyUiam Sydney. mastar John Coffen. 

ser Griffithe Donne. mastar Hansard, with othar. 

ser Rauffe Aldereare. 

The some of thes ij. bonds a c. xxviij. for the Englyshe. The 
kynge gave to thes ij. bonds a m. marks, that is, 1. marks apece. 

An archbysshope was alowed to have 1. servants, wherof x. gen- 
tlemen and XX. horses. 


A byshoppe xxx. servaunts, whereof vi. gentlemeiij and x. 

A duke 1. servants, wherof x. gentlemen, and xx. horses. 

A marqwes xl. servants, wherof viij. gentlemen, and xij. horses. 

An erle xxx. servants, whereof vj. gentlemen, and x. horses. 

A baron xvj. servants, wherof ij. gentlemen, and vj, horses. 

A knyght of the gartar lykewyse. 

A banaret or a bachelar knight, x. servants and iij. horses. 

A chaplayn and a counsellor for the kynge, x. servants, v. horses. 

A chapleyu for the kynge, vj. servants and iij. horses. 

A sargeant at armes one servant and ij. horses. 

The officers of the kyng's chambar, amonge them cl. servants and 
a c. horses. 

The sergeaunts of the hosholde, amonge them all ij c. xvj. ser- 
vants and Ixx. horses. 

The poyntment for the Qwene, to wayt on her. 

A duches iiij. women servants, and vj. men servants, and vj. 

A countes iij. wimen, iiij. men, and iij. horses. 

A barones ij. wimen, iij. men, and ij. horses. 

A lady one woman, ij. men, and ij. horses. 

A gentlewoman on woman, ij. men, and ij. horses. 

A chamberar one servant and one horse. 

An erle xxx. servants, &c. 


Some of the persons on the kyng^s syde, iij m. ijc. iiij xvij. 

The horses, i m. ij c. vij. 

The some of the persons on the qwenes syde, m. xxxvij. 

The horses iiij c. xxx. 

The some of the persons on the kynge and qwenes syds, 

m c 

iiij iij xxxiiij. 

Some of the horses, c. xxxvij. 


Besyde the persons on the Frenche qwenes and duke of Suf- 
folkes sydes, [and] ray lord Cardenall. 

The xxvj. of May, the kynge of Romayns, of Spayne, and of 
Castle/ landyd in England at Dovar. Henry the Eighth came 
rydynge from Canterbury to Dovar the sanae night ; and the next 
day bothe kyngs rode to Canterbury agayne ; and from thence to 
Sandwytche, and then the kynge of the Romayns toke shype agayne 
at the Dele. 

The last day of Maye, the kynge and qwene of England 
landyd at Caleys, with many great estats as are before named. 

The V. of June, they departyd and rod to Gwisnes to mete with 
the Frenche kynge and qwene. 

The vij. of June, the kyngs of England and France mete at the 
campe betwixt Gwisnes and Arde, with bothe theyr swerds drawne 
and borne before them. 

The x. of June, the kyng of England dyned with the Frenche 
qwene in the towne of Arde, and the Frenche kynge dyned the 
same day with the qwene of England in the new palace made be- 
fore the castle of Gwysnes ; the whole was a costly howse of 
riches as evar was sene, and so thes ij. kings met every day 
aftar at campe with dyvars lords, and ther justed and turneyed 
xiiij. days ; and the ij. qwenes met at Gwysnes and at Arde dyvars 

The xxiiij. of June, these kyngs and qwenes, with ther reti- 
nues, met at campe, wher the justes were kepte, and ther they 
banqweted and daunsed, with momynge and dysgysynge tyll 
it was late in the eveninge, and then toke theyr leave and de- 

The iiij. of July, ther cam a greate embassad from the kynge of 
Romayne, Spayne, and Castle, to the towne of Caleis to owr kynge. 

The X. of July, the kynge rod to Gravelen, and there mete withe 
Charles the kynge of Romaynes, Spaigne, and of Castle afore - 

^ Afterwards the Emperor Charles the Fifth. His letter to the King announcing his 
coming, dated Corunna, 29 April, is in the MS. Cotton. Vesp. C. vii. f. 34. 


named, that was then to be emperowre of Almayne ; » and on the 
next day the kyng of England, and the said kynge of llomaynes, 
&c. and lady Margaret duches of Savoy, aunt to the seyde kynge 
of Romayns, and dawghtar to Maximilian late emperowr, whome 
the Frenche kynge ^ shewlde have maried afore he maried the 
duches of Britayne ; with them cam a cardinall and many great 
lords and ladyes, wherefor all the lords and states of England 
were sent from theyr lodgings ; and [at] theyre comynge ther was 
made a banqwetynge hows with in the town of Cales, with xvj. 
principals made of greate mastes, betwixt every maste xxiiij. fote, 
and all the oute syds closed with horde and canvas ovar it, and 
with in rownde abowt by the syds were made thre loftes one above 
anothar for men and women for to stond upon, and they that 
stode behynd myght see over the hedes that stode before, it was 
made so highe behynd and low before ; and in the mydste of the 
same banqwetynge house was setupe a great pece of tymbar made 
of viij. greate mastes, and bownde togethar with great ropes and 
yron bonds for to hold the mastes to gethar, for it was an hun- 
dred and xxxiiij. fote of lengthe, and coste vj li. xiij s. iiij d. to set 
it up right ; and the banqwetynge howse was coveryd ovar with 
canvas and fastenyd with ropes ; and within the sayd howse was 
payntyd the element of starres, sonne, and mone, and clowdes, 
with dyvars othar things made above ovar men's beds, and there 
was greate images of white wykers, like grete men, and they were 
set hyghe above on the highest lofts and stages, and dyvars rea- 
sons writen by them of the contries that they were made lyke 
unto, and the names of the same contries hanging by them, 
and many shipps under sayles, and wyndmylls goynge j andundar 
that was set many armes of dyvars londs, and theyr reasons writen 
by them ; and abowght the highe pece of tymbar that stode up 
right in the mydste was made stages of tymbar for organs, and 
othar instruments for to stand in, and men for to play upon them, 

* See a full programme of this interview in the Rutland Papers, pp. 50, et seq. 
** Charles VIII. See the memoir of INIargaret duchess of Savoy in the Appendix. 


and for clarks syngenge, and othar pagents for to be playde when 
the kyngs of England and of Romayns shuld be at theyre banqwete ; 
but on the same morninge the wynd began to ryse, and at nyght 
blewe of all the canvas, and all the elements with the sterrs, 
sonn, and mone, and clowds, and the same reyne blewe out above 
a thowsand torches and tapers that wer ordayned for the same ; 
and all the kyngs sects that was made with great ryches that 
cowlde be ordaynyd, besyds all othar things, was all dashed and lost. 

The xiiij. of July the kynge of Romayns departyd from Galleys 
towards Gravelen. 

The xviij. of July the kynge of England departyd from Galleys 
and arrived at Dovar. 

1521. The 2. of August the 13. of Henry the Eighth, Thomas 
archbysshope of Yorke, cardinall,^ landed at Galeis, with the 
bishop of Ely,*^ the bishop of Durham,*^ &c. The same day 
came to Galeis ambassadors from the emperowr ^ to mete the 
cardinall and othar lords of England. 

The iiij. of August cam to Galeis the highe chaunselar of Fraunce, 
with mayny othar,^ with the nombar of 400 horse. These lords 
of England, Burgoyne, Spayne, Flaundars and Fraunce, with the 
pope's orator, cam to Galleys to make a pece betwixt the empe- 
rowr and the Frenche kynge, but they could not agree, for the em- 
perowr wold have no peace, and the Frenche wold have had peace 
for a tyme ; wherfore on the xij. of Awgust the cardinall of Eng- 

" In the correspondence of Wolsey, published in the State Papers under the authority 
of the Royal Commission, vol. i. will be found many letters relating to this embassy, 
commencing with No. xi. and extending to No. Hi. 

^ Nicholas West. 

« Thomas Ruthall. 

^ The emperor's ambassadors were, the count of Gattinara, his chancellor, monsieur de 
Berghes, and others. Ibid. p. 27. 

^ The French ambassadors were, Antoine du Prat chancellor of France, Jean de 
Selve president of the Parliament of Paris, and Jaques de Chabannes marquis de la 
Palisse, marshal of France. State Papers, I. i. 29. Voluminous manuscript records of 
this conference remain in the Royal Library of Paris, reference to which will be found 
in the Bibliotheque Hist, de la France, fol. 1771, torn. iii. p. 42. 


land with the othar lords rod to Bruges to the emperowr, and the 
Frenche men taried in Caleis tyll they cam bake agayne, with 
answer from the emperowr. 

The xxix. of August the cardinall returned from themperowr 
to Galleys. 

The first of Septembar the cardinall chancelar of England, the 
chancelar of Fraunce, and the chancelar of Burgayne rode to- 
gether from Staple inn to our lady churche in Galleys. 

The iiij. of September the regent of Naples ^ cam to Caleis to 
speke with the great counsell there. 

The xxvij. day of Septembar, the chauncellor of Hungarye 
cam to the town of Galeys to speke to the great counsell there. 

The xxij. of Novembar the chauncellar of Fraunce departyd 
from Galleys into Fraunce. 

The chauncellar of Burgon departyd from Gales the xxv. of 

The xxvij. of Novembar the cardinall and lords of England 
departyd toward England. 

1522. The 1. of July in the xiiij. of Henry the Eighth, the 
erle of Surrey lord amyrall of England, lord Edmond Howard his 
brother, lord Fitzwater, the baron Gurson, with many othar, landyd 
in Britayne on the west syde of Morleys, and cam before the sayd 
towne, wan it, toke what they wold, and set fire on the rest, 
and there the erle of Surrey made dyvars knights, whose names 
folow : ser Richard Gornewaill, ser Frauncis Brien, ser Anthony 
Browne, ser Frauncis Browne, ser Gilles Hussey, ser Thomas 
More, ser John Cobham, ser Edward Rengeley, ser John Russell, 
ser John Raynforth ; and then went to the se agayne. 

The XXX. of August Thomas Howard erle of Surrey lorde 
admyrall of England, ser Edmond Howard his brother, the lord 
Fitzwater, lord Leonard Grey, the baron Gurson master of the 
kyng^s ordinaunce, ser Richard Wyngfilde, ser Anthony Wyng- 

" Charles de Lannov. 


filde, ser Richard Gerningham, ser Nicholas Carrewe, ser Francis 
Bryan, ser George Cobham, ser Edward Rengeley, ser Adrian 
Foscwe, ser William Pirton, ser Edmond Braye, ser Henry Owen, 
ser Giles Hussie, ser Edward Braye, ser Thomas More, ser Richard 
Cornevvaill, ser John Wyseraan, ser John Cornewalle, ser Edward 
Deen, ser Thomas Lovell, ser John Raynforthe, ser Anthony 
Poynes, ser Jasper Owen, ser Edward Chambarleyne, ser John 
Wallope, ser Henry Shereborne, ser Wilham Barington, ser John 
Vellers, ser Wylliam Poundar, ser Giles Strangwise, ser John 
Russell, ser Anthony Browne, ser William Fitzwilliam, ser 
John Sutton, ser Morreys Barkeley, ser William Sands, ser 
Edward Gilforthe, ser Richard Whetell, ser Gye Dohell, and 
dyvars othar knyghts, esquiers, gentlemen, and ij. c. yemen of the 
kyngs garde, and othar sowldiars to the nombar of xiiij. m. besydes 
adventurars iij. or iiij. c. ; all thes departyd from Calleis and 
went into Picardye, brenynge many townes, castles, and villages, 
as Longyngham, Coolis, Brewnbridge, Burneville, Hamever, 
Caakis, Daverne, Wast, Samerde, Boys, Huckelers, Prewere, 
Campaigne, Mounterelle, and many othar townes, castles and 
villages tyll they cam to Hedyng, and that towne they brenyd and 
leyd sege to the castle, but wan it not ; from thens they went to 
the watar of Sum, brennynge and destroyenge, for to seke Frenche- 
men, but they durst not abyde them ; and then our Englyshemen 
turned homewarde, and brenyd Duras and the castle, from 
thens they cam to Durlamis, a fayre towne, and brenyd it and the 
castle, and brenninge and distroyinge homewarde that hild^ of 
the Frenche kynge, and they cam homewarde by S. Omers, and 
so to the towne of Calleis the xiiij. of Octobar in anno 1522. The 
amyrall and other landyd at Dovar on the xxiiij. of October. 

1523. In the monith of Aprell a parliament beinge holden at 
Westmynstar, ser Arthur Plantagenet was made vicounte Lile, 
and ser Morreis Barkley, lyvetenaunte of Calleis, was made lorde 

« L e. all that held. 


Barkley, ser William Sands was made Lorde Sands, ser Nicholas 
Vauxe was made lorde Vauxe. 

The xxij. of Auguste landyd at Caleis i c. men to go into 
Fraunce with the lorde Sands. 

The xxiiij. of August landyd ser Charles Brandon, duke of Suf- 
folke, to be generall into Fraunce.'^ 

The xxvij. of August landyd at Calleis ser Richard Weston, ser 
John Wyllowby the lorde Willowby's brother, ser John Veere, 
and ser Anthony Wyngfilde, &c. 

The xxviij. of Awgust landyd at Caleis i c. soldiars, sent to the 
lord Barkley. 

The xxix. of August landyd ser Richard Wyngfild, chauncelar 
of the duchye of Lancaster, ser Robart his brother, ser William 
Sydney, with many othar. 

The XXX. of Awgust landyd ser William Kyngston, ser Griffithe 
Don, with othar. 

The 1. of Septembar ther landyd at Caleis lord Leonard Grey 
the lord marqwes Grey's brother, and ser Richard Cornewall, &c. 

The 2. of Septembar ther landyd the lord Ferrers and othar, &c. 

The xix. of Septembar, the duke of Suffolke, chefe generall of 
the kyng's army, with the lord Leonard Grey, the lord Ferres, 
the lord Herbert, the lord Sands, the lord Curson, ser Richard 
Wingfild, sir Robart Wingfild, ser Anthony Wingfild, ser John 
Willowby, ser John Vere, ser Richard Weston, ser William Sid- 
ney, ser William Kingston, ser Griffithe Don, ser Edward Nevelb 
ser Richard Cornewalle, ser William Fitzwilliam, ser Andrew 
Wyndsore, ser Thomas Cheny, ser Jasper Owen, ser Giles Strang- 
wishe, ser William Corteney, ser Edward Gilforthe, ser John Wal- 
loppe, and othar knights and sowldiars xv m. set forward into 
Fraunce, and shortly after they bet downe Bell Castle, and sent 
them that remayned there alyve prisoners to Caleys. 

The xiiij. of Decembar the duke of SufFolke with the othar 
returnyd to Calleis ; they had lost their ordinaunce at a towne 

* See Wolsey Correspondence, State Papers, i. 123. 


called Valenstian,^ in the duke of Burgoyn's land ; it was but an 
ill jurney for the Englyshemen."" The xxx. of Decembar the duke 
of SufFolke departyd from Caleys toward England. 

1524. The XV. of January in the 16. of Henry the Eighth ther 
cam ambassadors owt of Fraunce to the towne of Galleys, and 
aftar into England, to make peace yf it might be. 

The xxiij. of February, the lord Rever beinge chamberlayne of 
Flaunders and amerall of Flaunders, and erle of Chaunfeer, cam 
to Caleis from ladye Margaret duches of Savoye and the empe- 
rowr's aunte, and from the emperowr's councell as an embassett, 
with dyverse othar grete men well apoyntyd, were sent from the 
sayde councelle for to goo into England to owr kynge to heipe 
the Frenche kynge than beinge before Pavie. 

The xxiiij. of February Frauncis the Frenche kynge was taken 
prisoner in the filde before the city of Pavy in Lombardye : he 
was taken by the vice-roy of Naples, and especially by the helpe 
of the duke of Burboyn's men, for the sayd duke and x M. of his 
men were payde theyr wages by the kynge of England. Ther was 
taken the kynge of Navern, the erle of Seynt Powle, monser 
Desalewis, leys*^ monseyr de Nevars, monseier le jirince de Talmett, 
mounser Graunt Mastar, mounser le marshall Defois, mounswre 
le marschall Memorancye and his brothar, mounseir Rogepott, 
monser le Brion, monseir le Videsme de Charters, monser 
Bonevale and his brothar, monser le Buflfelett and his brothar, 
monser le Pemerchall, monser le Baile de Paris, monser de Ra- 
nant, monser de Mountpesitt, monseure Devy, monser Galeas 
Viscount, le baron de Buseysake, monser Mansilevesne, monser 

* Valenciennes. 

^ " His highnes (the king) is very sory of the plage, and the ferfent agues fallen in his 
amiy, to so great minishing of the same." (Letter of More to Wolsey, 26 Sept, Wolsey 
Correspondence, p. 142.) A letter of Wolsey to the king, 7th Dec. reports the recovery 
by the French of the castles of Bohain and Beaurevoir, which were situate near the 
sources of the Scheldt and the Salle. (Ibid. p. 148.) 

' So in MS. 


Melsalte, raonser de Sterangi le Viscountvaultj monser le Bas- 
tew, le baron Burcanses the sonne of the chauncelar of Fraunce, 
monsure Mentigny, monser de Nansi, monsur de Seint Nauncy, le 
governeure Deleymonsyn, monsere de Lerges, monser de Mesney, 
monser de Chaunlege, monser de Ducere, monser de Querxe, 
monser de Lafert, monser de Mount Graunt, monser de Rieux, 
monser de Bretayne, monser de Sergeant son of monser de Vallen, 
monser de Mount Salley, monser de viscount Delanedy, mounser 
de Claret, monser de Clereraount, mounser de Bewters, le tresurer 
Willandey, le tresurer de Milane, monser le Chaite, Clement 
mastar of the hospitall of Basaney, monser Wallary, monser 
Barbasieulx, le contye Varnfett, le compte de Navers, le tresorer 
Poncet, the tresorer Baben, le tresurar of Fraunce, Obyny 
Saunagy ; all thes were taken with the Frenche kynge. 

Slayne in the same filde, mounser Francois Lorayn, monser de 
Battremele, monser le admirall marchall de Chamdemer, monser 
de Brutes Daunt Bois, monser de Chament de Boys, capitayn 
Fredrige le grant esquiere de Fraunce, Richard de la Pole,» 
monsier Mallafine, le bayle de Digon, le comite de Tonnoyre, with 
many prelates, with many othar.'' 

1525. In the monithe of Januarye, the xvij. of Henry the 
Eighth, the apoyntment was made betwixt Charles emperowr on 
that partie, and Francis the Frenche kynge on the othar party, 
first that the Frenche kynge to have peace with themperowre, and 
to have his deliverance he wholy renownced for evar the realme 
of Naples, the duchy of Myllayne, the lordshipe of Genys, the 

'^ Fifth and youngest brother of Edmund duke of Suffolk, who had been beheaded in 
1513 (as before noticed, p. 6) for the crime of consanguinity to tlie Crown. 

^ It will be obvious to the reader that this list of names is full of gross errors : for in- 
stance, " de Battremele " is apparently placed for la Tremouille ; but as the event recorded 
is foreign to the main subject of this volume, it may be left with the remark that the MS. 
has been literally followed. 


citie of Turney, the citie of Arras, with all the apurtenaunce to 
them belongyng for evar more, without frawde. Also the Frenche 
kynge to aquite all sufFraunce or homages of Flaundars and 
Artoys, and all the countris that the sayde emperowre hathe or shall 
have now belongynge to Fraunce or before, and the seyd kynge 
gyvethe frome hym the duchie of Burgoyne, and all the senioritie 
or lordshipes as duke Charles had in tymes past, with the county of 
Charles andotharseignories or lordships of the quartars of Burgoyne, 
and he gyvethe agayne from hym the towne and castle of Hedinge. 
Also the duke of Burbone shall have his duchye and seniories and 
lordships agayne as he had before, and the kynge shall gyve to 
the duke all his rerages and customes that is growne or rune unto 
hym, unto the day of his appoyntement ; also the sayde kyng 
sliall delyvar out of prison the prince of Orenge, to go at his liber- 
tie, and all the prisoners that themperowre hathe on his partie, 
and all the prisoners that the Frenche kynge hathe on his parte 
shall be delyvered francke and quite of all confiscations reles- 
ment of bothe the parties aforesayde, and every of them of bothe 
parties for to have agayne as they had before with out Italye. 
And the sayde kynge abandons or banishethe the duke of Withen- 
berde ;a and he set in ordar or in preson Robart Delamarche ; 
and the duke of Gilders shall be kepte his dukedome and signio- 
ritie duringe his naturall lyfe. And the sayd kynge shall lend unto 
the sayde emperowre all his army or navy of shipps of werre by 
the sea, and shall finde themperowre vj c. launcis and vj c. fotmen, 
and all them there wages for vj. months, for the emperowres viage or 
jurney in to Italic for to be crowned emperowre of Almayne; and 
the sayde kynge shall wedde or marye qwene Elianore the sayd em- 
perowrs suster the x. day of Marche next comynge, and the seyde 
kynge renounces all successions of londs that he shulde have withe 
hir, and the seyde kynge shall have with the seyde qwene ij cm'. 
crownes of golde, with the cowntye of Masiens, and Ansures, and 

" Ulric I. Duke of Wurteniburg. 


Barre. I beleve veryly that the Frenche kynge shulde nevar a be 
taken presoner of the emperowr, yf the kynge of England had not 
gyven wages to the duke of Burbone and to x m. men. 

1527. The churche of the Masendwe in the towne of Caleis was 
taken downe to the grownde, and on the xiiij. of May in the 19. 
yere of Henry the Eighth was the first stone of the new worke 
layde. Kyng Edwarde the Third conqweringe the towne, in all 
chartars and patents that he gave eny howsynge or londs within the 
seyde towne, he gave owt of the same a quit-rent to the Masen- 
dewe, and kynge Richard the Second dyd the lyke, &c. 

In the monethe of Maye 1527, and xix. of Henry the Eighth, 
the citie of Rome was taken and wonne and destroyed by the duke 
of Burbon and the duke of Ferrer, ^ and the vice-roy of Naples ; 
but when thes men enteryd into Rome, the duke of Burbon was 
slayne, and then his bond and company kylled man, woman, and 
childe that they might get that day and night, and the pope fledd 
into the castell Angell, and aftar-ward was taken and caried into 
Spaigne to themperowr, for the pope toke the Frenche kyngs parte 
agaynst themperowr, and the duke of Burbone was buried in seint 
Petar's churche in Rome. 

The xj. of July cardinall Wolsey landyd at Caleis ;b accompa- 
nyed with lords spirituall and temporall as foUowethe — 

» Ferrara. 

** On this embassy see the Wolsey Correspondence, State Papers, vol. i. No. cviii. 
which contains the instructions for his mission, and the subsequent papers, to No, cxxxvii. 
The following is the account given by him to the king of his arrival and reception in 
Calais, "This daye (11 July) I entred in-to my ship, in Dover rode, bitwen thre and 
fowre of the clok in the mornyng ; and, our Lord be thanked, had soo good and pleasaunt 
passage, that I arryved here at your Graces towne of Calays, with the ambassadours, and a 
right good parte of my trayne, by nyne of the clok. At which myne arryval, I was lovingly 
and honnorably receyved by your Graces deputie, tresaurer, and other your officers and 
counsailours here ; with whom, after dyner, having a long discourse of the state of your 
said towne, I founde the same in noo litel disordre, and, for lak of reparations, in marve- 
lous decaye, clerely unfurnished of tymbre, ston, borde, and of every other thing requisite 
for the same, gretly unprovyded of vitayl, and the poore souldgiers far behinde and un- 


The erle of Derbye. 

The bysshope of Londoi^/ lord privie seale. 

Ser Henry Gilforthe, knight of the gartar, and comptrolar of 
the kyng's howsholde. 

Doctor Taylor, master of the roles. 

Ser Thomas More knight, and chauncelar of the duchy of Lan- 

The bysshope of Develyn.^ 

the lord Mountegle. the lord Harrewden. 

Vicounts^ and barons' sonns and eyrs. 
ser John Dudley knight. mastar Parker, 

mastar Ratclyfe. mastar Stowrton. 

mastar Willowby. 

ser Fraunces Brian. ser Robart Gernygham. 

ser Edward Semar. 

doctar Stephen Gardinar. doctar Petar Vannes. 

Gentlemen of the privy chambar. 
mastar Hennage. mastar Knevet. 

mastar Areundell. mastar Alford. 

doctour Fraunces. doctar Smithe. 

payde of ther wages ; al which fautes, errours, and lakkes, I trust to redubbe, afore my 
retourne unto your highnes out of theire parties." (p. 212.) Tlie account of the ex- 
penses of this Embassy will be found abstracted in the Appendix to the present volume. 
* Cuthbert Tunstall. '' Hugh Inge, bishop of Dublin, 


Gentlemen husshers of the privi chambar, 
mastar Walgrave. mastar Ellis. 

ser Thomas Denys knight, highe chamberleyne. 
mastar Sentclere, vice-chamberleyne. 

Gentlemen husshers. 
mastar Wentforthe. mastar Constable, 

mastar Hansarde. mastar Waren. 

mastar Pemerey. 

Officers of howseholde. 
mastar Cade, steward. mastar Gosticke, comptroller, 

ser William Gascoigne, knight mastar Browghton, mastar of 
and treaswrar. the horse. 


doctar Alleyn. doctour Bennet. 
doctor Ducke deane of the chapell. 
doctar Capen, elemosiner. 

the archdeacon of Caunterbery. the archdeacon of Carlile. 

ser John Seint John knight. ser Richard Sands knight, 

mastar Strangwyshe. mastar Bulkeley. 

mastar Rice. mastar Tempest, 

mastar Savelle. mastar Redman, 

mastar Luterell. mastar Dauncy. 

mastar Wyndam. mastar Lighe. 

mastar Browghton. mastar Haselwode. 

mastar Biffotte, mastar Wentwrthe. 

mastar Cutte. mastar Cattisby. 

mastar Reskemer. mastar Medleton. 

mastar Fayrefaxe. mastar Luterell the yongar. 

mastar Throckmorton. mastar Turney. 

mastar Dennes. mastar Caundishe. 


mastar Newton. mastar Creke. 

mastar Egerton. mastar Lyndesey. 

mastar Brwerton. mastar Judde. 
mastar Pexsall. 

Gentlemen herbergers. 
mastar Wegan. mastar Beurghe. mastar Ichyngham. 

mastar Norrey kynge at armes. mastar sergeant at armes. 

Gentlemen of the chapell. 
mastar Phelippe. mastar Berepe. 

mastar Avery. mastar Burban. 

John Clifton. Roger Eton. 

Rowland Renkyn. Nicholas Ruston. 

Henry Stephenson. David Valens. 

The hole nombre of seide lorde Legats traine ix c. horsy s. 

There landyd also at the towne of Calays that cam out of Eng- 
land withe the cardinall of Yorke, the pope's ambassadors, and the 
Frenche kyng's ambassadors. 

The xvj. of July there came to Calais, mounser Bee the capi- 
tayne of Boleyne/ and the capitayne of Morterell, with a goodly 
company, to speke with the cardinall. 

The xxj. of July the bysshope of Bathe ^ cam out of Fraunce 
to Calais, and a bysshope and an abbot of France cam with hym 
to speke the cardinall Wolse. 

The xxij. of July the cardinall rode to Boleyne with a great 
companye toward the Frenche kynge.*^ 

^ Mons. de Bayes, capitayne of Boulogne. He really arrived on the 17th, as appears by 
two letters in the Wolsey Correspondence, p. 218, 

•> John Clerk. 

' "Wolsey was met at Sandingfield by the Cardinal of Lorraine, the lieutenant of Picar- 
dy (de Brion), and a retinue of 1000 horsemen, who congratulated him. See W^olsey 
Correspondence, p. 222, where also may be found some account of the compliments, pre- 
sents, and pageantry, that awaited him at Boulogne and Montnieil. 


The xxiiij. of September cardiiKill Wolsey loke shipynge at 
Calleis and landyd at Dovar. 

1529. The xxj. day of May, the 21. yere of king Henry the 
Eighth, Charles Brandon duke of Suffolke landyd at Caleis, and 
ser William Fitzwilliam tresurar of the kyng's howse and lyvete- 
naunt of the castle of Caleis, for to goo im])assadors to the Frenche 
kynge. The duke of SufFolke cam to Caleis out of Fraunce the 
xxix. of June, and shiped toward England the same daye. 

The iiij. of July the bysshopeof London lorde prevy scale, a with 
ser Thomas More chancelar of the duchye of Lancastar, landyd 
at Caleis, for to goo to the towne of Camerike'' for to speke withe 
the Frenche kyng's mothar, regent of Fraunce, and withe the lady 
Margaret duches of Savoy and the emperowr's awnte and rular of 
Flandars, Braban, Holand, and Zeland, and of all the emperowr's 
contryes in the este parties on this syde the mowntayns : these ij. 
ladyes with theyr cownsell thinke to make peace betwixt the em- 
perowre and the kynge of England, and the Frenche kynge. 

The XXX. of Awgust the peace was proclaymed in Calleis be- 
twixt the kynge of England and Charles the emperowr, and the 
Frenche kynge, which peace was made by the ij. wymen before 

1532. The xj. day of Octobar Henry the Eighth kynge of 
England landyd at Caleis, with the duke, of Richemond his bastard 
Sonne, the duke of Norfoike lord tresorar of England, the duke of 
SufFolke, the bysshope of Wynchestar,^ the bysshope of London,d 
the bysshope of Lyncolne,^ the bysshope of Bathe,'' the marques of 
Exceter, the erle of Dcrbye, the erle of Arundell, the erle of Oxen- 
forde, the erle of Surrey, the erle of Rutland, the vicount Lisle 
kynge Edward the Fowrthes bastard sone, the lorde Matrevers, the 

* Cuthbert Tunstall. ^ Cambray. •= Stephen Gardiner, 

'' John Stokesley. ^ John Longland. ' John Clerk. 



lord Sands lord chambarlen of the kyng's howse, the lord William 
Howard, the lorde Braye, the lorde Montague, the lord Cobham, 
tlie lord Mordante, the lord Dawbney, the lorde Greye, the lorde 
Clinton, the lorde Vauxe, the lorde Mountegle, the lorde Roche- 
forde, with dyvars other lords, ser William Fitzwilliam tresurar 
of the kyng's howse, ser William Pallett comptrowlar of the 
kyng's howse, ser William Kyngston capitayne of the garde, ser 
John Page, ser James Boleyne, ser Anthony Bi-OAvne, ser Edward 
Nevell knight herberjur, ser Thomas Cheny, ser John Russell, ser 
Richard Page, ser Raffe Eldercare, ser Edward Baynton, ser Ed- 
ward Santener, ser Griffethe Doon, ser John Dudley, ser John 
Semer, ser Henry Longe, ser Anthony Hungarford, ser John 
Bruges, ser Arthur Hopton, ser Anthony Wyngfilde, ser W^illiam 
Paston, ser Edmond Bedingfeld, ser Thomas Strange, ser W^il- 
liam Hawte., ser Edward Wotton, ser W^illiam Askughe, ser John 
Markam, ser William Baryngton, ser William Essex, ser Gyles 
Strangweis, ser Edward Chamberleyne, ser Giles Caple, ser John 
Seint John, ser Waltar Hungarford, ser William Gascoyne, ser 
Lionell Norreis, ser Edward Boleyne, ser Thomas Lisle, ser John 
Assheton, ser Thomas Palmar, ser William Boleyne, ser William 
Finche, ser William Pellam, ser Thomas Rotherham, ser John 
Norton, ser Richard Sands, ser John Nevell, and xsx. esquyers 
de quyrry and many gentlemen; every duke had xl. men, every mar- 
ques XXXV. men, every erle xxiiij., every vicount xx., every byss- 
hope xxiiij., every baron and lorde xij., every knight x., the tresw- 
rar of the kyng's hows, xx., the comptrowlar of the kyng's howse 
hathe xx. men, every counselar x. men, the clarke of the citchen 
X. men, every doctor viij. men, every esquier for the body viij. 
men, every sewar to the kynge vj. men, every gentleman usshar 
iiij. men, the clerke of the grene clothe xij. men, the clerke comp- 
trowlar hathe vj. men, the cofferer viij. men, the clerke of the citchen 
j.,.the clerke of the spicery vj., the clerke of the ewrye iiij., the se- 
cond clerke iij., every sargiant at armes on man, and every sargiant 
of every office in the kyng's howse one man, the yeman of the 


comptinghovvs hath one grome, and every one of the iiij. officers of 
the bake howse iiij. men, the officers of the pantrye, Ijuttrye, and 
sellar have xxxiij. men, the officers of the pitcherhowse hathe xij. 
men, the officers of the wafFers and condutis v. men, the officers of 
the chandry x. men, officer of tlie confectionary have vij. men, the 
officers of the lawndrye have viij. men, the officers of the kechen 
have XX, men and xv. servants, the officers of the lardar have xvj. 
men, officers of tlie boyhnge hows have v. men, officers of the 
pultrye have xiij. men, officers of the sqwllerye have xx. men, 
officers of the scaklynghows viij. men, officers of the pasterye are 
xiiij., the officers of the woodyarde are xx. men, officers of the halle 
are ix. men, the officers of the herbengers are x. men, besyds 
othar officers. 

The xxj. of Octobar kynge Henry rode from his towne of 
Galleys to Boleyne with all his trayne, and the xxx. of the same 
monethe returnyd agayne to Callais and the Frenche kvnge with 
him, and the kynge of Naverne, and the cardinall of Loren, and 
many othar duks, bysshops, and great lords of Fraunce, Gas- 
coigne, Bretaigne and Normandy ; and the xxviij. of Octobar kynge 
Henry made the kynge of Naverne knight of the gartar,^ and the 
next day the Frenche kynge with the kynge of Naverne and all 
the greate lords of Fraunce rode agayne to Boleyne, and kynge 
Henry of England rode with them to Sandyngfilde, where the 
kynge of England had made a costly banqwete, and there tlie iij. 
kyngs departyd lyke lovynge bretherne in greate amytie. The 
Frenche kynge payde for all the costes of the kynge of England, 
and them that cam with hyra to Boleyne ; and the kynge of Eng- 

» This is a mistake. The king of Navarre was not elected of the Garter ; but two 
Frenchmen were elected on this occasion, namely, Anne de Montmorency count de 
Beaumont (afterwards duke de Montmorency), grand master, and Philip de Chabot count 
de Neublanche, admiral of France. " This honour was conferred upon those illustrious 
subjects of Francis I. in return for the investiture of the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk 
with the order of St. Michael at Boulogne three days previously." — Beltz's Memorials of 
the Order of the Garter, p. xcii ; Anstis, Register of the Garter, vol. ii. p. 391. 


land payde for the Frenche men's coste, and all that cam with 
them to Galleys, and gave the ij. kyngs ryche gyftes. The first of 
Novembar kynge Henry made dyvars knights » and officers, and the 
xiij. of Novembar toke shipe with lady Anne Boleyne marchiones 
of Pembroke,"^ who bare a greate rome with liym, and what she 
wolde have done was shortly finished ; he made hir marchiones of 
Pembroke, and hir fathar ser Thomas Bolen erle of Wilshere : 
they landyd at Dovar the same daye. 

1533. The XXX. of May, and in the 25. of Henry the Eighth, 
ser Thomas Howard duke of Norfolke and lorde treswrar of 
England landyd at Caleis for to goo to the pope or to the Frenche 
kynge, or to bothe, as his servants sayde ; with hym came ser 
Gorge Boleyne lorde Rocheforde, sone and heyre to Thomas 
Boleyne erle of Wilshere, ser Anthony Browne, ser Francis 
Bryan, ser William Pallet knight, comptrowlar of the kyng*s howse, 
iij. doctars, and dyvars esquiers and gentlemen. The ij. day of 
June they set forward, and lay the same night at Boleyne. 

The ij. of June Arthur Plantaginete vicount Lile, knight of 
the gartar, landyd at Caleis with the lady his wife, and the next 
daye he toke his othe to be deputye generall of the towne and 
marches, aftar the late decease of the lord Barnes."^ 

The xxix. of Awgust Thomas Howard duke of Northfolke cam 
hake to Calleis owt of Fraunce, and with hym the othar lord and 
knights above named, and they tuke shipe and returnyd toward 
England the same nyght : they made suche haste, for the pope 
wowlcie not speke with the duke or his companye. 

The XXV. of ISeptembar the duke of Richemond, bastard sone to 
king Henry the Eighth, and the erle of Surrey, cam to Caleys 
owt of Fraunce, where they hade bene almoste xij. monthes. 

* See the Appendix. 

** So created on the 1st Sept. preceding ; she was married to the king in January fol- 

•^ John Buurchier, lord Berners ; see note in the Appendix. 


1534. Ser Philipe de Shabott,^ highe admirall of Fraunce, 
cam to Calais on the viij, of November, the xxvj. of Henry the 
Eighth ; with hym cam other ij. great men of Fraunce that wer in 
comyssyon or ambassadors with hym, and othar, they about iij. c. 
horses ; he was shiped in [the] Lyon, and sayled into England. 

The ix. of Decembar the sayd Philipe Shabott, highe inarshall ^ 
of Fraunce, comynge out of England, landyd at Caleis; the next 
day he rode towards Boleyne. 

1535. The xixc of May, the xxvij. of Henry the Eighth, tliere 
landyd at Caleis Thomas Howard duke of Norfolke, Thomas 
Goodricke bysshope of Ely, and doctar Rede the kyng's almoner, 
and dyvars othar doctars. 

The XX. of May landyd at Caleis ser Gorge Boleyne lord Roche- 
forde, lord of the v. ports. 

The xxij. of May there cam to Caleis from the Frenche kynge 
Philipe de Shabott, highe amerall of Fraunce, and dyvars great 
men and doctors of Fraunce. 

The xxvj. of May landyd at Caleis ser William Fitzwilliam, 
tresurar of the kyng's howse and chaunselar of the duchy of 
Lancaster. Item, when the duke of Norfolke and the bysshope 
of Elye came to the towne of Caleis, all the townsmen and sowl- 
diars of Calleis powled theyr heads, becaws ^1 the ambassadors' 
men wer powled. 

The xiiij. of June ser Philipe de Shabott, amerall of Fraunce, 
with the othar Frenche men, departyd out of Caleis toward 
Fraunce. The same day at night the duke of Norfolke, the 
bysshope of Elly, the lord William Howard the duk's brother, 
the lorde Rocheforde the qwen's brother, and ser William Fitz- 
william toke theyr shipps and seyled into England in all haste, 
whan they had had longe comvinication with the Frenchemen, and 
made an ende of they re counsell. Whereof theyr counsell was 
God knowethe, for ther was none of the counsell of the kynge in 
Caleis that were privie there unto. 

* Chabot. See the note in p. 43. '' So in MS. 


The xxiiij. of Octobar ther landyd at Caleis the bysshope of 
Winchestar " to goo to the Frenche kynge, and the bysshope [of] 
Hereforde ^ to goo into Germany, and from thens into Lubecke 
and othar places for the kyng's bysenes. 

1536. The words'^ of ser Gorge Boleyne, brothar to qwene 
Anne, M^arden of the v. portes, on the xvij. of May, when he toke 
his deathe at the Towre Hill at London, he sayde thre tymes, 
" Christen men, I am borne undar the lawe, and judged undar 
the lawe, and dye undar the lawe, and the lawe bathe con- 
demned me. Mastars all, I am not come hether for to preche, 
but for to dye, for I have deserved for to dye yf I had xx. lyves, 
more shamefully than can be devysed, for I am a wreched synnar, 
and I have synned shamefully, I have knowne no man so evell, and 
to reherse my synnes openly it were no pleas wre to you to here 
them, nor yet for me to reherse them, for God knowethe all; 
therefore, mastars all, I pray yow take hede by me, and especially 
my lords and gentlemen of the cowrte, the whiche I have bene 
amonge, take hede by me, and beware of suche a fall, and I pray 
to God the Fathar, the Sonne, and the Holy Ghoste, thre persons 
and one God, that my deathe may be an example unto yow all, 
and beware, trust not in the vanitie of the worlde, and especially 
in the flateringe of the cowrte. And I cry God mercy, and aske 
all the worlde forgevenes, as willingly as I wowld have forgevenes 
of God ; and yf I have offendyd any man that is not here now, 
eythar in thowght, worde, or dede, and yf ye here any suche, I 
pray yow hertely in my behalfe, pray them to forgyve me for 
God's sake. And yet, my mastars all, I have one thinge for to 
say to yow, men do comon and saye that I have bene a settar 
forthe of the worde of God, and one that have favored the 

* Stephen Gardiner. '' Edward Fox. 

■= In the Excerpta Historica, 1831, is printed a contemporary account by a Portuguese 
gentleman of the executions of queen Anne, lord Rochford, &c. containing the speech of 
lord Rochford, at somewhat greater length than here given, but entirely to the same 
purport, a very remarkable confirmation of its accuracy. 


Ghospell of Christ ; and bycawse I would not that God's word 
shuld be slaundered by me, I say unto yow all, that yf I had fol- 
lowed God's worde in dede as I dyd rede it and set it forthe to 
my power, I had not come to this. I dyd red the Ghospell of 
Christe, but I dyd not follow it ; yf I had, I had bene a lyves man 
anionge yow : therefore I pray yow, raastars all, for God's sake sticke 
to the trwthe and folowe it, for one good followere is worthe tlire 
redars, as God knowethe." 

The xix. of May qwene Ann Boleyn was behedyd in the 
Towre of London, by the hands of the hangman of Caleis, withe 
the swerde of Caleis. 

The bysshope of Hereforde,'"* returnynge owt of the easte con- 
tryes, cam to Caleis on the xxv. of June, the xxviij. of Henry the 

1538. The xij. of June, in the fore-none, ther cam a great 
swarme of beene,'' and lyghted upon the north syde of the pilorye 
in the market place at Caleis, whiche was a strange syght to all 
men that wer present. 

1539. The x. of Awgust, the xxxj. of Henry the Eighth, ser 
John Butlar priste, comyssary of Caleis and marches there, and 
Thomas Broke chefe clerke of the excheqwere, and customar of 
the tovvne of Calles, wer sent to the flete. 

1 1 1540. The x. of Apryll ther was set up a payre of gallows in 
the market place of Caleys, and theron was hanged ser William 
Peterson prist, late comissary of Caleis and the marches, and ser 
William Richardson, late the maior's preste;c thes ij. were 
browght owt of England to Caleis, and ther they wer judged to 
be hanged, drawne, and qwartered ; they were drawne from the 

°- Edward Fox. *" i. e. bees. 

*= Note ill margin. — The xij. of Marche thes ij. pristes wer araigned in the Gwihl liall 
at London, and condemned for the pope's suppremacy. 


Watargate strete, and then to tlie Castle strete, and so rownd 
abowght to the market to tlie gallows. The maior's prest Avas 
hanged, and shortly cut down, and his clothes pulled of, and his 
belly cut, his bowels and niembars cut and cast in the fire, he 
lokynge on ; then his heade was smiten of. Ser William Peter- 
son was hanged and served as the othar ; then they M-er qwar- 
tered, and theyr heads and qwartars set on the towres about the 

In the monithe of June, and the 32. yere of Henry the Eighth, 
Arthur Plantaginet vicounte Lisle, the kyng's deputie of the 
towne and marches of Caleis, was put in the Towre of London, 
his goods seased, his wyfFe kepte in one place, his dowghtar in an 
othar, and his dowghtars in an othar place, that none of them 
myght speke with othar, and all his servaunts dyscharged. 

The last of June ther landyd at Calais doctor Clement ^ Clarke, 
bysshope of Bathe, and the next morninge he toke his jurneye 
toward the emperowr. 

The ij. day of July the prince of Salerne '^ cam to Caleis from 
themperowr as some sayde, othar some sayde he came for his own 
pleasure for to se the kynge of England ; he had about xl. men all 
in blake clothe coates ; the next day he toke shippinge and seyled 
to Dovar. 

The XV. of July the prince of Salerne landed at Calleys, 
cominge owt t)f England, and the same day he toke his jurney 
homewarde, for he caried no horse into England with hym. 

The xvij. of July cam to the towne of Callais the duke of 
Ferrer's brothar ; ^ he and all his companye cam in blake ; the 
next day he toke shippinge and sayled into England. 

The xxx. day of July the duke of Ferrer's brothar landyd at the 
towne of Calais out of England, and the next day he departyd 
owt of Calais homeward. 

» Head John. 

•> Ferdinando de San Severino, prince of Salerno : see the Appendix. 

•= A brother of the duke of Ferrara. 


[Page 2.] Expenses of the visit of king Henry VII, to 
France, 1492. 

(Extracts by Mr. Craven Ord from the Privy-purse Accounts of king Henry VH. 
MS. Addit. Brit. Mus. 7099, printed in the Excerpta Historica, p. 91.) 

2. Oct. At Calais by 1 1 o'clock. 

To the shipp botes that brought the kinges grace to and fro the ship the 
Swan, 40*. 

To the maryners of the same Swan, 6/. 13*. 4d. 

To the mynystrels that pleyed in the Swan, 13*. 4d. 

To Dego the Spanish fole in reward, 6s. 8d. 

14. Saundeford. — 15. Margeson. — 17. Brytenvyle. — 18. At a village, 
Wikersdenne, half a mile from Boillongne. 

Nov. 4. Sunday the peax cried. 

7. Calais.— 10. Genes.— 11. Calais. 

Dec. 10. For hiring the chapel stuff at Calais, 10*. 

To one that hadd corn trodden down, 6*. 8d. 

[P. 4.] Meeting of king Henry VII. and the archduke Philip, 
AT St. Peter's, near Calais, June 9, 1500. 

(MS. Arundel 26, f. xxxiiijb.) 

The yere of our Lord God M'.v"^. and the reigne of Kyng Henry 
the VII"' the xv*^, was the provision made at seynt Peturs churche by 
Kales for the meetyng of the kyng and the archeduc, in maner as ensueth. 

Furst the churche was devyded by riche clothes of arras into dyvers 
chambers, Furste oure Lady chappelle was richely beseen with riche clothe 



of arras of the story of Assuerus and Esther,* for the dukes chamber, 
and behynde the aulter well beseen with scarlet, embrawdered with the 
kynges armes and crest, for a secret place. And the upper part of the 
dukes chamber leid with carpettes strewid with roses and lavandre and 
oder suet herbis ; and the neder part of that yle hanged with riche clothe of 
arras of the Sege of Troy, for the dukes gret chamber ; and the qwere 
hanged with blew clothe of arras with floredeluce perssis, and written in 
trolde 3[aniai)3- And ther was on the lefte syde of the highe aulter a travers 
of red sarcenet, the upper part of the flore empareled as the other. In 
maner or richer was the sowthe syde empareled for the qwenes chambers ; 
and the vestary most richely beseen, for the conseil chamber ; and the 
other littelle vestary for the qwenes secret chamber. And the belfrey was 
ordeyned for the offices of the celer, the pantry, and the confectionary, and 
other offices, with the helpe of the littelle house besidis the stepulle. Ther 
were ordeyned vij. horselode of cherys ; ther lakked noo creme, strawberys, 
nor sugar, bake venyson, spice kakes, nor wafers ; ther were couched gret 
plentie of wyne and byer in houseyng therby for them that wil drynke ; 
and in that belfrey dy verse sortes of wyne, and ij. hoshedys of ypocras, 
besides pypyns, grengenger, and other sugadys. Alsoo there were spente 
at that banket the gretest nowmber of yonge kyddes that ever I saw ; 
an Engleshe fatt ox poudred and lesed, veneson bakyn into cold pastries ; 
and a suger case of vafours. The plente was so moche that the peple 
cowde not spende hit that day, wherefore the kyng command [ed] hit to be 
spent on the morue amonge the peisaunce b ther. 

The k\Tig had ordeyned that they shold no man nor woman passe owt of 
the gate of Cales, but iff their names were written in a bille, oon for the 
kyng, another for the qwene, as shalle appere in the boke followyng. And 
sir Richart Nanfant and sir Sampson Norton, and other of the kynges 
conseil of Cales, had those billes at the gates, and vj. sergeantes of armes 
kept the brigge beyonde the gate. And when that the kyng, accompanyed 
accordyng to his bille and soo richely a beseen a compagnye, in especyalle 
the due of Buckyngham, in soo large and so riche a gowne of clothe of 

'■ After in MS., in error for Aster. The volume from which this document is derived 
is of a miscellaneous character, and has the appearance of having been WTitten for exercise 
in penmanship by a scribe or notary, not always very conversant with the subjects of his 
papers. In the present article are several other clerical errors, which have been silently 
corrected. '' Peasants. 


goldc, his courser richly trapped, and the trapper enramplished a with 
littel prety belles of silver and gilt, of a very goodly fascyon ; the erlle of 
Northumberlond also in a large and a riche gowne of clothe of golde ; the 
erlle of SutFolke in an other garment of clothe of golde, and an hatte of 
silke garnysshed with a cheyne of gold, and the goodliest plumashes of 
whit austriche feders that ever I saw, his hors harneys of lethcr of the 
fascyon of, &c. 

Nota quod lord MonJoye and sir John Wynkefeld came the said day 
that the due was with the kyng, and sir Richard Nanfant, sir Sampson 
Norton, and sir Richard Loveles kept the towne of Cales. 

Henry Roper \ Christopher Broune. 

Victor Courtney f The counstable of the staple. 

Elis Hilton " .i^agys- RauflFe Lathum. 

Willyam Paston / Parton. 

Nicholas Shirbroke \ Thomas Drisis. 

Robert Sturmyn /For the pro- jyi,-. Henry Haulte, chapelayn. 

Robert Cokke L^fb^nktt. ^""'>^ Bekeryng. 

Christopher Pricok ) ' Thomas Crulle. 

The qwenes iij mynstrelles. William Semer. 

Robert Johnson. Thomas Semer. 

The tresorier of Fraunce. John BlakbuUe. 

Mr. Maunselle. Thomas Clufelde. 

Thomas Neville, brother of the Willyam Bowyn. 

lord Latymer. John Aleyn. 

The abbot of Wooborne. Pakenham, towne-clerk of London. 

Broke, lieutenaunt of the staple. John More. 

Sir Richard Hadden, knyghte. William Agier. 

[Of the king's expenses on this occasion Mr. Ord has extracted only the following sum 
total : — " 1500, May. Paymentes in the kinges journey from Grenewiche to Calais, and 
frome Calais to Grenewiche agen, by the space of 9 weeks, 1589^*'. 126'. lOc?. oi." MS. 
Addl. 7099, f. 64.] 

[Page 6.] Imprisonment at Calais of the marquess of Dorset 


The death of the queen in 1502-3 had renewed her husband's natural 
jealousy of the blood of the house of York. The fate of her cousin the 

" So MS. jxr/uqif/or encompassed. 


earl of Suffolk has been noticed in pp. 5, 6. Her nephew Thomas Grey, 
marquess of Dorset, who had succeeded to that dignity on the death of his 
father in 1501, was afterwards in favour during the reign of Henry VIII. 
and died in peace in 1530. William lord Courtenay, the nephew of king 
Edward IV. by his sister Katharine, succeeded to the earldom of Devonshire 
on his father's death in 1509, and was released from confinement after the 
accession of Henry VIII. In less than a year after, he died young, in 
1511: but the royal jealousy descended to his son Henry marquess of 
Exeter, who was beheaded on Tower-hill in 1538-9 — as was Henry duke 
of Suffolk, the son of the marquess of Dorset above mentioned, and father 
of lady Jane Grey, in 1554. 

[Page 6.] Letter of king Henry VII. to sir John Wilteshire, 
comptroller of Calais ; ordering him to communicate with the Lady Mar- 
garet of Savoy concerning a meeting at Calais ; dated May 24, [1508. 3 

(MS. Cotton. Vesp. C. vi. p. 309.) 

H. R. 
(the Kings sign manual.) By the King. 

Trusty and welbeloved, we grete you wele, and have receyved your lettre 
by the handes of our servaunt Rysbanke, dated at Arras the xx. day of this 
present moneth of May, wherin ye furst write, how that ye have not oonly 
delyvered our lettres directed to our Cousine the Duchesse of Savoye, but 
also according to the tenour and pourport of the same, and of our other lettres 
to you addressed, have declared suche credence as we willed you to disclose to 
the said Duchesse. Shewinge that with the consideracions conteigned in 
our said lettres, whiche were thoughte to hir right good and reasonable, she 
was right wele contented, and hath sent the same our lettres, with other her 
writinges of hir owne hand, in poost to the King of Romayns hir fader, 
abydino- aunswer of the same within xv. dayes, and therfore at this tyme 
she writeth not unto us in that behalfe. Nevertheles of other devises and 
matiers concernyng hir commyng to our towne of Calays there to mete with us, 
(yf we wold take the payne to comme thyder,) and, according to the mynde of 
hir fader to commune and treate with us, as well upon the aliaunce and 
mariage betwixt the Prince of Castile and our doughter the Lady Mary, as 
of other grete matiers, she willed you to write unto us. Shewing f-mally 



that if the Kyiig hir fader eontynue and persevere in the same opinion, she 
is fully determyned soo to doo," desiring to be ascertayned of our mynde 
and pleasure in that behalfe with diligence. 

As unto that matier we wol that, after al due and affectuous recommenda- 
cions to the said Duchesse, ye on our behalf, with as good and amyable 
words as ye can use, yeve unto hir our righte herty thankes for that hir kynde 
and lovyng mynde, in that she wold take the payne and labour to travaile so 
farre to see and visite us at our said towne. Wherin we counte ourself 
moche bownde unto hir, and in semblable maner we for our part, herino- the 
famous and honorable reapports that dailly been spoken and publisshed of 
her manyfold vertuous and other singlier merits, bee as desirous to see and 
commune with hir ; howbeit the cont\Tiuaunce of our disease and siknesse 
hath been suche almoost this foure monethes, (wlierof we bee not as yet 
clierly delyvered,) that it shuld bee daungerous for us to labour and passe the 
see as yet ; whiche thing is now the more displeasaunt and grevous to us, 
bicause the same is the occasion of stoppe and lette that we may not conve- 
niently at this tyme reasort unto our said towne of Calays to visite the said 
Lady, and to treate with her uppon such honourable matiers as been con- 
teigned in your said writing ; whefunto we bee right gretely mynded and 
enclyned. Neverthelesse ye may saye that, for thadvancement and further- 
aunce of the said matiers, it is thought to us and our Counsail right expe- 
dient and necessary that some descrete and hable personnages shuld be de- 
puted and auctorised aswell by us as the said Lady to treate, commune, 
and to reduce the said matiers to a fynal and perfit conclusion before our 
metyng togeders ; soo that when we booth shal mete at our said towne, we 
may de\ase of and uppon other pleasaunt and comfortable matiers, and 
alsuche weighty causes to bee in maner concluded before our said metyng, 
for if we shuld there mete, and noon effectuel conclusion shuld ensue, uppon 
such greate causes to be treated betwext us, evyll brutes and reapports to the 
reioysing of suche as wold bee gladd to here of the lette and breche therof, 
mought followe uppon the same. Where as and the said matiers bee ripely 
debated before our said meting, it shalbe verray honourable to booth parties, 
and righte displeasaunt to suche as desire the contrary. Whiche tyme de- 
pending, we trust in Almighty God, not oonly to bee better releved of our 
said disease and siknesse, so that we shalbe hable and stronge to take our 
journey to our said towne for thentent above specified, but also in the meane 

» That is, to accept king Henry's offer of marriage to herself : see hereafter, p. 68. 


season we truste also to here of the commjiig' dowTie of the said King of 
Romayns. Soo that al our metynges may be toguyders to our more singher 
reioysing and comfortes. Howbeit, the said matiers wele debated and dryven 
to a nere conclusion, we woulde be right gladde (God sending us helthe) to 
reasorte to our said towne to visite the said Duchesse, though the King hir 
fader cam nat downe to those lowe parties. Shewing furthermore, that 
though ther were noon other matiers to bee treated betwixt us and her, wee 
coude bee righte wele contented to reasort to our said towne oonly to see her, 
for the honourable reapports that wee daily here of hir. The premisses 
therfor considered, we wol that ye endevour yourself for the knowlege of hir 
mynde in the deputing of Ambassadours to commune uppon those matiers, 
and to understande in what place the same shal mete, whether within this 
our reame or at our towne of Calays. Whiche knowen, we shal auctorise 
ours with sufficient instrucions there to assemble with theym to treate and 
conclude uppon the said matiers as the caas shal require. And for your 
certificat made unto us of suche newes as bee conteigned in your said 
writing concerning the principall rulers abowte the said Duchesse, we 
can you good thanke, willing you in semblable maner to ascertaigne us of 
suche other newes as shalbe occurraunt there from tyme to tjTue. AMiereby 
ye shall deserve our further thankes. Yeven under our signet at our manor 
of Grenwiche, the xxiiij. day of May. 

To our trusty and welbeloved servaunt John 
Wilteshire, Comptroller of our towne and marches of Calays. 

[P. 7.] Preparatioxs for the marriage of the princess Mary 
TO Charles prince of Castille, 1308. 

[The following documents (from the MS. Cotton. Vitell. C. xi. p. 145) relate to the outfit 
provided for the Princess Mary, in contemplation of her intended marriage with the 
Prince of Castille (respecting which see the note in p. 7), the preparations to be made in 
Calais on that occasion for her reception, and for the Emperor, the Archduchess Margaret, 
the King, and the Bridegroom. The alterations in the first paper (which are printed 
in Italics) appear to be in the handwriting of Henry the Seventh himself, and the date 
of the documents is probably during the last year of that monarch (1508). In 1514, 
according to Hall, Henry YIII. renewed the preparations for his sister's " transporting," 
but, being again put off, he hastily consummated her alliance with the French king.] 

f Title in a later hand, J " For the transporting of my lady the Princess 

of Castill, 1507." 

Hereaftur ensuyth suche stuff as is nedef[ull to] be provided for my ladie 




All these parcels 
to be had out of the 
hinges wardro}}, or, < 
in default tlierof, in 

tlie pi-ineesso of [Castille], and aswolle for her wardrope of beddes as [for] 
her stable, against the solempnization of her Mariage. 

Firste, her bedde chambur to be hanged with clothe of 
golde, loiih a hordre emhrodred with hir hages, or 
som other devise.^ 

Item, for the said chambur a large trussing bedde, 
with celor, tester, and counterpoint of the same clothe of 
golde, with curteyns of damaske. 

Item, a chayar of clothe of golde. 

Item,'' iiij. longe and large carpettes to cover the floure 
of the same chambur. 

Item, V. cessions of fyne clothe of golde, i. rycher then 
the other, iij. longe and ij. shorte. 

Item, smale carpettes for windowes horde and cobordes, 
V, at the lest, of velet of cramosyne,^ and as many 
carpettes of woUe for every day. 

Item, a fethirbed of fyne downe, with a bolster, ij. 
pillowes, and v. small pillowes, for to take the say, and 
for every of them iij. pilowe-beers oif fyne holland clothe. 

Item, iiij. peir of fyne shetes, and ij. peir of fustians 
for the said trussing bedde. 

Item, a palet bed of feddurs with bolster, furnisshed 
with shetes iij. payr, fustians oon payre, and counterpoint 
oon, for the gentilwomen that shall lie in the said 
- chambur. 

For the second chambour. 

First, a riche story of Aras golde and silke ofiiijyerdes 

depe, with a border of her annys and bagies for a remem- 

Theis miiste be pro- braunce, of ij. feet di. depe, price the Flemmyshe elne 

vided in Flaundres. ^^s^ ^^^^ fj^^f fjig game storye conteigne in toto .... 

Flemish elnes . ... the hordor. 

Item, a large sparver of clothe of golde and cramosyn 

'■ This insertion is made in lie^t of the following words erased, orels clothe of golde and 
velvet purpall, the velvet to be imbrodred with her bagies or some other devise. 
^ Erased, iij . or. * Erased, of cloth of golde or velvet. 


vellet per pale the vellette onhrodred ivith her bage.s 
and other devise, with a counterpoint of the same, the 
curteyns of the same sparver to be of dowhle sarcenet ^ 
perpaled with the colours that the cloth of golde and 
vellet shalhe. 

Item, a chaiar of clothe of golde for the same chambour, 
with V. cessions of clothe of golde, iij. longe and ij. shorte. 

Item, a fetherbedde of fyne downe, with a bolster and 
ij. pilowes with shetes, fustians, and pillowe beers as is 
appointed for the trussing bedde. 

Item, a longe large carpet for the horde ^ under the 
fote, and iiij.for windowes and cuphord.'^ 

Item, a traverse of cramosyn sarcenet. 

For the iijde chambour. 

First, a hangynge of fyne tapessherye,^ withe bagies 
and armys in the bordour of vj c. Flemmysshe elnes in 

Item, a bedde of astate with a counterpoint e of clothe 
of velvet and clothe of golde of her colours purpale.*^ 

Item, a chaiar of clothe of cramosyn vellet emhrodred,^ 
and V. cossions of the same.** 

Item, a large fedderbed, with a bolster for the said 
bedde of astate. 

Item, a large and a longe carpett, and iiij . smale car- 
pettes for the said chambur. 

* Erased, damaske. 

b It may be noted that the term hoard answered to our modern table (but was usually 
moveable, and placed on trestles) ; that the cihj}board was an open sideboard ; and that 
the covers of both were carpets. 

■= Erased, cobborde and windowes of velvet. 

d Erased, Aras, not so fyne as is the seconde chambur. 

*= Erased, of cloth of golde, orels. 
Here these words are erased, the velvet imbrodered with some bagies and other devise. 

8 Erased, golde. 

'' or els the said chaiar to be kevered withe crymsyne felvet and cossions of the same, 


Item, ij. clothes of astate, the oone richer then the 
other, of clothe of golde. 

The iiijth chambour. 

First, a story of good and fyne tapicery, for to hange 
the same chambur, with a bordour of her ai-mys and bagies, 
ofvj. elnes with the bordour, price every iiif. st'. 

Item, viij. paillat feeler beddes, every of them stuifed, 
with bolster, fustians, and counterpoint, and iij . peir of 
shetes for every paillat. 

Item, a stole covered with crymsyne velvet naylled 
with gilt nailles, and a smale canape with curteyns of 
crymsyne double sarcenet to hange aboute the same 

Item, a basyn for the said stole, of silver. 

Item, ij. or iij. longe carpettes and xij. smale carpettes 
in store, to serve alwaies when nede is. 

Item, as many peces of fyne verdour or tapicerie werke 
as will serve for hangyng of ij. or iij chambours when she 
rides by the waye, or elli/s the same that she hathe, if 
it he thoughte holle and welle colored and honest.^ 

Item, a trussinge bedde to cary with her by the way, 
with celour, testour, and counterpoint of velvet or damaske 
perpale of her colours, with bedd, bolster, pillowes, fus- 
tians, shetes, and other necessaries therfor. 

Item, ij. cofres for her juels. 

Item, iiij. cofres for her plate. 

Item, iij. large cofres for the warderobe for beddes, 
shetes, and fustians. 

Item, iiij. clothe sackes at the lest, and casis for the 
trussinge bedde. 

For the stable. 
First, a riche litter of clothe of golde, lyned with satan 
or damaske, with iiij. cessions of the same clothe of golde, 
with horse harneis of the same. 
•■ This passage may be thought characteristic of the parsimony of the royal writer. 


Item, a charriet for herre or her principalle ladies, 
covered with clothe of golde, with iiij. cossions of the 
same, and the horse harneis in likewise. 

Item, ij. other charrietts for ladies or gentilwomen, 
covered with crymsyne velvet, and for every chariot iiij. 
cossions of the same, and the horse harneis in likewise. 

Item, a large and a goodhe palfray to be ledde in 
hande, with a sadill and pillion, covered with riche clothe 
of golde, the bordres richelie imbrodred, orels of gold- 
smithe worke, and harnes of the same. 

Item, another goodlie palfray, with a like riche side- 
sadille, for the said ladie princesse to ride alone ; the 
harneis like. 

Item, viij. other palfrais to folowe her with side-sadils 
richelie covered with clothe of gold, orels imbrodi'ed upon 
velvet, with harnes of the same. 

Item, iij, or iiij. fotemen with riche cotes of goldsmyth 
worke to goo aboute her litter, or about her palfray. 

Item, a pase to lifte her upon her palfray, covered 
with silver plates gilte, as the qwene is grace is. 

Item, a chaunge for ^ the said palfrays, that is to say, 
as w^ell pilions, sadils, and harneis, and also coveringes 
for the said litter and charlottes, to cover them when it is 
foule wedder, and a chaunge of harneis for every of the 
horsis of the said litter and ladies charlottes. 

Item, a closed carre for her warderobe of the robes, 
and ij charlottes for the warderobe of the robes, ij. large 
cannavas and ij berehides for the said charlottes to save 
the stuf drie. 

Item, a bottell horse and sadell for her flagons. 

Item, a sompter horse for her trussinge bedde. 

Item, another for her cofers. 

Item, a male horse. 

Item, another horse for the grome of the sta[bles.] 

Item, the said palfrais to be provided for betymes, and 
in likewise horses for the litter, the ladies' charriottes, 
and for all other cariages befor specified. 

" every day of erased. 


For th'emperours logienge, 

Firste, his bed-chambur to be hanged with clothe off 
golde, and a trussinge bedde with testour and celour, and 
counterpointe of riche clothe of golde, the curteynes with 
damaske, withe all other necessaries therto belongeng. 

Item, a chaier of clothe of golde, and v. cussions of 
the same for the said chambur. 

Item, for the horde, cubbourd, and windowes, carpettes 
of the same, or of velvet. 

Item, iij. fyne carpettes to ley in the flowre aboute his 

Item, a pallet bedde furnished for theym that be in his 

The secounde chambur. 

Firste, the secounde chambour to be hanged with riche 
aras of golde and silke. 

Item, a bedde with a sparver and counterpoint of clothe 
[of] golde, the courteyns of double sarcenet. 

Item, a chaier of clothe of golde, and cussions of the 
same, for the said chambour and windowes, a greate carpet 
for the floure, and smale carpettes for the bourde, cub- 
borde, and windows of velvet or of wolle, and a clothe of 
astate of clothe of gold. 

The iii*^^ chambour. 

The iiii'e chambour to be hanged with fyne tapestry, 
with carpetes upon the cubbord and windowes, and 
cussions of velvet, if nede be. 

Item, a chambour hanged and well dressed for his 
chamber layn. 

The prince of Castille. 

For the prince of Castille in like fourme as the em- 
perour, excepte the prince to have the halle well hanged 
and appointed, and also the chapelle. 


For my lady Margarete, archduches of Austriche. 

Firste, her bedde chambour to be hanged with riche 
aras. The secounde chambour also. The iij"^*^ of fyne 
tapestry, a longe trussinge bedde of clothe of gold, the 
courteyns of damaske, a chaier of clothe off golde, and 
iij. cussions of the same. Carpettes aboute her bedde of 
wolle, and upon the cubbourd and windowes of velvet. 

The seconde chambour. 

In the seconde chambur, a bedde with a sparver and 
counterpoint of clothe of golde and velvet perpale, 
courteynes of double sarcenet, with all that belongeth 
therto. A clothe of astate of clothe of goulde. A longe 
carpet on the floure. A chaier covered with crymsyn 
velvett, and cussions of the same for the saied chaiar and 
windowes, carpettes for the bourde and windows of velvet 
or of wolle. 

Item, a chambour to be hanged and dressed for her 

Item, to have in store paillet beddes furnished for 
every chambour where beddes be, and v. or vj. besides 
them, for every of the said logienges for th'emperour, 
prince, and archduchesse. 

The kinges logieng. 

Item, for the kinges lodegeinge iiij. chambours at the 
lest to be hanged and welle appointed, and a chapell if 
nede bee. 

Th'emperour to be lodgied wher the late deputie dwelled 

in Calais. 
The prince in the staple-house. 

My ladie Margaret archduches in the tresourer's house. 
The kinges grace in the castelle. 


For the transportyng of my lady Mary, princess of Castille. 

[The name Firste, that it may please the kinges grace to name 

some honorable aged personne to be her chamberlayne for 
the tyme, &c. And he to devise for the apparelle of her 
chambour, and for officers of the same. 
, Item, to appointe some sadde personne to be tresourer 

of her chambour for the tyme, &c. And that he devise 
plate for her chambour, coubbord, and ewry. 

M Edmunde Item, to appointe an almosyner and confessour both in 

one persone, certayne chaplayns, and a clerke of the 

closet, and the same clerke to devise the ornamentes and 

other stuffe necessarie for her chapelle. 

„. T 1, Item, to appointe a maister of her horse, and he to 

Ric. Jernyngham, ^ rr ' 

provyde palfrais, litters, sadils, and apparelle for the said 
MvLadv of Oxford Item, that it may please the qwenis grace to name 
somme honourable personage to be her lady maistres. 

Item, to appoint certayn other ladies, the whiche 
with thear attendaunce gevyng uppon the said ladie 
maistres, and by her advise, have the charge to devise 
for thapparelle of her person. 

Item, to appoint other ladies and gentilwomen, wherof 
somme to attende and somme to serve in the chambour of 
the said princes, and somme to contynue in her service 
in Flaundours. 

My Lady the Princesse of Castille. 

Furste, a cronelle for her hedde, of golde and stone, in 
the day of her mariage. 

Item, a goodlie devise for her necke, set with stone 
and perle. 

Item, a goodlie gurdille of goolde, of as goodly facion 
as may be devised. 

Item, ij. braselettes of golde, set with stone and perle. 

Item, on the nexte day for her change a riche juelle of 
golde, with a cheyne of golde for her nekke. 

Item, a goodlie gurdille of golde. 


To be proN^dyd in Item, a ffoodlie crosse dlte, poisaunt iiij^ unces. 

Flandres, , • • -i • i 

Item, vj. images gilte, poisaunt Ix oz. 

Item, ij. chalises gilte, poisaunt both ") ••••xx ^z 
to geddres J 

Item, ij. goodlie candilstikes gilte, poi- 7 p 
saunt J 

Item, iiij. cruettes gilte, poisaunt all 1 , 
to geddres J 

Item, ij. basens of her awne, poisaunt ") p, 
to geddres J 

[Of her] awne, to be Item, a haliwater stok gilte, poi- ") , 

newly made here. f 1 unces. 

saunt J 

To be newe made here. Item, a belle of silver and gilte, poi- T .. 

saunt J 

Item, ij. goodlie cuppes of golde of her 

owne, the {_one~\ gamy shy d with whyte 

hertes, the other with rosys.^ 

Item., one other cup of gold, with 

perculles, and a rose in the tope, grene 

glasse gamy shed with golde ^ 

. ... of Ays. Item, ij. faire large pottes gilt, well ") jjjjc u^ces. 

wroughte, either weying cc. [oz.] J 

Item, ij. goodlie flagons gilt, well ) ....^ 

wroughte, either of them weying cc. oz. 5 

Her owne. Item, ij. lesse pottes gilte, poisaunte iij'^ unces. 

Her owne stuff. Item, ij. pottes of a lesse sort, poisaunt Cxx oz. 

Item, xii. bollis with ii. covers well > ....„ 

*' _ "' S iiij*^ oz. 

wroughte, poisaunt 3 

This to be newe made y, • a a ji" tp l ^ 

tothreofherowne,and I^™' ^ P^"' oi Aagons of Frenche I ^^^^^^^ 

oone with the cover to plate. '^ 3 

bemadetothekyng's. j^^^^ --^ ^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^il,^ p„i. ^ ^ ^^^^^^ 

Of the kynges owne. gaunt ^ 

" Erased, on garnysshed, either of theym of the valew of c. marc. 

'• Erased, A leyr of golde of the same facion and garnyshyng, poisaunt xxx oz. 

■^ Erased, or botells gilte pois. 


To be newe made. 

Of hyr owne. 

To be made of newe. 

Of her owne. 
Of hyr owne. 

To be provydyd. 
To be provydyd. 

One of her owne, two 
to be provydyd. 

Of the kynges own. 

Of the kynges owne 
stuff of the Frenche 

To be made. 

To be bowght of 
A ys plate. 


1 unces. 
iiij'''' unccs. 
Cxx oz. 

j iij' 

To be provydyd. 

Of her owne thre, and 
ij newe to be pro- 

To be provyded. 

Item, iij. cuppes of assey gilte, poisaunt 

Item, a white potte for bere, poisaunt 

Item, a greate water potte, poisaunt 

Item, a spone of golde, poisaunt ij unces 

Item, ij. goodlie saltes of golde garn- ^ , 

nyshed, with one cover, poisaunt 5 

Item, xij. spones gilte, poisaunt xviij oz, 

Item, a peir of kerving knyves, gilt — 

Item, iii. saltes without kevers,'^ poi- f .... ^ 
' •> '^ ^ nij"-^ oz. 

saunt 3 

Item, a peir of goodlie basins gilte, of 
a goodlie facion, poisaunt 

Item, iij. basins and iij. ewers: poi- 
saunt a basin iiij^ oz., poisaunt a ewer > ij*^ xl oz. 
xl oz., poisaunt togeder J 

Item, a greate ewer for to warme water, 7 r q„ 
poisaunt 3 

Item, V. spice plates, with ij covers 
gilt, poisamit 

Item xij. peces of spice plates, parcell 

For powder, sokettes and peirs, poisaunt ij*^ x 

Item, a ginger potte and a forke, poi- ^ 
saunt > 

Item, V. candilstikes gilte, of a goodlie \ r^p ^ 
facion, poisaunt ^ 

Item, V. candilstikes parcelle gilte, 1 

v*^ oz. 

vnj''^ oz. 


Item, a weyving stole, to be plated 
with silver. 

Item, a little pirling while. 

Item, a peir of billettes, with a porta- 
pynne and ij. mortues to the same. 

Item, a faire coffer of iverye ^ to lay 
in her juellis. 

Item, a merour or glasse, golde, poisaunte vj oz. 

Erased, white. 

'' Erased, to be plated with silver. 




Of the kynges owne 

To be provydyd. 

Of the kynges owne. < 

To be provyded. 
To be provyded. 

Of the kynges owne. 
Of the Frenche plate. 

Item, a leyer for lie, poisaunt Ix oz. 

Item, a lee casse gilte, poisaunt xx oz. 

Item, vj. pottes, parcell gilt, poisaunt ^ CCC 

apece 1 oz. 3 

Item, xij. bollis, parcell gilt, poisaunt CCC oz. 

Item, an almess disshe, poisaunt CC oz. 

Item, a rownde basynfor the chambour, T , 

poisaunt ^ 

Item, ij. garnysshe of silver vesselle, 1 ^i ^y., 

poisaunt J 

Item, a chaffing disshe, poisaunt Ix oz. 



Gent. Usher 
Sewar of Chamber 

Gent. Wayters 

Yeoman Usher 

Yeoman Usher 


The nombre of parsons that gevith th[eir attendance] uppon I,ady 
Pryncesse, with the nombre of ser[ vaunts of her] house at the kynges 
charge, as foUowith : — 

Maistres Baker ).. Servauntes. 

Maistress Knevett 

Maistres Parker 

Maistres Gynes 

Syr William Atkynson 

Syr John Parker , 

Syr Richard Baldewyn ) 

John Morgan 

Anthony Coton 

Henry Dylcok 

Thomas Moreton 

William Haryott '\ 

Hugh Penyngton 

Thomas Preston 

William Lambarde, and hath 
the charge of the warthop, 
and therfor he ys allowyd 
hys servant 

Robert Lee 

I Joh'es Kene 
\ John Baker 







Yeomen of Chamber 

William Blakney 
John Parker 
Thomas Donstalle 

J/d that two yeomen 
he appoynted hy the 
kyng to furnyshe 
the messe, 8fc. 





Grome Porter 

Richard Wood j 


Grome of Wardrobe 

John Belle j 
{ Davyd Aprice ) .. 
[ Thomas Bedalle j ^^ 

[Gromes o]f Chamber 

. Gentilwomen ij 

[ Chamberers j 

\ Chapeleynes j 

Lady Gubemesse 

j Gentilmen 


f Yeomen 




Lady Katheryn Gray and hu- woman 


Mr. Chamberleyne j 


Mr. Tresowrer j 


Mr. Lenakre 


Mr. Hone, scolemaister 


Clerk of Kechjm 

Syr Hie Parker 



John Rokes 



Edmonde Parker 



Hugh Thomas 

1 j 


Porter at yate 

Robert Fawcon 

Christofer Pykkeryng 

i j 


John Buttill, yeoman \ . 
William Sponer, grome j ^ 



Thomas Medilton 

j j 


Yeoman with one Grome 

j ij 



Pastry and Sawcery 



John Warde 
/ Yeoman coke v 
i Olyver Hunt, grome i 


J chylde > 
/ Robyn and W^illiam, porters \ 
V and scowrers / 


ij. turne brochis 


CAMD. soc. 

















Mychell Wales j 

A good tall sJitampole made\ . 
to fumy she that service ^ j 
Thomas Hues, grome j 

John Bely, yeoman 
John Estffild, grome 



Summa personum, Cj. 
Indorsed, The nowmbre of persones that attend upon the lady princes. 

[P. 7.] Lord Darcy's expedition to Portugal, 1511. 

The commission given to sir Thomas Darcy, lord Darcy, captain of the 
town and castles of Berwick, to assist Ferdinand king of Arragon against 
the Moors, dated at Canterbury, 8 March, 1510-11, is printed in Rymer's 
Foedera, vol. xiii. p. 294 ; and at p. 296 is a document, dated Canterbury 
the 29th March, appointing sir Robert Willoughhy de Broke, sir John 
Arundell, sir Peter Edgcombe, and sir Richard Carewe, surveyors of the 
musters made for the expedition, — which, in fact, took place in 1511, 
though first " set forward" in the " 2d year" of the king's reign. 

[P. 8.] Expedition of lord Ponynges to Guelderland, 1511. 

The commission directed to sir Edward Ponynges dated at Knoll, 22 
June, (1511,) to assist Charles prince of Castille, duke of Burgundy, 
against his rebel Charles Egmunde of Geldres, will be found in Rymer's 
Fcfidera, vol. xiii. p. 302. 

* i. e. to drive away the beggars. This appears inserted in jest. 

1512.] THE ENGLISH NAVY. 67 

[P. 9.] Appointment of sir Edward Howard as 

LORD admiral. 

The commission of sir Edward Howard as Admiral, in consequence of 
the wars threatening the holy Roman church, was dated at Knoll the 7th 
April, 1312, and will be found in Rymer, xiii. 326 : followed by the inden- 
ture of service executed by sir Edward on the following day. By the latter 
instrument it was ordained that sir Edward should have under him three 
thousand men (including himself), besides seven hundred soldiers, mariners, 
and gunners in the King's ship called the Regent. Of the former number 
were to be eighteen captains, 1750 soldiers, 1233 marines and gunners. 
The admiral's daily wages were ten shillings, and the captains' eighteen- 
pence ; the men were to have five shillings a lunar month for wages, and five 
shillings for victuals. The ships and their tonnage were as follow : 


Lyon 120 

Barbara 140 

George of Falmouth . 140 

Peter of Fowey . . 120 

Nicholas of Hampton 200 

Martenet .... 180 

Genet 70 

Christopher Davy . 160 

Sabyen 120 

For the victualling of which were also furnished two crayers, one of the 
portage of 110 tons, bearing a master, twelve mariners, and one boy ; and the 
other of 55 tons, with a master, ten mariners, and one boy. 

[P. 10.] The campaign of 1513. 

Various original documents relating to this campaign might have been 
here introduced ; but, as it was found that they would have very considerably 
extended the present volume, they are reserved, in the anticipation that they 
may form a separate collection, illustrating in particular the siege and cap- 
ture of Therouenne, and the subsequent occupation of that city and 


Regent .... 


Mary Rose . . . 


Peter Pomegranet . 


John Hopton's . 


Nicholas Reede . . 


Mary John . . . 


Anne of Greenwich 


Mary George . . 


Dragon .... 


68 secret history of margaret duchess of savoy, [1513. 

Letters of Margaret duchess of Savoy, 1513. 

The I'eader will now be introduced to some remarkable pictures of the 
court of Henry the Eighth, during his sojourn on the continent, drawn by 
the hand of his illustrious visitor, Margaret duchess of Savoy, regent of 
the Netherlands ; and which disclose the particulars of a very romantic 
incident in her life, in relation to the favourite of the English monarch, 
Charles Brandon, duke of Suffolk. A few notices of the history of 
this sovereign princess may be acceptable by way of introduction. 

Margaret of Austria was the only daughter of the archduke Maximilian, afterwards 
emperor, by Mary of Burgundy, only daughter and heiress of Charles duke of Burgundy. 
She was born on the 10th of January, 1479, The matrimonial alliances in which she was 
concerned, were both numerous and, as she remarks in one of the following letters, uni- 
formly unfoi'tunate. 

In accordance with the terms of a treaty of peace made between Louis XI. and the 
archduke Maximilian, in the year 1482, Margaret was affianced to the dauphin Charles, 
afterwards Charles the Eighth ; but by the treaty of Senlis, in 1493, king Charles 
relinquished this alliance, and Margaret was, by his ambassadors, brought to St. Quentin, 
from thence to Cambray, and Valenciennes, and finally to Malines, where she was received 
by her brother Philip, and by Margaret of York the widow of her grandfather Charles 
the Bold.» Thus terminated Margaret's first matrimonial adventure, the failure of which 
was remembered by our Calais chronicler in 1520.'' 

In 1495 she was married to John prince of Spain, at the same time as her brother 
Philip was married to Joanna infanta of Spain.'' Don John died without issue in 1497. 

Margaret's next marriage was in December 1501 to Philibert duke of Savoy, who had 
previously married Louisa- J olenta, daughter of Amadeus VIII. duke of Savoy ; but he 
died without issue by either marriage in 1504. 

She was then courted by king Henry the Seventh of England. '' To this proposal his 
letter already inserted in p. 52 chiefly refers ; and in one of the volumes of the Cottonian 
MSS.e remain not only a letter of that monarch on the subject addressed " To our trusty 
and well-beloved clerc and chapelein maister Thomas Wolsey," and the Latin instruc- 
tions to that ambassador, but also the fragment of a French letter to a lady, supposed 
to be in the handwriting of the king, and addressed to the duchess. 

It seems, however, that she was again fated to be deserted ; for, after the death of her 
brother Philip, in Aug. 1506, the views of the English monarch are said to have been 
transferred to his widow Joanna, the queen of Castille, and the sister of his own daughter- 

* Les Sceux des Comtes de Flandre, &e. par Olivier de Wree, 1G41, p. 96. 
'' See p. 29, antea. <^ De Wree, p. 99. 

^ Several documents connected with this treaty of marriage are given in Rymer. It 
appears that the original treaty, which is not among them, bore date 20 March, 1505[-6.] 
^ Galba, B. n. 


in-law, Katharine princess of Wales." At length this period of uncertainty was closed by 
the death of king Henry in 1509. 

In the meantime the duchess Margaret had been appointed by her father, in the year 
1507, to be Regent of the Netherlands. In 1508 she was sent by Maximilian to Cambray, 
where she met the cardinal George d'Amboise, sent on the part of France, and negociated 
with him a treaty of peace. The circumstance of her performing the like gracious part in 
the year 1529 has occurred in the present volume, p. 41. 

A brief review may now be taken of the history of the other party concerned in the fol- 
lowing letters. 

Sir Charles Brandon, who up to that period had been distinguished only as one of the 
esquires of the king's body, was in May 1513 created viscount Lisle, in connexion with 
his obtaining the prospective marriage of the lady Elizabeth Grey, then styled viscountess 
Lisle, the sole daughter and heiress of John Grey, viscount and baron Lisle, but who was 
then not nine years of age.'' 

In July following, the new lord Lisle went with the king to the war in France, being 
marshal of the host, and captain of the fore-ward, with 3,000 men under him.'= After 
the successes of this campaign, the battle of Spours, and the reduction of Tournay and 
Therouenne, king Heni-y met the emperor Maximilian at Lille. Maximilian was at- 
tended by the duchess Margaret. 

The following passage of Hall's Chronicle, where he notices the royal meeting at 
Tournay, is important ; for it proves at once that these letters are now assigned to their 
right author, and also that the duchess did not entertain imaginary fears respecting the 
public reports. 

" Mondaye the xi. daye of October the kyng without the towne receyved the prynce of 
Castel, the lady Margarete, and dy verse other nobles of their countreys, and them brought 
into Tornay with greate triumphe. The noys went that the lord Lysle made request of 
miariage to the ladye Margarete duches of Savoy, and doughter to theniperour Maximilian, 
whiche before that tyme was departed from the kyng with manye riche giftes and money 
borowed ; lui, whether heprofered manage or not, she favored him highly. There the pi"ynce 
and duches sojorned with great solace by the space of x dayes. Duryng whiche tyme, the 
xviij. daye of October, began the justes ; the kyng and the lorde Lysle aunswered all 
commers ; uppon the kyng attended xxiiij. knyghtes on foote, in coates of purple velvet 
and cloth of gold. A tent of cloth of gold was sett in the place for the armoree and 
releve; the kyng had a base and a trapper of purple velvet both sett full of S.S. of fyne 
bullion, and the lord Lisle in the same suyte. Ther were many speres broken, and many a 
good buffet geven ; the strangers, as the lord Walon and lorde Emeiy, and other, dyd 
right well. When the justes were done, the kyng and al the other unhelmed them, and 
rode about the tylt and dyd great reverence to the ladies, and then the herauldes cryed, 
To lodgyng. 

» Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies, edited by M. A. E. Wood, 1846, i. 143. 
* She was only eight weeks old at the death of her father, 6th Sept. 20 Hen. VII. 
(1504.) See the Lisle Peerage Case, by Sir N. H. Nicolas. 
= Hall. 


" This night the king made a sumpteous banket of a c. dishes to the prince of Castell 
and the lady Margarete, and to all other lordes and ladies, and after the banket the ladies 
daunsed ; and then came in the kyng and a xi. in a maske, all richely appareled with 
bonettes of gold, and when they had passed the time at their pleasure, the garmentes of 
the maske were cast of amongest the ladies, take who could take. 

" The XX. daye of October the prynce of Castell and the lady Margarete, with many great 
giftes to them geven, returned to Lyle with all their trayne." 

A few months after this meeting the lord Lisle was advanced to the dignity of duke of 
Suffolk : and it appears not improbable that the circumstances now disclosed bore some 
relation to that advancement. It is difficult, from our present biographies of Charles 
Brandon, to assign an adequate reason for his great and sudden elevation. It is true that 
he appears as the personal favourite of his royal master, but that partiality was not so 
extravagant as in many other examples of favouritism, and might have been sufficiently 
gratified (at least for a time) by his promotion to the rank of an earl. The dignity of a 
duke was conferred upon him on the 1st Feb. 1514, the same day that the dukedom of 
Norfolk was restored to the Howards, and when there was only one other peerage of that 
grade, namely, Buckingham, existing in England. It had clearly no designed connection 
with his subsequent alliance to the blood royal ; but may we not suppose that it was con- 
ferred in order to further his suit with the duchess of Savoy ? and that king Henry, as 
well by this act as by his other exertions of his personal influence in this extraordinary 
affair, unwittingly paved the way to the duke's subsequent alliance with his sister, the 
dowager of France ; since he could not object that the same man was an unfit husband for 
a king's daughter whom he had himself endeavoured to promote to an alliance with the 
daughter of an emperor. 

In the month of May following (when at home), " the kynge and the newe duke of Suffolk 
were defenders at the tilt against all commers," attired as white and black hermits. On 
their black staves was written with white letters. Who can hold that viyl away : " this poyse 
was judged to be made for the duke of Suffolke and the duches of Savoy."* 

The rumour affecting the duchess and lord Lisle is repeated by lord Herbert in his 
History of the reign of Henry VIII. and is also briefly noticed by Mr. Lodge in his 
memoir of the Duke of Suffolk ; but the particulars contained in the following letters have 
remained entirely unknown until the present time. The papers containing them, though 
indorsed " Secret Matters of the Duke of Suffolk," were mysterious with respect to all the 
other parties mentioned ; and the compiler of the Catalogue of the Cottonian MSS. could 
only conjecture, " The personage appears to have been Margaret Nevile his first wife." 

The papers are certainly in the hand-writing of Sir Richard Wingfield,'' who was pro- 
bably the English ambassador to whom the duchess addressed herself. They were evi- 
dently translated from the French, in which the originals were written : and were there- 

» Hall. 

'' Compare MS. Cotton. Calig. E. iii. p. 28. Miss Wood, in her recent collection of 
" Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies," has pointed out the same fact ; and it should 
be acknowledged that to that lady belongs the credit of discovering the passage in Hall, 
after the mystery of the letters had foiled the penetration of several able historical critics. 


fore either translated by Sir Richard, or he transcribed the version, the matter being so 
secret, for his despatches home. 

After any dreams that the duchess Margaret may have indulged of a third and hand- 
some husband in the person of the English favourite, had been finally dissipated Ijy his 
marriage with the dowager of France," she remained a widow for the residue of her days. 
She continued to administer the affairs of the Netherlands for many years, and the 
manuscripts in the British Museum abound with her letters to king Henry the Eighth, 
to Wolsey,*" and to others, on grave political affairs ; but they probably comprise no 
more that have so direct a reference to the affairs of her heart. 

She was present with her nephew, then emperor elect, at the interview he had with king 
Henry VIII. at Calais in 1520, as related in p. 29 of the present volume. She died in 
the year 1530. 

Several of her seals, exhibiting her armorial insignia, as well during her marriages as 
in her widowhood, are engraved by Olivier de Wr^e, plates 130, 131. 

MS. Cotton. Titus, B. i. (Sheet marked A.) 
My ladye began thys wrytyng- before the komyng of Morroton,"^ who 
kame to Lovayne on sondaye last. 
My lorde the anbassadoure — 
Sythe that I see that I may not have tydynges fro the themperour so soon, 
yt semethe me that I schulde do welle no longar for to tarye to depeche 
thys jentyllman. And for that by my lettres addressynge on to the kynge 
and to the dewke, off that I dare not aventure me to wryt on to them 
so at lengthe of thys besynes be cawse that I fear my lettres to be evelle 
keptt, I me determyne to wryt to yow at lengthe to thend that off alle ye 
may the better theme advertyse of myn entent. 

Ye may know, my lorde the anbassadour, that after sume dayes havynge 
been at Tomay, knowynge fro daye to daye the greatt love and trust that 
the kynge baare and hadd to the personage wyche ys no neede to name ; 
also with the vertwe and grace of his person, the wyche me semyde that 
I have not myche seen jentyllman to aproche yt ; also consyderynge the 
desyre the wyche allwaye he schewed me that he hadde to do me servyce ; 
all thes thynges consydered by me, I have allwayes forced me to do unto 
hym alle honneur and plesure, the wyche to me semede to be welle agreable 

* Mary Tudor was born in 1498, nearly twenty years after Margaret of Austria. This 
may have been one motive of Charles Brandon's preference. 

'' She was accustomed to address cardinal Wolsey as " votre bonne mere Marguerite," 
and even wrote in the superscriptions of her letters, " a Mons'. le Legat d'Angleterre, mon 
bonfils." Ellis's Orig. Lettei-s, 2d Ser. ii. 16. 

*= Lewis Moreton : a letter to him from Th. Spinelly, dated Malines, Jan. 9, 1512-13 
is the first article in MS. Cotton, Galb. B. iii. 


unto the kynge hys good mastyr ; who, as I may imagyne, seyinge the good 
cheere and wylle the wyche I baare hym, wythe the love wyche he berethe 
unto hyme, by many times spake unto me, for to knowe yfF thys good 
wyll whyche I baare on to the sayd personage yt mytt streche on to sume 
elFecte of promisse of maryage, seying that yt was the facion of the ladys off 
Ynglande, and thatt yt was not ther nollden for hevylle ; whereunto many 
tymes I answered the most grasyoslye that was to me possyble, knowynge 
thys thynge not to proceed but off love wyche he baare hym, the severalle of 
raysons wherfor it was not to me possyble, onles I schulde fawlle in the 
evylle grace of my father and of alle thys contre. Also that yt was not 
beer the custome, and that I schuld be dyshonowi'ed, and hollden for a foolle 
and lyett.'' But alle my resons mytt not hellpe me, that withowt reste he 
spake theroff to me. That seyinge, and that he hadde yt so mych att the 
hartt, for hym not to angre, I fownd to hym oone other reson, to hym sayinge, 
that yff now I hadde welle the wylle so for to do, that jytt I ne wolde 
nor durst thynke, seynge hys retorne to be so nye, and that yt schulld be to 
me to myche grett dysplesure to loose so good compagnye ; of the wyche he 
contented hym sumewhatt better, and passed the thynge unto hys departyng, 
and thane begane to saye me that the departynge drewe nye, and that he knew 
welle that the ladyes schulld forgett them ; and that he knew welle I schulld 
be pressyde for to marye me, and that I was 3yt to yonge for to abyde 
thws ; and that the ladyes of hys contre dyd remarye at fyftye and thre- 
score yeeres. 

(Second Sheet.) Wherupon I answered that I hadd never hadde w^ylle 
so to do, and that I was to mych unhappye in hosbondes ; but he wolde nott 
beleve me. And after, by two thanes, in presence of the personnage that 36 
know, he retornyd to say the same wordes, saying mor, " I knowe welle, 
madame, and am sewre that my fellawe schalbe to you a trew servant, and 
that he ys alltogeder yowres, but whe feare that ye schalle not do in 
lyk wysse, for oon schalle force you to be agayne maryed ; and that 3e schalle 
not be fownd owt of thys contre ^ at my returne." That wyche I promysed 
to hym I schulde not do ; and for that he desyred gi'etly thereof to be more 
assured, he maad me to promyse in hys hand that howsoever I schulde be 
pressyde of my father, or otherwysse, I schulld not make alyance of maryage 
[with] prynce off the worlde, at the lest unto hys returne, or the end of the 
yeer. The wyche I dydde wyllynglye, for I thynk not to agayne never to putt 
me where I have hadde so myche of onhappe and infortune. And afterwards 
" i. e. light. ^ i. €. found in tlie country. 


made his fellawe to do the semblable, who, as I beleve and semeth me, 
sayd of avanture, as hys mastyr me schewed agayne, that he schuld never 
do thynge, were yt of maryage, or to take ladye nor mastresse, withowt my 
commandment, but wollde contynew all hys lyffmy rygthe humble servant; 
and that yt was to hyme I nowt '"^ honour, so myche honestlye, and off 
so good soortt, as was possyble. And thees wordes wher sayd at Tornaye 
in my chambre oon nytt after souper, welle laatt. The other tyme was at 
Lylle, the day befor that they schuUde depart, that he spake to nie longe at 
the head of a koppboorde, he and his fellawe, of the departyng, wyche was 
not withowt dysplesure welle greatt of all persones. And agayne, affter many 
devyses and regrettes, he maad me to reconferme in hys hand, and the same 
of hys fellawe, the lyke promesse aforsayde. And the sayd personnage in my 
hande, withowtt that I reqwyred hym, maad me the semblable, and that 
for allwayes he schuUde be to me trewe and humble servant ; and I to hyme 
promysedto be to hyme syche mastresse alle my lyff as to hym who me semed 
desyred to do me most of servyce. And opon thys ther was no mo woordes of 
thys affayre, nor hathe not been sythe, yff not sume gracyewsse lettres, the 
wyche have been I nowb evelle keppt. 

Ferther as to the woordes. 

( Third Sheet.) And I promesse you, my lord the anbassadoure, that 
thys ys the trowthe, and I knowe not other thynge. I kannot telle yff the 
kynge, wyche was trwcheman,c by cawse off the love wyche he berethe hym, 
mytt have taken yt mor forwarde for to enterprett mor hys desyre, but the 
thynge ys suche, and trowthe. 

My lorde the anbassadowre^ for that yt hathe been sayd unto me that 
he mytt have schewed oon rjTige wher thear ys oo dyamant of myne, that 
wyche I kannot beleve, for I estyme hym myche a man of vertw and wysse, 
but allwayes I wylle welle schewe you the trowthe, to the ende to answei'e 
to alle. I tak non in thys affayr to wyttnesse but the kynge and hym ; and 
hymself fyrst : yt ys that oo nytt at Tournaye, beyng at the bankett, after 
the bankett he put hymselfe opon hys knees befor me, and in spekyng and 
hyme playng, he drew fro my fynger the rynge, and put yt upon hys, and 
sythe schewde yt me, and I tooke to lawhe, and to hym sayd that he was a 
theefe, and that I thowthe not that the kynge hadde with hym ledde theves 
owt of hys contre. Thys word laron he kowlde not understonde ; wherfor I 

' ? enough. >> I know, or enough. ' i. e. interpreter. 

CAMD. soc. l 


was constrayned for to aske how oo sayde in Flamysche laron. And 
afterwardes I sayd to hym in Flamysche dipffh, and I preyde him many 
tymes to gyfF yt me ao^ayne, for that yt was to myche knowen. Butt he 
miderstood me not weelle, and kept yt on to the next daye that I spake to the 
kynge, hym reqwyrynge to make hym to gyff yt me, becawse yt was to 
myche knowen. I promysyng hym oon off my bracellettes the wyche I waare, 
the wyche I gave hym. And than he gaffe me the sayd rynge, the wyche 
oon other tjTne at Lylle, beyng sett nye to my lady of Homes, and he 
befor upon his knees, yt tooke agayne fro my fyngar. I spake to the 
kynge to have yt agayne, but yt was not possyble, for he sayd unto me that 
he wolde gyfFe me others better, and that I schwlde leve hyme thatt. I 
sayd unto hym that yt was not for the valewe, but for that yt was to myche 
knowen. He wold not wnderstand yt, and departyde fro me. 

The morow after he browte me oone fayr poynt of dyamant, and oon 
table of rwbye, and schewed me that yt was for the other rynge ; wherfor I 
durst no more speke of yt, yff not to beseche hym that yt schwlde not be 
schewed to ony person ; the wyche hath not alle bene to me doon. (Thus, my 
lord the anbassadour, see alle of thys afi'ayr, and for to knowe myn advysse 
opon alle, I schalle gyfF yt yow mor at lengthe, wyche ys thys.) 

C Sheet D.J Thatt yff the thynges hadd not been so pwblysched, the 
wyche I find the most strange of the worllde, knowyng that creatur of 
the worlde, at the lest on my partye, kowlde thereof never speke, for thatt 
wych I hadd sayde and doon was for not to annoye the kynge, for I knewe 
welle that yt kam to hym of gret love for to speke so far forthe as off 
maryage. And of oon other prynce I hadd not so welle taken yt as of hym, 
for I holde hym alle goode, and that he thynketh none evelle, werffor I have 
not wylled to dysplesse hym. And in thys besynesse I have fownd mysellf 
morempeched for to know that wyche mesemed towched to the kynge then 
that wyche me towchede. 

By oone bylle I shall put you in wrytynge all the inconvenyences wyche 
may happen of thys thynge. Also that wyche semeth to me for the 
remedye owt to be doon ; but, for that I have no laysure, I shall make an 
hende, prayng yow to do with thys that wych the berare shall saye yow, and 
no mor. I trow that ye know thys hand. 

(thus sygnede, M.) 

The second wrytynge. 

My lorde the anbassadoure, ye may have seene how the thynges have been. 


and ye know the unhappy brwytt wyche thereof hathe ron not onlye hcer 
but on alle partyes, as welle yn AUmayne as yn alle contrecs. Whcroff I 
have fownd mysellfe so myche abasschede that I kannot ymagyne wherfor thys 
thynge ys sayed so opcnlye as yn the handes of marchant3 strangers. And 
for to saye you the trowthe, I have been constrayned as well by the cowncelle of 
my servantes as of the lord Berques and others, to make enqwyre whereoff 
yt kame, and as welle by informacion as wrytynges allwey I have fownde 
that yt procedyde fro Ynglonde. Wheroff I have hadde on marvelowse sorowe. 
And I have lettres of the sellf hande of an Ynglysche marchant, the wyche 
hathe been the fyrst that hath maade the wagers, as Bresylle knowthe weelle. 

Now, my lorde the anbassadoure, the kynge, at the reqwest of the sayd 
Bresylle, and the personage allso, have doon many thynges for to remedye 
to thys fortune, whereyn I am hoUdyn on to tham, but 3yt I see that the 
brewtt is so enprynted in the fantasy es of pepulle, and fear if that yt contynew 
longe, that alle thatt wyche ys done ys not inowe, for I contynew alleweye in 
feare. And alsoe I know that I maye not schewe towardes the personage 
the weelle and honowre wyche I desyr to do as byfor. 

(Sheet E.J For jytt I dar not wryt unto hym whan I have any thynge 
to do towardes the kynge, nor I dar not onlye spek of hym. And I am 
constraynede to entreat hym in alle thynge lyke a stranger, at the lest befor 
folkes, the wyche doth me so myche dyspleasure that I kannot wryt yt, 
seyng that I take hym so myche for my good frend and servant ; and that 
I am constraynede so to do, and also I see that to thys jentyllmanne onlye 
wyche ys heer I dar not spek or loke to hyme. Wherof I am so myche 
dysplesant that nothyng mor. He himsellf aperceyvethe welle that evere 
oone beholldethe hyme of the othere syede. 

And as to the dessent ^ of the kynge yt sclialle behove me to speke so 
soberlye as I may me constrayne, for yt ys the thyng that I desyr as myche 
as hys comyng. And the same of my lady Marye, as God knowthe. The 
hart me brekethe wan yt behoveth me to dyssymble, not yn thys but in 
many others. And yt semeth to me that I may not soe welle serve the kynge, 
beyng in thys fear, as befor ; so when the kynge schalle dessende that I schalbe 
allwayes in thys payne, and I fealle me I schalle not daar speke nor schcw 
good semblant to the sayde personnage ; wheras I wolld make to hym myche 
honnowr and good cheer, I schalle not dare behoUd hym with a good hye, 

* Ajp'pari.ntly his landing on the continent. 


what dysplesure schalbe the same to hym and to me. And I know no 
remedye ^ but the same that Bresylle schalle schew you for to put remedye 
to alle. I wolld not constrapie hym to yt agaynst hys wylle, but, and he 
desyr ever that I do hym honowr or plesure, yt ys force that yt be so, not 
for that I have not the good wylle towardes hym, syche as ever I have 
hadde, but for that I am for myne honnowr constrayned so to do. 

I praye you weelle myche to take payne for to make welle to understand 
to the kynge and to the personage thys thynge, to thende that I may do to 
hym better servyce, and to hys fellaw^e plesure. I pi*aye you to do of thys 
as of the other. 

(lyke wysse assygned, M.) 

{Indorsed, Secrete matiers of the duke of Southfolke.) 

[P. 17.] Marriage of the Princess Mary to Louis XII. 1515. 

" The names of tlie Lords and Gentlemen of England being at the Marriage of the right 
exeellente prineesse the lady Mary, sister to the king our soveraigne lord king Henry 
the Eight, and the which aecompaigned her out of Englond," will be found appended 
to the 2d volumo of Leland's Collectanea, 1770, vol. ii. p. 701. A list of those who 
were assigned to remain with the Queen in France, signed by king Louis, is preserved 
in the British Museum, and is as follows : 

(MS. Cotton. Vitell. C. xi. f. 155.) 
Sensuyvent les noms des hommes et femmes Re . . . par le Roy pour 
Le service de la Royne au bon pl[aisir] dudit seigneur. 
Prem ierement — 
Monsr Le Conte de uoushere ( Worcester). 
Maistre docteur Denton, aumosnier. 
Mess'e Richard Blounte, escuyer descuierie. 
Le fil3 de mons"" Roos \ 

Le filj de mons"" Cobham \ enifans donneur. 
Le filj de mes&e Seymo'' ) 
Eurardjb frere du marquis ) 

Arthus Polle, frere de mons'' de Montagu \ ' ' 

T 1 I et valeti trenchans. 

Le poulayn ) ■' 

* In the margin is written, " Bresylle sayde ther was no waye to avoyd the brewt but 
that my lord schulld marye the ladye Lylle. as more at length I have wreten on to my 
sayd lord." 

*• Rtad Leonard (lord Leonai-d Grey.) 


Francoys Buddis, huissier de chambre. 
Maistre Guill e, medicin. 
Henry Calays, varlet des Robes. 
Robert Wast. 

Madamoyselle Grey, seur de marquis. 
Madamoyselle Marie Finis, fille de monsi" Dacres. 
Madamoyselle Elizabet, seur de monsf Grey. 
Madamoyselle Boleyne.^ 

Maistres Anne Jenyngham, femme de chambre. 
Jehanne Barnesse, chamberiere.'^ 
(^signed by the King^ 

[P. 18.] The Field of Cloth of Gold, 1520. 

Although many documents have been already published on this subject,'^ particularly some 
of great interest in the Society's volume entitled " Rutland Papers," yet the stores of 
the British Museum furnish some others that have hitherto escaped notice, but will yet 
be found worthy of attention. 

It is stated in p. 18 of the present volume that the royal commissioners appointed to super- 
intend the erection of the temporary palace at Guisnes, were sir Nicholas Vaux, sir 

* Anne Boleyne, afterwards Queen. 

^ In the list in Leland's Collectanea above referred to, the names of the " Gentilwomen 
which were appointed to have abidden in France with the French qwene " are thus 
given : — 

Dame .... Guylford, lady of honor. M. Boleyne. 

Lady Elizabeth Grey. M. Wotton. 

M. Eliz. Ferrys. 

M. Ann Devereux. 

Grey of Wilton. Alice Denys . x • ,, , i Chamberers. 

Anne Fernmgham {an error for Jernmgham) ) 

•^ In the Archa;ologia, vol. xxi. will be found two papers bearing the following titles, 

communicated by Mr. Caley, from the Chapter House at Westminster. 

1. " A memoriale of such thengs as be requisite and necessarie for the honorable trans- 
portyng of the Kyng's highnes to mete with the Frenche Kyng, for an interview to be had 
betwixt both the said Kyngs, thear Qwenys, the Quene Mary Douagier of Fraunce, and 
the moder of the said Frenche Kyng." 

2. " A memoriale of such things as be requisit and necessary for the honorable trans- 
portyng and appoyntyng of the Kyngs Hyghnesse to mete with the Frenche Kyng, for an 
intervew to be had betwyxt the said Kyngs, thayr Qwenys, and the moder of the said 
Frenche Kyng." 


Edward Belknap, and sir William Sands, K.G. In the Cottonian volume Calig. D. vii. 
are preserved the following letters" from those parties (somewhat injured from fire): 

Letter of the King to Sir Adrian FoyHescue, directing him to prepare to 

attend upon the Queen. 

[MS. Cotton. Calig. D. vii, f. 227.1 

By the king. 

Trusty and welbiloved, we grete you wele. And where as this yere last 
passed, after conclusion taken betwixt us and our right dere broder, cousin, 
confederate, and alie the Frenshe king, aswell for firmer peax, love, and 
ami tie as of aliance by way of mariage, God willing, to bee had and made 
betwixt our deerest doughter the Princesse and the Dolphin of Fraunce, a 
personall meting and entrevieu was also then concluded to bee had betwixt 
us and the said Frenshe king, which, upon urgent consideracions and great 
respect, was by mutuell consent for that yere put over and difFerred, So it 
is nowe that the said Frenshe king, being moch desirous to see and per- 
sonally to speke with us, hath sundry tymes by his ambassadours and 
writinges instantly desired us to condescende to the said entrevieu, oifering 
to mete with us within our dominion, pale, and marches of Calays, wheras 
heretofore semblable honour of preheminence hath not been yeven by any of 
the Frenshe kinges to our progenitours or auncestres ; We therfor, remembring 
the manyfold good effectes that bee in apparaunce to ensue of this personall 
meting, aswell for corroboracion and assured establisshement of the peax 
and aliaunce concluded betwixt us, as for the universall weale, tranquillitie, 
and restfulnesse of all Christendome ; taking also consideracion to our 
former convencions, and the greate honour offred unto us by the Frenshe 
king for the said meting within our dominion, have condescended therunto ac- 
cordingly, the same to bee, God willing, in the moneth of Maye next commyng. 

' The same volume contains many letters of Sir Thomas Boleyneand Sir Richard Wyng- 
feld, ambassadors in France, in which the arrangements preliminary to the interview are 
discussed. The most important of these have been printed by Sir Henry Ellis, in the first 
series of his " Original Letters." The papers now selected are, for the most part, of a 
descriptive character, and not merely upon questions of time and convenience. 


And inasmoche as to our honour and dignitie royall it apperteigneth 
to bee fournyshed with honourable personages, aswell spirituall as temporall, 
to geve thair attendaunce upon us at so solempne an act as a this shalbe, 
for the honour of us and this our reame, wee therfor have appointed you 
amonges others to attends upon our deerest wife the Queue in this voiage, 
wiUing therfor and desiring you, not oonly to put your self in arredinesse 
with the nombre of ten tall personnages well and conveniently apparailled 
for this pourpose, to passe with you over the see, but also in such wise to 
appointe your self in apparaill as to your degree, the honour of us, and this 
our reame it apperteigneth. So that ye repairing unto our said deerest 
wife the Queue by the furst day of Maye next commyog, may then geve 
your attendaunce in her transporting over the see accordingly ; ascertaio-n- 
yng you that, albeit ye bee appointed to the nombre of ten servauntes to 
passe with you as is abovesaid, that neverthelesse, inasmoche as at your 
arryvall at Calays ye shall have no greate journey requisite to occupie many 
horses, ye shall therfor conveye with you over the see, for your owne 
using and otherwise, not above the nombre of thre horses ; howbeit our 
mynde is not to [de J parte and restrayne you to the saide precise nombre of 
servauntes and horses for your commyng unto our said deerest wife, and 
accompanyng her [to] the see-side, which thing wee [leave] to your ar- 
bitrement, but oonly to ascertaigne [you w]hat nombre of servantes and 
horses [be appoin]ted to you to passe over the see. L[astly it is] ordered 
all other lordes, [knights, and others,] shall attend upon [our deerest wife 
the Queue] according to thair (the rest burnt away.) 

Sir Edward JBelknaji or Sir Nicholas Vaiix ^ to Cardinal Wulsey. 

(MS. Cotton. Calig. D. vii. f. 186.) 

TJie 3IS. is burnt round the edges, but tvhen legible it begins : — 

[Gu]ysnes whiche we have contrived asw[ell instruccions 

as wer gyven to us, and yt is thought . • . . ste conuenientlye on the 
grene before the castell gate . . . . yt is ordred that the king shal 
have iij. large chambres ; there ys not such iij. in noo one howse in Eng- 

» at in MS. 

^ The manuscript is in the hand of a secretary and the signature broken off. The Cot- 
tonian Catalogue suggests the name of " Sir Edward Belknap ?" but the other letters 
which follow, written by the same hand, appear to have been sent by Sir Nicholas Vaux. 


land, for the greatest chambre shalbe vi"' iiij. fote in lengeth, xlijti fote in 
bredeth, and xxx • fote highe, whiche ys bothe longer and wyder than the 
White halie.a The second chambre, to dyne in, to be in lengeth iiij^ fote, 
in widnes xxxiiijti, and in high xxvijti fote, whiche ys larger than the 
greatest chambre in Bridewell.'' And the iijde chambre, to withdraw his 
highnes in, shalbe in lengeth Ix. fote, in widnes xxxiiijti, and in highe xxvij*' 
fote. And the queenes grace shalhave iij. chambres as large or larger. 

There shalbe a galerye going owte of the kinges lodging (undre the 
flore for lake of stuffe) to convey the kyng to the queenes secrete chambre. 

There shalbe a hault plase of xl. fote square, sett betwene the kinges 
lodging and the queenes, and out of that hault plase a galery of Ix. fote 
longe, xxij. fote wide, and xxjti fote highe, goyng to a chapell of c. fote 
longe, xlij. fote brode, and xxx. fote highe, wherein shalbe ij. closettes, one 
for the king and the other for the queene. Your grace shalhave iij. other 
large chambres adjoynyng to the kinges lodging, and the Fre.iche queene 
shalhave iij. large chambres, adjojTiyng to the queenes lodging; and 
bitwene your lodging and the Frenche queenes shalbe a large yate- 
howse of brvke of xxxviij. fote in lengeth and xxxiiijti in bredeth ; and 
al this buylding, except the chapell and oone galerye, shalbe caste aftyr 
a square courte. There shalbe an other galerye made owte of the 
queenes loging to bring the kynge, the queene, and you to the brige of 
the castell, in the whiche castell your grace shall lye (we truste surely), 
but not plaisantly. There shalbe also a bankett-howse of ccxxti fote 
longe, Ixx. fote wyde, and to be so highe as tymbre well serve us, to be sett 
without the castell wall, and withyn the new made brayes of the castell ; 
for that howse cannot be conveniently made without the helpe of highe 
walles. We truste the buyldinges woll please the kinges highnes and you, 
so that yt might be finisshed by the day appointed. Al the whiche buyldmges 
be estemed to be more than Bridwell, Grenewiche, or Eltham; whiche 
causeth us to be in mervelous greate doubte and feare leste it cannot be 
finisshed by the laste day of Maij, for in thies parties ys litill tymbre to be 
gotten, and there is not sufficient tymbre fallen nor hordes sawen in 
London, nor in no part of England at this daye, lieng nigh to the see 
towardes this coste, to serve the buyldinges whiche the kinges highnes and 

» The White hall in the palace of Westminster, lately used for the House of Lords, and 
now (1845) for the House of Commons. 

^ The royal palace near Blackfriars, London. 


his counsaill have proposed to us. Wherefoi* we have sent oon Wilh'm 
Lylgrave into Holand xviijten dayes paste for provisions of tymbre and 
dyvers other necessarie thinges whiche muste nedes be shortly hadd, or 
ellis it shalnot be possible to make thies buyldinges by the day appointed. 
And at the writing of this lettre we [have] bird nothing of hym, and 
and albe yt that he may now spede of soche stufFe there, yet it woU aske a 
greate tyme to provyde ships and to lode them, tarieng the wynde, to un- 
lode at Calais, and to carry it to Guysnes, whiche is ix. Englisshe myles by 
lande, than . . . to be hewed, sawed, framed, arered, with the garnisshing 
of the rofes, [&c. must a]ske a greate tyme. And caringe ys very 
yvell now to be hadd .... very bare, and haye ys mervelous escarse. 
There is not s [ufficient for the] catalles of the countrie. And the kyng 
cannot be s . . . . that yt may please his highnes to tary tiU new 

. . . The mast]ers carpenters have acertened us that 

this busines m' m' v*^ tonnes . . . And the masons 

to take the waiges whiche . . . and say they cannot lyve on yt . . . 
. greater waiges of sir Thomas Lovell. . . . And also now 

of late at Toui-naye we dare gyve them more til we shal 

know your further pleasure [therein, which] hyndreth greatlye the warkes. 

And the maisters masons acertein us further that cc, masons and brik- 
layers cannot make their partes of the new warkes and amend the walles 
and towers of the castell, that of necessite muste be done, bifore the kynges 
commyng, or ellis they woll fawle down, so that no fasyng can serve. And 
medle not with the kepe, whiche is utterlye decaied and cannot be holpen 
now. And we cannot yet gete the iiij'^ parte of the tymbre, stuffe, nor 
sufficientj artificers to serve us ; wherefor we have writen to the king, 
beseching his highnes to command Henry Comptroroller and Thomas 
Foster, to [send] over ccl. carpenters, c. joynars,xxxt'. couple sawoers, xl. 
plasterers, and m'. of wainscot, for here is none to bye. Furthermore that 
yt [may] please his highnes to send over Vertue the kinges maister 
mason, and he to bringe cl. briklayers with hym, and that they al cum 
hither with diligence. 

And we humblye beseche your grace that we know the kinges further 
pleasure and yours in this behalfe. And [we] shalbe gladd and redye 
t'accomplisshe yt as farre as our witte and powers may atteingne, as knoweth 

CAMD. soc. M 


Godd oure myndes, who preserve your goode grace. Writon the xxvj. daye 
of Ma[rch.] 

We have no double but your grace dothe well consider the busynes, w^ith 
the circumstances that do belong to this buyld[yng,] and that the stuffe ys 
farre from us. And no certeynte of [the] cummyng therof. And the tyme 
approcheth. Wherfor we [pray] your grace yf it may stonde with your 
pleasure to be [suitor] to the kinges highnes to take longer day yf it may 
be pos[sible.] 

Sh^ Nicholas Vaux * to Cardinal Wolsey. 
[MS. Cotton. Calig. D. vii. p. 202.] 

have received latelye 

lettres bering date the laste 

daye of Marche of the same, and shal endevor us with 

effect to perfourme [the king's] pleasure and yours committed to our charge 
asmoche as shal lye in our power ; how be yt at this daye we be destitute of 
all provisions that shuld be provided by William Lilgrave in Holland, and 
sent unto us, whiche is the substance of tymbre, borde, and other necessaries 
that we shuld occupie here. And also there is provided v*^ tonnes of 
tymbre in Sussex, and in the edge of Kent, and at this daye none therof 
commen to Calays. And welacke xl. cowple of saweors, al the whiche thinges 
hyndre greatlye the warkes. And except the sayd provision cumme verye 
shortlye yt cannot be possible to finisshe the said warkes by the laste daye 
of Maye. There ys set up at Guy sues in bryke warke viij. fote above the 
grownde, the kinges lodging, the queues lodghig, and bothe your lodging 
and the Frenche qwenes dowagers. And if there be no lacke of stuffe, 
we truste to make the forsaid lodginges perfaite by the daye. And al be 
yt that it was ordred by your grace that there shuld be made a large 
chapell with ij closettes and a fayre galerye to goo to the chapell, and also 
a fayre bankett howse ; and forasmoche as we be not yet furnisshed of 
tymbre, bryke and other necessaries appointed for the furnisshing of the 
same, and be in greate doubte of the havyng of yt in convenient tyme, we 
respite them bothe unto soche tyme as we knowe your further pleasure, 

» The Catalogue states this letter to be from " the Bishop of Ely and others." What 
remains of the signature resembles the Ni of sir Nicholas Vaux's signature to the Letter 
of May IS, 


whether the chapell with the circumstances or the bankett howse maye 
beste be spared. And that yt maye lyke your grace to advertise us in the 
premisses in brief tyme. And if sufficient stuffe cumme shortlye we shall 
endevour us to the beste of our powers to accomplisshe your pleasure. And 
Richarde Gybson who shuld cover the rofes with seared canvas ys not yet 
commen, and yt is highe tyme hys warkes wer in hande, for yt muste be 
paynted on the owte syde, and aftir curiouslye be garnisshed under with 
knottis and batons guyltt and other devises, whiche busynes is committed 
to John Rastell, Clement Urmeston and other. Thies warkes be of greate 
and importunate charges, and we be in doubte how they shall overcumme the 
same by the daye appointed. Wherfor yf it woll please your grace to call 
them before you, and cause them to make trew reporte howe farfurthe thier 
warke ys, and whether thei shalbe hable to finisshe thier warkes by the 
forsaid day or not, to thentent that if they make defaulte, yf we maye 
have knowlege by tyme, we shall purvew the beste remedye here that ys 
in us possible. And further that yt woll please your grace to send hither 
maister Mayuu, who dwelleth with the busshope of Excester,^ and maistre 
Barkleye*^ the blacke monke and poete, to devise histoires and convenient 
raisons to florisshe the buildinges and bankett-howse withall. And to gyve 
your commandement to Gartyr the king of heraudes, that he by th'advise 
of all other the kinges heraudes, do make a boke in picture of all the armes, 
. bestes, fowles, devises, badges and congnisances [of the] kinges 
highnes, the quenes grace, the Frenche king .... the dolphin and 

the princes dothe here or maye grace in a bill here 

their doughters into Fravmce 

valiant kynges, as they shall thinke [may conduce to the] kynges honour. 
The Frenche kyng maketh but lityll prepa [ration] at Arde. And we 
can sende your grace no newes worthe the [writing.] We pray daily to 
Godd to sende this busynes well to be accomp[lished ;] who ever preserve 
your grace. Writon the x^^"^ daye of Aprylle, 



* John Voysey, alias Harman, was bishop of Exeter at this time. 

'' Alexander Barclay, author of " The Ship of Fools." Who his fellow labourer was 
ha3 not been ascertained. 


Sir Nicholas Vaux to Cardinal Wolsey, May 18, 1520. 

[MS. Cotton. Calig. D. vii. fol. 218.] 

( Tlie upper part is injured hy fire.) 

and borde owte of Holand by the 

putteth us in comfort bi his writing that we [shall receive in] brief tyme 
soche tymbre, borde, and glasse, as was committed to hys charge. And 
that done, we shall doo the beste we can to fynisshe al the buyldyng that 
shal stonde withjn the square courte at Gwysnes by the laste day of May, 
so that John Rastell, Clement Urmeston, and John Browne, the kynges 
paynters, do make and garnisshe all the rofes sufficientlye by the same 
daye, whiche ys a mervelous greate charge and busynes, for the rofes be 
large and statelye. We be certifyed by the said Rastell, Urmeston, 
Browne, and also by Hery Sadeler, their purveuour, that alsoche monye as 
was delevered unto them in preste with more ys emploied abowte the said 
busines, and that they cannot fynisshe the said rofes except they have 
more mony shortlye, for lakke wherof their busynes is greatlye hyndred. 
And hei*e ys no monye but crownes, and they be not valued at somoche in 
London as they goo for here ; and so it shuldbe bothe losse, daungier, and 
charge to convey corones to London ; wherfor we beseche your grace to 
gyve in commandement to sir John Heron, that he with all diligence take 
a declaracion of them how that they have emploied soche summes of mony 
as was delyverd unto them in prest, that is to say, to John Browne the 
kynges paynter c. markes, to Clement Urmeston xx^'., and to Henry Sadeler 
their purveuour cccc. marks. The sayde Urmeston hathe sent to us an 
estimate bill what charges the sayd rofes woU amount unto, whiche ys a 
mervelous greate summe of monye, as shall particularlye appere to your 
grace by the said Urmeston's bill, whiche we have sent to you by this 
berer, with thier further demaundes contented in the same ; humblye be- 
secheng your grace to call the sayd Urmeston, Rastell, and Browne before 
you, and to take a direction with them further, and to cause to be delyverd 
unto them other stuffe or monye soch as shalbe thought by your grace 
mooste expedient for the furtheraunce of the warkes, so that they fayle not 
to fynisshe theire warkes by the laste daye of Maye, so that the king be not 
disapointed of his rofes. 

And further we be enformed, that the duke of Suffolke hathe manye 
batons of Urmeston's making, and also divers of the kinges armes and 

1520.] THE FIELD OF CLOTH OF GOLP^;aa=:> ^-r- ^^ 1^^ 85 

bestes caste in moldes, whiche wold doo greate ease and furtheraunce to the 
kinges busynes. And if yt may stonde with your pleasure to move hym to 
lende to the king al soche batons, armes, and bestes as he now hathe, he 
shal surelve have them delyverd agayne, and no charge to hym. 

And if the kinges pleasure be determined to have the bankett-howse, then 
his grace mooste be contented that yt shal be after the xxxti dayes lymeted 
for his justes to be expired. And elles it sh[all not] be in our powers to 
make it redye. And also we beseche your grace to send commandement to 
Hopton that he delyver to Henry Comptroller by b[ill ind]ented alsoche 
cables, ropes, and cordes as he hathe in ke[pyng of] the kinges, and may 
be now convenientlye spared to serve the k [inges present] busynes. It woll 
save the king moche monye. And m[ost humbly we beseeche] your grace 

to send us answer of our laste lettre knowlege of your 

further pleasur doth 


laste the Frenche kinge 

artificers in worke to begynn 

this Triumphe at Arde, and hathe taken 

iiij. howses of the towne and a greate peace of the abbaye there called 
Andei'ne. And entendeth to make greate [buildings,] wherin moche of 
his pastymes shalbe showed, as the maistre [of the] workes there didd 
report. And that there ys provided and redy at Rouen certein tymbre 
redye framed for the same buyldinges. . . . the same tylt, counter- 
listes, stages, and bariers that were set upp in Parys. And so by soche 
meanes they be in a greate forwardnes of thier provisions. And as touch- 
ing the meting of my lord chamberlayne with monsr Chastillon, oone of the 
marishalles of [France,] for the viewyng of the grounde where the metuell^ 
metyng of the kinges highenes and the Frenche kinge shalbe, and also of the 
[tilt,] this beyrer can certifye your grace of everye thinge, and of soche 
[other] thinges as we thinke necessarj-e for the fortheraunce of the [king's] 
buyldinges here, which to be accomplisshed to the kinges honour and plea- 
sur, we daily pray to Godd, who ever preserve your [grace] in prosperous 
estate. Writen at Gwysnes the xviij^^ daye [of May]. In haste, as ap- 

(Signed) Nicholas Vaus. 

* ('. e. mutual. 


The Earl of Worcester to Henry VIII. respecting the preparations for 

the Tilt, dated Calais, May 19. 

[MS. Cotton. Calig. D. vii. p. 219.] 

Pleas it your excellent highnes to be advertised that the marshalle Chas- 

tillon and I, with dyverse of your carpenters and of the king his maister's, 

have caste the gronde in brede and lenght of the campe in the furst place 

chosyn by the said Chastillon and me, as by our wrytyng your grace vi^as 

advertised therof, and aftre the platt that your grace delyvered nne, and 

of that that your grace sende me by Clarenceux (wiche be lyke) and the 

said grounde agreable to yt as is aforesaid. 

Albeyt we finde by the said platt that the tylt shalbe two hondred and 
eight foot from the scaffold wher the quenys and ladies shalle stonde, and 
the said tyllte shall be but iiij'"^ and viij. foot from the scaffold that shalbe 
made at the further syde of the feld ayenst the quenys scaffold, wiche the 
said lorde Chastillon and I with other here thynk yt not requisite nor reson- 
able, becaus the said quenys and ladies can have noo good sighte nor 
knowleges of theym that shalle rynne at the tilte, forsomoche as yt stondeth 
ij'^ and viij foott from the place wher they shalle stonde. Wherfore we 
propose and have concluded, your grace soo contented, to sett the said tylte 
nyghe in the myddelle of the said campe. And nevertheles the place to 
fighte on fote to stonde wher your grace have appointed, wherewith we trust, 
and soo dothe all your artificers and other that can sky lie, that yt shalbe 
moost to your honour and plesure, and also to the contentacion of the quenys 
and ladies, and all your particions and railles to be in better order and 
sight [over] the feld than yt shalbe yf it were made as is in your [said 
platt.] In lykewyse the said marashalle and every man that loketh [at the] 
said platt, thinketh the ly telle diche wich youi- grace have made within the 
campe alonge by the scaffoldes[ shall] rather doo hurte than gode, for I assure 
your grace if it r[ain] yt wolle hurte the fowndacion of the scaffoldes on 
both [sides,] and cause the grounde to falle in yt. Also itwolbe [a great] 
cherge to cary the yerthe out of the campe, and a [long] seasson to do yt ; 
and also the yerthe may not be ca[rried over] the campe, for it woll marr 
all the gronde, that [n]one shalle galop nor i-enne surely upon yt. It is 
thought [that] a rayle made of viij foot from the said scaffold to k[eep 
the] people that they shalle not come nygh the same, w[ill serve] as 
well, for a diche of iiij fote depe and viij fote [wide] is noo strenght yf 


eville disposed personnes wille enterprise any evill mater, as I trust to God 
there shall be noon soche. Also the maryshall Chastillon sent me word 
that [his J mynde was that the tylte shuld be better and up [on] surer 
gronde set in the ende of the campe towardes Ardes than wher I had ap- 
pointed, towardes Guy [snes,] for the gronde ther was not sure nor cowde be 
[made] with a thousand men in a monethe. Upon this [I was] longe with 
hym, and at the last conclude hym [in the] mater, for I shewed hym a 
shorte remedye, [to make] the campe 1. foot in lenght more towardes 
[ Ardres], then the gronde shuld be gode and sure, [and he was] contented. 
Then he desired that the barr[yer for the] feattes of armes a-fote might be 
made in the campe towardes Ardes, wher your grace hathe appointed the 
tourney to be for the tylte, and that place shuld be to nighe togeder, and he 
wold undertake that the said baryer shuld be taken up in a nighte and set 
ageyn at altymes that any tourney shuld be in the morneng. I aunswerd 
hym ageyn that I wold not change the place wher yt was appointed, for I 
sawe noo cause why to remove yt from the place wher your grace had ap- 
pointed, and that the tylte and the said place of baryers shuld stande welle 
inough yf your grace w^old be contented the tylte be removed in the myd- 
delle as is aforesaid, and as they desire. He said that alle the campe was 
made upon your graces gronde, and therfor yt made no matter wher yt was 
appointed, and yf I wold wryte to your grace therof, his maister thought ye 
wold be content wathalle. I answerd hym that I wold not wryte theryn, for 
I knew alle redy your plesur, but touching the lytelle diche and the making 
of the tylte in the medell of the campe between bothe scaffoldes, as is afore- 
said, I wold wryte to your grace to knowe your plesure ; and with this 
aunswer he was content and so departed ; and j-f your grace be soo plesed, I 
doubte not but yt shalle be doon, and the said lord Chastillon welle contented 
therwith. Therfor in my most humble wyse I beseche your grace that I may 
knowe your gracioux mjTideand plesure, what ye wille I sh[old do in these] 
maters, for tille I have answer ayen of your grace, I wille respyte the mak- 
ing therof. Alle other thinges [are] and shalbe made in alle diligens pos- 
sible of bothe parties, for the lord Chastillon and I be agreyd in [all] 
savyng the said two maters, and in lykemanerare [the] said artificers. But 
I fere greatly that yt shall not be possible alle the scafiFoldes to be fenysshed 
by [the] day appoynted ; but I assure your grace ther shall not lacke any 


diligens possible to be doon to the uttermoste of my lytelle power, with the 
helpe of God, to whome I pray to sende your most excellent highnes [a] 
victorious and longe lyfe, with the fuUe accomplyshment of your moost noble 
desires. From your towne of Caleys the xixt^ day of May. 

Your most (the rest of the signature burnt off.) 

Two letters of the marshall Chastillon to the earl of Worcester, 

relating to the preparation of the field for the tilt, and dressing of 

the tree of chivalry, dated the 23d and 2Ath May. 

(MS. Cotton. CaUgula D. vii. pp. 221, 222.) 

soir sont venus quelques gentil3hommes qui venoient pour 

toucher aux escuj de Lentreprise. Je leur ay fait responce que les perons 

n'estoient encores dressej ne les escu} pendu3. II3 m'ont dit quil en vient 

plusieurs aultres, parquoy sera besoing faire dresser lesdits perons le plustost 

quil sera possible ; et pour ce que me distes hier que ne seriej de retour 

jusques a mardi que ne fera lesdits perons entre cy et la, ce sera bien tard, 

et aussi mardi sera le derrenier jour de ce mois, et croy que le Roy mon 

maistre sera icy lundi au soir ainsi qu'il a promis, et dira que nous n'auvons 

point fait de dilligence, vous m'en mandere} s'il vous plaist par ce porteur 

votre advi3 ; qui sera la fin, mons"", apres me estre recommander a votre 

bonne grace, priant Dieu qu' il vous donne ce que desire3. a Ardre le 

xxiiimti jour de May. Signe L'entierement votre, Chastillon. Et au 

dessus de la lettre, A Mons*" le conte de Worcestre, grant chambellan 


mons^ de Chastillon, . . . envoye 

a nwns'' le chambellan. 

Mons"", J'ay presentement receu V03 lettres par ce porteur secretaire de 
Calais, et par luy entendu ce que dictes que est le plaisir du Roy votre 
maistre touchant de faire le petit fousse et une pallice dessus, on je ne trouve 
wrant propos, et suffiroit bien si nous povons faire dedans le temps que avons 
ce qui est necessaire pour accomplir, ce qui est traicte et accorde entre no3 
deux maistres, etcomme au jour d'huy vous ay escript par ung gentilhomme 
que vous ay envoye. 

II est beaucoup plus necessaire de dresser le peron et arbre et y pendre 


les escuj pour recevoir ceulx qui y viennent a toute hcure, qui tie trouvcnt 
a qui parler ; et touchant le camp et noj lysses qui ny fera aultre dilligence, 
je ne voy pas quilj puissent estre prestj au temps assigne par ceulx qui out 
este cryer et publyer le tournay. J'en ay dit plusamplenient ce quil m'en 
semble acedit porteur ; qui sera la fin, Mons% apres me estre recommandcr 
a vot'-e bonne grace, priant Dieu vous donner bonne vye et longue. A 
Ai-dre le xxiiij™'= de May. Ainsi signe, L'entieremeut votre, CnASTtLLON. 
£Jt audessus, A Monsr. le conte de Worcestre, grant cliambellan d'Angle- 

The justs at Guisnes. 
(MS. Cotton. Titus, B. i. p. 127.) 
(This paper is to be compared witli that in the Rutland Papers, p. 44.) 
Juges deputed for the felde. 
For the hinges parte : — 
The duke of Buckingham. 
The erle of Northumberlonde. 
The erle of Worcester. 
Ser Edward Ponynges. 

Item, for the ordering of the felde: — 
The two marshals ; that is to say, for the kinges parte, 
The Erie of Essex, with certein noble men whose names foloweth, to bo 
assistant unto them, that is to say : — 
My lorde of Bergeveny. 
Sir Nicholas Vaux. 
Sir William Sandes. 
Sir John Huse. 
Sir Richard Sacheverel and xxti of the kinges garde. 

Item, the undermarshal and the marshal's company to kepe the onto side 
of the felde, to th'intcnt that strangers and vagabundes shal not approche 
unto the same, nor passe over the diches. 

Item, sir Henry Marny is appointed to kepe the kinges loging. 

Item, my lorde stuarde and master comptroller to take hede to the pro- 
vision of frute and drinke for the king. 

CAMD. soc. N 


Item, for keping of the entres in to the felde x of the kinges garde be 
appointed and x of the Frenche garde. 

Item, it is devised that the ij marshals shal ordre the people on bothe 
sides, to the intent that the oon shal not intremedle with the other, for 
avoiding of debate. 

Indorsed. Juges deputed. At the Justes in the campe betwene Guysnes 
Ardre, in the tyme of metyng betwene the kinges grace and the French king. 

Letters from the Lords of the Council in London to Henry VIII. and 
to Wolsey, during their absence at the interview with Francis I. 
(MS, Cotton. Calig. D. vii. p. 231.) 
These are very interesting letters, particularly in those parts where the Princess Mai-y's 
Court at Richmond is described. It is believed that they are now published for the first 
time. In Sir H. Ellis's first series, vol. i. 174, a previous letter of the Lords to the King 
will be found, dated the 13th June ; and all were evidently indited by the same person, 
probably Eichard Fox, bishop of Winchester. 

To the King. 
Sir, — Pleas it your grace, Albeit that heretofore we had in party som 
knowlege and notice to oure singuler comforte of your good spede in this 
your prosperous and fortunate journaie, and of the mooste honourable 
successes of the same, yet nowe, lovinges be to almighty God, we by your 
mooste honourable letters bering date at your castell of Guysnes, the xxij 
daye of this instaunte monethe, have sure and perfaite knowlege to our 
further mooste singular joie, comforte, and consolacion, not oonly of the 
joieous meting and entrevieu of your grace and the Frenshe king, and of the 
pleasaunt pastymes which have preceded betwene youe, to youre great and 
inestimable honour, and of suche confederacions, treaties, and convencions 
with sonderie contractes and determinacions, as be ' mencioned in your saide 
mooste honorable lettres, the like wherof heretofore have not been brought 
to suche eifecte and purpoos by any other your noble progenitours, but also 
of the speciall truste and confidence that the said Frenshe king haith in your 
highnes manifestly declared by his subdain repaire and commyng unto your 
grace into your said castell of Guysnes, and putting hymselfe hooly into 
your handesj which approveth his desirous and affectuous mynde to attaine 
your favour and amitie, and the moor specially because he canne not be 
satisfied till he have visited and seen your grace within this your realme. 
Mooste glad and joieous also we be, and right soe all your subjectes have 


cause to be, to wete and see the greateste princes of Christendome, not oonly 
to pursue for the attayning of your favours, and to be directed and ordoured 
after your highnes wisedome and prudent policy, but also content and mooste 
desirous to visit your said grace, and to sue unto the same within this your 
realme, to youre perpetuall praise and fame for ever, the advancement and 
encreace of honour and proufit to your said realme, for the quiete, rests and 
tranquilite of all Christendome, and finally to the greate laude and pleasure 
of Almighty God : [and] considering that for a speciall remembraunce and 
confirmacion [of] the premisses, it hath liked your highnes, to the praise of 
. . . . to have your causes and matiers at this season concluded . 

plenary remission, and with fulle mynde and purpoos . . 

edifie a chapell in the name of oure blessed Lady a thing 

for your perpetuelle and ymmortall memorie, [in the most] humble and low- 
lieste maner we thanke your grace that it hath [pleased] the same to 
advertise us of the premises, whereby to our moste . . . rejoyesing we 
be made as participant thereof in maner as though we had been present at 
the same. And where as in many thynges heretofore, not of soo high 
importaunce as this excellent and notable act of your moost circumspect 
and provident wisedome broughte by the help of God to youre intended 
purpoos, Te Deum laudamus hath been solempnely songen in the laude 
and praise of God, and for these good and fortunate successes we wolde 
likewise, youre pleasure knowen in this behalf, semblably geve [laude] 
and praise to almighty God, to whoom we doe and shall daily praye as 
welle for the fortunate and good contynuance of your further noble purpooses 
and affaires, as also for your sauf [and] soone commyng hoom. 

And sethen our last writing unto your highnes we have sondery tymes 
visited and seen your derrest doughter the princes, whoe, God be thanked, is 
in prosperous healthe and convalescence, and like as she encreaseth in dales 
and yeres soe she doothe in grace, witte, and vertue, to the [great] counfort 
of alle suche as repaire mito her presence. 

And as touching any other causes to be signified unto your highnes con- 
cernyng this your realme, we knowe noon, but that the same is in good 
tranquilitie, and your subjectes in goode and quiete restefulnes. We geve 
our attendaunce con[tinually] in your counseill, and ordour such causes as 
conune before us accoording to your lawes. And as yet we have noe n[ews] 
naither from youre lande of Irelande nor from Sco[tland]e. Assoone as 


any slialle comme unto us, we shall fort[hwitli] geve advertisement to 
youre highnes of the same. 

Ymmedlately and forthwithe aftei* the writing of the pre[mises,] the 
xxviij" of June, and saint Peter's even, came to [us the] gentilmen of 
Fraunce, of whoos commjTig and ent . . .we had advertisement by my 
lorde cardinalle. A[nd on] Saturdaie at after diner, according as tide 
[served] for thaym, they, being well accompanied by [the lord Barnes,] 
>/ lorde Darcy and other, repaired to your dereste doughter then at Rich- 

mounte, where thay founde her grace right honorablei accompanied with 
your counseill, and other lordes, both spirituall and temporall ; and her 
house and chambers right welle appointed and furnisshed with a goodly com- 
pany of gentilmen and tall yomen ; and as unto ladies ther were in the 
chamber of presence, attending on her grace, besides the lady governes and 
other her gentilwomen, the duches of Norfolk, with her iij doughters, the 
lady (hlanh*-) wiff to the lorde Herbei't, the countesse of Worcester, the 
ladies Gray and Nevelle, the lorde John's wiff,t with sondery other ladies 
and gentilwomen ; and in the great chamber were many goodly gentilwomen 
well apparailled. And at the commyng of the said gentilmen of Fraunce 
to the princes' presence, her grace in suche wise shewed herself unto thaym, 
furst in welcomming and enterteynnyng of thaym with moost goodly counte- 
naunce, propur communycacion, and pleasaunt passetyme in playing at the 
virginalles, that thay greately marveled and rejoyesed the same, her yong 
and tendre age conscidered. And soe after thay departed ageine to London, 
and at this present tyme be upon thair depeching from hennes. Sethen 
thaire hider commyng thay have bene well accompenied with the said 
lordes Barnes and Darcy, and other gentilmen, and goodly chere doon 
unto thayme, furst by the maire and sheriffes of London, th'abbot of 
Westmynster, and thenne after mooste specially by the duke of Norfolke. 

The Lords of the Council in London to Wolsey. 
(MS. Cotton. Calig. D. vii. p. 233.) 
(Directed,) To my Lorde Cardjmalles grace. 
After our right humble recommendacion to your grace, Pleaseth the same 

* See p. 93. 

+ The wife of lord John Grey. 


to wete your right honourable lettres bering date at Calais, the xxvj'i day 
of June, conteignyng your advertisementes concerning the commyng hider of 
the thre gentilmen of Fraunce, so licenced to do by the king our souverain 
lord, were delyvered unto us on Thursday in the mornyng last passed, 
being saint Pctres eve, The whiche daye, a litle before night, the same gen- 
tilmen cam suddainly to London. And albeit wee had litle and short 
warnyng before thayr commyng, yet convenient preparacions were made for 
theym according to your pleasure and advertisementes. The maire of London 
havyng knowlege of thair said commyng, made unto theym, being wele ac- 
companyed with gentilmen of England, a goodly bankett at night in Chepe 
syde, and there they sawe the watche, which was right wele ordered, and 
by theym excellently commended, as we understande by reapport of the gentil- 
men that were in thair company. The next day after, being saint Petres 
day, we sent tlie lord Barnes to gave welcommynges to the said gentilmen, 
and to accompany theym. And the same day the said mayre had theym 
to dynner, and in the afternoone, inasmoche as they desired amonges other 
thinges to see th'ospitall of Savoye, and the kinges chapel at the monas- 
terie of Westminster, they were conveyed thider, wele accompanyed on hors- 
bak, and demonstracions made unto theym of notable thinges in the said 
hospitalle, the kinges chapelle, and the sayd [monastery,] th'abbot of the 
same accompanyeng theym, [and after] enterteigned theym with right goodly 
chere [as the] usage requercd upon a Fryday. And on S[aturday] folowing 
oon of the shiriffes of London made [the said] gentilmen a goodly dyner, and 
for that the tyde was commodious for theym to Richemount aboute noone, 
they being wele accompanyed by the lord Barnes, the lord Darcy, and 
other, were then after conveyed thider in a barge, where they repayred to 
the princesse and fownde her righte honourably accompanyed with noble 
personages, aswel speritualle as teraporalle, and her house and chambers 
wele appointed and fournysshed with right good nombre of goodly gentilmen 
and tall yeomen ; and as unto ladyes, there were in the chamber of pre- 
sence attending on her grace (besides the lady governesse and other her 
gentilwomen) the duchesse of Norfolk, with her thre doughters, the lady- 
Margaret wif to the lord Herbert, the countesse of Worcester, the ladyes 
Graye and Nevell, and the lord John's wif, with sundry other ladyes and 
gentilwomen ; and in the greate chamber were dyvers goodly gentilwomen 
wele apparailled. And at the commyng of the said gentilmen of Fraunce to 
the princesse presence, her grace in suche wise shewed her self unto theym, 



[first] in welcommyng and enterteignyng of theym with moost goodly coun- 
tenaunce, proper communicacion, and pleasaunt passetyme in playing at the 
virginalles, that they greatly marvailed and rejoysed the same, her young 
and tender age considered. Communicacion had, and licence taken by the 

said gentilmen of the goodly chere was made unto theym of 

strawberes, wafers, wyne, and ypocras in plenty. The same nighte th'oder 
shirif of London made unto thejTn a goodly soper. Yesterday (Sonday) 
my lord of Norfolk had the said gentilmen with hym at dyner, and used 
and enter[tainedj theym all the day with moche goodly chere and passe- 
tjTne. This present daye they entende to see the Towre, and so to depeche 
themselves from hens. We have at this tyme written unto the kinges 
highnes, and geven unto his grace our moost humble thankes for his gracious 
advertisement lately geven unto us, by his moost honourable lettres, concern- 
ing his moost excellent and goodly actes, passetymes, and pleasures had in 
those parties, like as your grace shall conceyve by the copye of our lettre 
whiche we sende unto you herin closed. And almighty God have your 

grace in his preservacion. At the second day of July. 

(Signed,) Alle youres, 

T. Norfolk. 
Ri. Wynton. W. Lincoln. Joh'n Abbot [of Westminster.] 

Joh'n Berners. Joh'n Fynnex. Thom 

Rob't. Brudenell'. T. Wyndam 

Other signatures are burnt off. The lords who signed on the 13th June may be seen in 
Ellis, Orig. Letters, I. i. 176. 

[P. 30]. The expenses of Wolsey's embassy, 1521. 

(Abstracted from MS. Harl. 620.) 

The booke of Soluc'. In my lordes graces Jorneye to Cales, Bruges, 
and other places. Master Roberte Carter occupyinge the office of stewarde- 
shipe. — Anno xiij". e q^ '^^ 

f. 2. " Ale and beare," extending three pages. Total cciiij^i. ix*. iijc?. 1'^^^ 

f. 3b. " Wyn." Total Ixix?*. xiij*. xc?. o&. '^.10 ^ 

f. 4. " Buttry." The account for " mapylle bollys, lether pottes, ashen 
cuppys," &c. Total cxiij*. iiijc?. oh. 

f. 5. " Pantre." Expenses of washing " clothys" and " covyr-payns." 
Total xvij*. xc?. 


f. 6. " Ewrye." Three pages. Total lxxiij7«. xij.?, vf^. 

f. 8. " Sault and sawcys." Total xj/t. ixs. i\d. 

f. 9. " The pultrye." Total yjli. yjs. jd. ob. 

f. 10. " Lynges, coddes, and other salt-fyschys, bought of Basdeyn and 
of other fyschmongars." Total xijli. viij*. 

f. 11. " Beffes and muttuns." Total cclxvj/t. iij^. ijc?. 

f. 12. " Foreyn chargys ;" that is, miscellaneous expenses, amounting to 
cxliiij/«. xvij*. viijc?. Some of them are curious, as this for the scocheons 
which ambassadors were accustomed to leave on their route : — 

" Item, payd to Joh'n Browyn, paynter of Lundun, for dyvers scochyns 
bought of hym and receyved be the syght of the said officers, as apperyth 
be b^'lle, — xli. xvij*." 

The following items of expenses incurred on the cardinal's attendance at 
the two churches in Calais may also be considered worth extracting : — 

" Item, payd to Wylliam Elton, for a carpynter and tymber, in seynt 
Mary's chyrche of Caleys, for hangyng of [the] hye auter, the iijtli day of 
August, vj d. 

" Item, for the hyer of a cart for carrying of the vestry staff from the 
stapylle to seynt Mary's chyrche, iiij d. 

" Item, paid to the sexton of seynt Peter's, for the hyer of a carpenter, 
and for iiij ledges for the hye auter, and for my lordes traves, xvj d. 

" Item, paid for a wagon carrying of the gret standerd of the vestry to 
seynt Peter's chyrch, xvj d." 

f. 18. " Weet " (wheat). Total cxliij^i. vj*. \ijd. ob. 

f. 19, 20. " Burdwages." Lists of gentlemen. (See hereafter.) 

f. 21b, 22. " Burdwagys for yomen." 

f. 22b. " Burdwagys for gromes." 

These accounts continue to f. 29, where is the " Summa totalis denar' 
solut' pro commensalibus forensecis ccxxviij^*'. vij.9. ij<^. q." 

f. 30. " Veelys and lambys." Total iiij"ij/<. xij*. vijc?. 

f. 33. " Caryages." Eight pages. Total iiij'^'ij IL vij*. xd. 

f. 37. " Woode and coole." Total cxj^«. xij*. jd. 

f. 38. " Rusches." Total iujli. xvs. viijr/. ob. 

f. 39. " Rewardes." These are curious as enumerating the presents 
Wolsey received, and the senders of them ; but they were in England, on 
his route to the coast. Total, vij li. vj*. viij d. 


f. 40. This commences another account, on a smaller quire of paper, 
entitled "The Queyre of Velwettes, Skarlettes, Redde Clothes, and of 
Milleyn Bonettes." 

f. 41. " Blacke velvett gevyn to my lordes graces gentlemen agayn hys 
journe to Cales, in July an° xilj° Regis H. viij™'." To fifty gentlemen, each 
ten yards of black velvet at ix*. the yard, and a bonett, price iiij*. iuyl. 

f. 43. " Skerllettes geven to my lordes yomen." To a hundred men 
three yards of black velvet at viJ5. viijc?. the yard, and iij yards of scarlet 
at viij*. vjd. the yard, and each a bonett. 

f. 45b. The totals here given distinguish the allowance made to the 
various recipients, as follows — 

" Velwette. — Somme totalle of velwette dely vered to 1. gentylmen aftyr the 
rate of x. yardes to every of theym, v*^. yards at ix*. the yarde, ccxxv/«. to 
iiij'^'' xvi of my lordes yomen, clerkes of his chapelle, and clerkes of his kychyn, 
aftyr the rate of every one of theym iij. yardes, cc^^iiij'^ di. yardes. To the 
iiij. fotemen aftyr vj. yardes di. for every of theym xxvj. yardes. To Mr. 
Stiward (iiij. di.). Mr. Tresorer (vj.) & Mr. Comptroller (vj.) xvi. yardes di. 
And to X. childyr of the chapelle xviij. yardes. In all ecc^xIvUj yardes di. 
at vij*. viijf^. the yarde, cxxxiij/?. xj*. xr?. In alle in black velwett viij*^"* 
xlviij. yardes di. and in all in moneye, ccclviij^j. xis. xd. 

" Skarlette. — Somme totalle of money paid for skarlette dely vered unto c"* 
of my lordes yomen, clerkes of his chapelle and clerkes of his kichyn, with the 
iiij. footemen, at iij. yardes for every of theym, ccc'^ yardes ; to x. prestes of 
his seid chapelle, and to his ij. secretaries, to every of theym iij. yardes, xlij. 
yardes. And to the seid x. childyr of his seid chapelle for x. cootes xxiiij. 
yardes di. In alle in skarlette ccc^lxvj. yards di. whereof ixxviij. yardes at 
viij*. v']d. xxsciijli. iijs.; xlij. yardes at viij*. xvili. xvjs.; xlij. yardes at 
vijs. viijf?. xvili. ij s. ; c™ij. yardes at vij*. \]d, xxxviijU. vs.; and c'"Ij. 
yardes di. at vij*. ocxxv li. xvij's. vjd.; in alle in moneye, cxl^«. iij.?. \']d. 

" Reddes. — Somme totalle of money paid for redde cloth delyvered unto 
iiij''^. vj. of my lords gromys with the gromys of the stabulle, that is to saye, 
to every of theym iij. yardes, and to the ij. charlotte menne and to Alan 
Spaynyard the mule manne, to every of theym iij quarters of a yarde, and to 
the suropter manne di. a yarde, to make theym jerkyns besides theyr cootes, 
cclx. yards iij. quarters. And to xxvij. abbey menne, to every of theym iij. 
yardes iiij''''j. yards. In alle of redde cloth, ccc^xlj. yardes iij. quarters. 


Whorof c'lilxxj. yardes at iiij*. the yard, xjcxiiij IL iiijs. and c™lxx. yardes 
iij. quarters, at iij*. viijtZ. the yard, xxxj/«. vj.y. jrf. ; in alle in moneye, lxv/«. 
xs. jd. 

" Somme totalle of moneye paid for blakke velwette delyvered to xvj. of 
the seid gromys, that is to saye, to v. of theym xv. yardes, to x. of theym 
XV. yardes, and to one of theym ij. yardes, in alle in blakke velvette xxxij. 
yardes, at vij s. viijd. the yarde, xij/«. v*. iiijf/. 

" Sorafme totalle of money paid for cciiij^^.x. Millen bonnettes. Wherof 
delyveryd unto xlvj. of my lordes gentille menne, to c™. yomen, clerkes, and 
odyr, to iiij'^v. gromys, xxvj. abbejTnenne, to x. chylder of the chapelle, to 
every of theym i. bonette. And M. Styward (iiij), M. Tresourer (iiij), 
and M. Comptroller (iiij ), xij bonettes, in alle in bonettes delyvered cc"ilxxix, 
of the whiche cciiij'^x. x. bonettes ccmlxiiij. coste iiifs. iiijd. the pece, and 
xxvj. cost V*. the pece ; in alle in moneye, Ixiij/j. xiij*. 

" And there rcmayneth yette in bonettes notte yette delyvered, xl. Millen 

" Somme totalle of moneye paid for blakke velwette, skarlette, redde cloth, 
and for Myllenne bonettes, as it dothe appere before in this booke, Ccxli/i. 
iiij*. ixc?., over and besides xl. markes delyvered to master Tresourer and 
master Comptroller for theyr lyvereys." 

f. 50. Here commences a fresh account, in which certain expenses, 
chiefly for provisions, are recorded day by day as they occur, from the 29th 
of July to the 4th of December. Mr. Sharon Turner, in his History of the 
Reign of Henry VUI. vol. i. pp. 211 — 213, has extracted some portions of 
this. It continues to the end of the volume. At the last page are these 
totals — 

" Summa totalis denar' solut' per dictum dominum Itinerando per viam 
in isto itinere, prout particula patent antea, clxv^z. viij.y. \'u]d. 

" Summa totalis omnium soluc' predict' in hoc libro cont' M'M'ccciiij^^vj li. 
xnijs. yjd. q." 

That is, 2,386/. 14*. 6}d., not, as Turner has it, 2,34G/. 13*. 6c?. 

A complete list of the fifty gentlemen who attended Wolsey on this 
occasion is supplied at f. 41, as follows — 

Richard Page M. Fraunces Richard Pomerey 

Thomas Henage Edward Steynynges John Synclere 

CAMD. soc. o 




John Dudley 
Thomas Dudley 
Cristofer Conyers 
Jarays Butteler 
Thomas Arnedell 
John Rescumer 
Andrew Luttrell 
Robert Owtrede 
Roger Tempest 
William Drewry 
Arthur Newton 
Water Denys 
John Penyngton 
Thomas Tempest 
Raff Metford 

Richard Crake 
William Yeo 
George W'illoughby 
John Wentworthe 
Cristofer Coo 
Robert Fraunces 
John Sent John 
Edward Aston 
Edmond Wyndham 
Thomas Alford 
Raffe Pexall 
Edward Stanley 
Richard Redman 
Antony Hansard 
William Dauncy 

Thomas Yorke 
John Yerdeley 
Richard Crooke 
Lewis Powys 
William Ogan 
John Eston 
John Gostewyk 
Richard Candyshe 
Miles Forrest 
John Torrell 
William Fayrfax 
Watyr Stryklond 
Henry Savelle 
Cristofer Slyngesby 

[P. 33.] Order in council for the advance of 2000/?. for 


July 17, 1523. 

(MS. Cotton. Faust. E. vii. f. 41. On parchment.) 

The xvijth day of Juylle the xve. yere, &c. The kyng by th'avis of the 

lordes of his counsail and by th 'assent of the maire and marchant3 of the staple 

of Caleys, consideryng the greet reparacions that most of necessitee in alle 

haste be maad at Caleys and in the marches there, bathe appointed therfore 

that of the woUes that nowe be at Caleys, wherof the king be agreement of 

the said maire and marchantj shal take one peny, and the marchant} an 

other ; that is to say, after that xx™''. marc" be receyved to the kynges use 

of the woUes that be nowe there, and other xx'"". marc* to be received to 

the use and disposicion of the said maire and marchantj of the same wolles 

there, there shal be delivered nowe anoon without delay or tarryeng by the 

same maire and marchant} to William Cantelowe vitailler of Caleys, wolle, 

suche as he wol agree him to receive, to the value of ij""*./i. after the price 

of wolle that goothe at the said staple. The said ij "^''. li. to be employed for 

and aboute the necessarie reparacions of Caleys asfer as it shal mowe reche. 

For the whiche ij ™'.Zi. worthe wolle soo to be received by the said 

William Cantelowe the said maire and marchant} shal haue repaiement and 


assignement of v^. of every xxs. assigned for every sak of wolle for the 
paiement of Caleys in the laste parlement holden at Westmynstre ; that is 
to say, V*. of everyche of the said xx*. to be receyved for every sak of wolle 
that shal be shipped oute of Englande from Martynmasse nexte commyng 
forthewarde tille the said somine of ij '""./i. be fully repaied. And that for 
the deliverance of the said ij '"''./«. worthe wolle in the maiiier and fourme 
aforesaide there shal be niaad letres under the kynges prive seal to the said 
maire or his lieutenant, conestables, and felowship, &c. Benet. 

[P. 33.] The painter's bill for banners, &c. furnished to 
THE duke of Suffolk. 

(MS. Lansd. 858, f. 12b.) 

Parcellis of stuff made by John Browne, the kyngis paynter, for the 
hygh and myghtty prynce Charlis duke of Suffolke, then beyng apoyntted 
to be lyffetennaunt-generall of [the] Kyngis Ryall Armye in to the pai'tves 
of Fraunce in the yere of our lord God 1523, and the xx. yere of the rayne 
of Kyng H. viijth. 

Item, a standart wrowght with fyne golde and sylver, apon dowble 
sarsnet, and frynged with sylke, iij/. 

Item, ij. banners of your armys wroght with gold and sylver apone dowble 
sarsnet and fryngyd with sylke, \L \js. viijf?. 

Item, X. gyttons of dowble sarsnet wroght with gold and sylver, and 
fryngyd with sylke, at viij*. iiijc?. the pece, vjl. xnjs. iiijcl. 

Item, a cote of arrays wroght with fyne gold and sylver and in oyle upon 
dowbyll sarsnet, fryngyd with sylke, and lynyed with bokerame, for your 
herauld, xxvj.?. viijf/. 

Item, It' skochjTis in mettall on paper ryall with your armys, at xxjcL the 
pece, iiij/. vjs. viijc?. 

Item, 1'' scochyns in coler on paper ryall with your armys, at xd. the 
pece, xlj*. viijf?. 

Item, ij. doseyne scochyns wroght with gold and sylver in oyle with your 
armys apone bokerame, at ij.^. the pece, xlviij.y. 

Item, ij. doseyne and iiij. flaggis and pencellis for your gracis caryage at 
xijrf. the pece, xl*. 

Summa xxxjli. ujs. 
Payd 24/j. 
Brohrne t^e C^agnter. 


[P. 33.] Knights mabe by the duke of Suffolk in France. 


(MS. Cotton. Claud. C. ill. f. 99b.) 
Knightes made by my lorde of SufiFolke in Fraunce at a towne called 
Roye in the tyme of warre, he beinge the kinges lieutenant, anno d'ni 
1523, on Alhallowen day, in the 15. yere of the kinges reigne. 

Lord Herbert, sonne and heire to th' Erie of Worcester. 

Lord Powes. 

Sir Arthur Poole, brother to the lorde Montagu.* 

Sir Olyver Maners, brother to the lorde lloos. 

Sir Thomas Wentworthe. 

Sir Richard Corbett. 

Sir William Stourton. 

Sir Richard Sandes. 
-)-Sir Edmonde Beningfielde. 
fSir Edward SejTnour. 
-J- Sir George Warham. 
t Sir Walter Mantell. 

Sir Robert Jerningham. 

Item, the sayd lorde of Suffolke at the same tyme made these two knightes 
on the Ryver of Some. 

Sir John Dudley. 
f Sir Robert Utreight. 

Item, at Valenciennes the sayde lord of Suffolke made these two knightes 
the 3 day of December at the same tyme. 

Sir William Penyngton. 
Sir Bartholomew Tate. 

* Sir Geoffrey Poole was knighted by the King " at Yorke jjlace, now called "White- 
hall, in the parlement tyme, Anno D'ni 1529." Ibid. p. 104. 

f The names markeil f are accompanied in the MS. (one of GloYcr's) with trickings of 
their arms. 

lo22.] proclamations relating to calais. 101 

Proclamations relating to the government of Calais. 

Anno xiiij Henrici OctavL A Proclamation comaunding all such per- 
sons as have the kinges protection for victualling of the towne of 
Caleys, speedily to send victualls thither, upon payne to forfeite 
their protection. 

(MS. Harl, 442, f. 41.) 
Henricus Octavus Dei gratia, ^c. (to he proclaimed in London.) 
Forasmuch as the king oiir soveraigne lord hath no we at Caleys a puissant 
army lying, for the victualling whereof necessarie yt is that provision from 
time to time be made, the kinges pleasure therefore is, that all such persons as 
have protections, by reason whereof they ought to provide vittailes for his 
said towne, shall ymediatlie provide bread, beere, and other vittailes for the 
same, and send them thither, upon paine of forfeiture of their said protec- 
tions. And all other the kinges subjects whiche will send thither anie 
manner of like provision of bread, beere, and other vittailes, shall for the 
time of the abode of the kinges army there be discharged from payment of 
any manner of custome of all the said vittailes thither by them to be sent 
or brought. And allso the kinges counsell there being shall see all such 
vittailes well entreated, without exaction of any toll or custome there to be 
taken or exacted for the same. And that they shall have for theire vittailes 
such price given unto them as they may have reasonable gaine. 

Et hoc sub periculo, ^c. (Letters patent, dated xxiiij Aug. anno 
regni xiv.) 

A Proclamation concerning such persons as have the kinges protection 

for vittailling of the towne of Caleys.* 

(MS. Harl. 442, f. 43.) 

Henricus Octavus, Sfc. (to he proclaimed in London.) 

Forasmuch as the king our soveraigne lord doth at this time send to 

Caleys a puysaunt army, for the victualling whereof necessarie yt is that 

provision from tyme to tyme be made, the kinges pleasure therefore is that 

* This Proclamation, though slightly varied in its terms, is in fact another copy of the 
preceding. See also Rymer's Foedera, vol. xiii. p. 773. 



all such persons as have protections by reason whereof they ought to pro- 
vide vittailes for the said tovvne, shall ymmediately provide bread, beer, and 
other vittailes for the same, and send them thither, upon paine of forfeiture 
of their protections. And all other the kinges subjects, which will send 
thither anie manner of like provision of bread, beere, or other victuall, shall 
for the tATne of their abode there, and in those parties of beyond the seas, be 
discharged for payment of anie manner of custome of all the said vittailes 
thither by them to be sent or brought. And also the kinges counsell there 
being shall see all such vittailes well entreated, without exaction of any toll 
or custome thereto to be taken or exacted for the same. And that they 
shall have for their said vittailes such price given unto them as they may 
have reasonable gain, &c. 

Et hoc sub periculo, ^-c. f Letters patent, dated xjcj° Aug.) 

A Proclamation for establishing of trade and merchandizing and traf- 
Jique ivithin the toivne and marches of Callice, with divers immu- 
nities and freedoms concerning the same. (July 13, 1527.) 
(MS. Harl. 4i2, f. 77.) 

Rex 3Iaiori ville sue Gales', ^'c. 

The king our soveraigne lord, myiiding and entending the welth, encrease, 
and enriching of his realme of England, and of this his towne of Callis and 
the marches of the same ; and that not only his own subjects, but also other 
strangers of what nation soever they be, might have the more desire and 
currage to repaire to this his saide towne and marches, and for other great 
respects and consideracions, wilh the advise of his counsell, by theis his let- 
tres patentes of proclamacion, freely geveth and granteth full Ubertie and 
licence, and also ordeyneth and determineth, that as well all and singuler his 
subjects, merchauntes, and occupiers of all manner of wares and mer- 
chandizes, as also all other merchauntes straungers, of what nation or country 
soever they be, that they and every of them from henceforth shall mowe 
resort and repaire from time to time wdth their goods, wares, and mer- 
chandizes unto this his towne of Callis and marches of the same, and there 
to buy and sell, change and rechange, with as large and ample freedomes, 
liberties, and immunyties as they have had and enjoyed att or in any mart 
or marts holden and kept at Andwerp, Bruges, or Barowe, or within anie 


other citie, burgh, or towne within the emperor's low countries of Flaunders, 
Holland, Zeland, or Bi'abant, or anie of them ; provided alwaies and fore- 
seene (inasmuch as the same towne of Callis is a towne of warre) that no 
straunger enter the same towne with anie harneys or weapons, ne doe nor 
attempt anie thing contrary the statutes and ordinaunces made and esta- 
blished for the sure keeping thereof ; and further, the kinges highnes willeth 
and yeveth libertie as is aforesaid to all manner of merchauntes, aswell his 
subjects as other merchauntes straungers, resorting and repayring unto his 
said towne of Callis and marches thereof, duringe their abode there to be 
and abide under his gracious proteccion, defence, suerty, and safeguard in 
their bodies, goods, and merchandizes, and thether to resort, come and goe, 
passe and repasse, marchantly at all times att their liberties, by land, see, 
and freshwaters, and on horse or on foote, by chai-iott, wagon, cart, or with 
anie maner of other cariage, with their factors, attorneys, familiers, or ser- 
vauntes ; and in the same towne of Callis and marches to be conversaunt, 
remaine, sojorne, and abide there, to occupy and exercise the feats of mer- 
chandize, in buying, selling, bartering, chaunging, rechaunging, or distri- 
buting their goods and merchandizes att all times, att their free wills and 
liberties, without lett, disturbance, arrest, vexacion, impediment, or contradicion 
of the captaine, deputie, leifetenant, thresaurer, marshall, and comptroller 
of the same towne of Callis, or of the raaior there for the time being, or 
anie customer, comptroller, sercher, bailiffe, waterbailiffe, toller, wardens of 
the passage, or of anie other officer or officers whatsoever they be for the time 
being, or of the leifetenant or keeper of the castell of Callis, or of the 
keeper or constable of the tower of Rysbanke, or of the keeper of Newnam- 
brigge for the time being, or of any other person or persons, for them, or 
for anie of them ; and without paying anie hedmoney, halfe passage money, 
traversmoney, sandgelt, wharfgelt, the Flemishe toll otherwise named bro- 
cage of the haven, or anie other toll whatsoever they be, except only suche 
customes and tolles as the kinges merchantes and subjects have paid and 
be accustomed to pay att the aforesaid marts holden att Andwerpe and else- 
where within the emperor's said lowe countries, and that it be leifull as well 
to the kinges merchaunt adventurers, as also to all other merchant straun- 
gers, to shipp their goods and merchandizes from the said towne and port 
of Callis, in all shipp or shipps of what nacion soever they be, att their 
choyce and liberty, without paying therefore anie half-passage or anie other 


exaccion to be taken of them for their shippes, goods, or merchandizes, upon 
paine to every person and persons offending in this behalf to be forthwith 
putt in warde and prison, there to remaine without baile or mainprise, and 
furthermore to pay and make fine at the kinges pleasure ; and that all 
the kinges subjects merchaunts may peaceably and quietly resort, repayre, 
and come unto the same towne of Callis and marches from time to time 
with their goods and merchandizes, and from thence to passe and goe att 
their liberties, and not to be vexed, troubled, grieved, or arrested in person 
or goods for anie manner debt or duety growing or rising uppon or for 
anie manner contracte or bargaine made out of the said towne and marches, 
(yf the partie grieved will require this freedome,) except only for contracts 
and bargaines made within the said towne of Callis and marches there ; and 
that all marchaunts straungers be as free in bodies and goods within the 
said towT;ie, port, and marches of Callis, as the kinges subjects marchaunts 
be, or owe or pretend to be, within the emperor's lowe countries during the 
freedome of any marte holden or kepte there : the provision before specified, 
made for garding and surety of the towne of Callis foresaid, alwaies saved ; 
And, albeit that the marchaunts straungers exercising the feates of mer- 
chandizes att the said marts heretofore holden in the said emperor's lowe 
countries have byn accustomed to pay divers and many moo tolls, customes, 
and impositions, and more larges for their goods and merchandizes thether 
brought then the kinges subjects marchaunts repairing to the same marts, 
yet the kinges highnes, of his grace especiall and bountuouxnes, willing the 
marchaunts straungers which hereafter shall resort for cause of mer- 
chandizes unto the said towne and marches of Callis favorably and 
lovingly to be entreteyned and used within the same, so that by meane 
thereof they may be encouraged to repaire to the same towne and marches 
from time to time hereafter, hath therefore of his singuler good grace and 
favors ordeyned and determined that all and every such marchaunt and mar- 
chaunts straungers pay for their goods and merchandizes within the said towne, 
port, and marches of Callis coming and going to and from the same towne, port, 
and marches of Callis, for the said cause of merchandizes, none other tolls, 
gables, exaccions,imposicions,or customs, then the kinges subjects marchaunts 
have paid or owe to pay within the emperor's said lowe countries att the marts 
holden there ; and in likewise all marchaunts the kinges subjects to pay 
for their goods and marchandizes to b(} by them brought unto the said 


to\vne,port, and marches of Callis, such customes,gablos, and toles as the same 
marchaunts the kinges subjects have paid, owe to pay, or have been accus- 
tomed to pay for the same in the said emperor's lowe countryes and none 
other, nor in none other wise. And that no marchaunt straunger repayring 
to the saide towne and marches of Callis, or from thence goeing, be con- 
strajTied within the said towne, port, or marches, to pay anie other toll, 
custome, gables, or exaccions for their goods or merchandizes, or anie for 
them, then be rated and extended upon the kinges subjects marchaunts in the 
privileges of duke Philipp of Burgoine, confirmed by the townes of 
Andw^erpe and Barowe, according to certaine tables thereupon to be made, 
whereof one table to be sett in the open markett place of Callis, the seconde 
in the custome house there, and the third in the kinges exchequer of Callis. 
And j{ anie officer of the saide towne, port, and marches, exact or leavy 
anie toll or custome above the rate expressed in the said tables, and thereof 
found culpable, every such officer to be punished by emprisonment and 
fines, at the kinges pleasure, as is above expressed. And in case the said 
marchaunt straungers or anie of them by covert concealing or not entering 
their goods and merchandizes in the customer's bookes there to be appointed, 
bring in or convey out of the said towne of Callis or marches, in defrauding 
the kinges highnes of his said customes, then they to be imerced and 
punished with Hke paines and forfeitures as the kinges subjects for like 
offence and concealment have and owe to sustaine and beare within the em- 
peror's said low countries. And as touching the kinges subjects, yf they 
or anie of them by concealing or not entring their goods and merchandizes 
in the customer's bookes thereto to be appointed bring in or convey out of the 
said towne or port of Callis or marches of the same, in defrauding the 
kinges highnes of his said customes, then they and every of them from time 
to time, and as often as they shall so offend, to pay unto the kinges highnes 
the said toll, and for their punishment of concealment tenn times so 
much over and besides the said toll. And also that the governor or go- 
vernors of the said marchaunts adventurers, or such person as they shall 
chose to be their ruler for the time being, may have and use like authority, 
power, and jurisdiccion in the rule and governaunce of the said marchaunts 
att the time of their abode att Callis and marches aforesaid, as the gover- 
nor or governors of the same marchaunts have had, used, or ought to have in 
the said emperor's lowe countries. And that all accions of debt, trespasse, 
CAMD. soc. p 


or other variance to be moved or attained within the said towne and 
marches by any the said marchaunt or marchaunts adventurers against anie 
of the said marchaunt adventurers, staplers, and others, for anie cause or 
matter concerning the feate of marchaunts adventurers, or by anie person or 
persons against anie of the said marchaunts adventurers for causes concern- 
ing their said feate, be commenced afore the governor or govei'nors and 
fellow shipp of the same marchaunts, there examined, pursued, and finally 
determined by sentence definitive, without any further appeale, according 
and in like manner as the graunts be made unto them in the said emperor's 
lowe countries. And in like wise all accions of debt, trespasse, or other 
variance to be moved and attained within the said towne and marches by 
anie marchaunt or marchaunts of the Staple against any of the marchaunts' 
fellowship, or servaunt of the same staple, marchaunts adventurers or others, 
for anie cause or matter concerning the feate of marchaunts of the staple, or 
by any other person or persons against anie of the said marchaimts of the 
staple for cause or matter concerning their said feate, be commenced before 
the maior of the said staple, there examined, pursued, and finally determined 
by sentence diffinitive without anie further appeale. The statutes and 
ordinances of the said towne of Callis provided for punycion of malefactors 
and trespassers in criminall causes, violators and breakers of the kinges 
peace, or anie of the ordinances within the same, allwaies standing in their 
full strength, vigor, and effect. And that also all and every marchaunt of 
the staple using and exercising the said feate of marchaunts adventurers, 
buying or bartring anie of the merchandizes belonging to the same feate, 
not only observe and keepe the statvites and ordinances made or to be made 
and ordayned from time to time by the said marchaunt adventurers, but also 
be contributaries unto them for the same, like as other marchaunt adven- 
turers doo or hereafter owe to doo. And also that evex'y marchaunt 
adventurer using or exercising the said feate of marchaunts of the staple, 
buying or bartring anie of the merchandizes belonging to the same feate of 
the staple, not only observe and keepe the statutes and ordinances made or 
to be made and ordeyned from time to time by the said marchaunts of the 
staple, but also be contributaries unto them for the same, like as other 
marchaunts of the staple doo or hereafter owe to doo. And yf anie officer 
or officers within the said towne, marches, and port of Callis constrayne or 
compell the kinges marchaunts adventurers or straungers to pay anie toll, 


custome, gabells, or exaccions foi- their goods and marchandizes at the saide 
towne, marches, and port of Callis, mward or outward, or compell anie 
marchaunts straungers to pay anie toll, customes, or exaccions, other then 
by the effect of the said articles and the said tables shalbe rated and extendyd, 
that then the kinges treasaui-er and comptroller of the towne for the time 
being, and the said governor or governors and ruler jointly, or two of them 
att the least, whereof the governor to be one, have power and authority to 
examine the causes and complaints of the marchaunts grieved in this partie, 
and to leavy of the officer or officers so offending six times the value of such 
exaccion or exaccions, besides imprisonment and other punishment of his body 
att the kinges pleasure, whereof half to the kinge, and the other half to be 
paid to the party grieved. Also that the said Marchaunts Adventurers may 
be corporate within the said towne and marches as they be in the said em- 
peror's lowe countries ; and that they may keepe thier courts and assem- 
blies, and make ordinances, and ordaine and leavy fines, forfeitures, and 
impositions, and especially weights and measures ; and also admitt meaters, 
mesurers, ployers, and packers, and order and extent peisage, cranage, car- 
tars, and rollewaynes in like manner and forme as the said marchaunts have 
made, ordeyned, established and used in the emperor's said lowe countries. 
And this without interrupcion, lett, impediment, or challenge of the maior, 
waterbailiff, or anie other officer or officers within the said towne, port, or 
marches, uppon paine of imprisonment and fine to be cessed by the kinges 
treasourer, comptroller, and governor of the said marchaunts or his deputy, 
as is aforesaid, whereof half to be apployed to the kinge, and the other half 
to the party greived. Also ail persons having shewehouses or packhouses 
within the same towne or marches shall lett to ferm the same houses to the 
marchaunts adventurers for reasonable prices ; and yf the owners of such 
houses be unreasonable in that party that then the rulers or governors of 
the said fellowshipp, and the kinges deputy and treasurer there, have 
power to chose foure marchaunts adventurers and foure persons indifferent, 
inhabitants of the said towne of Callis, the same persons or the more part 
of them to rate, cess, and extent the ferme of every suche shewehouse or 
packehouse after a reasonable price, so as the marchaunts, and also the 
owners, may both have reasonable cause to be contented. And also yt is 
ordeyned and established by the kinges highnes that the marchauiits of the 
Hanze, Fraunce, Spaine, Portugale, and all other marchaunts comprised in 


league and amity made by their princes and heads with the kinges grace, 
and also Florentines, Jannais, Venecians, Lucays, Bononiens, Millanoys, 
Italions, with all other marchaunts which nowe be in the towne or marches 
of Callis or hereafter shalbe under the kinges safe conduct, shall not con- 
vey nor doe to be conveyed by themselves nor by anie other for them, by 
fraud, colour, or male engine, into the pai-tes or anie place within the said 
emperor's lowe countries, anie woollen clothes or other of the kinges com- 
modities, uppon paine of forfeiture of all such goods and merchandizes, or 
the value of the same goods and merchandizes ; two parts of the said for- 
feiture to belong to the kinges highnes, and the third part to the finder. 
Nevertheles, if the said marchaunts of the Hanze, Italions, or other, intend 
to convey clothes or other merchandizes of the commodities of the kinges 
realrae of England into their owaie countries, through the said emperor's 
lowe countries and donadnions, the kinges highnes is contented that they so 
doo, and bring the commodities of their owne countries thorough the said 
emperor's lowe countries and dominions into his said realme of England or 
to his said towne and marches of Callis, provided alwaies that before they 
shipp the said commodities of his said realme of England, to be conveyed 
into their owne countries as above, they make sufficient suerties and bonds 
before the kinges comptroller and customers of such towne and port where 
the said goods and merchandizes shalbe shipped, in the custome house 
there, that they shall not breake no bulk, open no pack, for making sale, bart- 
ring, commutacion, or dressing of anie part of the said merchandizes within the 
obeysaunce of the said emperor's lowe countries and dominions, but only to be 
dried, if necessity so require. Also in likewise, that none of the same mar- 
chaunts of the Hanze, or anie other for them, bring or doo to be brought 
into his said realme of England, or into anie other place under his obeysaunce, 
anie goods, wares or merchandizes, unles they buy the same att the said 
towne of Callis or the marches of the same. And furthermore and in like 
manner his highnes giveth and graunteth free liberty and licence to all 
manner persons victuallers and other folkes bringing victualls from anie 
part on this side the sea, that they shall mowe in likewise att all times att 
their liberties and without lett, interupcion, or impediment of anie person or 
persons, bring victualls of all manner kindes unto his said towne and port of 
Callis and marches of the same for victualling thereof, and there to 
abide, sojorne, passe and repasse, with thier shipps, boats, horses, carriages, 


and other bagages, and as favoi-ably to be used and intertayned as any 
victuallers be within the dominions of anie other prince or princes what- 
soever they be, without paying anie manner imposicion, toll, exaccion or other 
demaund for the same as is above said, either within this his said towne and 
port of Callis, or within anie part of the marches of the same. And all 
and singuler these premisses the king's highnes commaundeth duely and 
effectually from this day forward to be executed, upon the avoyding of his 
high indignacion and displeasure. And over and besides, that the offender 
or offenders in the premisses be committed to warde, there to remaine 
without baile or maineprise, as is above specified. And therefore his high- 
nes straightly chargcth and commaundeth his deputy, with all and singuler 
his counsellors and captaines of the said towne and marches of Callis, and 
also the maior and burgesses, bailiffs and constables of his said towne, and 
all other his faithful! officers, servaunts, and subjects, that they and every 
of them be ayding, helping, counselling, furthering and assisting the due 
plaine and effectuall execucion of this the kinges high pleasure and com- 
maundement, as they will answere unto his grace att their uttermost perills. 
And to the intent that all marchaunts aswell straungers as others may have 
perfitt knowledge and notice of every point and article comprised in this 
proclamacion, the king our soveraigne lord therefore hath ordeyned that the 
same shall with all diligence and speede be putt in print, so that no man 
shall or may pretend anie ignoraunce. 

Et hoc sub periculo, S)-c. Teitte Rege apud Calls, jciij° die Julii anno 
regni decimo none. 


(MS. Cotton. Faustina, E. vii. p. 23.) 

The insertion of the following letter has been deferred beyond its proper order, it 
having no date of the year ; but it must have been written within the years 1516 — 1520, 
as Wolsey, to whom it is addressed, was not made chancellor until the 7th Dec. 1515, 
and the duke of Buckingham, mentioned in the schedule, was beheaded on the 17th 
May, 1521. 

The two mayors were the mayor of the town and the mayor of the staple. 

The decay of the town of Calais, which is set forth, continued unremedied in the year 
1527, as appears from Wolsey's own letter to the king, already quoted in p. 37 ; but 
an attempt to arrest it was then made, not only by the proclamation in favour of 


merchants, which has been already inserted ; but by another proclamation, directly com- 
manding the reparation of decayed houses, &c. a copy of which will be found following 
the document to which these few remarks form the introduction. 

Pleasithe it your grace, where as of long contynuance there hathe hene, 
and yet is dependinge, within this towne of Calais an old variaunce betwene 
bothe the jurisdicions, and whiche of the maiors shuld have the pre- 
emynence, wherof the maior of this towne claymethe to have the same, as 
a thinge first graunted and confermed by the kinges graunt royall, and so 
contynewed tyme out of mynde. And on the other partye they clayme to 
enjoye it by vertue of the kinges graunt and confirmacion undre his brode 
scale ; the whiche controversye thus enduringe without eny fynall determy- 
nacion, hathe caused within this towne intranquylite and disease. And 
also greate hynderaunce hathe incressed unyversally to the commons of 
inhabitants by reason of the same. And moche more hereafter is like to 
be, unto ther greatter enpoverishinge, oneles that sum fynall and clere 
determynacion be shortly had therein. 

For the remedy wherof assuredly to be had, we knowing not how so well 
to do as by meanys of our right humble supplycacion, mekely to make 
intercession unto your grace for the same ; consydering that this yere the 
maior of the one jurisdiccion, sir William Fitz- Williams, knyght, is your 
graces servant and treasurer of your most honorable houshold, and also as 
we truste that both the saide jurisdicions woU be right glad and fayn to be 
ordered and ruled by suche direccion as it may please your grace to take 
therein ; We therfore most humbly beseche your grace not onely to be 
gracyous meane unto the kinges highnes in the same ; but also that your 
pleasure may be of your mere goodnes to putt to your most gracious favor- 
able hands for the reformacyon of the premysses, in avoyding all old mur- 
muracyons, and other inconvenyencys whiche of long tyme hathe here 
contynewed, to the greate dissease and hyndraunce of all the inhabitantes 
here within this towne ; wherby here shalle encrease and contynew among 
us perfight cherite, welthe, and prosperite ; so that for the same the unyver- 
sall prayer of all people shall be dayly unto God for the good preser- 
vacyon of your most gracious prosperous estate. In a litille scedule here 
within closed ben comprised all the names of the noblemen of Ingland 
havyng possessions and landys within this towne, whiche be fallen in 
rwyne and decay, wherby not onely the kinges highnes is defeted of his 


rentes, but also the sure tuycione of this towne on their behalfes is greatly 
mynyshed. In consideracion wherof, and in doing our duties as apper- 
taynyth, we do at this tyrae advertise your grace therin, that at your graces 
pleasure the seid noblemen may have monycyon and warnynge for to 
reedifye and repay re thair seid landis, as of necessity is verily requysite. 

And in this our advertisinge your grace of the same, we most humbly 
beseche your grace that your pleasure may be to accept it as a thing by us 
done onely for the performance of a dutye, wherby our especyall trust is 
that we may hereafter be excused from all negligens and foly whiche other- 
wyse myght fortune to be madent* unto us, iff that we shuld not have 
endevoured our selfes about the same. 

And iff there be any other thinge that it may please your grace to com- 
maund us, we woUe be at alle tymes redy to the same, to the best of our 
powers duringe our lives, as knoweth the blessed Trynyte, who preserve your 
grace in his eternalle proteccion. At Calais the viij^*^ day of December. 

Your assured servauntes. 

Directed, To my [lord cardinal's] Joh'n PecchE. 

grace le[gate de latere] Wyll'm Sandys. 

and chamicelar of [Ingland]f Richard Carew. 

Christoffer Garneys. 

(^Schedule, inclosed,^ The names of alle the noble men in Ingland havynge 
landes in Calais that ben fallen in decay. 

The duke of Buckyngam 

The lord marques 

The erle of North umbreland 

The erle of Kent 

The erle of Arundelle 

The lord Darcy 

Syr Edward a Borowgh. 

* So the MS. qu. made. 

t Part of the direction is lost, having been \\Titten on the slip of paper with which the 
letter was fastened. 


A Proclamation Jhr reparacion of the decayed houses and hu'ddinges in 
the toivne of Cali/s. (Oct. 12, 1527,) 

(MS. Harl. 442, p. 85.) 

Henricus Octavus, S^c. 

The king our soveraigne lord, calling to his remembraunce and by 
experience perfectlie knowing the great deformities and many other incon- 
veniencies evidently appearing and daily ensueing within his towne of Caleys, 
by meane of the decaies of houses and mansions and inhabitacions to sundry 
lords and others apperteyning within the said towne, suffering the same by 
thier negligence for lack of reparacion to fall in extreame ruyne, decaye, 
and desolacion, Therefore straightly chargeth and commaundeth that all and 
singuler the said lords and others haveing such lands, houses, mansyons, 
and inhabitacions in ruyne, desolacion, and decaie, within the space of 
(blank J at the furthest after the daieof this present proclamacion sufficientlie 
to repaire, builde, and re-edifie the same. So that by meane thereof not 
onlie the deformities of the said towne may be holpen and amended, but 
also the habitacion of the same continued, advaunced, and encreased. Not 
fayling so to doo upon paine of such forfeitures and other damages as be 
conteyned aswell in the acts and statutes made and ordeyned in that case 
by authoritie of parliament, as also by other provisions and ordinances 
poUitiquely devised, provided and made for the reformacion of ruynes and 
decaies, and the maintenaunce of the kinges said towne, which the kinges 
grace purposeth to put in effectuall execucion, without anie further delaie, 
respite, or favour. Charging also and straightlie commaunding all and 
singuler his good officers of this his said towne, not onlie to register this 
the kinges proclamacion in the booke of acts and ordinaunces, but also to be 
put in due and effectuall execucion and accomplishment thereof according to 
the tenor of the said statutes and ordinaunces, and the purport of this the 
kinges proclamacion, as they and every of them will answer to the king at 
their perilles. 

Et hoc sub periculo, ^c. Dated at Westminster xii. Oct. A" Reg. 1 9. 


[P. 37.] Letter of Cardinal Wolsey, coming on a special 


(MS. Harl. 283, p, 66.) 

The following letter of Wolsey, not having been included in the collection of his cor- 
respondence published by the Royal Commission in 1830, appears worthy of being brought 
forward . 

Cardinall Wolsey to the Bushope of Bathe* and Sir Anthony Broune, 
Imbassadores in Fraunce, sygnefyeng of his comyng of a spessyall Ambas- 
sage to the Frenche Kynge in An°. 1527. (A transcript) 

My Lord of Bathe and Mr. Broune, 1 comend me unto you in my moste 
harty manor, advertysynge the same that takying my jurney towardes the 
Frenche kyng I arryved heare at Canterbury f upon satordaye last paste, 
intendynge to morowe to take my jurneye towardes Dovere, and so uppon 
we[dne]sdaye, yf the wind will serve, and be good and prosperos, to passe 
to Callys, whear, forasmuch as my trayne extendeth me to the nombere of ' 
one thousand horses, which cannote in shorte tyme be transported, I intend 
to tarry by the space of 7 or 8 [days] and so take my jurney towardes 
Amyanse, wheare as ye write in your last leters, dated at Parris the 2. daye 
of this monthe, J which yesterday aryved heare at Canterbury, the Frenche 
kynge intendeth to meete with me ; purposynge to order and dispos my 
jurney aftere suche a fashion as I maye be theare by the xxvj. daye of this 
monthe ; praying you therfor that, repayring unto the Frenche kynge, and 
raakyng unto him my most homble and harty comendaciones, with like con- 
gratulatyones of his good recoverye, whearof ye may saye I am as glad as 
of any thing that coidd otherwise chaunce, supposyng verely that this letle 
febere unto him being shalbe to him a goode purgasyone to the contynuaunce 
of his healthe hearafter, and howe that it is muche to my comfort to un- 
derstand that he regardethe so muche my labores and travelles in this 
jurneye, myndyng for shortening and abridging thearof to meete with me at 
Amyans, albeit rather then his grace shold take any hurte in his body, or 

* John Clerk. 

•|- The letter must have been written on Monday the 8th of July. 

X This despatch of the Ambassadors is printed by Strype, Memorials, Vol. i, App. 
p. 31, No. XIV. 



doe any thinge to the hindraiise of his affayeres, I could have byne contented 
to have traveled further, nevertheles, since his grace is so pleased, I am vei*y 
glad thearof, and shall so order my jurney as afore. And forasmuche as 
in your said lettres ye make mention of an overture made by my lady the 
, Frenche kynges mother, of the meetyng of cardinalles beinge at liberty e to 
^ consulte and determyne what shalbe done for ordering of the churche, the 
pope thus beinge in captyvety and detayned in the emperores hands, 
wherof mention is made in your said letteres ; and wheare mention is made 
in your said letteres that my lady the French kynges mother, with very 
ardente and vehemente wordes, sayd that christyane princes could not of 
their honores suffere the head of Christes chorche to be kepte in servitude 
and captyvetye, and that theare could be no cause whearfor any prince of his 
owne authorytye could put the pope to his ransome, or keepe him in durance, 
but that all christyane princes for the tyme of the said captyvety ought to 
declyne from the jurisdiction of the same, aslonge as he was so detayned, 
and not put to lyberty ; whearby every christyayne manne myght have to 
him free accese as to their comone father of Christes chorche ; I am very 
glad that this overture proceedethe of her ; and had not she have made the 
same overture undoubtedly the kynge and I wold have made it, whearfore 
ye shall in conversyng with my lady, not only comend the sayd overture, 
alledging that I muche approve and thinke the same necesary to be followed, 
but also that it shalbe very expedyente that she by her greate wisdom and 
dexterytye do cause the kyng her sonne to write to suche cardynalles as be 
at lybertye out of Rome, as welle of Fraunce as Itally, to take the payne to 
com into Fraunce with all celerytye and possyble dillygence unto some 
place nye unto the kyng and me, wheare his grace, she, and I may conferre 
with them, and take order not onely for the government of the cliurche 
duringe the captyvetye of the pope, but also what is further to be done in 
case the emperor will not condescend to resonable condisyones of peace — 
Propterea, ne cjidcl tempoi'is per moram inutiliter ejfluat, urgete atque 
instate ut cardinales ad loca nobis quam ma.rime vicina conveniant 
et congregantur, ne nos in ulteriores partes GalUce protrahant, ilUcque 
nimium remorentur ; and for this purpose the pope's ambassador, who 
passethe with me in this jurneye, directethe his letteres as well to the legate 
de Salmates theare as also to the sayd cardinalles, being absent, and so 
shortely shall also the kynges highnes, and I will write to the cardinalles 


according to siiche a minute as ye shall receave hearwithe, which ye maye 
comunycate with the Frenche kyng and his counselle. 

Ye maye also saye unto the sayde Frenche kyng and my ladye, in as- 
muche as my passage towards him is div[u]lged in Flaunderes, and come 
to my ladye Margaretes eare, and that they, perceavinge it to be adverse 
to ther purpos, wold be glad to lette and interupte the same, which as it 
is sayd they might easily doe in certayne passages between Amyence 
and Galleys, unlese the same weare foreseene and provided for by the 
garrysones of his frontyeres, I doubt not but for his honore and my suertye 
he wold provide and forsee that no suche enterprise shalbe attempted uppon me 
and my trayne. Prayeng him therefore that some folkes may be deputed to 
come to me to Callys before my departynge from the same, with v/home I maye 
confere and be ascerteyned accordingly in what place I and my trayne from 
j our neye to journey e shalbe lodged and ordered for ray suertye. This done, 
I wold gladly that ye my lorde of Bathe, with as convenyent speed as myght 
be, tooke your jurneye towardes me, leavinge behinde you sir Anthony 
Broune, so as I might, after mye meeting with the Frenche kyng, comuny- 
cate suche secret matteres and of highe importance as I have to be disclosed 
to you on the kynges behalfe, wherin I wold gladly have conference with 
you 2 or 3 dayes ; whearfor, as maye stand with your comodytye, I wold 
gladly ye so ordered your meetynge with me as I myghte, iff it weare 
possyble, speake with you at Montrell, or at the furthest [at] Abaville. 

What my nomber is, and what personages I bringe with me, I shall 
more specyally wa*ite unto sir Anthony Broune before my departynge out 
of Callys, to shewe the same unto the Frenche kyng, whom I praye you to 
desyre that he take order for directyone of suche the kynges letteres as I 
shall from Callys send unto him to be convayed unto Spayne, Itally, and 
other partes, trustyng that uppon my corainge to the Frenche kynges pre- 
sence such wayes shalbe taken as shalbe to the honore of bothe princes, 
and to the welthe and tranquillytye of all Christendome. — finis. 

Indorsed. — Cardenall Wolse's lettere of his purposed jurneye 
as Ambassador to the Frenche kynge. 1527. 


[P. 41.] The Interview of Henry VIII. and Francis I. in 1532. 

A warrant to [ Garter and^ the queers ofarmes to attend the Kynge at 

the Entervlewe appoynted hetiveene King Henry the 8th and the 

French Kinge at Callais. 

(MS. Harl. 69, p. 57 b.) 

By the Kynge. 

Trustie and welbeloved, we greete you well. And whereas motyon and 
vertue is made as a mutuall desire of us and our good brother the French 
kynge for an enterviewe and meetynge to be made and had betweene us at 
our towne of Callais in the begininge of the month of October next ensuing, 
the same proceedinge of our sinceire love and amitie firmUe estabUshed 
upon indissoluble grounds and causes for the benefite and welthe of us both, 
our realmes and subjectes, and the welthe of all Christendom, is not 
unlikelie to take certayne efFecte, in which case it weare necessary for us to 
be soe furnished with our nobles and servauntes as our dignitie and estate 
represented with our honor doth require. We therefore, knowinge your 
towardness to serve us at all tymes as appertayneth, desire and praye you 
and neverthelesse command the same, not onlie to put yourselfe in a 
readines with foure servauntes to waite on you, well and comely horsed, to 
attend upon you at Canterbury the xxvij"". day of September next ensuing, 
but also to give monicion and warning in our name to Clarencieux and 
Norrey, eich of them to have three servauntes, to Carliell, Richmond, Lan- 
caster, and Windesore, with eiche of them two servauntes, and to Rougcroix, 
Porteculles, Blewmantle, Rougedragon and Barwicke, with eiche of them 
one servaunt, every one to be well and comely horsed, and in like manner to 
attend upon us at Canterbury the day aforesaid : Signefyinge unto you 
that the most parte of such parsonages as shall attend upon us being ap- 
pointed to apparell there servauntes in coates of lyght tawny with their devise 
upon the sleeve, and red Myllen bonnetes, which garmentes mustereth well 
and setteth forth the nombers, it should be acceptable to us if you and the 
rest of our servauntes before expressed every man for parte did the 
semblable. Given under our signet, at our manner of Langley, the xviij"'. day 
of August, &c. 

To our trustie and welbeloved Thomas Wrothesley alias Garter 
knight, princepall Kinge of Armes. 




Lodginges appointed for the Kinges highnes ivithin hys toivne 

of Calays. 

(MS. Harl. 283, p. 91.) 

The Staple Inne 

Sir John Wallopes 

My Lady Banastr' 

The Freres 

Richard Brownes 

Mr. Talbot 

Thomas Dewys 

Marshalles house, otherwise Whit- 

Richard Patrike 
Botfisshe house 
Richarde Chafer 
Randall Mynshalle 
Thomas Hawarde 
Henry Plankeney 
Raymond Cuttewes 
John Porter 
Mr. Secretory 
Wylliam Snowdon 
Thomas Tutt 
William Stevyns 
Richard Lemsters 

Christofer Tempest 
Thomas Lewes 
John Adison 
Thomas Skryvyn 
Robert Garneys 
Robert Bayneham 
John Grynstede 
Richard Judson 
Antony Strayle 
William Burdon 
James Thaccher 
Edmonde Prestwiche 
John Kele 
Walter Baker 
Hugh Smythes widowe 
Wylliam Staples 
Wylliam Gardyner 
Mrs. Hubbard 
The Noble 
Henry Kele 
Thorntons widowe 
Edwarde Goston 

Lodginges appointed for the Frenche Kinge, ^c. 

Henry Lacy 

Thomas Barton 
Rauf Brooke 
Arthur Beawford 
John Sakfeld 

Sampson Norton 
John Stoble 
Richard Wodehous 
Frauncis Ychingham 
Gregory Van 
John Massingberd 


Bryan Vavasour Richarde Sextons 

George Gaynesford The redde Crosse 

Robert Mathewe Adryan Dyer 

Edward Pye John Myller 

Edward Jenkyns Henry Smalebery 

John Henbery William Bayneham 

John Middelton Newtons house at the gate, other. 

Mr. Mason wise Mynshall 

Henry Lacy Adrian Dogan 

Robert Halle John Atwell 

Richarde Long Cristofer Conwaye 

Symon Jenyns Rycharde Rutter 

Sir Richarde Whetehyll Lucas widowe. 

Expenses of the King when at Calais, Oct. 1532. 
(From the Book of his Privy Purse.*) 

Item, the xij. day paied to one Renolles, in rewarde for bringing billes 
assigned to Dover by the kinges commaunderaent, xxiij*. m^d. 

Item, the same day paied to a servaunt of my lord wardeyns, in rewarde 
for bringing of a purpesse and carpes to Caleys, x*. 

Item, the xiij. day paied to a servaunt of sir John Nevelles, in rewarde for 
bringing of pastes of red dere to the king to Calays, vij*. Vyl. 

Item, the same day paied to Jacson the hardewareman, for a dousin and 
a halfe of Spanysshe gloves, iij*. vj(Z. 

Item, the xiiij. daye paied to maister Cromewelle, by the kinges com- 
maundement, for bowe-staves for bis grace's use, \li. 

Item, the same daye paied to a servaunt of the great maister,f in rewarde 
in bringing grapes and peres to my lady marques, j; to Calys, xlvj*. viijc?. 

Item, the xvij. daye paied to Cornelys,§ by the kinges commaundement, 

* Edited by Sir Harris Nicolas, 1827, 8vo. 

t Anne de Montmorency, great master of France, who was made a knight of the 
garter at this meeting. (See the note in p. 43.) 
J Anne Boleyne, marchioness of Pembroke. 
§ Cornelius Hays, the king's goldsmith. 


and maister Cromwell knowing to what use it should be employed unto, 
xlvjli. xiij*. iiijc?. 

Item, the xvij. daye paied unto the kinges owne handes, which his grace 
loste at dyce with my lorde of Norfolke, Palmer,* and Domyngo,-|- at Calays, 
iiij.c. corons, iiij^'^'xiij/i. \-j*. viijc?. 

Item, the xix. daye paied to maister Cromewell by the kinges commande- 
ment, xxiij/«. vJ5. viijrZ. 

Item, the same daye, paied to a servant of Pages, in rewarde for bringing 
of a nag to the King to Calys, xx^. 

Item, the xx. day paied to a Frenche man, for a cheyne made for a 
gyrdle of golde, weing iij. unces, at xj. corons the unce, whiche amountes to 
xxxiij. corons, yijli. xiujs. 

Item, the xxij. daye of Octobre paied to the cardynall de Larenno I and 
mouns'' le Guyse, for so moche money by the kinges grace loste unto them 
at tennes in Boleyne, xlvjli. xiij*. iiijc^. 

Item, the same day paied to the kinges owne handes, which his grace loste 
at dyce in Boleyne, to the said cardynalle, my lorde of Norfolke, my lord 
of Suffolke, and the great maister, Cxvjli. xiij*. iiijrf. 

Item, the xxiij. day paied for ahatte and a plume for the king in Boleyne, 


Item, the same day paid for the garnishing of ij. bonettes, and for the 
said hatte, xxiij^y. iiijrf. 

Item, the xxiiij.daye paied, by the kinges commaundment, to maister Crom- 
well at Boleyne, iij. m^ corons, vij. c li. 

Item, the xxv. daye paied to maister Ratclif for vj. forfet horses, and for 
the children's expenses, xiij^y. mjd. 

Item, the xxvj. daye paied to the syngers of the Frenche kinges pryvay 
chambre, in rewarde, iiij/j. xiij^y. myl. 

* Sir Thomas Palmer, knighted as the captain of Newnhambridge on the lOtli Nov. 
this year (see p. 123), and afterwards knight-porter of Calais (see p. 138). He was be- 
headed with the duke of Northumberland in 1553. 

•[* " Domyngo Lomelyn, that was wont to wyn much money of the kynge at the cardes 
and hasardynge." — Skelton's " Why come ye not to Court," He won of his royal play- 
mate, in less than three years, more than 620?. See the notes to Nicolas's Privy Purse 
Expenses, p. 316, and Dyce's Works of Skelton, p. 374. 

1 Loraine. 


Item, the same daye delivered to the kinges graces owne haiides, whiche 
he toke oute of one of the bagges, one hondrethe corons, xxiij^i. vj*. 

Item, the xxvij. day paied to Parker, yoman of the robes, for doubelettes 
for the garde to wrestle in bifore the king and the Frenche king at Calys, 
xliiij*. viijc?. 

Item, the xxviij. daye paied to the Frenche kinges jester in rewarde by 
the kinges commaunderaent, xl. corons, ixli. vj*. viijfZ. 

Item, the same day paied in rewarde to the singers of the cardpiall de 
Larena, xx. corons, mjli. xujs. iujd. 

Item, the xxix. daye paied to William Osbarne, skynner, for certen furres, 
whiche he solde unto the kynges grace at Calays, iiij^''xvij/^. xiij*. iiijc?. 

Item, the same daye paied to Forde at Calys by the kinges commaunde- 
ment, xvij li. x d. 

Item, the last daye paied to Philip for Thomas Smythe by the kinges 
commaundement, vli. ixs. 

Item, the same daye paied to Michelle, one of the garde, for carying the 
kinges stirf from Dovar to Calys, iij*. xd. 

Item, the seconde daye [of November] paied to Richard Gibson for 
masking gere when the king was at Calys, xjli. njs. jd. 

Item, the iij''^ daye paied to a servaunt of the Frenche kinges, in rewarde 
for bringing hawkes to the kinges grace to Calys, c. corons, xxiij^t. vj*. 

Item, the iiij. daye paied to a servant of the Frenche kinges, in rewarde 
for bringing a to the kinges grace to Calys, 1. corons, xjlL xujs. iiijrf. 

Item, the same daye paied to John Carter, in rewarde, by the kinges 
commaundement, xx^. 

Item, the same daye paied, by the kinges commaundement, to Boworthe, 
in rewarde, at Calys, xx. corons, iiij A', xiij*. uijd. 

Item, the same daye paied to Alart Plumer, the jeweller, for suche 
jewelles as the kinges grace bought of him at Calys, vij. m. iiij. c. xvj. 
corons, with iij*. iiijc?. in money, M^ vij. c.xlix^i. iiij^. \i\jd. 

Item, the same daye paied to the kinges owne hande, whiche his grace 
lost at dyce in Calys, to Domyngo and Palmer, c. corons, xxiij/?. vj*. vujd. 

Item, the v. day paied to Latronet, jeweller, for such jewelles as the kynges 
grace bought of him at Calys, M^ corons, ccxxxiij/j. \js. viijr/. 


Item, the same day paied to Symon Quanden, jewellci', for suche thinges 
as the kinges grace bought of him at Calys, m^ v.c. xxx. corons, iij.c. Ivij^i. 

Item, the v'^i. daye paied to Jenyns, the jeweller, for suche thinges as the 
kinges grace bought of him at Calayes, v.m^ corons, m^ c. lxvj/'«. xiij*. 

Item, the same daye paied to John de Grane, jeweller, for such thinges 
as the kinges grace bought of him at Calayes, iij. cl. corons, in sterling, 
iiij^'^j^j. xiij*. iiijc?. 

Item, the xj.daye paied to a servaunt of sir Edward Guldeford, in rewards 
for bringing of fesauntes to the kinges grace to Calays, x^. 

Item, the same daye paied to Skynner for the foles lodging and expenses 
at Calays, vij*. \jd. 

Item, the same daye paied to a servaunt of my lorde Lisle, in reward for 
bringing of a to the king, x^. 

Item, the vij. daye of November paied to maister Weston, for that he 
dud Wynne of the king at dyce at Calys, xlvj^/. xiij.v. iiijr?. 

Item, the same day paied to the smythe in rewarde for carying lockes 
with the king to Calays, vij*. vjrf. 

Item, the ix. daye paied to the kinges owne handes at Calays, iij.c. corons, 

Item, the same daye paied to Parker of the Robes for so moche money 
by him layed oute for the king, xxxj*. iuyl. 

Item, the x. daye paied to Phillip of the Pryvay Chambre, in rewarde by 
the kinges commaundement, iiij/^. xiij*. iiijc?. 

Item, the xj. daye paied to my lade marques of Pembroke, for that the 
kinges grace loste to hir in Calays at cardes, xv*. 

Item, the same daye paied to a chielde that the king heled of his sikenes 
at Calays, vij*. vjf?. 

Item, the same daye paied to the cutler for dressing of the kinges swerdes 
at Calays, xxxj*. jr/. 

Item, the same daye paied by the kinges commaundement in rewarde to 
sir Edward Nevelle, xxiij/«. vj*. viijc?. 

Item, the xij. daye paied to maister treasorer, for that he layd oute in 
almes to a pouer woman upon the walles at Calays, iiij*. viijrf. 

Item, the same daye paied to my lorde chamberlayne, for the kinges 
offering at our lady of Boleyne, xj*. iijrf. 

CAMD. soc, R 


Item, the same daye paied to my lorde chamberlayne, for the kinges 
offering at our lady in the walle at Calays, v^. 

Item, the same daye paied for a bote, to bringe the kinge a'bourde and 
than a'lande at Calays, v*. 

Item, the xiij. daye paied for bringing of the kinges stuf to the water side, 
and than for a bote, v*. 

Item, the same daye at night delivered to the kinges grace, to playe with 
maister Weston at tabuUes, iiij/t. xiiJ5. iiijc?. 

Item, the forsaied xiij. daye paied for bringing more of the kinges stuffe 
to the water side, and than for a bote, iiijs. viijrf. 

Item, the same daye paied for a bote to bringe the king a'bourde the 
ship at Calays, iiijs. viijc?. 

Item, the xiiij. daye paied to the kinges owne handes, for his offering to 
our lady in the Rocke at Dover, iiij*. viijc?. 

Item, the xv. daye paied to Stephan Lile for commyng over from Calays 
to Dover, in rewarde, ix*. iiijfZ. (p. 273.) 

Item, the [xxv.] daye paied to maister Longe for th' expenses of the faw- 
coners and the hawkes that the Frenche king sent to the king at Calays, 
xiij*. x'uyl. (p. 275.) 

An original commission under the king's sign manual, dated Calais, 
4 Nov., for the officers of the Jewelhouse to impress cartes or waynes, and 
carte-horses or oxen, to convey, either from Dover or Sandwich, to the Tower 
of London, " all suche our jewels and plate as we send now at this present 
time from our towne of Cales, beying ther lately occupied for the affaires of 
us and of our derest cousin the Frenche king," — is preserved in MS. Cotton. 
Titus, B. I. p. 57. 

Knightes made at Callais on AUhallowen day, Anno D'ni 1532, in the 
X xiiij y ere oftlie r eigne of the hinge. 
(MS. Cotton. Claud. C. iii. p. 115.) 
Sir Thomas Darcy of Essex. 
Sir Humfrey Forster of Barkshire. 
Sir John Ackett of Waterton, in Irelande. 
Sir George Somersett of Northampton. 


Sir George Gryifith of Staffordshire. 
Sir William Neweman of Northampton. 
Sir Edward Aston of Staffordshire. 

Sir Thomas Palmer, Capitayne of Newenham bridge, dubbed by the 
kinge the 10. of Novembre. 

Survey of Dilapidations at Calais, in 1530 or 1531. 

(MS. Cotton. Calig. E. in. pp. 77b and 78.) 

The date of this document is nearly determined by the mention it contains of accounts 
of 22 Hen. VIII. It shows that the public buildings and fortifications of Calais, as well 
as the private property within the town, were now in considerable decay, and that even 
the sum of 40001. was required for this object, notwithstanding the 2000/. ordered, and 
we may suppose expended, for the like purpose in the year 1523 (as shown in p. 98). 
When the king visited Calais in person in 1532, he authorised very extensive repairs, of 
which the particulars are stated in the document which will follow the present.) 

(^Burnt at the head) of the com ch, right in the mydway 

[betwixt] that and Becham tower, conteyni[ng . . . . ] foote wherof ys 
fallyii downe [into the] holow, that which must be takyn dow[n at] the 
leest by estemacion that ys alle re[ady ] 

Item, another warde of the southe syde of . . . which ys the vth warde 
from Devylyn to[wer, is] fallyn down, and must be takyn downe from . . . 
tower, conteyning in length clxxxix. foot. 

Item, the wharffe from Sercher'a tower to the s . . . . the sluse in Pai-a- 
dise, conteynyng in length c . . . . foote, whiche ys fallyn and fallyng 
down, w[hich to] remedy must be new made. 

Item, the wharffe before Lanterne gate, co[nteyning] in length cclxxxvj. 
foote, ys downe and redy [to fall] down, and must also be new made, or 
ellis th[e tide] wyll aproche Lanterne gate. 

Item, the hedd bytwene bothe stayres byfore the Lanterne gate, and also 
the pere that standeth in the Fishers gapp, must be new made also. 

Item, the hole charges of bothe the wardes of the wallis fallyn down, 
and to be takyn down and newe made, by estimacion wolle coste above 
cc/«. sterling, besydes stone, brykkes, and the kinges owne masons. 

[ the greate the tide] commyth sodenly and 

oftyn, so that the [remedy] cannot be welle had now. The carpenter 


estemyth it woU spende vj. or vlj. c tonnys of ty[mber,] every ton vj.?. viije?. 
sterling-, with the fraught and caryage. Siimma, ccxxxiij^i. vj*. viijc?. 

Item, the ireon workes wolbe above ccli. sterling. 

Item, the see chiy, which must be diggide at the flow marke without 
Newham brydge, and to be caride to the towne by wagons, wolbe above cli. 

Item, where that opon the last warrant delyverde unto [the] surveiour, 
William Lambert, directide to ^Nlr. Robert Fouler, [vice] treasourer of 
Calais, bering date at Ampthill the xjth day of September, to delyver unto 
the saide William Lambert, then employede on the kinges workes, of suche 
money as were than in the hands of the saide Mr. Fouler, opon his [account] 
for the yere ending at Myghelmas in An°. xxij°'° H. viij. alle which moneye 
so delyverde ys nowe clerely spent and gone opon the same, so nowe 
must be new warrant unto the saide Mr. Fouler for other money for these 
f[oresaid] workes now knowen of grete importaunce over and b[eyond] other 
works yet in hande, and not alle fynyshed, [as] the sluce without the Water- 
gate, the utter [ward] at Rysebancke, and within the towne at Mylkgate, 
[and at] Devylyn tower with the ij. wards joynyng to him [at the] syde, 
with ther mownte and platforme, as hyt is . . . with also sewing and mend- 
ing the bray, callyde Mr. L. . . . bray, with harde stone, and amending of 
the see [wall] with see turff and hurras. 

st with one round of the platforme in the topp. 

Item, the seconde brydge of the .... the drawe brydge and the horse 
to ... . from the grounde. 

Item, the brydge betwene the donge[on and the] castoll to be new 
made or emendide a . . . 

Item, the dyke of the dongeon and the .... to be clensvde and new 
cast, and to be am[endid] where as appereth to be nede ; and also the . . . 
to be amendide rounde about in all places where nede is. 

Item, the walle of the base courte roun[d about] to be reparvdc as 

Item, the walle betwene the watche tow[er.s] ys fallyng downe, muste 
Dedes be amendyde [with] deligence, or ellys it wolle fall downe into the 
[dyke,] whiche wolbe moche more chargeable. 

Item, the Shaking tower on the north-est corner of the saide castelle to 


be takvn downe and brought up agayne, with bothe the ij. wardes on the 
no[rth] of the same castelle to be amendide where as nedith. 

Item, casting- of the dyke of the saide castelle woll coste cU. sterling. 

Item, the estimat of these other works of the same castelle wolle amounte 
above cccc[//.] 


(JIS. Cotton. Faustina, E. vii. pp. 33 — 38. A second copy is in the same volume, 

pp. 103—105.) 

For Mr. Amner,* toivchinge the Fortyfycacion of Coles. 

A Devyse made by the kinges highenes at his graces being at the towne 
of Calls, in the xxiiij'^ yere of his reigne, for the fortificacion of the 
said tcwne, as hereaffter foUoweth : 

First, to make Becham's bulwerke so massy that it be not well bateable. 
And from the said bulwerke north-est into the see, to the full see-marke, to 
make a strong bulwerke with an arche for carriage to pass under ; and gates 
to the same, to be opened and shitt as shalbe thought good. And the said 
arche to be made so as a platforme may be made thereupon. And the said 
bulwerke from the arche to the sea-wardes to be rownde, and to be made 
that the same may beate as well into the see to the mouth of the haven, 
as alonges the greve to Flaunders wardes, and the way to Lantern gate. 

Item, to make a travers from Becham's tower to Becham's bulwerke, with 
an arche for the water to passe under : the said travers to be made as well 
for the defense of the bi'ais as for the covering of the sighte of the same, 
soo as no man shall loke nor see alonges the said brais. 

Item, from the est point of Becham's bulwerke to another point that is 
betwene that and the drawe-b ridge of the said bulwerke, to be made rownde. 
And the doweve f at the ende of the said brais ther to be kytt and avoyded 
away, soo as the said bulwerke may beate alonges the flankes to Mylke 
gate. And the crosse wall nowe bevng for the olde saylyj to be voyded 
and taken away. 

Item, Becham's tower to be taken downe to the too wyndose at the nether 
end of the iveys groyng on the same ; and the said tower to be massied up 

* Tlie king's almoner at tliis date was Edward Lea, Wolsey's successor as arcbbisliop 
of York. f dove in the second enpi/, atfol. 103. 

X i-. e. sally-port, la the seroiid rop^i, at fol. 103, it is written saylewe. 


with lynie and sand, stone, rubishe, and chalke, and on the topp thereof to 
be a platfourme. 

Item, the bulwarke betwene Becham's bulwerk and Milkegate to be made 
so highe, and the canoners therof raysed, that the same may beate as well 
the parke as the downes, and that there may be made upon the highte of 
the said bulwerke a platfourme, if nede be, with a vaund mure.* 

Item, betwene Becham's tower and Dewlin's tower is vj. towers, ac- 
compting the said Becham's tower for one, wherof iij. to be made massy, 
and iij. open, to beate the flankes of the diche. 

Item, half way betwene Becham's tower and Dewlyn's tower, within the 
towne, a mounte to be made of (blank J foote square, for the beating of 
the parke, the pawne, the downes, and the contreth-j- all aboutes the same. 

Item, a lighte bridge to be made besides the said mounte out of the 
towne, as well to geve socours to the brais, as to retire oute of the same 
into the towne, as the case shall require. 

Item, the cannoners of the newe bulwerk at IMylkegate to be raised, and 
the splaies thereof to be made as the kinges grace hath devised, so as the 
same may beate both the flankes ; and the inner wall of the said bulwerke 
to be taken downe, so as the said bulwerke may be open to the bulwerke 
before the gate. 

Item, the said bulwerke before the said Milkegate to be made so massy 
that it be not bateable, and also so highe, in maner of a platfourme, that 
the same may not onely cover and defend the gate, and discover and beate 
into and over the newe bulwerke and brais into the parke, the downes, the 
pawne, and the contreth ther abouts, but also to beate alonges the flankes of 
the said brais for the defense of the inner wall and diche. 

Item, the newe bulwerke at Dewlyn:]: tower to be rased viij. foote higher, 
and the splaies of the same to be made as the kinges grace hath devised ; and 
the said bulwerk to be made further into the bankes of the brais on eyther 
side, as the ground ther well serveth for the same ; and on eyther of the 
said sides a newe cannoner to be made, the one to beate alonges the flankes 

* An avant-mur. + i. e. country. 

% In the second copy this is called DyveljTi tower, and in the Proceedings of the Pri\'y 
Council in 1541, when its repairs were proceeding, Duvelyn and Dublyn bulwerk. (Vol. 
vii. pp. 213, 232.) There were a Beauchamp tower and a Develyn tower at the tower of 
London as well as at Calais (bird's eye view, 1597), but the latter in 23 Hen, VIII. is 
called Robyn the Dcvyll's tower. (Bayley's Hist. Ajipx. p. ix.) 


of the brais to Milkegate, and the other to Prince's bulwerke ; and to amend 
the cannoners along, so as the same may in likewise beate the said flankes. 

Item, Dewlyn's tower to be taken downe, as moche as nede shalbe, and 
the same to be lyned, made broder, and massied up with lyme and stone, 
and thereupon a platfourme to be made to here a grete pece of ordinaunce, 
as well to beate over the bulwerke ther, as to scoure the contreth there- 

Item, the tower next unto Dewlyn's tower towardes Prince's bulwerke to 
be open, and the tower next the same to be massied up for a platfourme ; 
and so every tower from thence to the said Prince's bulwerke, one to be 
open, and another to be massied up ; and every tower that shalbe made 
open, to be of the heigthe of the vaund mure of the towne wall ; and every 
tower that shalbe massied up, to be of one highte. 

Item, betwene the bulwerke at Dewlyn tower and Prince's bulwerke, suche 
a bulwerke to be made as is betwene Milkegate and Becham's bulwerke, 
with cannoners in the same, as well to scoure and beate the flankes of the 
brais, as the contreth ther aboutes. 

Item, at the said Prince's bulwerke a gate to be made, and the tower 
nowe standing in the wall of the towne to be made on the one side of the 
said gate, and another like to be made on the other side of the said gate ; 
and over the said gate, betwene the said too towers, a platfourme to beate 
over the bulwerke and brais there. 

Item, the said Prince's bulwerke to be made rounde with canoners, for the 
beating of the said flankes of the brais, as well to Bollen gate as to the 
bulwerk towards Dewlyn tower ; and the gate out of the same not to be 
made directly before the gate out of the towne, but on the side of the said 
bulwerke to the estwardes. 

Item, that the counter mure of the inner diche do go furthe as the same 
is begonne. 

Item, that such a light bridge be made betwene the said Prince's bulwerke 
and Dewlyn toure, as is devised to be made betwene Becham's bulwerke 
and Mylkegate, as well for men to issue out of the towne for the defense of 
the bulwerkes and brais, as to recoile into the towne, as the case shall require. 

Item, suche a bulwerke to be made betwene Prince's bulwerke and Bolen 
gate, as is devised to be made betwene Prince's bulwerke and Dewlyn's 


Item, that the biilwerke bcfor Bolen gate be made so that the same may 
responde and beate the flankes, as well to the newe bulwerke devised to 
be made betvvene that and Prince's gate, as to the bulwerke at the corner of 
the newe bray. 

Item, that suche a lighte bridge be made betwene Prince's bulwerke and 
Bolengate, as is devised to be made betwene Dewlyn tower and Prince's 
bulwerke, and another like bridge betwene Bolen gate and the newe bray. 

Item, that rounde aboutes the towne where the wall standeth upon arches, 
the same arches to be filled with brick, and too foote of the vaund mur to 
be taken downe ; and all the loopes to be made mayne wall, and the wall 
that men goo on nowe to be made as highe as the vaund mure, when the 
said too foote shalbe taken downe ; and then alonges the walle splaies to be 
made after the kinges devise, in stede of lowpes ; and such a rampeir of 
erthe to be laed to the wall as too cartes may goo afront thereupon, and to 
be of the same highte that the wall (which men goo upon nowe) is, or some 
thing lower. 

A Devise for the Haven. 

First, at the end of the est juttye, a strong tower to be made, with a plat- 
fourme upon the toppe therof, and cannoners out of the said tower, with 
ventes for the same ; as well to beate the mouth of the haven hard by the 
water, as along the greve to Gravelingwardes. 

Item, the jutty from the said tower to the mayne land to be made brode 
beneth and narowe upward, affter suche facion and proporcion as by the 
overseers of the woi-kes, and the workmen of the same, shalbe thought 
requisite ; foreseyng always, that the tymberwerke of the said juttye be sett 
soo nyghe togethers, and also to be made close on the topp thereof, that the 
see shall have no power to wesh ne cast out the chalke, nor such other stuflF 
as the same shalbe filled withall. 

Item, a travers to be made over the haven with iij. floodgates, for the 
receyvyng of the water that commeth in with the floode, and the keping 
thereof till the water shalbe ebbed out of the said haven, and then to open 
the said floodgats and lett the water passe ; the said travers to be made from 
the bulwerke in the bray wher the king did appoint, streighte over the 
downes, and at the end therof a tower to be made, as well for the defens of 
the same floodgates as to beate over alonges the said downes. 


Item, a wharf of stone to be made alonges the downes on the side therof 
towards the haven, from Risebanke almost to Dikeland, to th 'intent that the 
see (which shalbe stopped within the haven by reason of the travers) were 
not throgh the said downes in processe of tjTue, and specially when the 
wynde shalbe betwixt the est and the south -south west. 

Item, a strong and a substanciall wall to be made from th'ende of the 
bray behinde the castelle alonges the full see-marke till ye come as ferr as 
the newe bulwerk, and then the said wall to kitt over, and joyne with the 
said newe bulwerke at the end of the newe bray next the castell ; and the 
same to be soo made, that the sluse that is nowe in the wall which gooth 
towardes Newnhara bridge may both lett in and out the w^ater within the 
said wall. The said wall to be made with a vaund mure for defens, and 
also a gate to be made out thereof into the filde for a sayly, as the case shall 

Item, a wharf of stone to be made from the ende of the said bray almost 
as ferr as the rounde bulwerke of erth, for the defens of the see from the 
north and westerly wynd, like as the wharf on the other side of the haven is 
devised to be made for the south and esterly wynde. 

Item, a sluse to be made at Dikeland for the I'eceyving of the see at the 
floode, and the keping therof tyll the last quarter ebbe, that the water 
beneth the same in the haven be gon ; and then the said sluse to be opened, 
and the water kept lett passe. 

Item, a wall of erthe to be made from the said sluse at Dikeland streight 
up to the highe land of the countrie, the same to goo betwene Frowickes 
house and Lambertes house, in suche place there as it shalbe thought most 
convenient ; which wall shall serve to kepe and defende the see from over- 
rennyng of the cause, and the low countreth thereaboutes. 

Item, a wall of erthe to be made on either side of the plashe* at Newnham 
bridge ; to th'intent that, when the see shalbe stopped tyll the half ebbe, the 
fresh water doo not overren the countreth thereaboutes. 

Item, that all the erth which shall serve for the making of the said too 
walles be digged but onely in too places, where by reason therof too grete 
pondes to be made, wherein so moche the more water shalbe receyved. 

Indorsed. A devyce for the fortificacion of Ca[l]is. 

* This was a marshy spot, or pool : see the Map. 




From the unfavourable picture of the material condition of the king's town of Calais, 
given by the preceding documents, we turn to the still more essential requisites of its disci- 
pline and government, which the following paper assures us to have been " far out of 
order." It is a report addressed to Cromwell, by sir William Fitzwilliam* and other com- 
missioners, who were specially sent to make inquiry into abuses, and arrived on the 18th 
of August, 1535.t 

(MS. Cotton. Caligula, E. ii. p. 98.) 

Sir, The cause for whie we have [not written unto] you sythens our 
comyng into these parties, soo as the kinges [highness] might bee adver- 
tised of our procedinges and doinges in his graces affaires here, is this : — We 
assure you that we have fownde this towne and marches farre out of ordre, 
and soe farre, that it wold greve and pitie the hart of any good and true 
Englissheman to here or see the same. It maye please you therfor to 
understonde we have had before us as well my lord deputie, the mayre, and 
all the counsaill of the said towne, as also diverse others of the kinges true 
servauntes of the same, and examyned every of theym apart, what the 
cause is that the good, olde, and holsome lawes, ordenances, and constitu- 
tiones of the said towne and marches, made by the kinges highnes and his 
noble progenitours, have not been followed and put in due execution (which 
surely is a greate cause of the decaye of the said towne and marches). 

* At an earlier period, in the year 1525, sir William Fitzwilliam had been one of 
a commission, of which lord Sandes, sir William Fitzwilliam treasurer of the household, 
John Hales one of the barons of the exchequer, Christopher Hales solicitor-general, and 
William Breswoode, met at Guisnes on the 29th Aug. 17 Hen. VIII. and there promul- 
gated " The booke of newe Ordenaunces and decreis for the Countye of Guisnes, made, 
devised, and ordeyned by the Kinges Justices and Comissioners appoynted for that same, 
which were delivered to the Baylye and Lawe at Guisnes aforesaid in the Kinges open 
court, holden there the first daye of February, anno regni regis Henrici octavi xx""." 
These ordinances, which are of considerable length, will be found in the MS. Cotton. 
Faustina, E. vii. fl'. 40 et seq. They refer chiefly to the tenure of lands within the county. 
They were testified by the affixing of the great seal of the king's exchequer of Calais, the 
seal of the king's comptroller, the usual seal of the mayor and aldermen of Calais, and the 
common seal of the staple thereof, (fol. 65.) 

"I" This date is derived from documents in the State Paper Office, to which Miss Wood 
refers in her Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies, vol. ii. p. 226, Turpyn's chronicle 
(ante, p. 45) records that sir William had made an earlier visit to the town, on the 26th 
May in the same year, to attend a conference with the French ambassador Chabot, 


Wherunto they made answere, that they wold not let to shewe the said 
causes and remedye for the same, as farre furthe as they coulde, and that 
they were moche bownde unto the kinges said highnes that it pleaseth his 
grace to have the said towne and marches and theym soo graciously in his 
remembrance, sayeng that [there] was never more nede nor better tyme 
soo to have doon [than] now. And upon that we required theym to make 
[unto] us bookes, particulary of the causes of the said decayes, and the 
remedies therof ; and also of all extorcions and oppressions doon by any 
manner of person within the said towne and marches, which they not 
omitted willingly to doe [and] accomplisshe ; and upon that we have 
gadered as well oute of the olde ordenaunces of this towne, as [information] 
of the kinges good and true servauntes of the said towne, [and have] ther- 
upon devised a charge, the breviat whereof [we have] unto you herin en- 
closed, which we yesterday delivered [unto] inquestes and juries by us 
charged and sworn, to every [of the] premisses, that is to saye, oon inquest 
of speres, an [other of] tipstaves with the clerk of the counsaille, a quest 

and an other of constables ; all the which persons [receive] the 

kinges wages, and bee his sworne servauntes ; and of [the town a] quest of 
aldermen, a quest of bourgesses and [another of] commoners, by whom we 
trust and doubt not but [that the] kinges highnes shalbe enformed of every 
thyng at length. [But] to bee playen with you, we doo not moche doubt but 
that [the] moost parte of the articles conteigned in the said charge [will be] 
fownde and presented, and it bee not the article for trea[son], wherin we 
here of noon as yet soo ungracious as to off [end]. But as to the moost 
part of the rest, they be confessed alredy. And we assure you, and it bee 
not a very [few] which set more by their singlier advaille then they doo 
[by the] common weale, on erth we never sawe people rejoyse more 
[than they] doo thorough oute of the towne, saying, " How moche ar [we 
bound] unto our gracioux souverain lord, that it pleaseth his ma[jesty] to 
loke upon us !" And as now we goo aboutes to tr[y the] musters as well 
of this towne as of Guysnes, Ha[mmes,] Newenhambridge, Risebank, 
and of all other men of war [in] these parties, and have gyven such 
ordre in that behalf, that [we] undertake and adwarrant you the kinges 
highnes shall not bee [displeased] therin ; and we had thought to have 
mustred every other man [of the] towne and marches ; nevertheles, by 
reason that we see th[erein] such a greate norabre of straungiers, and soo 


fewe Englishemen within the said towne and marches, we thin[k . . 

. . . . not appere nei* bee knowen to straungiers, [we shall] make 
bookes of theym and their names, and what nombre [there is] in every 
pai'isshe; soo as the certaintie thereof sha]beas[well] knowen as though we 
mustred theym. And finally, please it you to understande that we cannot at 
this present tyme refourme all thinges which is out of ordre here, for sum 
thinges there is that cannot be perfaicted without an Acte of Parliament ;* 
and sum other thinges there is that the kinges highnes must put his gra- 
cioux hande unto the refourmacion of. But loke how many thinges may 
conveniently be refourmed before our departure from hence, and we shalle 
not faille not oonly to see the same ordred accordingly, but also all other 
thinges that is to bee doon shalbe in such wise framed by us before our 
said departure, that yf the kinges highnes, when he shal have seen theym, or 
suche of his counsaille as his grace shall appointe therin, doo like theym, 
there shall not nede moch busynesse to put them in ure ; and yf his highnes 
shall not like alle part therof as we have and shal have devised theym, the 
same to bee refourmed as shall stande with his moost gracioux pleasure. 
For we thinke the towne and marches is so farre oute of ordre, and no lawe 
ner ordenaunces therin perfaicte to shewe and instructe theym there how 
they shulde amende, that we wold no man shold have the honour of 
making of those lawes perfaict but oonly the kinges highnes ; not 
doubting but that, by his greate wysdome and [your] good advise and such 
other of his counsaill as it shall please his highnes to calle therunto, such 
lawes and ordenaunces shalbe made and ordoned for the suretie and weale 

of this towne and marches as was never seen ner made 

of the 

said towne and marches doe not followe and [keep] the said lawes and 
ordenaiuices, he or they shall not excuse theym by ignorance, but shall by 
reason therof renne soo farre into his grace's daungier, that [it will be] to 

* Such an act was passed in the following year, 27 Hen. VIII. cap. 63, and will be 
found in the Statutes of the Realm, vol. iii. pp. 632—650. By another act, the 32 Hen. 
VIII. cap. 27, divers grants of offices within the towns of Calais, Guynes, Hammes, 
Ruysbanck, and the marches of the same, and in the town of Barwicke, such being 
" extraordinai-y and not the ordinary offices," &c. as also sheriffwicks in Wales, all which 
were alleged to have been obtained of the crown by sinister means, were resumed, and 
made void. (Ibid. p. 784.) 


hevie for theym to bey re, and yet easye in[ough to be] kept yf they will 
endevour them selfes to doo their [duties] ; and for our partes, we assure you, 
our ententes with [our] endevours shalbe good to doo unto the kinges highnes 
[good service] in these matiers, without having respect to any pers[on]. 

As concerning sundry your lettres to ntie, sir Willyara Fitzwilliam, lately 
addressed, which I have receyved [since] my comyng to this towne, I have 
not as yet examyn[ed all] such matiers as therein be conteigned, for I and 
my [company] entende and purpose furst and before all thinges to loke 
[unto] those things which touche the kinges highnes and suer[ty of] this 
his towne and marches; and that doon, we [shall not] omitte to doo and 
ordre our selfes according to these said lettres soo to me the said sir Wil- 
liam written, [and to] loke upon as many other matiers as the tyme 
[shall] serve us to doo, without taking of any passety[me or] pleasur, by 
all the tyme of our being here. As [knoweth] the blessed Trinitie, who 
have you in his moost [holy] tuycion. At Calays, the xxvijth daye of 

Your houne* aseured, 

Wylla Fitz-Wylla. 
Thomas Walssh, 
John Baker. 
George Poulet. 
Antony Sentleger. 

Inquest into the state of Calais, 

(MS. Cotton. Caligula, E. ii. p. 160a.) 
This document, from another part of the same volume, appears to be the charge to the 
jurors, referred to in the preceding despatch of the commissioners. 

[Ye] shalle enquere and truly present unto us yf any personne or per- 
sonnes, whatsoever he or they be, contrary to the dutie of his or their 
[alleg]eaunce, have imagenyd, conspired, concelyd, spoken, committed, or 
doon any treason agaynst our souverain lord king Henry the viijte, [or] 
agaynst the suertie, weale, and good ordre of this his towne of Calays and 
marches of the same. 

Also j{ the deputie of this towne of Calays, the mayre, captayn of 

* The line is %oritten hy Sir William Fitzioilliam himself, together with his signature ; 
and this ivord ap^iears to he hovne,/or own. 


Guysnes, the higlie marshalle, lieutenant of the castell of Calays, vice- 
treasorer, comptroller, capitayns of Risebank, Hampnes, and Newenham- 
bridge, maister porter, undermarshalle, surveyour of the kinges workes, 
gentilman porter, bailiffes of Gpies, Marke, Oye, Sandegate and Colume, 
waterbaillif, custumer, sercheour, and all other officers of this towne and 
marches of the same, and every other souldiour, burgles, marchaunt, and 
inhabitaunt within the said towne and marches, whatsoever he or they bee, 
have doon and observed thier duetie and dueties in all thinges, as unto thier 
offices and rowmes apperteigneth ; and of the defaultes, negligences, extor- 
cions, conceilmentes, oppressions, and exaccions committed or doon by 
theym or any of theym, within the said town and marches. 

Also yf the nombre of the retinue bee replenysshed. 

Yf the)' bee hable men. 

Yf the officers, speyres, and souldvours been resiant within the towne of 
Calays, and whether they and every of theym at all t\Tnes have been four- 
nysshed with horse and barneys accordingly. 

Yf the watches and wardes bee kept at howres and ty^mes accustomed, 
and \yith. such nombre of hable men as oweth to bee. 

Yf there be any allyauntes* dwelling within the said to\\*ne and marches 
[contra] ry to the custume [of the said towne and march] es, and by whom. 

Yf there bee vesselles of water set at every man's dore, and within their 
houses, for casualties of fyre and clensing the stretes. 

Yf any excesse tolles bee taken by any manner of personne or personnes 

Yf there bee any forstalling or regrating of grayne, or any other vitailles. 

Yf any habitant of the said towne and marches sell any grayne, breyd, 
bere, or any other vitaille to any personne dwelling without the said towne 
and marches. 

Yf any souldyour bee baker, brewar, or other vitailler or 

whose default 

bee landes or tenementes, goodes or 

what cause they did soe [exchange the said] forfaites, also to 

whose handes they did come, and in whose custodie they now bee. And of 
the yerely extent of the said landes, and the value of the said goods. 

* aliens. 


Also what rentes, services, and custumes belonging to the king in this 
towne and marches been withdrawen and conceded from the king, and by 
whom, and by what tyme they have been soe withdrawen, and of almanner 
of intrusions had or made by any personne or personnes upon any of his 
possessions, whatsoever they bee, within the said towne and marches, by 
whom and how long. 

Yf any tenant or fermour of any of the kinges messuages, landes, or 
tenements within the towne of Calays, the countie of Guysnes, or elles 
within the marches of Calays, hath taken to wiff any allyon born, or any 
woman taken to husband any allyon born, without the kinges speciall licence, 
under his greate scale of England, or his scale of the exchequer of Calays, 
to be had upon a bill signed by the king in that behalf. 

Also yf all personnes having benefices, or other whatsoever spirituall 
promocions, bee resident upon the same benefices or spirituall promocions, 
as hee oweth to bee. And such as been absent, you shall present their 
names and the yerely value of their benefices, as nighe as you can. 

Where this havon of Calays is a greate treasore, comforte, and comoditie, 
as well unto the realme of England as unto this towne of Calays and the 
marches of the same ; and for the amendement and mayntenaunce thereof, 
the king of his great grace and goodnes commaunded and caused a certain 
grounde of his, called Dikeland, to bee cut up, whereby his grace did lose 
the profittes of the same, by occasion wherof the same havon was greatly 
amended, which begynneth now to decaye as it is said, ye shall therfore 
inquire the occasion therof, whether it bee by making of bankes and 
draynyng of the watercourse, or otherwise ; and yf any such thing bee, by 
whom it is doon, and how many acres lande every personne that soo hath 
doon hath incroched and wonne thereby, and what rentes and fermes they 
paye unto the kinges highnes for the same. 

And finallye, ye shall enquere of all and every thing whatsoever it bee 
touching and in any wise concerning the prouffit, weale, sui'etie, ordenaunce, 
and good governaunce of this towne and marches of the same not true- 
lye observed, perfourmed, executed, and kept, as though the same thing 
and thinges are specially and [particu]larly rehersed from pointe to pointe 
to you by name. 

136 the garrison- of calais. [1533. 

Muster-roll of the Garrison of Calais, 1333. 

The important document which now follows, is dated on its first leaf, which is fol. 74 
of MS. Cotton. Faustina, E. vii. in a more recent hand : thus, " Calais, 25 Hen. 8." That 
date is in some measure confirmed by the name of lord Lisle occurring as deputy, who 
was so appointed in 24 Hen. VIII. Its early pages contain a muster-roll of the whole 
garrison, of which an abstract ^^^ll be sufficient: — 

[f. 75.] " Le Vynteyne." The men received at the rate of vjcl. a day, 
from which one-eighteenth part was deducted for victual money, and one 
day for the king- xijc?., so there remained (per annum) viij/. xj*. xjfZ. a man. 

[f. 78.] " Summa totalis of the hole vinteyne,* being in theyr owne wages, 
with ij. persons under the survey our, and oon under John Sheparde, — Clxiiij. 
persons, argent M' iiijf viij/j. v*. viijrf. st. t. 

[f. 78 b.] " Le Constablerie." These were paid in like manner, but 
at the rate of viijrf. a day. 

[f. 80 b.] " Summa totalis of the hole constablerie, with ij. in \jd. in 
theyr owne wages, and ij. viijc?. under the surveyour, with iiij. or vjd. 
in petie wages, as within the partyclers apperythe — iiij^^ix persons, argent 
Mij/«. xij*. iiijrf. St. 

[f. 81.] " Baxner Watche." Summa vj. persons, argent \\li. iij.y. 
iijrf. St. 

[f. 81 b.] Porters. Summa xij. persons, at viij/«. xjs. xjc?. per annum, 
argente ciij/«. iijrf. st. 

Sergeauntes. Summa vj. persons, at xj/«. ix*. ijrf. per annum, 

argent Ixviij/i. xxs. st. 

[f. 82.] Daywatchis. Summa iiij. persons, at \ijli. iiJA\ vd. per annum, 
argent xxviij^i. xiiij*. st. 

Skewrers [scourers]. Summa iiij. persons, at xj/j. ix.y. ijd. per 

annum, argente xlv/j. xvjs. viijf/. st. t. 

[f. 82 b.] Archers. Summa xvj. persons, at the same pay, argent 
cxiij^^iij7i. vj.?. viijrf. st. t. 

[f. 83.] Speres. The names of these will be given, as being persons 
of good family, and many of whom attained afterwards a higher rank.f 

* The Vintayne was a regiment divided into companies, each of twenty men, and each 
commanded by a Yintener. In the present case, the companies were not complete, as 
each had only from twelve to sixteen men. 

"t" Even among the " vinteners" there are several names that look like men of good 


George Browne, at xv'iijd., with iij. in viijc?. and one in vjd., vyctail 
money and a day for the king deducted, IxviijA'. xv.y. 

Frauncis Hall, at xviijrf., and his man in \jd., and one in viijrZ., 
xxxiiijV/. vij*. \jd. 

Richarde Cokeson, with his ij. men, one in v^d. and one in vu]d., 
xlv/i, xvj.y. viijrf. 

Rauffe Broke, at x\jd. per diem, and xx. markes in rewarde per annum, with 
one in vjrf. and one in viijr^., xVixli. xvjs. viijrf. 

John Medleton, with his man in \jd., xxxiiij/'j. vij*. \jd. 

Richarde Bhuit, with his ij. men in vjrf., xHj/t. xix*. vjr^. 

John Browne, with his two men, one in vjrf, and one in viijrf. xUli. xvj.9. viiir^. 

Robert ap Reynolde, with his man in vjrf., xxxiiij^j. vijs. vjrf. 

Thomas, with two men, one in vyl. and one in viijf/., xlvli. xvjs. viij</. 

Henrie Paulmer, with two men in vjc?., xlij/^■. xix*. vjd. 

James Bourger, with his man in vjd., xxxiiijli. vij*. \jd. 

Frauncis Hastinges, at xviijc?. onhe withoute any man, xxvli. xvs. vij</. 

Leonarde Hollande, with his man in vj(i?., xxxiiij^i. vij*. vjd. 

Richarde Wynebanck, with his man in vjc?., xxxiiij/j. vij^. vjf/. 

GefFraye Lovedaye, at xijrf. per diem, and xx. markes in rewarde per 
annum, with one in vnjd. and ij. in vjc/., Iviiij/^'. viij*. vijf^. 

John Ruckewood, at viijrf., with his iij. men in vj(^., I'llL xjs. inyl. 

George Gainsford, with his man in vjd., xxxiiij/*. vij.?. vjd. 

Thomas Tate, at xijr^. per diem, and xx. markes in rewarde per annum, 
with one man in viijf?. and one in yjd., xhx/«. xvj.^. viijf/. 

Richarde Long, at xijd. per diem, and xx. markes in rewarde per annum, 
with one man in viijc?. and one in vjc/., x]j^«. iiij*. yuyl. 

John Rawlyns, at xijc?. per diem, and xx. markes in rewarde per annum, 
with one man in vjc?., xxxviij^i. viji'. vjd. 

Edwarde Poynynges, at xijrf. per diem, and xx. markes in rewarde per 
annum, with one man in vjd. and one in viije?., xMxli. xvjs. viijd. 

Summa of the xxij. speres, xxxvij. men under them at viijc?. and vjd., 
argent ixcxlvij?*. xs. ixd. sterling. 

birth, as Thomas Willoughhie, Thomas Howard, Rowland StatTorde, Sampson Norton, 
John Calverley, and others. Among the constablerie are Richard Pelham, Thomas Chay- 
ney, Philip Tylney, and " Richarde Turpyn," whom we have to thank for the Chronicle 
which forms the early part of the present volume, 




My lorde Vicecounte Lyslie, deputie, at ij.?. per diem and xx. markes in 
rewarde per annum for hym selfe, with one spere at xviijrf., ij. archers, 
every of them at viijc?., and other xix. every of them at vjc?. Summa, 
cvjli. xxd. Inde, one daye for the kinge of every man's wages, xxvij*. 
Item, for vyctaill money, xviij?«. xc?., whiche ys the xviijti^. parte of every 
man's wages. And so rest clerelie, cccclxxvj/i. xiij*. xc?. st. 

Sir Kicharde Graynfylde, high marshall, at ijv. per diem and xx. markes 
in rewarde per annum, with v. souldyors at \ujd., and xj. at vjrf. Summa, 
ccxi/;". xr^. Inde, one daye for the king, xs. xd. Item, vyctaill money, 
x\lL xiij.?. xd. And so rest clerelie, ciiij^'^xviij/i. xvj*. ijf^. 

Sir Edwarde Ringlej, comptroller, at xviijc?. per diem, with iij. in viije?. 
and iiij. in vjc?. Summa, cli. vij*. vjd. Inde, one daye for the king, v*. xyl. 
Item, victaill money, \Ii. xj*. ijr^. And so rest clere, iiij'^xiiij^i. x*. xd. 

Sir Thomas Paulmer, knight porter, at xijrf. per diem and xx. markes in 
reward per annum, with vj. souldyors in \ujd. and vij. at vjd., and for the 
advauntage of the xij. porters' wages per diem. Summa, cciiij?«. xix*. ijd. 
Inde, one daye for the king, x*. vjd. Item, victaill money, xjli. vij*. jd. 
And reste clere, ciiij'^^xiij/t. xixd. 

William Sympson, vice-marshall, at xviijf^. for hym self, one man in viijf?., 
and iij. men in vjc?., althinges deductyd, Ixiij/t. vjrf. 

Sir John Wallop, leutenaunte of the castell, at ij*. per diem, and for his 
rewarde at xxll. per annum for hymself, with xxix. souldyors, every of 
them viijf?., and xx^i- every of them at xjd. Summa, ciiij^'^^xj/?. xvj*. vWjd. 
Inde, vyctaill money onely deducted, xxxijli. xvij*. vijrf. So rest clerlie, 
clviij/2. xix*. jd. st. t. 

Sir George Caro, leutenaunte of Ryshank, at xljc?. per diem for hymself, 
and xijd. for a man under hym, and for rewarde of eyther of them at xx. 
markes per annum, with xvj. souldyors, eyther of them at viijf?. per diem, 
andijc?. in rewarde to every of them. Sum, cccvj^/. x*. st. t. Inde, vyctaill 
money, xvij^i. vyl. So reste clere, cciiij'^^ixZ/. ix*. vjrf. 

Mr. leutenaunte of Newnham bridge, with iiij°''. dede pay3e at vjrf. per 
diem every of them, with one constable at vujd. and xj. souldyors, every of 
them at vj(/. per diem. Summa, cxlix^«. xd. Inde, victaill money, 
viij//. V*. vijf/. So rest, cxl/t. xv*. njd. 

1533.] THE (iARKISON OF CALAIS. 139 

My lorde Graye, leuteuaunt of Hampnes, at xijrf. per diem and xx. markes 
in rewarde per annum, with xvij. souldyors at viijrf. every of them, and 
vij. in vjrf. Summa, cccij^/. v^. Xf?. Inde, victaill money, xvj//. xv*. And 
so rest clere, cciiij^'^v^i. xs. 

My lord chamberlayne*, leutenaunte of Guysnes, at lis. per diem, and xl. 
markes per annum for his rewarde, and for spiall money xxxiij/i, vjs. viijrf., 
with xlix. souldyors at viijrf. and !'•• at vyl. Summa, Mlcxlviij/«. xviij.v. 
iiijf/. Inde, victaill money, Ixiij^/. xvj^y. vj(/. So rest clere to be paid, 
M^iij^^vi/i. xxd. st. t. 

Surama of the hole counsaill, as well within the towne as withoute, with 
theyr companyes fees and rewardes ordynarie, as before dothe appere, 
M^M'M'ccciiij^^v/i. xviij*. vd. st. t. 

[f. 85b.] Summa of the gi-eate retynue, viJM'.ccxxxiiij^^'. iiij^y. ix(/. st. t. 

[f. 86.] Retinentia Thesaurarii. 

Speres, Richarde Lee, Richarde Carie, Richarde Cole, and Thomas Mas- 
singberde, at wli. per ann. 

[f. 86 b.] Summa of the Thi-esorer's companye aforesaide, li. persons, 
argent iiij'^. lxix^«. ij*. ijr/. 

[f. 87.] Masons. William Baker, master mason, at xijrf. a day, and 
fifteen others at viijrf. — Summa, clxijVj. xiij.y. iiijrf. st. t. 

[f. 87b.] Carpenters. John Burde, master carpenter, at xijf/. 
and twenty others at viijd. — Summa, ccviij^. xj*. viijc?. st. t. 

[f. 88.] John Dossen, master smythe, at xijc?. a day, and Robert 
Robynson, plummer, at viijf?. — xxxij^. iij.*. xd. st. t. 

Jhsus and saint George, in bothe churchis, for the exchequer companye, 
which be in the kinges petie wages, iiij^i. ij^. viijrf. 

The annuite or pension some tyme paide to the Fryars Carmelites, and 
now graunted to my lorde Lisle, deputie, vj^. xiijc?. iiijrf. 

[f. 88 b.] Summa TOTALIS of the hole booke for a hole yere, viiji^i^. 
cxvjjli. xjs. ixd. St. 

That is, ^8117 lis. 9d. On a piece of paper stuck upon fol. 80 of the same document, 
is another Sum Total, .£674 I6s. SfcZ. apparently stating the annual charge for victualling 
the garrison : — 

Summa totalis paid for the ordinary kepe rachons of the towne and 
squeynage of Calais by the space of an hole yere, as by the particulars of 

* William lord Sandys. 


the same may apeir, endyng the xxiiijth (jaye of Septembre in anno xvij"'° 
Regis H. viij™., [1525,] the some of vj'^lxxiiijZi. xvj*. iijc?. oh. q. 


(MS. Cotton. Faust. E. vii. pp. 89— 102b.) 
These Ordenances are written on the same quire of paper with the muster-roll of which 
the preceding abstract has been given. It may, therefore, be concluded that this copy was 
made about the same time, though the original date of the ordenances is probably con- 
siderably earlier, if they may be considered as part of " the good, olde, and holsome lawes, 
ordenances, and constitutiones " which the commissioners found neglected in 1535 (see 
before, p. 130). 

Calis. What gates shalhe opened every day, and Jiowe often. 
First, where there be fower gates to the saide towne, that is to saye, the 
Lanterne gate, the Milke gate, the Bulloigne gate, and the Water gate, it is 
ordeyned, that the Lanterne gate shalbe opened every daye in the yere, 
except for any greate cause by the commaundement of the king's deputie 
there be thre gates open. Then shall at the Lanterne gate be opened but 
only to two wyckets, till the thirde gate soo opened by commaundement be 
shitt againe. And from Mondaye next after Candlemas daye unto the 
feast of Seint Michill the seid gate shalbe opened two tymes every daye 
before none ; and every Sondaye, Cristmas daye, Candlemas daye, Good- 
friday, Seint George's daye, Assension daye, Corpus Christi daye, the 
Assumption of our Ladie, the saide gate shalbe opened thre tymes bifore 
none, that is to sale, in the sommer tyme the first opening is at v. of the 
clock ; and in the winter tyme immediately after the first stricking downe of 
the watche bell, which is when he may see his marke to releave the gate of 
suche as will go oute. And then it is shitt ageyne till vj. of the clock, in 
whiche tyme they here masse, and then open againe, and soo remayne open 
till ix. of the clock ; and then the saide gate is shut againe till after the 
sakerino- of high masse ; and then ys opened againe for suche as wil pas 
oute, and immediately shut againe, and so reraayneth till the watche bell 
ring to the shutting of the same, and be seassed. And during the herring 
tyme, which contynueth from Michaelmas till Seint Andrewes tide, the 
seide gate is opened every Sondaye but two tymes before none ; and every 
Mondaye and Fridaye, if they be not principall holly daies, the Mylke gate 
ys opened ; and every Tewesdaye and Thursdaye, yf they be not principall 



holly daies, the Watergate ys opened ; and VVednesdaye and Saturdaye, yf 
they be not principall holly daies, the Bulloigne gate shalbe opened ; pro- 
vided alwaies, that during the herring tyme no gate shalbe opened but only 
the Lanterne gate, withoute the speciall commaundement of the kinges 

The Opening of the Gates. 

First, when the watche bell in the morning hathe stricken thre tymes, 
which ys called the striking downe, then shall tenne porters resorte to the 
Merket, and shall take with them the phipher and the drome, and the hole 
warde appointed for that daye, which be fortie in nombre, and from thens 
shall goo to the deputies lodging, and then two of the saide porters ap- 
pointed to be keye-berers for that daye receyve of the kinges deputie the 
keys of as many gates as the saide deputie shall appoint for that day to be 
opened ; and with the saide keys they shall goo to the Market, where shall 
mete with them either the master porter, or the gentleman porter, or bothe, 
and go forthe with them to the Lanterne gate ; and when thei be ther assem- 
bled, oon of the porters that berithe the keys that daye shall put the kei 
in the lock of the innere grete gate, but he shall not unlok yt till he be 
commaunded by the deputie, if he be ther, or, in his absence, by the master 
porter, marshall, or undermarshall, if any of them be there ; and, in their 
absence, the gentleman porter, when he seithe the hole warde ther present, 
shall commaunde the saide porter soo haveing the kei in the lock to unlock 
the saide gate, and yet he shall not open the saide gate, but shall open the 
wicket, at which wicket shall first goo oute eight porters ; and two porters 
with the master porter, or gentleman porter in his absence, shall still re- 
mayne within the greate gate of the towne, till the mydle gate and drawe 
bridge be by two of the saide viij. porters letten downe ; and than the whole 
warde shall entre, and one of the porters shall open the wicket of the uther 
gate, whereat shall goo forthe tenne or twelve of the saide warde to see and 
albe cleare, and ther shall remayne, and all persons beinge without the saide 
gate, untyll all suche persons and carriages then beinge at the inner gate be 
come forthe, and thenne the master porter shall commaunde the great gates 
to be opened, and shall see that the two skowrers shall first goo oute of the 
saide gates ; and thenne the saide master porter, or the gentleman porter in 
his absence, shall goo to his place accustomed, and all suche as well goo 


forthe of the towiie shall followe h^in. And betwene our Ladye daye in 
Lent and Saint Michell the Archangell the saide gate, after the firste open- 
ing and clearing as before is saide, shall againe be shutt immediatelj', except 
only they shall not drawe up the drawbridge ; and, assone as yt ys shut, 
the keys with the said warde shall reasort to the Frj'ers, wher is a masse 
ordeyned by the king for them to here masse, and assone as the saide 
masse ys done, they shall againe retorne to open the saide gate with lyke 
seremonies as before. Aad it is ordeyned that at all suche tynies as the 
Lanterne gate shalbe opened two tymes in the fornone, which ys from the 
Mondaye after Candelmas daye to the Mondaye after Michilmas daye, yf 
in any daye during the saide tyme ther shalbe two gates opened, the saide 
other gate that shalbe for that daye opened shall not be opened till the 
seconde openvng of the saide Lanterne gate, and then shall the porters 
devyde themselves at the Friers' gate, soo that fyve of the porters with the 
master porter, if he be ther, and haulfe the warde, shall goo to the Lanterne 
gate, and the other fyve with the gentleman porter, and the other haulfe of 
the warde, shall goo to the other gate that shalbe opened for that daye, and 
soo shall open them with lyke circumstaunces as before ys saide, and bring 
the keis and laye them in a confer in the porter's lodge, and ther locked to 
remayne till the gates shall againe be shut. And betwene Saint Androwes 
daye and the Mondaye next after Candelmas daye, at suche daies as too 
gates shalbe opened, when the Lanterne gate is first opened with the hole 
warde, as before is saide, than fyve of the porters, taking with them haulfe 
the warde, goo immediately too the other gate which shalbe opened at that 
daye, and shall open the same with like circumstaunces as bifore ys saide, 
and shut the same with like circumstances ; and from Lammas to our Lady 
daye in Lente, the saide oute gate, if it be againe opened at oon of the 
clocke at afternone, shall alwaies be shut at thre of the clock at afternone, 
and from our Lady daye in Lent to Lammas at fower of the clock ; 
provided alwaies, that during the herring tj-me and mystie wether no oute 
gate shalbe opened but hit be by the speciall commaundment of the king's 
deputie for the tyme being. And at elleven of the clock the saide gates 
shalbe shut, with lyke seremonies afforsaide, and the keis accompanied as 
bifore is saide to the deputie, wher so evere he be in the saide towne ; and, 
in his absence, to suche one as by hym shalbe appointed to have the custodie 
of the same keis ; and theise keis, soo being in the custodie of the kinges 


deputie, or his deputie, shalbe coverid with a quishyn or some other thing, 
so that no man shall see the secrets of them; and thence, atone of the clock 
at afternone the saide porters, with the aforesaide warde, shall fetche again 
the keis from the deputie, and open the saide gates with like seremonies as 
bifore ys saide in the morning, saving the scowrers shall not goo out but in 
the morning'. 

Tlie Shitting of the Gates. 

First, when the watch bell hath rong haulf an ower to the shitting of the 
gates, and is cessed, the hole warde then being at the gate, one of the porters 
shall knok with his staffe upon the outter gate to gyve warning, and than 
immediately shall shut the utter gate, and shall open the wicket of the same 
gate, and two of the porters shall shut the inner gate, leving the wicket open 
of the same. And all the saide porters, with the hole warde, shall 
stande betwene the saide two gates, and soo kepe the wickettes open till 
such tyme as the mersshall or his deputies hathe sett the skoutwatche 
withoute as is retorned within the gate ; then the maister porter, or the 
gentleman porter in his absence, shall commande one of the other porters to 
shit the outer* wicket, and he hymself shall serche and see that the saide 
gate and wicket be surely locked and barred ; and thenne he shall com- 
maunde the warde to goo intof the towne bifore the saide inner gate, ther 
to remayne. And then the two porters which have the charge of the keis 
that da ye shall drawe upp the drawbridge, and after shut the inner wicket, 
and see that the same gate and wicket be also surely locked and barred ; 
and then the master porter, the jentleman porter, with tenne porters and 
the hole warde afforesaide, shall accompany the keis to the Market ; and 
thenne the master porter may depart, but the jentleman porter and the 
other porters, with the hole warde, shall bring the saide kayes to the kinges 
deputies lodging, and ther the saide keyes shall remayne in the keping of 
the saide deputie, and shalbe locked in a coffer, which coffer alwaies standith 
by the deputies bedsyde. And it is ordeyned that the comptroller's clarke 
of the chekk shalbe alwaies at the opening and shitting of the gate, and 
shall call as well the names of them that shall waite ther for that daye, as 
to marke the defaults of suchc of them as shalbe absent, and chekk them. 

* other in MS. * in two in MS. 


The ordre liowe Reportes shalbe made for Straungers' Lodginges in the 


It is ordeyned that all suche as kepe free lodginges, which ought to he 
burgeces and none other, and they being sworne the ordinairie othe, for they 
every night at the shitting of the gate shall come to the place where the 
clarke of the reaports usythe to sit, and ther shall declare unto hym howe 
manye straungers be comen that night to lodge in ther howses, and of what 
towne and countrey they and every of them be, and also how many strangers 
they have remayning with them of the daie before, which nombre the saide 
clarke of the reaports shall make fower billes being lyke at all points one to 
another ; and shall delyver one of the same billes to the tipstaff which that 
night charged the skoute watche, whose name shall be written in every of 
billes ; and if the tipstaff of the wall come to the saide dark while he ys in 
the saide house, the dark shall delyver unto hym two other of the saide 
billes ; and if the dark be gone or he come, thenne the dark shall leve the 
saide bille at a place appointed betwene them, wher he shall have the same. 
Of the which two billes the saide tipstaff of the waule shall delyver out one 
of them to the heigh marshall and kepe the other for himselfe ; and the 
dark hymselfe shall here them forthe to the kinges deputie ; and the saide 
tipstaff which hathe the saide two billes shall hymselfe, and assone as the 
straungers' bell ys ceased, goo and serche the saide free lodgings, and as 
many mo as he listeth that kepith lodgings ; and if he shall finde any moo 
straungers lodged in any of the saide free lodgings thenne be namyd in the 
saide bille he shall make reapport therof to the kinges deputie ; and the saide 
house soo offending shall paye to the king for a fyne ; and if he find anye 

straunger lodged in any other house then the saide free lodgings, he shall 
take the saide straunger or straungers and have hym or them to his prison, 
ther to remayne till the deputie and highe marshall have examined the 
matter and discharged hym. And the oste that soo lodged hym shall for- 
faite to the kinge in the name of a fyne , and otherwise to be punisshed at 
the discrecion of the deputie and other of the councell. And if the saide tip- 
staffs doo finde any straunger in his saide serche abrode oute of his lodging 
after the saide belle ceassed, whether he be reported or not, but if he have 
his oste with hym, he shall have hym to prison ther to be punished as before 
is saide. 


The ordre of the Watches within the towne and withoute. 

First, whereas there he xij. viuteners and the companies being twelve 
skore in nombre, and xviij. constables with ther companies, being ix. skore in 
nombre, it is ordered that of the saide xij. vinteners viijth with ther com- 
pany shall kepe the standewatche uppon the waull, that is to saye, every 
night one vintener with his company ; and fower vinteners shall kepe the 
skoutewatche withoute the gate, that is to saie, every night tenne persons 
of them, wherof the vintener hym self shall watche the firste night, and the 
xviij. constables shall kepe serchewatche in the est and west bowses uppon 
the walle, that ys to saye, every night one constable with his company 
shalbe in the est bowse, and one constable with his companye shalbe in 
the west bowse, and the seconde daye after ther saide watche night they 
shall come to the INTarket to kepe ther warde daye, in the morning after the 
watche bell bathe stricken downe. 

The ordre of the Scoute Watche. 

First, before the gate be shitt, the highe mershall or his deputie shall see 
that oon vintener and ix. of his fellowes be ther present for to kepe the 
skoutwatche for that night, who shall take with theme, by delyveraye of 
one of the porters, the kaies of the braye and tornepyke ; and also he shall 
se one tipstaff be ther, whose course shalbe to charge the scoutwatche for 
that night, which tipstaffe, in presens of the marshall, if he be ther, shall 
call the saide vintener and his fellowes that be appointed to watche for 
that night, and shall gyve to the saide vintener or his deputie the watche 
word ; and yf any of the saide vinteny be absent, and have no licence of 
deputie or highe marshall, then he or they so lacking, though he have a 
sufficient man for hym, shall the nexte day be commytted to the walles by 
the deputie. And if any of the saide vintenye doo lak, and no sufficient 
man in his rome admytted by the highe marshall or tipstaff, the tipstaff shall 
appoint another sufficient man in his rome, and for the same default the 
souldior so lacking shall paye to the under-marshall xviij d. sterling ; and 
the saide under-marshall shall paye the saide watcheman so set in the 
rome of the soldier for his night's watche ; and that done, the saide tipstaff 
shall make reaport to the high marshall, yf he be not present at the order- 
ing of the saide watche, howe the saide ys fumyshed ; and the scout watche 
so charged, they shall goo to the watchhouse near to the west gate, and at viij. 
or ix. of the clok the vintener shall sende forthe fower of his saide vintenye, 

CAMD. soc. u 


two of them towardes the est, and two of them towardes the west, wherof 
one of eyther of the vj. shall have the watch worde, and the other not ; and 
they shall go abowt the towne, and whan they come to the west house 
on the wall they shall ring a bell whiche hangethe in the saide howse, and 
hathe a corde over the dyke, and than they within the saide west howse 
shall look out and aske and if all be well, and they shall saye as the case 
ys, and so shall go forwards rownde abowte the towne, till they coom againe 
to the saide watche house ; and then shall goo forthe other fewer of the 
saide watche, [and] they shall behave themselves as bifore is sayde. And 
bicause the saide scoutwatche soo going aboute the towne must passe 
throughe the brayes and the turne pyke, the one of those ij. shall go 
southward shall take the kaies of the saide brayes with hym, and one of 
the other ij. that goethe estwarde shall take the kaeis of the turne- 
pike, and shall surely see the gates of the saide brayes and turnpike 
lockked after them. And when they shall mete in ther course they shall 
chaunge ther kaies. And yf it shall [chance] at any tyme that any of the 
saide scoutwatches so having the kayes to meate with any of ther ennymies, he 
or they that soo shall have the kayes shall incontinently throw the kayes of 
the saide brayes and turnpike into the dytches of the towne yf he cannot 
save them otherwise, and shall as much as in hym ys gyve warning to 
those upon the waules. And so shall continue ther courses about the towne, 
if no suche daunger be, till the watch bell hathe stricken downe. And then 
they shall reassort to the gate, and ther remayne till it be opened and 
clered ; and then they shall entre, and the vintener shall deliver to the 
porters the kaies of the west gate, and of the turnpike and brayes, in man- 
ner and forme as he bifore receyved them. And if it fortune that any 
fraye be done or commytted bi any of the saide watche after in ther watche- 
house, or in ther courses, the partie soo offending shall lese his lief. And 
if they see, finde, or here any thing, or that any kaies be broken, or other 
fault nedefuU to be amendyd that may be prejudiciall to the non suertie of 
the towne, the saide vintener or his companye shall present the same to the 
deputie or any one of the counsaill that he shall finde at the gate. 

The ordre of the Stande Watche at the Waulle. 

First, when the watche bell begynnethe to ringe to the shitting of the 
gates, then the uuder-m.ershall, yf he have no lawfuU excuse, and his clerke, 


shall goo to the Castell hill, and ther shall see that the tipstaflfe, called 
oiRcer of the hill, and the vyntener with his xix. fellowes be ther in proper 
persons, onles they have a lawfull excuse, orels ther watchemen assigned 
and sworne at the hill bifore the under-mershall to watche for the saide 
vyntenie ; and yf the saide vinteiner be not ther in proper person, having 
no reasonable cause, [he] shall lease his dayes wages for the firste default, 
and for the seconde default to lose ij. daies wages, and for the thirde defaulte 
to be punished at the discrecion of the deputie. And then the under- 
marshall shall command the vintener to call the saide watchmen to the 
walle, and thenne the under-marsshall dark shall call the vinteners' bill ; 
and if any of the saide watchmen be lacking and the souldier ther present 
for whome the saide watchmen shulde watche, it shal be lawfull to the saide 
souldier to get another sworne watchman to furnishe his owne rome, soo it 
be done bifore the charge be gyven by the saide marshall, or in his 
absence by the officer of the hill. And if the souldiers of the vynteyne be 
not ther present for whome the watchman lakkithe, then the saide mar- 
shall, or his officer of the hill only, shall assigne another watchman to 
furnyshe the same watche ; and the souldier to paye to the saide under- 
marshall, upon presentment therof made in the escheker, xviijc?. sterling for 
every suche defaulte ; and thenne the saide marshall, or the officer of the 
hill in his absence, shall gyve to the saide vintener the watchwarde ; and 
when the castell bell begynneth to ring, then the saide vintener shall take 
with hym his companion, who shall not have with hym the watche warde, 
and soo goo to the syde of the towne that is appointed unto [him] for the night 
by the said under-marshall, or in his absence by the saide officer of the hill ; 
and none of the saide watchmen shall goo bifore hym ; and soo shall set the 
saide watchmen uppon the walles, one in every warde accustomed ; and 
shall gyve to every of them as he sittethe them the watche worde. And if 
it happen any of the saide watchmen to be stolen awaye or lack, the saide 
vintener shall not depart from the saide warde wher the watcheman so 
lacking shall be, but shall sende downe his companion to advertise the 
under-marshall, whiche shall yet be upon the hill till the saide watche be 
sett, to take the reaport therof, or in his absence the tipstaff, whose office 
is immediately too sende for another watcheman to furnyshe the saide 
warde soo lacking, and then the under-marshall shall reasort too the 
Market-place ; and the saide vintener shall not depart from the saide warde 


till the saide watcheman, soo appointed by the under-marshall or tipstaff, be 
brought to hym by his saide companion ; and [then] the saide vintener and 
his companion maye depart ; and the saide watcheman soo stolen awaie or 
lacking ys to be punyshed by the saide under-marshall the nexte daye ; 
and that furnyshed, the tipstaff shall make reaport therof immediately. 
And if the saide tipstaff, called officer of the hill, be sicke or have licence 
of ihe saide deputie to be absent, he shall cause another tipstaff to furnyshe 
the saide rome in his absence ; and the saide under-marshall shall make 
reaport to the kinges deputie. 

For the Burges Watche upon the Castell Hill. 

It is also ordeyned, that the m.eane while that the saide imder-marshall 
or his clarke hathe charge [d] the said vinteyne, the saide tipstaff called the 
officer of the hill, with the mayor's sergeant, who shall alsoo be ther pre- 
sent, shall cause the saide mayor's sergeant to call the boke of the burges 
watches, whiche be xxiij. in nombre. And if any of them be lacking, then 
the saide serjeant shall furnyshe the romes of lacking with one other 
watcheman ; and the saide tipstaff' to have for every suche default of the partie 
soo lacking xiyL gr. to be paide to hym within thre nights nexte ensuing ; 
and for nonpayment, to reasort to the ground being charged with the saide 
watche, and distraine for the same as often as any suche default shalbe. 
And the saide watche so called and furnyshed, the tipstaff shall present the 
same to the under-marshall, and gyve to hym the watch worde, who shall 
gyve the same to the mayor's sergeant; and if the saide under-marshall be 
absent, than the saide tipstaff shall delyver the saide watche worde to the 
saide sergeant ; and then the saide sergeant shall appoint a setter, being oon 
of the saide watche, and with his saide watchemen shall goo to the walles, 
and furnysshe the wardes accustomed, and shall gyve to the watchemen as 
he sittethe them the watche worde. And if any of the saide watch 
stele awaie, or be lacking, then the sergeant shall goo to the saide tipstaff 
for another watcheman or watchemen, to furnyshe the saide rome or. romes, 
and shall see the same furnyshed ; and the saide wardes soo furnyshed, the 
sergeant shall depart and goo to the mayor, and make reaport that the saide 
watche ys furnyshed, and delyver the saide watche worde to the mayor ; 
and the next daye the sergeant shall make reaport to the under-marshall 


of suche dofaultes, that they maye be punyshed accordinglie. And if any 
person or persons doo com uppon the walles after the standwatche ys sett 
and charged, not having the watcheworde, the said watchmen shall in 
no wise suffer any suche person or persons to passe, but to his power shall let 
hym ; and if the saide person or persons soo commyng on the wall, and 
have not the watcheworde, make any resystaunce, if the watchman doo sle 
him he is in no defaulte. 

The Ordre of the Serche Wache in the Ext \_and~\ West Howse\^s']. 

First, the two tipstaves appointed for that weike to charge the constable 
watche in the est and west bowses shall receyve the watcheworde in the coun- 
saill chamber of the clarke of the counsaill, whiche com[m()n]ely ys geven 
in the saide chamber at iij. of the clok at afternone. And then at the latter 
ringing of the Flemmyshe bell, which hangethe under the great hall, one of 
the saide tipstaves shall goo to the est house, and the other to the west 
house, at which tyme shalbe at every of the saide houses one constable vvith 
his companie, which with hymselfe be x. in nombre. And then the saide 
tipstaff shall cause the bill of the same nombre to be called ; and then 
the saide tipstaff shall gyve the watcheworde ; and in his absence, he bavin o- 
lawfull excuse, his deputie, and shall charge them to kepe good rule for 
that night ; and then shall depart, and shall goo to the INIarkett, and when 
he commyth ther, he shall knok with his staff upon the stones, and the 
under- marshall hering that, shall in like case do the same, soo that the one 
maye finde the other. And then the saide tipstaff shall make reaport to the 
saide marshall, that the saide watche ys furnyshed sufficiently ; and yf it be 
not, shall showe hym in whose defaulte it ys unfurnyshed ; and the 
saide marshall shall see the same furnyshed incontynent ; and the saide 
partie soo offending shall pay to the saide marshall for the saide 
defaulte xviijc^. sterling. Alsoo the saide tipstaff shall shewe to the 
saide marshall who lackethe ther of the saide constablerie in proper 
person ; and the saide marshall shall make reaport therof to the kinges 
deputie that night, to the intent that if he ys absent have not licence 
of the saide deputie shalbe punyshed for the same accordinglie. And 
the saide constables and ther companie soo beinge in the est and west 
howses at ix. of the clok shall goo oute of eyther of the sayde bowses two 


persons of the constableries, wherof two shall go southe and [two] northe, 
wherof one of the two to have the watcheworde of the constable, and the 
other not ; and soo serche the standwatche uppon the walles, and shall loke 
oute twoo tymes in every warde of the walle. And when they come besyde 
the Water-gate, at the lope m the walle right over against the scoutwatche 
house, they shall call over to the scoutwatche and saye, " Rownde, rownde," 
and the scoutwatche shall answer, " Ye, ye," or " Well, well." And soo 
they of the est howse shall goo tyl they come to the est house, and shall 
not tarrie bi the waie, but hast to ther owne house, without plaing at dyse 
or other game, soo that they maye bee at their owne house by a xj. of the 
clok. And then shall goo forthe other two oute of the saide howses, which 
shall ordre themselves as the other dyd bifore ; soo that they maye goo 
rownd abowte the towne, and be at the saide howses againe by one of the 
clok. And then other ij. owte of eyther of the saide howses shall make 
the saide serche in manner and foraie as bifore is saide. Soo that every of 
the two howses make fyve courses abowte the towne every night, bothe 
winter and sommer. And after the saide fyve courses soo in manner and 
forme as bifore ys expressed done, they shall remayne in the saide howses 
till the watche bell strike downe in the morninge, and then the saide ij. 
constables with ther saide companies maye depart, and doo what they woll, 
soo that they be at the firste opening of the Lanterne gate, and ther to 
remayne till the saide gate be opened and cleare, upon payne of inprison- 
ment. And it is ordeyned that the constables and ther whole fellowshipps 
shall watche in the saide houses in ther proper persons, except they or any 
of them be lycensed by the kinges deputie, or marshal! in his absence, or 
els that he or they be syk or deseased, upon payne, he that dothe the con- 
trarye, to have for the firste defaulte viij. dayes inprisonment, and for the 
seconde defaulte xxti dayes inprisonment, and for the thirde defaulte to be 
put out of wages, and soo to remayne at the discrecion of the deputie and 
counsaill. And if any of the saide serche watche finde any of the saide stand 
watche not having the watche worde perfit, he shall instruct hym in the same ; 
and if he shall finde any of the saide stande watches oute of his warde, or 
gyve any ill langage to the saide serche watche, he shall present the same de- 
faultes to the under-marshall, and he shall see punyshment according to the 
demeritt. And if any of the saide serche watche [find any of the stand watch] 
iij. tymes sleping in one night, and so take hym by the nose, he or they that 


shall take any of the saide stande watche sloping iij, tymes, shall present the 
same the daye following to the kinges deputie, marshall, or other of the coun- 
saill ther ; and they shall commande the under-marshall that he shall the next 
market daye cause hjTii or them soo offending to be hanged in a basket 
over the walle, x. or xij. foote from the water ; and he shall have with hym, 
in his basket, one lofe of brede and a pott of di-inke ; also a knyff to cut the 
rope when he will. And the saide under-marshall shall commande the 
dyke kepers to be present with ther bote, to take hym upp when he fal- 
lithe. And when he is taken upp he shall be kept in the mayor's pryson 
till the nexte market daye, and then he shall be banyshed the towne for one 
yere and a daye. And none of the saide watchemen on the walle shall 
suffre man, woman, or childe to passe by them withoute he have the 
watche worde, except suche persons as have lodging in the towers, and 
they to come up at the nexte stayer directly leding to the tower, and none 
otherwise; and that he, nor none of them, so having the watche worde, 
shall depart downe from the walle till the realif in the morning, nor tell 
nor gyve the saide watcheword to none other persone, uppon paine that 
ye or they soo offending in any of the premises to lose their lyves. And 
yf any of the standewatche shall see, here, or percyve any thing withoute 
the towne or within which he or they shall thinke prejudicial! or hurtfull to 
the towne, he or they that soo percyvethe shall shewe the same incon- 
tinently as they com abowte. And he or they of the saide serche watche 
that hath the watche worde shall incontinentlie sende hys companion to the 
kinges deputie, or in his absence to the next of the counsaill that he can 
come to gyve warning therof ; and the saide watchman that soo shall sende 
his companion shall not depart from the saide place till hys companion be 
returned to hym agayne, and than to goo furthe his course. And if the 
cause [be] veraye perellouse, as by occasion of ennymies or fier, or other 
daungerous case, the saide companion shall, in his going as aforesaide, make 
an outecry, to the entent that redresse therof may be hadd. And if any of 
the serche watche or stand watche ether in the saide houses or upon the 
walle do make any fraye one with another, the partie soo offending shall 
lose his lief. 


Ovdre of the Banner Watche, and ivhen it shal hegynne. 

It is ordeyned, that assone as herring marte is proclaymed by the mayor, 
that the shercher of the herring botes or his clarke shall dailie viewe and 
serche how many herring botes of straungers be within the haven, what 
nombre of persons, what gonnes or weapons be with them, and all ther 
saide hemes* and artillery the saide sercher or his clerke shall take oute of 
the saide shepps and botes and laye upp the [same] savelie. And when 
the same ships or botes or any of them will depart, and no more return for 
that herring t3'me, then the saide sercher or clarke shall delyver to every 
suche shipp or bote soo departing, his or ther armore, weapons, and 
artillerie. And every night during the saide herring tyme, bifore the 
shutting of the gates, the saide sercher or his clerk shall make a bill 
reaporting the nombre of the saide herring botes, and what nombre of 
persons be in them, and delyver the same bill to the kinges deputie or to 
his deputie in his absence. And when the saide deputie shall perceave by 
the saide reaporte that ther be xv. herring botes of straungers in the haven, 
then the saide deputie shall gyve knowledge therof to the treasurer, and 
then the treasurer immediately shall direct vj. mandates unto vj. counsailors 
appointed to kepe the banner watche nightly duering the saide herring tyme ; 
and also appoint the names of the speres, archers on horsback, and souldiers 
as shall attend uppon the saide counsaill nightlye duering the watche, 
in manner and forme following ; that is to saye, the comptroller shall firste 
begynne for the kinge, and shall have with hym iiij. speres, iiij. archers on 
horsback, and iiij. souldiers, all which persons shall attende upon hym the 
night of his watche. The seconde night the kinges deputie shall order the 
watche, and shall have with hym ix. speres and ij. archers on horsback. 
The high marshall shall order the watche the thirde night, and shall have 
with hym iiij. speres and oon archer on horsback. The treasurer shall 
order the watche the iiij. night, and shall have with hym vij. speres, vj. 
archers on horsback, the constable of the escheker with his companie, 
and vj archers being under his retynue. The maister porter shall order the 
watche the v*^^* night, and with hym ij. speres andiij. archers on horsback. 
The under-marshall shall order the vj. watche, and shall have with hym 
ij. speres and vj. archers on horsback. And of the vj. tipstaves shall 
every night one, with the trumpet and phipher, and the dromslade, gyve 

* harness, i.e. armour. 


ther attendaunce upon the saido counsailors as long as they shall contynew 
the saide watches. 

The Comptroller s Watche. 

It is ordeyned, that when the comptroller have receyved his mandate, he 
shall command the tipstaff to warne all his companie appointed to be at 
his lodging before viij. of the clok in the night with ther weapons, and shall 
commaunde them to sende ther hemes to the chamber wher the watche 
shalbe kept. And when the clok hathe stricken viij. the trompet shall 
blow at the iiij. corners of the Market, to gyve warning that the Banner 
watche begynneth. And the saide trumpet, with the phipher and the 
drome, shall goo to the comptroller's lodging ; and then shall the comp- 
troller goo with his companye to the Market, and from thens to the chamber 
on the Lanterae gate, wher the Banner shalbe charged. And from thens 
he and his speres shall goo upp into the ledes upon the gate, and shall see 
that ther bee sufficient light set in the lanterne, and commaunde the trompet 
ther to blowe, and shall come downe into the chamber againe ; and thenne the 
comptroller shall cause the tipstaff to call the bill of those names that shall 
watche ther that night. And if ther be any lacking, the comptroller shall 
furnyshe the rome with another man, at the coste of hym that so lackethe ; 
and then the comptroller shall gyve the watche worde, with the bill of names 
of those that watche, to one of the speres, and commaunde hym that he 
shall see the watche bell kept for that night, and that due serche be made 
aboute the walles in the accustomed manner, and too see good rule kept 
amonge his company. And then the comptroller maye depart, and at ix. 
of the clok the saide spere, so having the watch worde, or one of the saide 
watche for hym, to whome he shall gyve the watchworde, shall take one of 
the saide watche with hym, not having the watchw^ord, and shall [goo] 
towarde the est rownde abowte the walle of the towne ; and in the going, 
shall speke to every of the standwatche, and loke oute at one lope of the 
walle betweene every tower. And when they come to the est house, they 
shall salute the constable and the companye that kepeth the watche there. 
And from thens they shall goo to the west house, using like manner as 
before. And if any of the said standwatche, or any other watche, may be 
founde fawte, they shall make reaport therof to the deputie accordinglie, 

CAMD. soc. X 


at the realiff. And when they come agayne to ther owne watche, then two 
other, whcrof one to have the watchworde and the other not, shall goo 
forthe in manner and forme as before is saide. And soo continually 
duering that night till the releeff in the morning, and shall not depai't the 
walles till the kayes of the Lanterne gate with the warde be come to the gate ; 
and then they to come downe, and tarry till the warde be come to the gate. 

The residue of the Counsailors' Banner Watches in the herring tyme. 

The kinges deputie shall, the seconde night, kepe the saide watche in man- 
ner and forme as is bifore saide of the comptroller, and with the nombre of 
speres and souldiers to attend upon hym as bifore rehersid, and the same to 
be named by the treasurer or vice-treasurer in his absence ; and soo every 
of the counsaillors shall kepe nightlie ther watches as ther courses shall 
come aboute, with the nomber of persons to attend upon them as bifore ex- 
pressed, and to be named by the treasurer as aforesaid. 

The ordre of the Mayor and Aldermen s Watche in herring tyme. 

Wheras within our towne of Callice ys one mayor and certayne alder- 
men, it is ordpyned that ij. of them by curse shall nightlie during the saide 
tyme kepe watche in ther counsaill chamber upon the Mai'ket, with a sufficient 
company of commenars to furnyshe the same watche in manner and forme 
following; that is to saye, that ij. aldermen appointed shall have the watch- 
worde for that night, and at viij. of the clock in the night shalbe in the 
counsaill chamber with ther company, and shall cause one cresset to be 
hanged forthe out of ther chamber into the Market with sufficient light to be 
mayntened thei-in for that night ; and at ix. of the clok the saide alderaien 
shall call iiij. of the watchmen, and shall gyve ij. of them the watchworde, 
and the other ij. shall not have it; and then the saide watchmen shall 
devide themselves, and goo forlhe, ij. one waie, and ij. the other waie, to 
serche the stretes rounde aboute the towne to see that good rule be kept ; 
and if they finde any mysdemeanours, suspect persons or straungers stirring 
in the strets, they shall bring them to i\\e aldermen of the watche, or els to 
the marshalles pry son, as the case requireth ; and when they have made due 
.serche by the space of one howre, then they shall retorne againe and make 


reaport to the aldermen what they have herd and seen ; and that done, 
shall goo forthe iiij. moo of the saide watche, which shall use themselves in 
lyke manner, and soo they shall doo from tyme to tyme all [th]at night, till 
they be realived in the morning by the daye watche. 

The ordve of the vj, CounsaiUors' Wutches in the Crlstmas season. 

It is ordeyned that the vj. counsaillors bifore named in the Banner watche 
shall, by lyke order, kepo severall watches in ther houses, with like nonibre 
of officers, spores, and souldiers, as to them assigned bifoi'e in the 
Banner watche in manner and forme following, that is to saye : the comp- 
troller for t\Tne being shall commaunde the tipstaff appointed to gyve hym 
attendaunce upon Christmas daye, to warne all his companie appointed to 
watche with hym that night, to be at his lodging at viij. of the clok ; at 
which hower, when they be assembled, the said tipstaff shall call the bill of 
ther names, and if any of them make defaulte, the comptroller shall furnyshe 
the saide rome at the coste of hym that lackethe, and of the said defaultes 
the tipstaff shall make reaport the nexte daye to the kinges deputie, that 
he or they soo lacking may be punyshed accordingly ; and when the rowmes 
be furnyshed, the saide comptroller shall give the watchworde with the bill 
of the names that watchithe that night, to one of the speres that attendithe 
that night for the king, commaunding hym to see that good watche be kept, 
and that due serche be made in the stretes that night ; and that done the 
comptroller may take his rest ; and then the spere having the watchworde, 
shall send forthe ij. of the saide watche to the Castell strete, geving one of 
them the castell to our Lady in the walle, and shall serche the bak stretes on 
bothe sydes of the saide Castell strete ; and he shall sende other ij. of the 
watche, geving one of them the watchworde, to the Westhouse ; and they 
shall serche the saide strete till they come to the Mylkgate, and shall serch 
the crosse stretes on bothe the sydes of the Mylkgate street ; and if any 
of the said serchers mete with any person or persons in the stretes mys- 
ordering themselves, they shall bring them to hym that bathe the charge of 
the watche for that night, or else to the marshalles prison, as the case 
requireth ; and when the iiij . serclie watche bathe so ordered themselves by 
the space of one howre, then they shall retorne againe to the comptroller's 
lodging, and ther shall make reaport what they have herd, sene, and done 


unto hym that hathe the charge of the watche for that night ; and thenne 
he that soo hathe the charge of the serche watche shall sende furthe other 
iiij, which shall order themselves as bifore ys saide, and soo shall use them- 
selves from hower to hower during the hole night, till the watche be releived 
in the morning by the daye watche. And in like manner and forme every 
of the saide vj. counsaillors, with ther companions assigned to them by the 
treasurer as ys abovesaid in the Banner watche, shall kepe ther watche by 
lyke ordering in ther houses, with lyk seremonies as the comptroller bifore 
hathe done during the saide xij. nightes. 

The ordre of the Mayur and Aldermen s Watches in the Christmas 


The mayor and aldermen, during the said Cristmas season, shall kepe 
ther watches in ther couusell chamber upon the Market, in lyke manner 
and forme with like seremonies as before expressed in ther watche made in 
herring tjone. 

The Warde at the Gate. 

First, whereas it ys before ordered, that one vintener with his hole vin- 
teney shall kepe the stand watche, and two constables with the constableries 
shall kepe the serche watches upon the est and west bowses upon the walle, 
it is ordeyned, that the saide vintener and constables shall kepe ther wardes 
in ther owne persons, except they or any of them have a lawful! excuse. 
And he or they that so shall have lawfull excuse, shall put in his or ther 
places suche able person or other persons as shalbe thought mete by the 
kinges deputie marshall, or under-marshall, or some other of the counsaill 
in ther absence, in manner and forme following ; that is to saye, the seconde 
next after the night watche, as soone as the daye watche shall strike doune, 
the saide vintener and constables, with ther saide companies, shall come to 
the Market, and remayne till the porters of the gate shall come to the 
Market, and from thens they shall accompany the saide porters to the 
kinges deputies lodging, wher the saide porters shall receyve the kayes of 
the gates ; and from thens they shall accompany the saide kayes unto the gates 
that for that daye shalbe opened. And the saide vintener and constables, 


with ther hole folowship, after the firstc opening of the saide gate and gates, 
during the tyme they shalbe opened, shall not depart more than fyve of the 
vinteney and iij. of the constables at one tjine, and that by licence of the 
saide vintener and constables; and they that so shall have licence, shall not 
tarry but reasonable tyme, so that other of ther fellowship maye have 
reasonable libertie, and the warde at all tymes sufficiently furnyshed. And 
so they shall use them contynually till the saide gate or gates be shit at 
night, upon peyne, every one offending contrarie to the premisses shall lose 
his dayes wages for the first default, and for the seconde defaulte xijf/. to 
our sovereign lord the king, and for the thirde defaulte to be punished at 
the discrecion of the kinges deputie, or of his deputie in his absence. And 
if the saide vintener or constables do licence any moo of ther saide companies 
otherwise then before ys rehersed, they and eyther of them that soo offend- 
ithe shall runne in peyne and penaltes bifore specified. And the saide vin- 
tener and constables, with ther hole companies, shall accompany the saide 
kayes to and from all places whersoever they shall be come for that daye 
apon [pain] of inprysonment and further punyshment at the discrecion of 
the deputie, marshall, and under-marshall, or other of the counsaill in ther 
absence. And if any of the saide counsaill disdayne and will not followe 
the saide ordynaunces, they and every of them soo offending shall runne in 
the saide paynes bifore rehersed. And that no man make any affraye, de- 
bate, or take any parte within the saide warde howses one with another, or 
within any of the towne gates, upon payne of losing his lief; and that no 
man rebell against his vintener or constable upon payne of xl. daies imprisone- 
ment. Also, it is ordeyned, that in the hering tyme the saide hole warde 
shall in ther hemes * kepe ther wardes during daylye the saide herring tyme. 
And also, every of the vj. counsailors, as ther courses commyth abowte, the 
seconde daye nexte after this Banner watche, shalbe ther in his and ther 
proper persons, at the firste opening of the gates, with suche nombre of 
speres, archers on horsback, and souldiers as were appointed to watche with 
them in the saide Banner watche. And he and. they to have in like case 
ther t and ther hemes and axes by them within the saide warde, and they to 
accompany the kayes for that daye with the warde aforesaid. 

* harness. + So ni Ike MS. 


The ordre of the JVarde in the Market Place every daye. 

First, the vintener and his companie, as courses shall come aboute, the 
seconde daye next after they have made the scoutwatche without the gate, 
shall, at the stryking- downe of the watche bell, be in the Market with his 
ix. companions, and ther to remayne in the somer tyme till vij. of the clok, 
and in winter till ix. of the clock. And if any of the saide companie be not 
ther, the marshall or under-marshall finding the saide defaulte shall com- 
maunde a tipstaff to bring hym or them soo being absent to prison. And 
if he that kepethe the daye watche come downe and shewe to the marshall 
or under-marshall that the myste ys soo grete that he cannot see his mark, 
the saide marshall or under-marshall [shall] commaunde the saide vintener, 
with his saide companions that is soo in the Market, incontinent to repaier to 
the walles, and ther to walke aboute the saide walles till it be a xj. of the 
clok, and then they to be relevied with the ij. dales watches of the walles, 
that is to saye, the kepers of the west and est houses of the walles, and 
they to remayne and walke aboute the saide walles till the opening of the 
gates, at which tyme if the daye prove not cleare, then the saide vintener, 
with his ix. companions, shall repaire agayne to the walles, and ther to 
remayne till the daye be cleare, or els to the shitting of the gates ; and if 
the saide vintener, or any of his companions, make any defaulte, and be not 
presented to the marshall or under-marshall, the saide marshall or under- 
marshall shall commaunde a tipstaff to bring hym or them soo being absent 
to warde. And upon the market daye, all the constables and vinteners, 
with ther companions, except those that warde the gates, shalbe in the 
Market at viij. of the clok ; and the speres, with ther pages after them, with 
ther axes, and archers on horsback, at ix. of the clok, to furnysh the market, 
till the gates be shutt at xj. of the clok. 

The Warde of the Councell in the Passion Wieke. 

It is ordeyned, that apon the Maunde thursdaye the kinges deputie, with 
his speres, archers on horsback, and souldiers that be to hym assigned for 
the Banner watche, and themaister porter, with his companie of the Banner 
watche, shalbe in the Market place at the first opening of the gates, and 
ther shall contynue with their saide companie till the shitting of the gate 


at none; and lykewise at the reopening of the gate agayne to be ther, 
and ther to contynue till the gate be shut for that night. And upon Good 
Frydaie the heigh marshall and under-marshall, with the companies appointed 
to tlicm in the Banner watche, shall kepe the wardc in the Market in manner 
and forme as bifore is said of the deputie ; and upon Easter even the 
treasurer and his companie shall kepe the warde in the Market in manner 
and forme as bifore ; and upon Easter daye the comptroller, with his 
companie, shall kepe his warde in the saide M. rkot-place, from the first 
opening of the gate till the saide gate be shuttc at none, and then maye 
depart for that daye. 

The ordre of the Wardes ahore the Wall, how many be of them, and 
howe they shalhe furnished in Skries and Laroms. 

Wher ther be xl^'ij. wardes assigned for the stande watche abowte thewalles, 
it is ordeyned that the saide xlij. wardes shalbe at skries and laroms devided 
intoo xvij. wardes, in manner and forme following, that is to saye, the firste 
warde shalbegyne at the tower in the Castell corner in the north side of the 
towne, and soo goo furthe estwarde to the crosse of stone in the waule. 
And the seconde warde shall goo from the saide crosse in the waule est- 
warde to the steire hede at the Water gate ; and that the thirde warde shall 
goo from the saide third steire hed at the Water gate estwarde to the crosse 
on the waule. The iiij^'i warde shall goo from the saide crosse estwarde to 
the crosse in the myddle of the Lanterne gate. The v'h warde shall goo 
from the saide crosse in the Lanterne gate estwarde to the crosse in the 
waule. The vj''^ warde shall goo from the saide crosse in the waule est- 
warde to the crosse in the mydds of the Beachame tower. The saide vij"' 
warde shall goo from the saide crosse in the myddle of the Beachame tower 
south warde to the crosse in the waule. The viij*'' warde shall goo from the 
saide crosse southwarde to another crosse in the waule. The ixt'^ warde 
shall goo from the saide crosse south and west unto another crosse in the 
waule. The x'^ warde shall goo from the saide crosse in the wale westwarde 
to another crosse in the waule. The xj^'' warde shall goo from the saide crosse 
on the waule westwarde to the crosse in the wauUe in the est ende of the 
Staple Inne. The xij''' warde shall goo from the saide crosse of the 
est ende of the Staple Inne unto the nexte crosse on the waulle westwarde. 


The xiijth warde shall goo from the saide crosse on the wauUe westwarde 
unto the crosse upon the dravvght house, on the est side of the Northumber- 
land tower. The xiiij^^i warde shall goo from the saide cross westwarde to 
the crosse in the wauUe against Cowe lane. The xv^'^ warde from the 
saide crosse westwarde to the crosse on the walle against the BuUen well. 
The xvjth warde shall goo from the saide crosse west and north to the 
crosse in the waule betwixt the drawght house and the under-marshall's 
tower. The xvij''^ warde shall goo north warde to the crosse on the waulle 
on the southe side of the Castell by the west watche house. 

It is ordeyned that the wardes aforesaid shalbe furnyshed in manner and 
forme following, that is to sale, ij. constables with ther companions shall 
begynne the firste warde ; and then one vintener shall furnyshe the next, 
and soo successyvely throughe the saide wardes. And it is ordeyned, that 
in lyke manner and forme as the saide wardes be devided to the constables 
and vinteners, and ther companies, so the same wardes shalbe devided into 
vj. parties, whereof the first begynneth at Beacham's tower unto the Mylke- 
gate tower, whiche ys assigned to the kinges deputie. And the seconde of 
the vj. wardes from Mylkgate tower to the Prince's tower, and that shalbe in 
the high marshall's charge. The thirde warde from the Prince's tower to the 
Bullen gate, whiche shalbe in the comptroller's charge. The iiij^li warde 
from Bullen gate to the Castell, shalbe in the treasurer's charge. The 
v^^ from the Castell to the Lanterne gate, shalbe in the under-marshall's 
charge. The vj*^'' from the Lanterne gate to the Beacham tower, shalbe in 
the maister porter's charge, with suche constables, vinteners, and gonners as 
be with the saide wardes, as above is assigned. 

Til ovdr" for the Escries hi night or hy daije. 

If anny escriebemade by night by reaport of any of the saide watchemen, 
as bifore is saide, or by any other meane, the counsell, with all the speres, 
archers on horsback, iiij vinteners with ther companies, with all diligens 
shall resort to the Market-place armed and weaponed accordinglie. And 
vj. tipstaves, in ther hemes and weapons, shall gyve attendaunce upon the 
kinges deputie and counsell ther. And all ther constables, and the residue 
of the vinteners not assigned to the Market-place aforesaide, and all other 
souldiers of the retynue, as well in the retynue of the deputie as in the 


retynue of all other of the counsell and officers, shall reasort to the walles, 
every one to his warde, in hemes. And the kinges deputie and counsaill, 
being in the Market-place armed, shall not have with them none other of the 
rytenue ; but the speres, archers on horsback, tipstaves, vinteners, and 
other companies shall ther attende upon the kinges deputie and counsaill for 
safe keping of the saide Market-place. And then the saide deputie shall 
sende one of the tipstaves with the comptroller's dark of the chek to the est 
and west howses, and se how they be furnyshed with ther watche, as well 
with the standwatche as with the saide companie of constables and vinteners 
with ther fellowshipps ; and if any defaulte be in any of them, to note the 
same, and then retorne to the Market to the kinges deputie and counsaill, 
and ther make reaport of all suche defaultes. And as many as so shall 
make defaulte, and have no lawfuU excuse, to have punishment of xl. dales 
punishment and a quarter's wages, and therfor the dark of the chek maye not 
be withoute his boke of chek, nor the vyntener nor constables withoute the 
billes of the names of ther companies; and lyke order to be used for escries 
or larome made by daye. 

For Watche in the neive Brais and Serche toiver in the tyme of warre, 
and in the heri'ing tyme, in the saide towei . 

First, it is ordeyned that ij. gonners that be appointed to the brais in the 
tyme of warre shall kepe the Serche tower the herring tyme ; and every 
night when the bridge ys drawen at the Lanterne gate, and every morning 
when the bridge is let downe, one of the gonners shall shote one gunne, to 
the entent that every night, at the shoting of the saide gunne, every stranger 
of the herring men shall reasort to ther shipps, upon payne to be punyshed. 
And after the saide gone be shot in the morning, the saide strangers maye 
come out of ther shipps and tende the[ir] busynes, and not bifore, upon lyke 

For ij. gonnes to be laied in the Lanterne gate the herring tyme. 

It is also ordeyned that ij. gunnes, with sufficient powder and shot, shalbe 
laied in the Lanterne gate ever apon Michaelmas even, and ther lie till seint 
Andrewes tide then next following ; and one gonner daylie shalbe ap- 



pointed by the kinges deputie to waite uppon the saide gonnes, that if nede 
require they may be shot for the defence of the same ; and that the saide 
gonner soo appointed shall not faile to kepe his saide warde, upon lyke paynes 
as bifore expressed upon those that make defaulte of ther warde dayes in 
the saide herring tyme. 

[Here follows, in the same manuscript, the second copy of the king's device for the forti- 
fication of the town, already mentioned in p. 125.] 

Memorial of lord Berners when deputy of Calais, and the 
other officers of the town, to the king, respecting the 


The date of this document wants the year, but it was written whilst lord Berners was 
deputy of Calais, and probably belongs to 1522, when hostilities broke out with France. 
The " three jurisdictions" represented in the signatures were those of the council, the 
town, and the staple. 

(MS. Cotton. Calig. E. i. p. 28. The original.) 

Pleaseth your highnes that all we your most lowly sei-vauntes and sub- 
ge[ctes of the th]re jurisdiccions of this your highnes toune of Caleys, in 
our moste humble wyse do shew and ascerteyne your [highness] that here 
is an unyversal great lack and default of wode and fiewel within your saide 
toune, by reason [that of] late dyvers and sundry hoyes, playtes, and other 
ships freghted and repeyring toward this toune with [wood] and cole have 
been taken on the see by Frenchmen, as well before the opening of the 
warres as syns, so that by a serche lately made within this toune there is 
not fiewel suflBcient to serve the same [for] xv. days ; the lack wherof be- 
gynneth a great rumour amonges the generaltie of this toune ; and it is 
thought by us, if remedye be not shortly' provyded for relief and helpe of 
the same by your highnes, greater inconvenyence and daunger is lyke to 
follow and come to this toune, which God defend, for we [have] done as- 
moche for our partes as in our possibilite is, as wel in wrytyng and sending 
over into Englonde w[here] wode lyeth to such persons as have ships there, 
as also in causing the hoyes, playtes, and other ships which lie here in the 
haven, with the masters and maryners of the same, to fetche, bryng, and 
convey out [of En]glande wode to this toune ; and have offered unto them 
moche more largely for their freghtes than [they ha]ve bene wont and 


accustomed to take or demande ; but they utterly do refuse to adventure 
th[emselves] or ships on the see onlesse they mighte have EngUshe ships 
of warre to conduyct [them] bothe to and fro. And, bycause they daily see 
byfore their faces ships taken by Frenshmen here [about] e without any 
maner of rescuyng of the same, they be in so great drede and fere that they 

had rather to jeobarde themselfes on the see without conduyct. 

And, inasmoch as we canfynde no fu[rther help] or remedye herein of our 
selfes, we can no lesse of our dueties but to advertise yourhighnes in [what] 
estate we stonde in that behalf; wherfor all we of the forsaid thre juris- 
diccions w[ould] beseche your highnes to have tendre consideracion and pitie 
apon this your grace's toune and servauntes [inhabitants] within the same, 
to se some provysion that wode and fiewel may be shortly conveyed over 
hiddre, and [to be] brought unto us, if it may pleas your highnes to appoint 
and commaunde six ships of werre to a[ct in] arredines for the releif of this 
your said toune, wherof thre ships to have their most abode co[mmor]aunte 
about the Camber, and other thre about the haven and rode of this toune, orels 
atte le[ast two shi]ps about the Camber, and other two about the said 
haven and rode of this toune, that than they [safely ma]y conduyct and 
convey over hiddre not oonly such ships as wold repeyre hiddre with 
wode, fiewel [and cole], but also the passages that from tyme to tyme 
shall passe to and fro betwext this toune and the [coast] of Englond. 
And otherwyse we see not how any thing necessarye for us can be po3- 
sib[ly brought] over to this toune in suretie ; for, if any ships shuld 
be appoincted by your highnes for the sa[iling] about the downes, we 
see such daily experyence in theym that they nothing shalhelpe for [the] 
convey of any ships which shall resorte with wode, fiewel, and victail to 
this your said to[une]. Written at the same your toune of Caleys, the 
xxti. day of June. 

Your humble servauntes, 
Joh'n Berners. Raymond Cutturvs, m[ayor.] George 

Wyll'm Sandys. Medley, levetenant of the staple. 

Robert Wotton. Edward Guldeford. Berkeley. 

Crystoffer Garneys. 
[Ba]rtylmew Tate. 
( The signatures are autograph.^ 
Directed, To the klnges highenes. 


[P. 44.] Will of lord Berners, deputy of Calais, 1532. 

John Bourehier lord Berners, now better known as the translator of Froissart, had been 
appointed deputy of Calais in 1520. Here he amused his leisure with his literary em- 
ployments ;* and his translation of Marcus Aurelius, made " at the instant desire of his 
nevewe sir Francis Bryan knight," was not completed until a few days before his death, 
and one week later than his will : it was " ended at Caleis the tenth dale of Marche, in 
the yere of the reigne of our soveraygne lorde kyng Henry the viij. the xxiiij." Lord 
Berners died on the 19th March, 1532. (Life by Mr. Utterson, prefixed to the edition of 
Lord Berners' Froissart, 4to. 1812, p. 21). 

His will was made at Calais on the 3d of March 1532, and commences 
in the following terms : " I, John Bourehier knight, lord Barnes, the king's 
deputy-general of the town and marches of Caleys, &c. make this my pre- 
sent testament and last will, in manner and form following. First, I be- 
queath my soul to Almighty God, &c. and my body to be buried in the 
parish church of our lady St. Mary the Virgin of the said town of Caleys, 
within the chauncell of the same church," &c. He gave to " Francis Hast- 
ings esq. and Jane his wife, &c. my great tenement I dwell in in Caleys," 
He appoints " Francis Hastings and Robert Rolf, recorder of Calais, execu- 
tors ; to Robert ten marks sterling ; I make my lord Edmund Howard my 
brother f overseer of the same my present testament, to whom my brother 
I give a standing cup of silver and gilted, weighing 22 ounces, &c. In wit- 
ness whereof, to this my present testament and last will I have set my seal 
of arms, and subscribed my name, the day and year first above writ, in 
the presence of the said lord Edmund my brother, and sir Edward Ringesley 
knio-ht, high marshal of Calais, sir Edward Brindelyolyn, paroche preste of 
the abovesaid church of our Lady, our ghostly father sir William Petous 
my chaplain, &c." This will was proved by Francis Hastings, 4 Feb. 1533. 
—(Collins s Baronies hy Writ,fol. 1734, jo. 337.) 

[P. 44.] Return of the duke of Richmond and earl of Surrey 

FROM France. 
The passage of our chronicler, which states that these young noblemen 
"cam to Caleys out of Fraunce, where they had bene almost xij. monthes," 
is remarkable as being in contradiction to the view taken by Dr. Nott in 

* On this subject see another note appended to the Table of Contents, p. vi. 

f Lord Berners married lady Katharine Howard, daughter of Jolm duke of Norfolk, 


his Life of the Earl of Surrey. It was supposed by previous writers, from 
the statements of lord Herbert the historian, that Surrey had accompanied 
the duke of Richmond during his stay in France ; but Dr. Nott (p. xxvi.) 
considers it uncertain whether Surrey went to Paris ; and in p. xxvii. he 
states that lord Surrey bore the fourth sword at the coronation of queen 
Anne Boleyne in May 1533. In p. xxviii. he says that the duke of Rich- 
mond arrived in London on the 7th Sept. just in time to be present at the 
christening of the princess Elizabeth : whereas our chronicler states that 
the duke and earl were only come so far as Calais on the 2oth of that 
month. The explanation of the latter of these discrepancies is furnished 
by the fact that the duke of Richmond did not actually accompany the duke 
of Norfolk (who really came in time for the christening), but followed 
shortly after him. The former may be attributed to the circumstance, that 
the names mentioned in ceremonials are often those who were considered 
by the heralds as entitled to be present, rather than such as actually at- 
tended. The earl of Surrey, then, may have passed these twelve months in 
France, the companion of " a king's son," as he styles himself in one of his 
sonnets, even though his name was set down as destined to take part in the 
ceremonial of the queen's coronation. 

[P. 46.] Letter of Stephen Gardiner, bishop of Winchester. 

After the visit of the bishop of Winchester to Calais, mentioned in p. 46, he addressed 
the following letter of civility to lord Lisle, acknowledging the hospitality he had received 
from the lord deputy and his lady. 

(MS. Harl. 283, f. 214.) 

My lord, after my right harty commendations, I thanke yowe for your 
sondry gentyl lettres, and partly to recompense them, I have spoken dili- 
gently to the emperor's counsayl that such pullery and wylde-foule raaye 
passe by Graveling as ye require, without interruption, whiche I have had 
promyse shalbe doon without faulte, I have noo newes to wryte of that ye 
wold knowe ; ye be nerer the market of [them] thenne I am. God send 
them to be in the conclusion such as al good men desire. 

Herewith I send two lettres, oon to my lord of Duresme,* and an other 
to mastre Wallop,! which I praye youe cause to be sent unto them. 

* Cuthbcrt Tunstall. f Sir .John Wallop. 


I praye youe I maye be commended to my good lady, with thankes for 
my good cliere to youe both ; and soo I pray God send youe hartely wel to 
fare. At Antwerp the last of Novembre. 

Your good lordshippes assuredly, 

Ste. Winton. 
Directed, To my very goode lorde my Lorde Deputie of Calais. 

Election of burgesses from Calais to parliament, 1536. 

In the following letter from lord chancellor Audley to viscount Lisle the lord deputy 
of Calais, the writer reminds his lordship that it had been provided by an Act of the last 
Parliament,* that is, in the last session of the parliament then assembled, that Calais should 
always send two burgesses, one to be chosen by the deputy and council, and the other by 
the mayor and commonalty : directing him now to see such order fulfilled. He forwards 
also a writ to lord Lisle himself, but intimates that his attendance will be dispensed with. 

(MS. Cotton. Titus, B. i. f. 144. ) 

After my righte herty commendacions, it may like your lordshipp to 
understond that the kinges highnes hath somonyd hys parlament to be 
holden at Westminster the thursday in Wyttsonweke f next comyng ; 
wherfor I send your lordshipp oone wrytt for your somonj to be there. 
Neverthelesse ye shal not nede to com, oonlej ye have further knowleyge 
of the kinges plesure that his grace ys content that ye shalbe absent from 
your charge at Calys ; but I send you the wrytt, bycause it ys the order 
that every nobilleman shuld have his wrytt of somon5 of a parlament. 

I also send by this brynger ij. other wryttes, oone to the counselle for 
eleccion of oone burge3, another to the mayer and comonalte for eleccion of 
another burgej,^ praying you and the counselle so to execute the wrytt 
dyrectyd to you that ye may chose and name a man that bothe for gravyte, 
honesty, reputacion, and wytt, may be abyll to serve the kynge for oone 
burge} in his parlament, for his towae and marches of Calys ; and likewyse 
desire you to move the mayer, that he and his bretherne take suche respect 
in the eleccion of another burges as shalbe of like gravyte, honeste, repu- 
tacion and wytt as ys aforesayd. Signyfying to you that ther ys an act 
passid at the last parlament, that Calys shal alweyes at every Parliament 

* See Statutes of the Realm, vol. iii. p. 649. 
t The parliament met on the 8th June 1536. 

X See these writs printed in Rymer, xiv. 567 ; and the like, dated 23 Nov. 33 Hen. 
Vin. 1541, ibid. p. 740. 


in Englond have ij. burgesse}, oon to be chosen by the deputie and the 
counsel!, and the other to be chosen by the mayer and comonalte. And 
thus hertely fare ye well, with as good helthe and longe lyff as I wold my- 
self. Wryten at London, the xiiij. day of Maye. 

Your lovjTig frend Thomas Audeley, k'. chanceler. 

Directed, To his loving frend the lorde Lysley, deputie of Cales, be this 
yoven, w' spede. 

(It was usual at this period for knights to add k. to their signatures.) 

Reception of the lady Anna of Cleves at Calais, 1539. 

Miss Strickland, " Lives of the Queens of England," 1842, vol. iv. p. 330, has given a 
brief abstract of a narrative remaining in the State Paper office, describing the journey of the 
lady Anna of Cleves from Dusseldorf to Calais ; and has also quoted at full Hall's ample 
recital of the ceremonies and festivities upon her reception in England. That popular 
authoress was not, however, aw'are of the existence of the papers which are here inserted. 

The treaty made on this occasion was not inserted in Rymer's collection, but a copy 
may be seen in MS. Cotton. Vitellius, C. xi. p. 213. The commissioners on the king's 
side were Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas lord Audley, lord chancellor, Charles 
duke of Suffolk, Thomas Lord Cromwell, keeper of the privy seal, William earl of South- 
ampton, lord admiral, and Cuthbert bishop of Durham ; on the part of John Frederick 
duke of Saxony,* sir John a Doltzike knight, and Francis Burgart, his vice-chancellor ; 
and on the part of William duke of Juliers, Gelders, Cleve, &c. William ab Harff, " aule 
prefeetus," elsewhere called "the steward Hoghsteyn," (see p. 172), and Henry Olysleger. 
The English part of the treaty was executed at Windsor Castle, Sept. 24, 1539. 

A letter of Gregorj' Cromwell, son of the lord privy seal, to his wife, dated Calais, the 
9th of December, and briefly describing the arrangements made for the lady Anna's 
reception, is printed in Miss Wood's Letters of Royal and Illustrious Ladies, ii. 357. 

TTie orders takene for the receavinge of the moste noble Princesse the 
Ladye Anne of Cleves, Julyers, 8)-c. repayringe into England for 
a mariage, by the grace of God to be solempnysed betweene Mr and 
the Kinges Majestic, our most gracyous and dread soveraigne Lord. 

(MS. Karl. 295, f. 152 b. Another copy in MS. Cotton, Vitellius, C. xi. f. 221 b. They 
vary in their orthography ; and neither of them are contemporary.) 

Fyrste, it is appoyntcd that the lord deputye and counselle of Callyse, 
with the menne of armes, and suche nomber of the retynewe of that towne 

* The duke of Saxony had married Sibilla sister of Anna of Cleves. William duke of 
Juliers, &c. was her brother. 


as to them and the lord admjM-all, beinge nowe sent thither to see hir trans- 
ported, shalbe thought meele, shall in their best arraye raeete and receave 
hir grace, at hir enterie into the EngUshe pale ; and after their due reverence 
and salutacions made unto the same, they shall conduct her and her traine 
to the said towne, makeinge unto the strangers comeinge with her, as their 
degrees require, all honest and frendly semblance and entertainement, 
whereby they may perceive themselves most hartely welcome. 

Item, it is appointed that aboute St. Peter's, without the said towne of 
Calls, the said lord admirall, with all the lords and other gentlemen assigned 
to keepe him company and to attende upon him in this voyage, shall meete 
her,* and make like reverence and salutacions, [and] shall in like maner 

* The mode in which this programme was fulfilled is thus described by Hall : " The 
xi. day of Decembi-e, at the turnepyke on thys syde Gravelyng, was the lady Anne of 
Cleve receyved by the lorde Lysle, deputie of the town of Calice, and with the speres and 
horsemen belongyng to the retynue there, all beyng fresh and warlyke apparelled, and so 
marching toward Calice, a myle and more from the towne, met her grace the erle of 
Southampton gret admirall of England, and apparelled in a coate of purple velvet cut on 
cloth of golde, and tyed with great aglettesand treifoilesof golde, tothe nombre of iiij. C.,and 
baudrick-wise he ware a ehayne, at the whych dyd hang a whystle of golde set with ryche 
stones of a great value. And in his company xxx. gentlemen of the kynges housholde, 
very rychly apparelled with gret and massy chaynes, and in especial syr Frauncis Bryan 
and syr Thomas Seymer's chaynes were of great valure and straunge fassyon. Besyde this, 
the lorde admirall had a great nombre of gentlemen in blew velvet and crymosyn sattyn, 
and his vomen in damask of the same colours, and the maryners of his ship in sattyn of 
Bridges, both coates and sloppes of the same colours ; whych lorde admirall with low 
obeysaunce welcomed her, and so brought her into Calyee by the Lanterne gate, where the 
shippes laye in the haven garnyshed with their banners, pencelles, and flagges, pleasauntly 
to beholde. And at her entry was shot such a peale of gonnes, that all the retynew much 
merveiled at it. And at her entei-y into the towne, the mayer of the towne presented her 
with an C. marke in golde. And before the Staple-hall stoode the merchauntes of the 
staple, well apparelled, which lykewise presented her with a C. sovereyns of golde inarj'che 
pursse, which hertely thanked them, and so she rode to the kinges place called the 
Checker, and there she laye xv. dayes for lacke of prosperous wynde. Duryng whyche 
tyme goodly justes and costly bankettes wer made to her for her solace and recreation. 
And on S. Jhon's day in Christmas, she with 1. sayle toke passage about noone, and 
landed at Deele, in the downes, about v. of the clocke." 

The entertainment of the royal bride in Calais is further thus described in the narrative 
in the State Paper Office : " When she entered the Lantern gate she staid to view the king's 
ships, called the Lyon and the Sweep-stakes, which were decked with one hundred 
banners of silk and gold, wherein were two master-gunners, mariners, and thirty-one 


waite upon her into the towne, and so to her lodginge, gevinge their daylie 
attendance there till time shall serve for her transportacion, the same to be 
taken with the first proper season that by the said lord admirall shalbe 
thought meete and convenient. 

Item, it is ordeined that at her grace's arrival at Dover, the duke of 
Suffolke, and lord warden of the cinque ports, with such other lords as 
be appointed to waite upon them, and the duches of Suffolke, with such 
other ladies as be appointed to wait upon her, shall receive her at her land- 
inge, and soe convay her to the castle, where her lodginge shalbe prepared ; 
and, gevinge their continuall attendance upon her duringe her grace's aboode 
there, shall, at her grace's departure from thence, conducte her to Canter- 
bury, and soe further till her meatinge with the kinges highnes. 

Item, it is appoynted that beyond Canterbury, in such place as shalbe con- 
venient, the archbishop of Canterbury, certeine other bishops and gen- 
tlemen assigned to keepe her company, shall meete her grace, and so with 
the reste convay her to her lodginge in Canterbury, and in like maner to 
attend upon her untill her meetinge with the kinges highnes. 

Item, it is appoynted that she shalbe eftsones mett on the downes beyond 
Rochester by the duke of Norfolk and certeine other lords and gentlemen 
appoynted to keepe him company, who, after due reverence and salutacions 
made, shall in semblable maner waite upon her untill she shall come to the 
king's majesties presence. 

Item, it is ordeined that on this side Derteford, the earle of Rutland, 
appoynted to be her grace's lord chamberlain, sir Thomas Dennys, chaun- 
cellor, sir Edward Bainton, vice-chamberlain, sir John Dudley, master of 

trumpets, and a double-drum that was never seen in England before ; and so her grace 
entered into Calais, at whose entering there was 150 rounds of ordnance let out of the said 
ships, which made such a smoke that not one of her train could see the other. The 
soldiers in the kinges lively, of the retinue of Calais, the mayor of Calais, with his brethren, 
with the commons of Calais, the merchants of the king's staple, stood in order, forming 
a line through which she passed to her lodging ; and so the mayor and his brethren came 
to her lodging, and gave her fifty sovereigns of gold, and the mayor of the staple gave her 
sixty sovereigns of gold ; and on the morrow after she had a cannon shot, jousting, and 
all other royalty that could be devised in the king's garrison royal, and kept open house- 
hold there, during the time that she did there remain, which was twenty days, and had 
daily the best pastimes that could be devised." — Miss StricliaruVs Queens of England, 
vol. iv. p. 332. 



her horse, and all others appoynted to be of her gi-ace's counsell, with all 
the reste of the gentlemen, yomen, and gromes which shalbe her ordinary 
servants, and also the lady Margaret Douglas, the duches of Richmond, 
and other noble women, ladies and gentlewomen, which shalbe her graces 
ordinary waiters, to the number, in all, of ladies and gentlewomen 30*'^, 
shal eftsones meete her, and, doeinge her due reverence, shalbe presented 
by the archbishop of Canterbury, and the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, 
and other the most noble personages beinge in company with her, and her 
owne traine and household, and soe in good order waite upon her till she 
shall approach towards the king's majesties presence ; at which time all the 
yomen and meane sorte shall avoide, and the counsell, ladies, and gentle- 
women only remaine in traine with her. 

Item, it is determined that on the hill (blank) there shall be pitched the 
king's majesties rich pavilion, and certain others for other noble personages, 
to retire themselves into after they shalbe presented to his highnes ; and, 
also, that there shall>e prepared wine, fruite, and spice, in maner of a banket, 
to be redie sett upon the tables in the said pavilion. And, byfore such time 
as the king's majestie shall meete with her, it is appoynted that all the 
servinge men shall departe from the traine, and on ether side range them- 
selves aloofe in the field, none remaining neere her but only such as shalbe 
thought meete and appointed to waite on her person ; and all the reste of the 
gentlemen to ride also in two wide ranges on either side, that his majestie may 
only have such afore and after him as shalbe so assigned ; and, to th'intente 
every man may the better knowe how to ensue this order, and to use him- 
selfe at this time, it is appointed that certeine gentlemen shalbe assigned 
to ride about and cause all men of all sorts to foUowe such directions as 
shalbe prescribed unto them. 

And it is in like maner ordeined, that the duke of Norfolk, being earle 
marshall of England, shall cause a good nomber of persons, with tipped 
staves, to be put in order to keepe the streets and waies betweene the townes 
ende and the gate at Greenwiche ; the way whereunto shalbe to passe aboute 
the park, and so through the towne to the doore directly against the west 
ende and the late Friers church, and so to the greate gate on the water side 
at Greenewich aforesaid. And, therefore it is to be remembered that the 
said doore leadinge out of the lane where the stables be, into the church of 
the late Friers, and all other straite places, be enlarged, and that the streete 


be graveled, paved, made cleane, and put in as good order as may be. And 
likewise, that there be stronge barres made alonge the Thames side, that by 
presse of people noe man be put in danger of drowninge ; the chai-dge of 
which things to be done at Greenewich be committed to Needham, the king's 
master carpenter : provided that every lord and gentleman alight out of 
the waye without the said gate leadinge to the Friers, and so goe on foote 
to the court, and only the king's majestic, the queene, and the ladies to ride 
into the court. 

Item, it is appointed that when the king's majestic shalbe in his pavilion, 
the vice-chamberlein, taking with him the guarde, shall repaire to Greene- 
wich, and bestow the said guard in such place of the house as shalbe meete 
for the keepeinge of good order, and the avoidinge of all servingmen and 
others, which pressinge in and havinge no necessary business to doe in the 
household should be great anoyance in the same. 

Item, it is appointed that when the king's majestie shall departe from his 
pavillion towards Greenewich, all the gentlemen not beinge specially and by 
name, in a booke to be made for that purpose, assigned to ride before his 
grace, shall stande on the heathe in two ranges, sufferinge his grace and all 
the traine to passe wholly, or any of them or any of their bandes move 
from thence ; and then at the sounde of a trumpett, or some other warninge 
given, every man to departe to his lodginge. 

Item, it is appointed that the maior of London, with all the aldermen 
and crafts, shall (be) upon the Thames in barges well apparelled, and fur- 
nished with as manye kinds of musicke as they cann gett, to congratulate to 
this her grace's arrival ; but non of them shall in anywise sett forthe on 
lande. And it is thought meete that the king's mar shall, or some other, 
appointe to every bardge the place where they shall lye, for the better shewe 
and order thereof accordingly. 

Item, that the chiefe officers of the household furnishe the halle, the 
porters in good arraye to be at the gates, and all others that shall be in the 
house to be putt in honest apparell and order. 


The names of the Noblemen and others of the Queenes trat/ne that 
attendid uppon her Grace to Calays. 

(MS. Harl. 296, f. 169, contemporary ; copy in MS. Cotton, Vitell. C. xi. f. 220 b.) 

The erle of Oversteyn, and vij . persons. 

The yong erle of Nueuare and Roussenbergh, with xiij. persons. 

Sir John Dulzike, the electour of Saxes marshall, with x. persons. 

The stewarde Hoghsteyn, with v. persons. 

OsUger, the chauncelour, with vj. persons. 

Two brethren called Palant, with x. persons. 

Tennagel, the maistre d'hostell, with vij. persons. 

Sir John Buren, with vj. persons. 

Hantzeler, capteyn of My lien, with vij. persons. 

xxvij. gentilmen besides, every of them iij. or iiij. servants-. 

viij. pages, whereof one is an erles sone. 

Divers officers besides. 

Maistress Gilmyn, with v. persons. 

The ladie Keteler, with vj. persons. 

The wydowe of the lord of Wyssem, with vj. persons. 

The wyfe of the elder Palant, lorde of Bredebent, with vj. persons. 

Five yong gentilwomen, of the whiche one is a baron's daughter. 

Three other gentilwomen as servauntes. 

The number of gentilmen, whereof two erles . . xxxviij. "\ 

Pages, whereof one is an erles sone .... viij. \ CCxxviij. 

Officers and servauntes Ciiij^xij. } 

The nomber of the ladyes and gentilwomen . . xij. 

The nomber of their servauntes xxiij. 

The hole nomber CClxiij. 

> XXXV. 

A list of the " rewardes," or presents of plate, given on this occasion to the ambassadors 
of Saxony and Juliers, and the several members of their suites, is p^eser^ed in MS. Cotton. 
App. XXVIII. ff. 104—108. 




A buuJce containing the names of them which should receive the Ladie 

Anne Cleave, and waite on the Kinge Henry VIII. 

(MS. Harl. 296, f. 171; also in MS. Cotton, Vitellius, C. xi. f. 222.) 

For my Lord Admirall to attend upon him these were 
appointed, vizt. : 

My lord William Howard. 

The lord Hastynges. 

The lord Talboyse. 

Sir Thomas Semor. 

Sir Francis Bryane. 

Sir Henry Knevette. 

Sir Thomas Sperte. 

William Gonson. 

Sir Christopher Morres. 

George CrombwelL* 

William Herberte. 

Mr. Hastynges. 

Mr. Breame. 



John Wingfield. 



Henry Jerningham.f 


Gawen Carewe. 

Peter Carewe. 

Zouche the eldere. 


Hugh Willoughby. 


Asheley the younger. 

Younge Stafford, that maryed the 

lady Cary. 

Thomas Holcroft. 
Yonge Gresham. 

To attend my Lord of Suffblke for the mettynge the Lady Anne at 


The duke of Suflfolke. 
My lord Cobham. 
The bishop of Chechester.ij: 
The master of the rolles.^ 
The kinges attorney. |1 
Sir William Finche. 

Sir Thomas Willoughby. 
Sir Edward Wotton. 
Sir Edward Boughton. 
Sir Henry Isle. 
Sir Thomas Neville. 
William Roper. 

* Perhaps an error for Gregory Cromwell, the writer of the letternoticed in p. 167. 

"f- In Miss Wood's Collection of Letters, iii. 142, is one from Mary lady Kingston, 
to lady Lisle, thewife of the deputy of Calais, desiring her " to be good lady unto my poor 
son, Harry Jerningham, the bearer," on this occasion, and particularly to helpe him to 
procure a horse, if he met with any difficulty, 

X Richard Sampson. § Thomas Cromwell. || Christopher Hales. 




Edward Thwaytes. 
Edward Meninges. 
Thomas Digges. 
Thomas Roydon 
Walter Moylle. 
Thomas Moylle. 
Reginald Scott. 
Thomas Wilford. 
Thomas Robartes. 
James Hales. 
John Boyse. 
John Norton. 
John Many the eldere. 
John Crayford. 
Nicholas Sybell. 
Thomas Kempe. 
Richard Ingham. 
Richard Vane. 
William Whetenall. 

Nicholas Clifford, of Sutton. 

Ralfe Symons. 

Henry Cutt. 

Henry Crispe. 

Thomas Wingfield. 

William Boyse. 

John Gilford. 

Thomas Greene, of Bobbinge. 

John Norton, of Horshame. 

To attend the Duches of Suffolk e. 

The duches of Suffolke. 
The ladie Cobham. 
The ladie Hart. 
The ladie Haulte. 
The ladie Finche. 
The ladie Hales. 

Item, the Ladie Anne of Cleve's owne trayne, every knight and squior 
to have a cote and a gowne of velvet, or other good silke, and a chaine of 

To attende the Duke of Norfolk e. 

The duke of Norfolke. 

The archbishop of Canterbury.* 

The lord Mountjoy. 

The lord Dacres of the South. 

Sir William Paston. 

Sir Roger ownsende. 

Sir Edmund Bedingfield. 

Sir Thomas Lestrange. 

Sir Edmimd Knevete. 

Sir John Jermye. 

Sir Francis Lovell. 
Sir James Bolleyne. 
Philip Calthorpe. 
Sir Edmund Windham. 
Richard Southwell. 
Henry Hubbert. 
Thomas Thursby. 
William Coningesby. 
Robert Townsend. 
Erasmus Paston. 

* Thomas Cranmer. 




Thomas Tyndall. 
Sir John Cleere. 
Edmund Lomun. 
Thomas Gibon. 

TTie Duke of Norfolkes owne 

Sir Thomas Germyn. 
Ralfe Simones. 

The Kinges owne Traine, 

Tlie lord chauncelore.|| 

The marquess Dorsett. 

The lord privie seale.^ 

The earle of Surrey. 

The earle of Oxforde. 

The earle of Arundell. 

The earle of Essexe. 

The earle of Rutland. 

The earle of Sussexe. 

The earle of Herteford. 

The earle of Derbye. 

The lord Bulbecke. 

The lord Ferrares. 

The lord Sturton. 

The lord Clynton. 

The lord Sandes, lord chamberleine. 

The lord Laware. 

The lord Wentworthe. 

The lord Windsore. 

The yonge lord Braye. 

The lord Mordante. 

The lord Borough, 

The lord Morley. 

The lord Mountjoy. 

The lord Saint John. 

The lord Hungerford of Hetes- 

The lord Russell. 
The lord Neville. 
The lord Parre. 
The bushope of Duresme.* 
The bushope of Heroford.f 
The bushope of Lincolne. J 
The bushope of St. Assaphe.§ 

Gentlemen of the Kinges Privy 

Sir Thomas Henage. 

Sir Anthony Browne, master of 

the horse. 
Sir Richard Longe. 
Sir Anthony Selenger. 
Anthony Denny. 
John Wellesburn. 
Richard Cromwell. 
Peeter Mewtas. 
Anthony Knevite. 
Ralfe Sadlere. 
Richard Morison. 
Thomas Culpeper. 
Thomas Paston. 
Maurice Barkeley. 
Phillippe Hobby. 

* Cuthbert Tunstall. f John Harley. J John Longland. 

§ Robert Warton or Parfew. || Thomas Goodrick, bishop of Ely. 

IT Thomas Boleyne, earl of Wiltshire. 




The Groomes of the Privey 

Sir John Rainsford. 


Sir Thomas Darcy. 

Sir Clement Harleston. 


Sir John St. Clere. 

Sir Richard Riche. 

Mr, treasurore.* 

Sir Thomas Teye. 

Mr. comptrolere.f 

Sir John Mordante. 

Mr. vice-chamberlen.j; 

Sir John Abridges. 

Sir Homfrey Fostere. 

Sir John Welshe. 

Sir John Gage. 

Sir John Hurleston, 

Sir John Dudleye. 

Sir Edmund Tame. 

Sir Edward Baynton. 

Sir Walter Denys. 

Sir Thomas Dennis. 

Sir Henry Parker. 

Sir Giles Stranguishe. 

Sir Gruffyth Donn. 

Sir John Horsey. 

Sir Phillipe Butler. 

Sir Thomas Speake. 

Sir John Markham. 

Sir Hugh Paulet. 

Sir Nicholas Stirley. 

Sir Heniy Longe. 

Sir WilUam Apparre. 

Sir John Saint John. 

Sir Thomas Tresham. 

Sir Thomas Rotheram. 

Sir John Villeres. 

Sir John Damiceye. 

Sir William Barentyne. 

Sir William Windsour. 

Sir Walter Stoner. 

Sir Robert Dormer. 

Sir Thomas Griffyn, of Northamp 

Sir Ralf Verneye. 


Sir Thomas Longvill. 

Sir Robert Kyrkham. 

Sir Anthony Lee. 

Sir John Byron. 

Sir William Essexe. 

Sir John Harecourt. 

Sir John Norris. 

Sir George Darcye. 

Sir Thomas Arundell. 

Sir John Williames. 

Sir Edward Willoughby. 

Sir Richard Weston. 

Sir Nicholas Poyntes. 

Sir Richard Page. 

Sir Anthony Hungerford. 

Sir John Dannett. 

Sir Thomas Poyninges. 

Sir Richard Shurley. 

Sir Brian Tuke. 

Sir William Goringe. 

Sir Giles Capell. 

Sir Arthur Hopton. 

Sir William Newnham. 

Sir Humfrey Wingfield, 

* Sir William Fitzwilliam. f 

Sir Edward Poyninges. % Qn. ? 




Sir William Walgravc. 
Sir Thomas Banneston. 
Sir John Willoughby. 
Sir George Somersett. 
Sir John Jerningham. 
Sir Thomas Lysley. 
Sir William Barkeley. 
Sir Peter Philpott. 
Sir William Gyfford. 
Sir Michael Lyster. 
Sir Anthony Windesor. 
Sir Edward Gorge. 
Sir John St. Lowe. 
Sir Henry Capell. 
Sir John Newton. 
Sir John Fulford. 
Sir Walter Smythe. 
Sir Humfrey Ferrares. 
Sir John Russell. 
Sir William Pickeringe. 
Sir Edward Walsingham. 
Sir Edward Braye. 
Sir Percevall Harte. 
Sir Richard Manneres. 
Sir Thomas Trencharde. 
Sir Giles Allington. 
Sir Robert Pay ton. 
Sir William Gascoigne, of Bed- 
Sir William Fitzwilliames. 
Sir William Drurye. 
Sir Thomas Germyne. 
Sir Thomas Ellyote. 
Sir John Browne. 
Sir John Hampden. 
Sir John Neville. 
Sir John Rogeres. 
CAMD. see. 

Sir William Weste. 
Sir Roger Chomley. 
Sir John Rogeres. 
Sir Francis Dawtrye. 
Sir William Feldinge. 
Sir George Throgmorton. 
Sir Humfrey Browne. 


Anthony Kingston. 
George Harper. 
Robert Turwhitt. 
Leonard Rede. 
Robert Drury. 
Thomas GyfFord. 
Ralfe Lane. 
Edward Knightley. 
George Gyfford. 
Thomas Edgare. 
Francis Pigote. 
Robert Chenye. 
Edward Fettyplace. 
Thomas Essexe. 
William Hyde. 
Richard Bridges. 
Alexander Umpton. 
Reginald Williams. 
Edward Fabyan. 
Thomas Vachell. 
Christopher Asheton. 
John Yate. 
John Winchcombe. 
Roger Sturton. 
John Souche. 
Henry Strangwaves. 
2 A 




Robert Coker. 

Robert Bingham. 

George Troublefeild. 

Thomas Wrothesleye. 

John Wentworth. 

John Tyrrell. 

John Browne. 

Edward Greene. 

Robert Mordante. 

John Christmas. 

Thomas Cooke. 

John Kekewich. 

Francis Clovell. 

Edward Tyrrell. 

Heni'y Apelton. 

William Ailife. 

Humphrey Terrell, of Shenfeld. 

Guye Craiford. 

Richard Higham. 

John Poyntes, of South Ukkington. 

John Poyntes. 

Michael Weekes. 

Thomas Thame. 

Robert Wetney. 

Thomas WTiitington. 

James Clyfforde. 

George Baynham. 

Arthur Porter. 

Richard Tracy e. 

Ralfe Norwood. 

Edmund Bridges. 

John Palmer. 

John Conesby. 

John Peryent. 

John Broket. 

Thomas Nevill, of Holte. 

Robert Cheseman. 

John Newdigate. 
Anthony Catesby. 
Richard Catesby. 
Anthony Cope. 
Thomas Brudnell. 
Thomas Cave. 
Leonard Chamberlen. 
Thomas Carter. 
John More. 
John Denton. 
Thomas Wayneman. 
Humfrey Ashfeild. 
Edward Sapcote. 
Anthony Colley. 
John Harington. 
Thomas Poppe. 
John Danester. 
Henry Browne. 
Christopher More. 
John SkjTiner. 
John Morres. 
Thomas Heron. 
John Shelley. 
Oliver St. John. 
John Sakevile. 
Nicholas Gainsford, 
Richard Bellingham. 
Robert Oxenbridge. 
John Palmer. 
John Coverte. 
Thomas Ashburn. 
Thomas Darrell. 
Anthony Pelham. 
John Thecher. 
John Parker. 
Anthony Rouse. 
John Springe. 




Robert Crane. 

Lyonell Talma ch. 

Robert Garnishe. 

John Harman. 

Richard Candishe. 

John Wingfield, of Letheringham. 

Charles Wingfield. 

John Poulet. 

John Kingesmell. 

Nicholas Tychborne the younger. 

Nicholas Upton. 

Robert Puttenham. 

Thomas Welles. 

Richard Pexall. 

John Stowell. 

John Rodney. 

William Wroughton. 

Thomas Yorke. 

Edmund Mountperson.* 

John Hungerford. 

John Erneley. 

Robert Longe. 

John Bonham. 

John Choke. 

Thomas Aprice. 

John Pye. 

Barthelmew Husseye. 

William Lucy. 

John Gascoigne. 

John Gostycke. 

William Willington. 

Foulke Grevell. 

John Grevill. 
Edward Conwaye. 
Reginald Digby. 
John Sandes. 
Robert Acton. 
Thomas Acton. 

Yong Audley, the heir of the 
lord Audley. 

— Chamberlen. 

— Chawmond. 
William Skipwith. 
Yonge Dudley. 
Yonge W'igston. 
Homfrey Stafford. 
Edward Skipwith. 
Anthony Southwell. 
Candishe the younger. 
Henry Wingfield. 
George Morgan. 
Yong Ferrares. 

— Home. 

— Pelham. 
Yonge Sellenger, 
Gyles Poole. 
Henry Markham. 
Robarte Markham. 

— Bassett. 
Andrew Flammoke. 
Williame Kellwaye. 

— Johnson. 
Robarte Throgmorton, 

* Mompesson, of Wiltshire. 

Note. — These names evidently constitute the " book" mentioned in p. 171. It does not 
follow that all were present on this occasion, but only that they were those who, from 
their rank and family, were entitled and expected to increase the state of such a court 
ceremonial, if they were able to attend. Edit. 


[P. 47.] Imprisonment of sir John Butler, 1540. 

The crime of this person was, it appears, of a religious complexion. At 
a privy council held at Windsor, 7th Nov. 1540, " lettres were browght from 
the depute and counsail of Calais, declaring that sir [John] Butler prist, 
sone and heyre imto the late lady Banestre decessed, was audited for a sacra- 
mentary, and that upon that respect they had seised the bowse and goodes 
to the late lady Banestre ; and with the said lettre was sent a copy of the 
sayde indictment ; which lettre remayneth in the handes of master Wryo- 
thesley, secretary." Letters were the same day addressed " to the treasurer 
and comptroller of Callais, requyring them to deliver unto master Banastre, 
without takyng suretyes of him, such gooddes as were founde in the lady 
Banastre his \_sicj bowse decessed to be his, and to delyver the rest belong- 
ing to sir John Butler prist, who was endited for a sacramentary, upon 
sureties.*" The subject of the death of lady Banastre had been first 
announced by a letter received on the 11th Oct.; and it had been then 
ordered f that her goods should be delivered to Banestre her " sonne in 
law," i. e. step-son. This person is again mentioned in Feb. 1541, as having 
violently quarreled with the deputy " for the bargayne of a certain horse," 
and having been guilty of " intemperat languge and mysbehaviour towardes 
the sayde depute," j: On this occasion he is styled " one of the gentlemen 
pencioners." And subsequently, on the 23d March, John Bannester was 
brought before the council at Rochester, and examined " of his misdemean- 
our used by him towards the deputy of Calais at his being there ; which he 
denying constantly to be true, was referred untill another tyme to be fur- 
ther examined."§ 

There was a William Butler, one of the principal merchants of the 
staple in 1540. || 

* Proceedings, &c. of the Privy Council, vol. vii. p. 79. 

+ Ibid. p. 58. X I'>id. p. 132. 

§ Ibid. p. 162. I! Ibid. p. 32. 


Letter of lord Lisle and the council of Calais to the kino. 

In this letter, lord Lisle and the council of Calais represent to the king the precarious 
state of the town and of the marches, in respect of victuals. Its year has not been 

(MS. Harl. 283, f. 5 b.) 

Mooste royall magestie, after our moost humble recommendacions, thies 
shalbe to advertise your highnes, we receyved your moost gracious lettres 
written at Westmynster, the xiij. day of this moneth, by which it hathe 
pleased your magestie that we shuld do many and divers thinges of grete 
importaunce for the weale and suretie of this your towne and marches. 
Amongest whiche your highnes commaunded, that the proclamacion shuld 
be made with all dilligence concernyng the resorte of all officers and sol- 
deours that belong unto this towne, whiche we have cawsed to be made, so 
that in that mater we trust every man will save his owne indempnitie. And 
as touching all other things whiche be conteyned in your said moost gracious 
lettres, with the grace of our Lord we shall do all that is possible for us to 
do ; and the rest is to be considered by your highnes and councell, howe 
that whiche we cannot do may be brought abowte, according to your mynde 
and pleasour. And to the intent that your magestie shall knowe what we 
may do, v/ee shall declare our possibeletie in thies lettres following. So it 
is, moste gracious magestie, as touching all suche provesions of victaile as 
be nowe redye in this towne, and maye be founde in thies marches, we 
doubte not but we shall certifie your highnes duely of the same, to the 
intent, that when your magestie and councell shall have taken a view of 
the same our reapporte, we doubte not but all thinges shalbe considered by 
your magestie, as shalbe consonant to perfourme your high pleasour. And 
specially it is to be noted by your highnes and councell, that almaner of 
vitailes whiche be in poer men's handes, with that they pi'ovide all their 
necesseties ; for all the substance of thies marches is conteyned in corne 


and cattell ; wherfor, when your magestie and councell hathe seen the con- 
tentes that we shall send unto you, and knowe that those thinges cannot be 
had without redy money, provesion must be made howe it shalbe opteyned ; 
for in this towne ther is not money inowe for men to provide necessarie vic- 
tailes for theymselves ; and the poer men, whiche be owners, may not kepe 
it in their handes, for it liethe not in their powers. Also another hard 
poyncte ther is, that thoughe a grete quantetie of victailes may be founde 
within your marches here, of whiche we shalnot fayle, God willing, to cer- 
tiiBe your magestie, yet if ther shuld fortune a sodeyne rode to be made 
upon your said marches, moche of those things that we shall certiffie your 
highnes of shuld faile; wherfor it serayth unto us, that if any urgent 
chaunce shall fortune to fall by forse of enemys, it were right meitt that 
this towne shuld be pourveyed assuredly, and not to trust in thinges that 
hanges in suspence ; for the moost that we can do is, to certiffie your 
magestie in what case this your towne and marches of the same stonde in, 
of whiche, nowe that we have shewed our myndes in the premisses, under 
correction, we shall beseche your magestie to take this our certificate in 
good parte, for more than we can bringe abowte is not meyt for us to 
enterprise. Also your magestie shall knowe by our certificate, what lack 
is in this towne of fortificacions and munycions ; for suerly ther wantes 
many thinges in this towne, if it shuld fortune to be put in besynes, of 
whiche I your deputie have certified dyvers tymes, whiche is also to be 
considered and provided for ; for as touching timbre and all suche thinges 
as must serve for reparacions and fortificacions, your highnes is cleerly 
voyded of in this towne ; wherfor of those things provesion is to be made 
with all celeritie, according as your magestie and councell shall thincke 
meytt. And because that your highnes hathe gyven straicte commamide- 
ment by your before mencioned lettres ; yet, because that tyme must passe 
or we can certiffie your magestie of all suche thinges as may be founde 
necessarie, therfor we do take upon us to certiffie your highnes, under cor- 
rection, of suche thinges as we have expressed in thies our letti-es in moost 
breeff maner. And as touching the rest that may be doen by us, shall 
not faile to be doen, to the beste of our powers and witt, with the grace of 
our Redymer, whome we beseche to grante unto your moost worthie mages- 
tie good spied in all your entrepricis, with prosperous helthe, long lieff, and 


joye for ever, to the utter confusion of all your ennemys. Written at 
Callis the xvj day of Feveryer. 

*Your most bownden and umbylle subject and servaunt, 

(Autographs,) Artiivr Lyssle, B. k'. 
Rye' Graynffeld. 
Robert Fouler. 
Edmund Howard. 
Thomas Palmer. 
Wyngfeld, R. # 
William Sympson. 
John Rolckwood. 

Directed, To the kinges moost gracious magestie. 

[P. 48.] The recall of lord Lisle from Calais. 

The disgrace of lord Lisle appears to have resulted from the king's suspicions that he 
favoured the Poles and the Roman Catholic party. Some particulars of the attendant 
circumstances will be found in a subsequent page. The following letter is that by which 
the king signified to the deputy his wish to see him in England. It is much burnt, from 
the fire of the Cottonian library ; and in the introductory lines supplied it has been sup- 
posed that the lord deputy's summons was in pursuance to his own request, which had 
been conveyed through his late visitor the duke of Norfolk, in order to expose to the 
king the insubordination of some of his fellow officers, — for such appears to be the bearing 
of the context. It is evident that divisions had existed in the counsels of the town, which 
had arrived at a height pregnant with danger to so exposed and hazardous a possession. 

* This line is written by lord Lisle's own hand, and he certainly added 1-. to his name 
for knight, before which is a flourish that may have been intended as B. for Baron, See 
his signature, engraved in Autographs of Remarkable Personages in English History, 1829, 
plate 15. 


Letter of the king to viscount Lisle, April 17, 1539. 
(MS. Cotton. Calig. E. iv. f. 34.) 

[Right trusty and riglit welbeloved cousin and councillor,] 
[Whereas by our r] ight entirely belove[d cousin and councillor] the duke 
of Norfolk, as by [your lettres you have] desired to repayre hether, as w [ell 

] as for certain other causes, and sp[ecially concerning] the 

ordre of that oure towne and [marches, to make] declaration of the beha- 
viour of su[ch of our officers] and subgietes there, who as it a[ppeareth 
have] in suche wise forgotten themselfes [and also] their dieutes towardes us 
as they se[em to pay] no regarde towardes you, being there [as our] prin- 
cipal! ministre, wee be nowe [ready to] here your advise therein and to 
c[onsider and] declare oure mynde and pleasure un[to you in] that behalf. 
Whereuppon, consider [ing that we] shall have a muche bettre oportunytye 
[therein] to satisfye bothe oure and your des[ire, tarrying] there oure 

cousin of Sussex (the Arde remembered) thenne you 

shu[ld have] of a long season after his departure, [we have] therefore 
thought mete to desire and [authorise you] and nevertheles to commaunde 
you d[irectly] uppon the sight hereof to repayre [unto] us, leaving the keyes 
and charge [of that] towne till your return in the handes of [our said cousin,] 
to whom we have also written to [tarry and] demoore there for that purpose. 
Re [quiring] you to communicate these our lettres with the rest [of our] 
commissioners and the rest of oure ordi[narie] counseill there, and to declare 
to every of [our said] ordinary counsaill that oure pleasure is [that they 
be] in your absence as obedient to our said c[ousin in] all cases as they 
be bovmde to be to oure de[puty] or chieftain for the tyme being, under 

they well aunswere to the contrarye a[t their] perilles ; and these 

oure lettres shalbe as good 

[Given at] oure palayse of [Westminster (?) the xvij"^ day] of Aprill, 
the xxxjt^ yere of [our reign]. 

Directed, To oure right trusty and right welbeloved cousin and coun- 
sailour the viscomite Lisle, deputie of our towne and marches of Calays. 


After the receipt of the preceding letter from tlie king, the commissioners replied in 
the following despatch, which, though imperfect, is sufficient to show the state of affaii-s 
at lord Lisle's departure from Calais. 

(MS. Harl. 283, p. 89.) 

Your highnes' lettres of answere to us addressed, of the xvij"^ of Aprell, 
we receyved this Mondaie mornyng, six of clocke. By the contynew wherof 
wee doo not oonly perceyve your grace's pleasure touching the repaire of 
my lord deputie to your highnes, the tarying of me the erle of Sussex to 
take the charge of your grace's saide towne for the tyme of his absence, and 
me sir John Gage to tarye with the seide erle as your highnes' corny ssioner, 
counsellor, and assistaunt with hym, to supplye and helpe to ease hym in 
the charge to hym commytted ; the repaire of us the reste of your highnes' 
commyssioners to your grace ; but also the devyse of lettres to be wrytten 
by Phylpot to sir Grigory,* which wee intende (as wee doo all other thinges 
conteyned in your grace's seide lettres) to accomplisshe with all dyligence, 
according to our moost bownden diewties. 

And it fully appereth unto us by the examynacion of oone William Stevins, 
of whome we have before written unto your highnes, that Adam Damplip 
mencioned in our former lettres sent to your highnes, whose name (as we 
credebly bee informed) is George Bowker, and not Adam Damplip, oone of 
the principall sowers of the dyvysion in your grace's towne of Calys (as 
we have by our former lettres certified unto your highnes), at his first 
comyng unto your grace's said towne of Calys, which was aboute the xxvij*'' 
dale of Aprell the xxx*^. yere of your moost noble reigne, without Lanterne 
gate there, upon conversation had betwene the seide Adam Damplip and 
the seide Stevins, the seide Adam Damplip shewed unto the seide William 
Stevins that he came frome Roome, and that if he wold have taried in the 
parties that he came frome, he mought have had a good lyvyng, for cardy- 
nall Pole wold have had hym there to have been a reader, and sent monye 
after hym to bringe hym home withe. And the seide Willyam Stevins, 
knowyng the seid Adam Damplip to have shewed hym as before, than and 
there gave hym xij''. in moneye, supposing (as he saide) the same Damplip 

* So the MS. 


wolde have taken passage into Englande. And after perceyvyng he tooke no 
passage, badde the same Damplip goo hoome to his house ; and soo he there 
lodged alnjfghte ; which niatere the same Stevins hathe confessed before us. 
And it is also deposed bifore us that the seide Stevins saide that at the first 
meetyng with the seide Damplip he fownde hym popysshe. And sithen the 
writing of our last lettres unto your highnes, being togiders, and mv lorde 
deputie with us as oone of your grace's commyssioners, conferring your 
highnes' cause among ourselvj^s, Willyam Ste\'ins was brought to us at owre 
appointement by your comptroller, who delyvered us a bylle written and 
subscribed wathe the handes of the seide Stevins, whiche bylle we imme- 
diately red ; w hereunto my seide lorde deputie, whan he percyved that parte 
of the matier therein comprised and redde touched hym, made ansvvere 
(the rest is deficient.) 

I am indebted to Miss Wood's recent work for the following additional information re- 
lative to the causes which led to the disgrace of viscount Lisle,* collected from documents 
in the State Paper Office, where nineteen volumes of his papers are still preserved. 

The previous disgrace and capital punishment of some of the inferior officers of the 
town is mentioned by Turpyn (ante, p. 47). Three of these were priests ; and religious 
differences still continued to disturb the peace of the community. Besides the person 
named Adam Damplip, or George Bowker (named in the preceding document), a priest 
called Ralph Haras, and sir William Smith, were active in dissuading the people against 
yielding credence to the new doctrines propagated by the king; and so much influence did 
they acquire, that mass, matins, and evensong were almost forsaken, and of the 1,700 per- 
sons who were parishioners of St. Mary's, Calais, not more than ten or twelve frequented 
the church. (Deputy and council to the bishops of Bath, Chichester, and Norwich, July 
27,1539. Calais commissioners to the king, April 5, 1540.) Though lord Lisle officially 
professed himself an opponent of the Romish doctrines, he and his lady were suspected of 
really favouring them. Lord Lisle was also accused of want of management in his affairs, 
so that, for the sake of obtaining money, he was often compelled to put offices, &c. to sale, 

* Holinshed does not appear to have had any better foundation for his account of " the 
occasion of lord Lisle's trouble," than a popular rumour (natural enough under the cir- 
cumstances), " that he should be privie to a faction which some of his men had consented 
unto for the betraying of Calais to the French." On the 4th of August, 1540, shortly 
after lord Lisle's first committal to the Towre, were hanged at Tybourn (with four other 
persons who had been attainted by the Parliament), Clement Philpot gentleman, late of 
Calais, and servant to the lord Lisle, and Edmund Brindholme priest, chapleyne to the 
saide lorde Lisle. 


which should have been bestowed upon merit, and whicli thus often fell into the hands of 
improper persons. (Cromwell to lord Lisle ; Cromwell Corresp. bundle i, art. 20.) 

In March 15i0the commission already mentioned, consisting of the earl of Sussex, sir 
John Gage, and others, amongst whom, as a matter of courtesy, lord Lisle's name was in- 
serted, was sent over to examine into the state of laws and religion in Calais. (Instructions 
to Commissioners, ibid. art. 25 B.) They arrived on the 16th of March, and the result of 
their inquiries was that Calais had been very carelessly kept, that 200 of the garrison were 
mere boys, that strangers were permitted free access to the town, and were not restrained 
from walking on the walls and examining the fortifications ; that lord Lisle had communi- 
cated with the pope and cardinal Pole, and that he had presented Damplip with 5^. to whom 
lady Lisle had also given 15s. (Depositions on the examination of lord Lisle, ibid. art. 32.) 
On the pretext that the presence of the commissioners in Calais afforded lord Lisle a proper 
opportunity for a visit to the king, which he had long desired, he was re-called from his 
deputyship to England, by the royal letter given in p. 184, and on his arrival immediately 
sent prisoner to the Tower. 

Having remained there nearly two years, his career had the melancholy termination thus 
described by Holinshed : — " After that by due triall it was knowen that liee was nothing 
giltie to the matter, the kyng appointed sir Thomas Wriotlisley, his majesties secretarie, to 
goe unto hym, and to deliver to hym a ring, with a riche diamond, for a token from him, 
and to tell hym to be of good cheere, for although in that so weiglitie a matter hee woulde 
not have done lesse to hym if hee hadde bene his owne sonne, yet nowe upon thorough 
triall* had, sith it was manifestly proved that hee was voyde of all offence, hee was sory 
that hee hadde bene occasioned so farre to trie his truth, and, therefore, willed hym to bee 
of good cheere and comforte, for he should find that he woulde make accompt of him as 
of hys most true and faithfuU kinsman, and not onely restore hym to his former libertie, 
but otherwise further be ready to pleasure hym in what he could. Master secretary set 
forth thys message with such effectuall words, as he was an eloquent and well spoken man, 
that the lord Lisle tooke suche immoderate joy thereof, that, his heart beeing oppressed 
therewith, hee dyed the night following through too much rejoycing." 

After the deputy's departure from Calais, the chronicler tells us (ante, p. 48) that " his 
goods were seized, his wife kept in one place, his daughter in another, and his [read her] 
daughters in another place, that none of them might speak with other, and all his servants 
discharged." Miss Wood (iii. pp. 140, 141) has given several particulars of these trans- 
actions, including some curious extracts from the inventory of the goods seized. The 
ladies were detained in confinement at Calais, lady Lisle herself under the custody of 
Francis Hall, " a sad man,"^ — whose name has occurred at p. 137, nearly at the head of the 
list of " speres." She was allowed the attendance of a gentlewoman, a chamberer, and a 
groom ; the rest of her lord's household, consisting of fifty men, a lackey, two kitchen 
boys, two women servants, and a laundress, being summarily dissolved. 

* There was no public trial, or the surprise could not have been so great to lord Lisle. 
All the trial that took place must have been before the privy council, or royal commis- 


There were no children of the man-iage of lord and lady Lisle, but both had daughters 
of their former marriages, to whom thei-e is no doubt that the passage of Turpyn's 
chronicle, as above amended, refers, Miss Wood having, in her interesting volumes, fully 
developed the history of the family. It appears that Arthur Plantagenet viscount Lisle 
had by his first wife Elizabeth lady Grey, widow of Edmond Dudley, three daughters, 
I'rances, Elizabeth, and Bridget, besides a step-son, sir John Dudley, afterwards the cele- 
brated duke of Northumberland. Honor lady Lisle, who was the third daughter of sir 
Thomas Grenville by his first wife Isabella daughter of Gates Gilbert esquire, had been the 
third wife of sir John Basset of Umberleigh, and (besides acquiring step-children by that 
alliance) she was by him the mother of four daughters, Philippa, Catharine, Anne, and 
Mary, and of three sons, John, George, and James, of whom the eldest, John, married the 
lady Frances Plantagenet, lord Lisle's eldest daughter. 

Philippa and Mary Basset, together with their mother, underwent a strict examination : 
lady Lisle was supposed to have destroyed some papers which it was thought might have 
been prejudicial to her husband ; and JMary Basset was cruelly required to recollect what 
had been their contents. It can scarcely be supposed, however, that among the vast mass 
of papers which were seized, the materials necessary for the deputy's crimination would not 
have been discovered, had the disorders of Calais been found to have really resulted from 
the individual faults of the deputy, rather than from the defects pervading the several 
departments of its government. 

Sir John Dudley (afterwards duke of Northumberland), as son and heir of lord Lisle's 
former wife, was created viscount Lisle on the 12th March 1542-3, a few days after his 
step-father's death. 

[P. 48.] Visit of the prince of Salerno to England, 1540. 

Ferdinand de San Severino, prince of Salerno, was the son and heir of 
Robert prince of Salerno, who died in 1508. He died himself without 
issue in 1572. 

TJie first intimation of the visit of this noble personage was given by 
sir Thomas Wyatt, in a letter to lord Cromwell, dated from Ghent, 
5 April, 1540. 

" Moreover yesternyght, the prince of Salerne sent to me to shew me 
that he had leve of th'emperor to come see the kynges highnes, wich he had 
long desird, and that he entcnded to go within these xiiij. or xv. days, and 
desird to know off me what ordre he myght best take. He is a man of xxx. 
or xl. thowsand dukets rent, and byside that, grettly estemed in all Italy, 
and one of the grettest men of Naples. I suppose he wold tary there to se 
huntyng and such pastyme for a month. I besech your lordship that I may 


know what I shall do herein. 1 intend to gyve hym one of my servants 
for guide ; and wold God I wei*e then redy ! If it were to the kinges plcsure, 
I wold make hym such companie as shold not be unhonorable to the kyng," 
&'c. — {3IS. Harl. 282, f. 243, and printed in the Appendix to Nott's 
Life of Wyatt.) 

By a letter to Cromwell, written on the 7th April, sir Ralph Sadler 
signified the king's wishes respecting this visitor ; see this, with Cromwell's 
reply, in State Papers, vol. i. pp. 624, 625. 

Again, on the 12th, sir T. Wyatt says : — " Off the prince of Salerne I 
shall advise tyme inough by the next ; he is now gone to Bruges, and wolde 
here to morrow or to nyght ; and if Mr, Pate made eni hast, I myght bring 
hym yet afore May day. It may plese your lordshipp that ther be com- 
andement at Caleis to prepare an honest shipp and loging upon ainy adver- 
tisement, and not with much noyse and Industrie, to th'end it may seme 
hym well without grete care, and I shall wryte to them in tyme." &c. — 
(3IS. Harl. 282, f. 245.) 

[P. 48.] Visit of the duke of Ferrara's brother. 

We learn who this person was from the following passage in Holinshed's 
Chronicle : — " In July the prince of Salerne and the lord Lois Davola came 
into England to see the king ; and after they were departed, don Frederike 
marques of Padula, brother to the duke of Ferrara, the prince of Macedonie, 
the marques of Terra Nova, and monsieur de Flagy, with other, came 
from the emperor's court into England to see the king ; the which, on Mary 
Magdalen's daye, came to the courte at Westminster ; and after they had 
been highly feasted and nobly entertained, they were highly rewarded as 
the other, and so departed." 

This Italian prince is, in Anderson's Genealogies, styled (not Frederick, 
but) Don Francesco of Este, marquis of Massa and Padula, and count of 
Avellino : he died in 1575. 


Henry lord Maltravers as deputy of Calais. 

The government of Calais by Henry lord Maltravers (afterwards the 
last Fitz-Alan earl of Arundel), when appointed successor to lord Lisle, is 
thus noticed in the life of that nobleman, written shortly after his decease :* 
" Comminge to the age of 23 [29] yeares, he was by the king's owne choice 
assigned to the chardge of Callis, a matter much to be noted, weaghing the 
state howe that towne then stoode, partly in sects, and otherwise hardly 
governed to the king's good likinge, by the governour theare, beinge the 
lord Lilee, who at that tyme was newly withdrawen thence in hevye dis- 
pleasure, and comitted to the tower of London, from whence he never alive 
departed, thoughe not convicted of any treason, but died theare of mere 

" Touchinge this noble man's [lord Maltravers'] goverment in that 
towne of Callis, I would it weare written by some of that crewe who then 
felt the benefitt thereof. Such it was, that nether in many yeares before 
him, nor since his tyme, theare ever was the like perfection that then was 
mynistred in that goverment. The king's care towards this lord was such 
as he greatlye increased his fee, towards his better maintenance, whereby all 
the deputies that since followed have fared the better. He used the matter 
so, as in place of artificer, or lame and decrepid person, then possessing the 
roome of soldiers, he furnished the places with strong and valiant per- 
sonages. And, where the speres and men-at-arms of Callis were then 
nakedly furnished, he furnished them of horse and supplye, for exersice of 
feates of armes ; he replennished the same full amply, partly with liberall 
bestowing necessaries amonge them, partly with iucouraging them by his 
owne example to looke to the matter, and not to the braveryf till t}Tne for 
that should serve ; and so he contented himselfe to accompanye them to 
theare exercises with watering headstales, in stede of I'iche showe, which 
noe doubte allured them more to use that exercise then otherwise they 
easely might have borne, for so nether had they excuse for theare deputees 
curious expectation, nor of any want of habilitye ; and thearby in reason 

* Printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1833, from MS. Reg, 17 A. IX. 
'f i. c. handsome equipment. 


might not omit thearo sei'vice theare. Ho did not spare to make them ban- 
quets, to provoke them to exercise. He was glad when they amongc them- 
selves would (unlooked for) breake downe his garden walls, thearby to 
enter and set up and use the tilt, and fighte at the turney, as a thinge which 
they thought best contented him. Then was his horse and furniture 
liberally by guifte bestowed amonge them, as unto those who did deserve 
such requitall, 

" He allso was not unliberall to winne intelligence out of the well-heade 
of his adversaries, even from the French king's counsell, in soundry waighty 
matters pertinent to his realme and kinge his maister ; yea and that many 
tymes before the kinge his maister' s embassadoures (to whom such affaires 
especially appertained) could thereof advertise his majestye. 

" While this noble man thus lived there, the earle his father died [Jan. 
23, 1543] ; whereuppon he, with good contentment and favour of the kinge, 
returned into England, and, after dewty donne to his majestie, withdrewe 
to his owne home, his castle at Arundell, where he so intertained his neigh- 
boures that Christmas then followinge, as to this day it beareth the name of 
the Greate Christmas." 


AND French pales. 

(MS. Cotton, Faustina, E. vii. p, 109.) 

"In the ende of this yere (1540) the Frenehe kyng made a strong castel at Arde, and 
also a bridge over into the Englishe pale, whiche bridge the crewe of Calico did beate 
downe, and the Frenchemen reedified the same, and the Englishemen bet it downe 
again. An<l after the kyng of England sent fifteene hundred workemen to wall and fortefie 
Guysnes, and sent with them five hundred men of warre, with capitaines to defend them." 
Hall. The present document appears to describe the initiatory step in this quarrel, and 
some of the subsequent proceedings will be found detailed in the note appended at its 

An order taken the xxviij*^ day of August, in the xxxijt^ yere of the 
reigne of our souveraign lord king Henry VIH, by the right honourable 
Henry lord Mautravers, deputie general to the kinges majestie of his 
towne and marches of Calais; and the right ' honourable lord Sandes, 
lord chamberlavn to the kinges said majestie, and lieutcnaunt of his 


caste] of Gwysnes, and others the kinges highnes' counsailours in Calays 
aforsaid, concei-ning a comnion waye or passage for man, horse, and 
cariage, of late yeres past usurped, as well by Frenchemen as by Flem- 
mynges, over and from a bridge called Cowbridge,* standing over the 
ryver departyng the lymytes and boundes of the English and French 
pales, unto the said towne of Calais, or unto any parte of the lowe 
countrey of Marke and Oye. 

First, it is fully agreed and condiscended by the said lord deputie, lord 
chamberlaine, and others the kinges said counsailours of Calais, as wel 
upon a personal viewe made by them of a ryver brydge and common waye 
aforesaid, as also by knowledge and informacion given to them by dyverse 
of the honest and most auncient of the kinges majesties subjects, inhabitantes 
within the lordshipps of Marke and Oye, that the said ryver wheron now 
standeth the said brydge, called Cowbridge, is the very trew division and 
lymit of the said twoo pales, so that the one half of the said ryver apper- 
taneth intirely to the kinges majestic our maister. 

Also, it is agreed and condiscended that the said common way or passage 
from the said Cowbridge to Calais, is made and used directly and hooly 
upon the propre grounde (without contencion) of the kinges majestic our 

Also, it is further agreid and condiscended, in consideracion as wel of the 
losses dayly susteyned both by the subjectes of the kinges majestic and of 
the French king by reason of dyverse evel-disposed persons, inhabitantes 
upon the bordres of both the said pales, (the saide waye being only the 
occasion therof,) as also that if the said waye or passage shuld be suffered 
to be contynually thus usurped and used, not only the kinges highnes poore 
subjectes inhabitantes in the saide lowe countrey (in all tymes of warres 
had with France) shuld be in grete danger to be robbed of their catall and 
all other gooddes, but also the Frenchmen may easely convey from thens to 
Calays any artillery or ordenance at their pleasures. 

In eschewing of all which inconveniences, it is thought mete, and fully 
agreed by all and every the kinges highnes' forsaid counsailors of Calays, 
in the accomplishment of the kinges majesties pleasure in that behalf lately 
signified to the said lord deputie and counsailors of Calays, by the right 

* This bridge will be seen marked " the Cobroges " in the Map. 


honorable lordes of the kinges highnes' couusail attending about his majesties 
person, in their lettres dated at Hampton Courte the x^h of August, utterly 
to fordoo and destroye the said usurped waye or passage in manner and 
forme as herafter ensuyth. 

First, it is agrcid and condescended that a greate dyche shalbe made 
thwart the said usurped waye, the one hedd of the same dyche to beginn in 
the myddes of the dyche buttinge upon the kinges majesties grounde called 
the Mayne brooke, and the other hedd of the same grete dyche to extend to 
the myddes of the dyche abuttinge upon the grounde called the Cowswade. 
And the one side of the said grete dyche to begynne cloose to the said bridge 
called Cowbridge, The said grete dyche to be in bredth in the height or 
toppe therof from side to side xxvj*' foote of lawfull assise ; and the depth 
of the said dyche to be nyne or ten foote deepe (if mater will so sutfer it,) 
and viij. foote in the botom. And all the erth taken and digged out of the 
said dyche, to be conveid by the labourers over, eyther into the Cowswade or 
elles into the Maign brooke, and ther to be cast and laide abrode, and not to 
lye in lumps or like a banke, so that no stuff or erth (meete to fill up again 
the same dyche) shall lye nigh therunto. 

Also, it is further agreid and condescended, that the lord Graye of Wyl- 
ton, sir Richard Greenfeld knight high-marshal, and John Rokwood 
esquier bailive of Marke and Oye, and others herafter appointed to be 
-overseers of the making of the saide dyche, shal cause to be made twoo 
other dyches like in all points to the said dyche, to be digged, cut^ and 
made in such places of the common waye most meete for the stopping of 
the same, as to their discrecion shalbe thought meete. 

Also, in eschewing of such inconvenences as mought percace growe if 
the making of the said three grete dyches shuld be doon by a small nom- 
bre of persons, and so a long tyme required for the dooing therof, it is agreed 
and condescended that all the said iij. grete dyches shalbe begoon, made, 
and fynyshed all in one daye. And that for the good and speddy dispatch 
of the same shalbe appointed the nombre of ix'"''. persons : wherof the 
lord Graye of Wylton shal have in his leading and conducting xx" . dykers, 
besides ten of his howsehold servauntes ; sir Richard Greenfeld knight, high 
marshal, shal have in his conducting Richard Lee, surveiour of the kinges 
highnes' woorkes, with Ix. laborers, and workmen of the kinges said woorkes 
in Calays, besides ten of his howsehold servauntes ; and John Rookewcod 

CAMD. see. 2 C 


esquier, bailif of the lordshipps of 3Iark and Oye, shal haA'e the conducting- 
of xl. persons at the least, dykers, inhabitantes in the said lordshipps of 
Mark and Oye, besides ten of his howsehold servaantes and officers ; and 
the residewe of the said nombre to be furnished with xx'' archers of the 
kinges retynewe of the towne of Calays. 

And forasmuch as the soodain assemblie of the said xl. persons, inhabi- 
tants in dyverse partes and parishes of the said lordships of Marke and Oye, 
mought happily be an occasion of some inconvenent brute noyse and sus- 
picion, it is further agreid and condescended in avoiding the same, and for 
the more quyet and peaxible compassing of the said purposes, that the 
Monday being the sixt of September, the said John Rookwood esquier shal 
bring the said xl. persons which he shal have in his leading, to be set in 
worke that daye in the kinges river called the Leade, lying between Mydle 
way and Footmannys inne, without Bollein gate ; and, that day's worke upon 
the said ryver finished, the said John Rookewood to lye all the next night 
following, wnth his said nombre of xl. dykers, and the others his howsehold 
servauntes and officers, at St. Peter's or therabouts. 

Also, it is further agreid and condescended, that for prevencions of all 
espyes and significacions to be given to any owtward parties, aswel the 
passage of Newneham bridge to be stopped that Monday at night, as also 
the same night all other passages of the high and lowe countreys within the 
kinges marches of Calays meete for that purpos, to be stopped by the for- 
said lord chamberlain, lord Graye, and John Rookewood. 

And wheras ther hath ben hertofore, and nowe is, nightly watche kepte, 
as wel on the behalf of the kinges highnes our maister, as the French partie, 
of eyther side of the said ryver of Cowbridge, it is agreid and condescended, 
for avoiding of all suspicion which mought arise by the soodain encrease of 
the nombre of the watchmen of our partie, that twoo honest and discreete men 
(that is to say), John Foorde and Richarde Leonard, the kinges majesties 
servauntes, shal, the said Monday at night, watche the saide Cowbridge at the 
place and with the onely nombi*e accustomed. 

Also, it is further agreid and condescended that the next morning after, 
which shalbe on Tuysday the vij*^^ of September, the said lord Graye, sir 
Richard Grenfeld, and John Rookwood esquier, with all their nombre and 
company aforsaid, shal assemble and meet together at the howse of Boyte- 
haikes, nigh to Cowbridge, before the howre of three in the mornyng, and 


there rest quietly, without noise, til such tyme as the said watches on both 
parties be dissolved, and then to sett in worke the said dikers and labourers 
about the making and dyching of all the said iij. dyches in manner and 
forme as is beforsaid. 

And to the intent the said iij. grete dyches shal incontinently after the 
making of them be filled with water, to the more annoyance of the same 
waye, it is agreid and condescended, that the bank of the ryver called 
HoUehed shalbe cutt by the said dykers in such places meete for the lettin 
in of water into the said dikes as to the overseers of the woorkes herafter 
appointed shalbe thought meete. 

Also, it is further condescended and agreid, that the next night next 
after ensuing, that is to say, on Tuysday at night, the said our watche nigh 
Cowbridge shalbe advaunced and encreased to the nombre of xl. watchmen, 
to watche nightly after by the space of xilij. nightes. And the said xiiij. 
nightes so expired, to deducte of the saide nombre of xl. watchmen every 
night (one next following after another) five watchmen nightly, till (by such 
deduccion) they be reduced and brought to the nombre of x. according to 
the former stynt of watchmen accustomed. 

Also, forasmuch as to such nombre of indiscrete persons (that is to saye) 
ix^x. labourers, dykers, and others, are requisite and needefull good, substan- 
tial, and discrete governours, it is agreid and condescended, that the said lord 
Graye of Wilton, sir Richard Grenfeld knight, John Rookwood esquier, 
Frauncis Hall man at armes, Richard Lee survey our, William London, 
William Smyth, Geff"rey Boocher, Hugh Filcok, and John Gavell, souldeours, 
Morant Haynes, Richard Leonard, George Caninges, John Foorde, Myddle- 
ton Dicker, inhabitantes within the lordships of Mark and Oye aforsaid, 
shalbe the overseers and governours of the said workemen ; and Calais 
pursevant, Hugh Giles and Thomas Prowde, archers on horseback, to give 
their attendaunce there. 

Also, it is further condescended and agreed that for the necessarie provi- 
sion as wel of victualles as also tooles and instrumentes for the said pur- 
pose, sbalbe the said vjti^ day of September carryed in the companye of the 
said sir Richard Grenfeld and John Rookwood, in waagens to the howse of 
the said Boyte haikes, ther to be kept in moste secret wise, these parcelles of 
provision folowing : 


In beere, v. barelles. 

In bred, vj. doosen. 

In Essex cheeses, vj. doosen. 

In onyons, vj. boonches. 

In drynking bolles, xxiiij**- 

In maundes, * to convey away the erth, iiij'"^. 

In shooveles, xxx*i. 

In billes, to be redy if resistance were made, vj"". 

In bardies, to make ways over the dyche of Maign brook for conveyance 
of the erthe, xij. 

In witness of all which agreements the said lord deputie, lord chamberlain, 
and all and every other of the kinges majesties said counsailours of Calais, 
to this book have severally subscribed their names. Dated the said xxviijtt* 
daye of August, in the xxxij*** yere of the reign of our said souveraigne 
Lord, &c, 

H. Mautravers. William Sandes. William Graye. 
Edward WoTTO^f. Richard Grenefeld. Edward Ryngely- 
Thomas Palmer. William Sympson. 

Several stages of the subsequent progress of this affair are to be traced in the acts of the 
privy council. On the 14th Oct. 1540, letters were received from sir John Wallop " de- 
claring his jornay to St. Peer to speke with the Frenche king, and of the communicacion 
which a frende of his had with hym by the way toching the broking of the passage at 
Cowbridge, saying that he had herde say it shulde be new made, and if the Calesians 
woolde let {i. e. hinder) it, that it shulde cost broken heddes."-)- The next day the French 
ambassador had audience of the king, and one of the subjects he proposed was " the 
passage broken at Cowbridge ;" to which the king replied that " he toched not his master's 
grownde, but upon his owne made trenches and ditches, which he myght lawfully do, 
and woolde defende the same if the French king woolde go about to fill them, with no lesse 
force than they wolde defende theyrs, for all their high bragges.":}: On the I7th of the 
same month, " the king was advertised from the depute of Calais how that the Frenche 
men of Arde had made agayn the passage at Cowbridge, which before was by the sayde 

* 3faunds, baskets. In allusion to the king's gifts distributed to the poor on Maundy 
Thursday from the maunds or baskets in which the gifts were contained. — Spelman. 
+ Proceedings, &c. of the Privy Council, edited by Sir N. H. Nicolas, vol. vii. p. 63. 
X Ibid. p. 64. 

1541.] WORKS AT CALAIS. 197 

depute at the kinges conimaundement defeated, and that the xiijtU of this present the 
sayde depute caused the sayde passage eftsoones to be broken. The sayde depute also sent 
liither the copye of his message sent by Gysnes pursyvant to the capitayne of Arde, and 
his answer therupon, and after that the capitayn's lettre to the depute and his answer to 
the same, which were somewhat poygnant and pickyng upon both sydes."* The next day 
a letter was addressed to the deputy of Calais, " willing him to defeate from tyme to tyme 
that which the Frenchmen shulde do for the passage at Cowbridge, having allwayes an 
eye that by any entreprise he woolde make he did not put in any hazarde or daungier the 
towne or any other of the fortresses. "-f On the 30th Oct. copies were received of further 
letters that had passed between the deputy and the capitain of Arde on this subject ; J 
which were acknowledged by a letter written to him on the 1st Nov. directing him to 
follow the order before prescribed ; and on the same day a letter was written to Stephen 
the Almayne, directing him to repair to the court. § On the 7th Nov. letters were sent to 
the deputy " to receyve Steven the Almayne at Calais, and to cause the surveiour to joyne 
with him in the view of the marches, for the devising of a platt of the same, and specially 
of the passage at Cowbridge and the ryvers nere unto the same, but that in no wise they 
shulde suffre hym to view the towne of Calais, or to se the secretes of the same," || On 
the 16th another letter was addressed to the deputy, "to appoint Frauncis Hall, in the 
absence of the surveiour, to joyne with Stephen th' Almain for the making of the 
platt of the marches and passage about Cowbridge, until such tyme as the surveyour 
were sent home again. "^ On the 28th Dec. letters were brought from sir John Wallop, 
which declared " the Frenche kinges appoyntment of mens'', de Bees capitayn of Boloygne, 
and (hlanh) a master of requestes dwelling at Amyens, to mete in commission with like 
personages to be sent from the kinges majestie, the ij'^'^. of February, for the determinacion 
of the matters of Cowbridge."** 

This is the last we find on the matter. It appears that we owe to this controversy the 
map of the vicinity of Calais, of which a fac-simile is given in the introduction to this 

Works in progress at Calais and Guisnes, 1541. 

(MS. Cotton, MS. Titus, B. i. p. 208''. a transcript.) 

A Declaration of the nomber of Workmen and Labourers, with their 
Wages, working beyond the Sea, on the Kings Majesties Fortifica- 
tions, anno Henrici 8. regni 33. 

At Calais. 
First, 133 workmen on Dyvelyn bulwarke, everie of them at 8rf. sterling 

* Proceedings, &c. of the Privy Council, edited by Sir N. H, Nicolas, vol. vii, p. 66. 
+ Ibid. p. 67. t P. 73, § Pp. 74, 75, 

II P. 79, 1 P. 83, ** P, 100. 

198 WORKS AT CALAIS. [1541. 

the daye, with their howers, amounteth in the moneth, containing 28 daies, 
summa ....... 124?. 2s. 8d. 

Item, 526 labourers working on the same bulworke, everie of them at 
6d. sterling by the daye, with their howers, summa . 385?. 6*. 

Ai Ryshanke. 

Item, 70 workmen, everie of them at Qd. sterling the daye, with their 
houres, summa . . . • . . 64?. 8*. 

Item, 211 labourers working on the said workes, everie of them at 6c?. 
sterling the daye, with their howres, summa . . 147Z. 14*. 

The nomber of workmen and labourers amounteth to 939, the somme of 
their wages for one whole moneth to the somme of . 731/. 10*. Qd. 

An Estimate of all manner of provisions, emptions, and cartages, for 

the foresaid WorJces at Calais and Ryshanke, by the space of one 

moneth, conteining 28 dayes. 

First, in coles 5 chaldron and a halfe a daye, spent at 5 lyme kyeles, 
amounteth in the moneth to 154 chaldron, at 8*. sterling the chaldron, 
summa ...... 53?. 18*. 

Item, 200 ton of chalk, spent by the daye at the said kyeles, and for 
filling of the welles, amounteth to 2,800 ton, at 8£?. sterling the ton, 
summa ...... 93/. 6*. 8f?. 

Item, spent in brikkes monethly 600,000, at 5*. sterling the 1000, 
summa ....... 150?. 

Item, in tymber, 60 ton,* at 3*. A.d. sterling the ton, summa 30?. 

Item, in yron worke, monethly . . . 13?. 6*. 8c?. 

Item, in boordes, nayles, herdelles, mastes, spares, bastes, terras, and 
diverse other necessaries ..... 30/. 

Item, in freight of stone from Feversham and St. Augustine f at Canter- 
bury ........ 20/. 

Item, in hard stone and freight of the same from Maidstone to 
Calais ........ 60/. 

* The miscalculations in this and some other places belong to the manuscript. 
+ The buildings of the late monastery at Canterbury, as at various other places, were 
made to serve the office of a quarry. 

1541.] WORKS AT GUISNES.^Ni;;^^/FORNl^:,^^ 199 

Item, in all manner of carriage monethly from the haven to the workes, 
and carrying- of brikkes from the kyeles to the same workes, summa 100/. 

Summa totalis, emptions and carriages by the space of one moneth 
amounteth to the summe of . . . . 530/. 11^. 4d. 

At Guysnes. 

First, 94 workmen working on Porton's bulwarke, everie of them at 8rf. 
sterling the daye, amounteth in the moneth, containing 28 dales, surama, 

87/. \^s. M. ster. 

Item, 200 labourers serving the said working with brick, chalke, and 
morter, at 6d. sterling by the daye . . . 140/. 

Item, 50 labourers bearing forth out of the digg of the bulworke, into 
the same bulwarke, at 6d. by the daye ... 35/. 

Item, 30 labourers quenching of lyme and making of mortar for the said 
bulwarke at Qd. sterling by the dale . . . 31/. 

At the Newe Bulwork. 

Item, 52 workmen working on the said newe bulworke, at everie of them 
8c?. sterling, by the daye, with their howres, summa . 48/. 10*. Qd. 

Item, 180 labourers serving the foresaid workemen with stufFe and mor- 
ter, everie of them at 6c/. sterhng by the daye, summa . 126/. 

Item, 80 labourers bearing of earth out of the same bulworke to the 
wall, and making betweene that and Whettells bulworke the contermine of 
earth, at 6c/. sterling the daye, summa . . . 56/. 

Item, 18 labourers quenching the lyme, and making of morter for the 
said workes, at 6c/. sterling by the daye, summa . . 12/. 12*. 

At Whettell Bulworke. 

Item, 20 workemen working on the travers walles there, at 8c/. the daye, 
with their howres, summa .... 18/. 13*. 4c/. 

Item, 58 labourers serving those workemen with stuffe and morter, at 6c/. 
sterling by the daye, summa .... 40/. 12*. 

Item, 20 labourers bearing earth, which was cast out of the keye into the 
said bulworke, at Qd. sterling the daye . . . 14/. 

Item, 5 labourers making of morter for the said workmen, at Qd. sterling 
the daye, summa . . . . . 3/. 10*. 

200 WORKS AT GUISNES. [1541. 

At the 31111 Tower. 

Item, 24 workmen working uppon the said tower, at Qd. sterling the daye, 
with their howi'es, summa .... 22/. 8*. 

Item, 48 labourers serving the said workmen with bricke and morter, at 
Qd. sterling the daye, summa .... 33/. \2s. 

Item, 3 labourers making morter and quenching lyme for the said workes, 
at 6d. sterling the daye, sum .... 3/. lO*. 

At the Carpentry. 

Item, 28 carpenters working there nowe for the first flower of the newe 
bulworke, by Whetelles bulworke, at 8f/. sterhng by the daye, withe their 
houres, summa ...... 26/. 2s. 8d. 

Item, 60 labourers which wrought at the castle gate driving pyles with 
gynes, which labourers nowe shall worke uppon the brayes there, which the 
kinges highnes had devised, at 6d. sterling the daie, summa 42/. 

At the Dyke next the Plash. 
Item, 73 labourers casting the said dick, at 6d. sterling the daie, summa 

51/. 2^. 

At the Bryhery and Sandpitte. 

Item, 20 labourers digging of sand and ladmg carts at the brykery, at 
vjt/. sterhng the daie, sum .... 14/. 

At the Towne Dyke and Rampere. 

Item, 280 labourers working in the towne dyke filhng of tumbrells, and 
uppon the rampere of the towne, at Qtd. sterling the daye, summa 126/. 

At the Quarrey besides the Chappell. 

Item, 40 labourers working in the said quarrey digging of chalke only 
for the lyme kylles, at Qd. sterling the daye, summa . . 'ISl. 

At the Quarrey of Fynes Hill. 

Item, 14 roghlyers hewing of chalk for bleckes and quarrelles for the 
workes at Guisnes, at M. sterling the daye, summa . 286/. 

1''>-11.] WORKS AT GUISNES. 201 

Item, 120 labourers digging and breaking of chalk and carrying it out 
of the quarrey to the hill, at Gd. sterling the daye, summa . 84^. 

At the Woodd. 

Item, 20 labourers cutting great woodd and making fagotts at the forest 
and cohhin (qu ?) for the brykery, at Qd. the dale . \Al. 

Item, iiij. smiths making such necessaries as appertaineth to the workes, 
at \']d. the daie, sum ..... 51^. 

Item, 27 clarkes of the workmen and labourers, at \]d. sterling the daie, 
sum ...... . 17/. 15^. 14^. 

Summa totalis of the wages of one whole moneth, 

containing 28 daies, sum . . 1082/. 14<^. 

Summa totalis of the workemen and the labourers, 1492. 

An estimate of all manner of provisions, emptions, carriages, and 
freights for the foresaid workes at Guisnes, hy the space of one 
moneth, containing 28 daies. 

First in coles, 8 chaldron a day, spent at 6 kyles, amounteth in the 
moneth to 196 chaldron, at 8*. sterling the chaldron, summa 68 A \2s. 

Item, 140 ton of chalk, spent everie daie at the said lyme-kylles for 
making of lyme, amounteth in the moneth to 3920 ton, at 2rf. sterling the 
ton, summa . . . . . . 23/. 6*. 8c?. 

Item, 160 tons of chalk, spent everie daie for filling in the walles, amount- 
eth in the moneth to 4480 ton, at bd. sterling the ton, summa 83^. 5*. Qd. 

Item, inbryke spent monethly 800,000, at 5*. sterling the 1000 200Z. 

Item, in tymber, 40 ton monethly, at 3*. 4c?. sterling the 
ton, summa . . . . . . 6/. 13*. 4d. 

Item, in hordes, nayles, and mastes, spares, hardelles, bastes, terras, and 
yron, with diverse other necessaries, summa . . 60/f. 

Item, in carriages from Calais to St. Peter's with short carts, and freights 
of bottes from thence to Guisnes . . . 40/. 

CAMD. soc. 2 D 




Item, in hardstone and freights of the same from Maydstone 
monethly ...... 421. 

Item, at this present daie, 205 tumbrelles, wherof there worketh on the 
rampere of the towne 64, and the rest carrying of brikkes, coles, lyme, and 
diverse other necessaries from the haven to the workes, at lOd. sterling the 
piece a daie, amounteth in the moneth, containing 28 daies, to 122^. 10*. 

Summa totalis for emptions and carriages, by the space of one hole 
moneth, at Guisnes ..... 516^. 8*. 

The hole charges for wages, emptions, and carriages of all the kinges 
highnes fortifications beyond the sea, for the space of one moneth, to the 
summe of ..... . 2850/. 5*. 2d. 

The houndredth horsemen under the retinue of sir John Wallop, of the 
which the Monthly Wages of 

Twoo peticapitaines, at 2s. the piece by the daie 

Twoo gyttorne-bearers, at 12^. a piece by the daie 

The rest of the said horsemen, being in nomber 96, at 
piece by the daie .... 

Four captaines, at 45'. a piece by the daie 

Six souldiers, one trumme, and one fyfe, to everie of 
fact. 32 men at 6c?. the day 

Four peticapitaines, at 2*. the piece by the daie 

Twoo souldiers, to everie of them, fac*. 8 persons at 6d. 

Foure standard-bearers, at 12c?. the piece by the daie 

One souldier to everie of them, at Qd. the daie 

The surveyour, at 4*. the daie 

Anthony Rous, at 4*. by the daie 

Six persons appointed to Anthony Rous, at 6d. by the 
daie a piece . . 

Summa totalis 



9(/. a 




'. 8s. 


22/. 8* 

11/. 4* 


daie 5/. 








41. 4s. 



The castle of Guisnes was a post of the greatest importance, situated immediately on the 
French frontier ; and its custody was conferred on persons of the first distinction. The 
title they bore was that of (the king's) lieutenant, but they were also sometimes styled 
captain . 

Sir James Tyrrell was " capitaine " of Guisnes in 1489 (see note in p. 2). 

Sir Nicholas Vaux was lieutenant of Guisnes in the year 1513 (see p. 12). The docu- 
ment which now follows contains the conditions upon which the office was conferred upon 

Sir William Fitzwilliam was lieutenant of Guisnes in 1524. 

William lord Sandys was " captain " of Guisnes in 1527. 

Sir John Wallop, K.G. held this office in 1541 (see the preceding page), and he died 
possessed of it in 1551 (see p. 211). 

Sir Andrew Dudley, K.G. was his successor. 

The last captain of Guisnes was, it is believed, William lord Grey de Wilton, K.G. 
His funeral, Dec. 20, 1562, will be found in Machyn's Diary, p. 297. 

A pursuivant took his name from this fortress, as others did from those of Ryse- 
bank and Hammes. Thomas Wall, alias Guysnes, was made Lancaster herald the 30th 
April, 1 Hen. VIII. William Jennings, his successor, was also promoted to be Lancaster 
the 2d May, 8 Hen. VIII. ; and there were others during this reign whose names will be 
found in Anstis's Officers of Arms (MS. in Coll. Arm.) vol. iii. p. 73. 

A plan of the town and castle of Guisnes, is preserved in the Cottonian collection, 
Augustus I. II. 23, and a drawing of the castle on a very large scale, ibid. No. 52. (The 
drawing No. 51, also ascribed in the catalogue to Guisnes, is an unfinished outline, and 
apparently intended for another place.) 

A document in MS. Cotton. Calig. E. ii. f. 161, written after the winning of Boulogne, 
in 1544, states, that lord Sandes had always a crew of three hundred men in the castle of 
Guisnes during a time of peace ; sir John Wallop, during war between the emperor and 
the French, five hundred men ; and even to his last day, a garrison of two hundred foot- 
men and fifty horsemen. 

Articles of agreement between the king and sir Nicholas Vaux for the 
custody of the castle of Guisnes. 
(MS. Cotton. Caligula, E. i. f. 55.) 
Agreementes bytwene the kinges grace and [sir Nicholas Vaux upon] 
the office of the keping of the castelle of Guynes. 

[Imprimis, it is] agreed that the seid sir Nicholas shalle gef towardes 
the repa[ration of the sa]me castelle a uHL whereof [v'^. marc' in] hand, 
and that tyme twelmoneth v^. marc', and within the ye [re next ense]wing 
that other v'^. marc. 


[Item] that in the tyme of peas bytwene the kinges grace and his 
cousyn [the French] king the seid castelle [shall] be furnyssh but with Ix. 
souldears, wherof the king shal apoynt [xx.] of the same, and the [said] 
sir Nicholas xl. persones, provided alwey that such persones as the [said 
sir Ni]cholas shalle do name and apointe to the same keping shall have the 
kinges warant un[to them] afore their entre, orelles not to be there. 

Item, that aslonge as the said paas shalle contyniue, so that the [re shall 
not] be requisite to have more nombre of solders then Ix., that every yere 
duringe the sa[me th]e said sir Nicholas shall content and pay unto the 
kinges grace, out of the wages [the sum of v.*^] markes sterling current 
within the realme of England, towardes the said reparacion. 

Item, the said sir Nicholas shalle serve the king in his persone with the 
nombre . . . . es at al tymes of werre, within this realme of England, 
when nede, and asofte as the caas [require,] apon reasonable warnyng unto 
hym geven by the kinges lettres under any of his seales or signet, lev[ing 
that] place sufficiently furnysshed for the defence of the same in the meane 

Item, when it shall fortune warre to be betwene the kinges grace [and 
the king] of Fraunce, that during the tynne of the same warre the said 
sir Nicholas shall furnysh [the said c]astelle with the old holl nombre of 
soldeours aforetyme oldely accustumed in the same, and duringe the [time 
of the] said warr to be dischargid of the said yerely paiement of the said 
v*^. markes, and no lenger. 

Item, if in the said tyme of warre nede require of a crue of a more . . . 
soldeours to be had for the defence and suer keping of the said castelle, then 
the said nom[bre shall befurn]ysshed and provided by the said sir Nicholas 
atte kinges costes and charges. 

Item, the said sir Nicholas to receave by bille endented of (blank) alle 
the abilymentes of warre and other stoff' now being in the said castelle, and 
t[hem to] kepe andredelyver ageyne unto such persones as the king there- 
unto shall appoint any tyme [when his] grace shalle commaund, reasonable 
use, were, and expenses of the same to be deducted and alowed. 

Item, he shalle saufly and suerly kepe the said castelle to the kinges [use, 
and redeliver the] same at alle tymes, when he shalle be coramaunded ; and 
therto find sufficient suerty. 

Endorsed, . . . syr Nycholas ^'aux, upon the keping of Guynes. 


Letters imder the king's signet to sir Adryan Fortescue, directing him 
to contribute ten men towards the defence of the castle of Guisnes. 
Bated April 1, 1527. 

(MS. Cotton. Faustina, E. vn. p. 113.) 


fj ^^ By the King. 

(^Stamp of the royal signature.) 

Trusty and welbiloved, we grete you well, and forasmoche as the warres 
wyche long have contynued betwene th' Emperour and the Frenshe king- 
bee now so quykened and with effect poursued on either partie, that dailly 
excourses bee made upon their frontiers, and the garrisons on booth sides 
largely fournyshed and encreased, in suche wise as rodes and other entre- 
prises bee dailly made by the oon and the other in greate nombres al alonges 
and foranempst the frontier of our towne and marches of Calays, and 
right nere unto our castell of Guysnes, wherby no small daunger might 
ensue unto the same our castell, and semblably unto our said towne and 
marches ; and in caas there be not speciall regarde had to the furniture, 
suertie, and defense thereof. We therfor, by deliberat advise of our counsaill, 
have ordeyned and determined to send a certaine crewe of men, well elect 
and chosen, unto our said towne, castell, and marches, the same to be under 
the leading of our right trusty and welbiloved counsaillour the lord Sandes 
our chamberlain, and captain of our said castell of Guysnes, there to 
remaigne for a season upon the tuicion and defense of the same. To which 
crewe we have appointed you to sende the nombre of x* personnes, fotemen, 
archers, and other, to be wele elect and tryed as is aforesaid. Wherfore we 
woll and commaunde you that with all spede and celeritie, upon the recept 
herof, ye prepare and put in arredynes your said nombre, sufficiently 
harnessed and apointed for the warre, in suche perfite wise as they maye be 
at Guldeford the iijt^* f daye of the next moneth, there to bee viewed by the 

* The number filled up suhsequently to the firaL writing. 

t The date filled in, and " next " substituted for " present." 




said lord Sandes, oonles ye shall before that tyme have from him knowlege 
to the contrary, where also money shalbe delyvered to suche a personne 
as ye shall appointe, for ther cootes and conduyte money, So to passe forthe, 
under suche captaynes to whom they shalbe lotted, to our said towne and 
marches for the pourpose beforesaid. Faile ye not therfor to use diligence 
herein, as our trust is in you, advertising the said lord Sandes incontinently 
by this berer of your conformable mynde herein. And these our letres 
shalbe as well unto you for levyeng, raising, gathering, mustring, viewing, 
arraying and sending of the said nombre as to them so by you levied, raised, 
gathered, mustred, viewed, arrayed and sent, as sufficient warrant and 
discharge as though the same were passed under our 
greate seale, any act, statute, proclamacion, ordenance or 
commandement passed to the contrary notwithstanding. 
Yeven under our Signet at our manour of Richemount 
the first day of Aprill, the xixth yere of our reigne. 

Directed, To our trusty and welbeloved sir Adiyan 
Fortescue, and sealed ivith the king's signet. 

Letter of John Cheyny to lord Sandes, lieutenant of Guisnes, 
Nov. 1527. 

The following letter is dated from Guisnes, and is evidently addressed to the nobleman 
who was at the time lieutenant of the castle. Though the fire in the Cottonian library 
has deprived it of its address, and also of the precise date, it is pretty clear that it belongs 
to the year 1527, at the close of which a war with the emperor appeared imminent, as the 
writer states. It was vvritten at the close of November : and the writer had despatched 
on the 22d of the same month a previous letter, which had failed of passage from Calais 
on the Sunday following. The 24th November 1527 fell on a Sunday. An amusing 
account is given of the adventures of a spy sent into Flanders. 

(MS. Cotton. Calig. E. ii. p. 144. Much hurnt round.) 

Pleasith it youre lordshypp [I did write] unto your lordshypp the xxij. 
day of [this month,] whuche letter I dyd send unto master water [-bailiff, 
desiring] hym to se it conveyed unto you with delyg[ence, the which] 
letter went nott at that passaige, whyche was [upon] Sonday last, and sens 
ther hath gone no passaige. 

Syr Frances Bryan hath leyne at Calleis this dayes. It 


may plese your lordshypp to wytt I have [sent] foi-th youre espyalle into 
Flaunders, and at Dunkyrk [he] dyd se wrytyng sett uppon the churche 
dore, [and] he harde say it was so all Flanders thorow ; and [so] re- 
tournyng agayne he came to Graveling, and by fort[une] met with a soll- 
dyour of the castell ther, who is a Spay[niard] and hath maryed Gyles 
Kevalles wyves syster ; [for] acquayntans he dranke with hym ; and incon- 
tynent t[he] cappiteyne sent for them both into the c[astle], and when 
Gyles your servaunt came before the cappit[eyne,] he demaunded of hym 
what he made in those [parts] ; Gyles seyde he had bene at a pylgremaig 
of our [Lady] a myle out of Dunkyrke ; the cappiteine swo[re] and he 
shoulde do hym ryght he shoulde hang [hym] by the necke, and send his 
cappiteine worde th[at he] had done hym tru justice; and then he com- 
mand[ed him] to avoyde owte of the towne. Other newis he [hath] none 
butt that the wrytyng be sett uppon chy[rch] dorris in Flanders, wherof 
I do send unto your lordshypp the coppye.* 

Also, it may please your lordshypp to be advertysed [that on Wednes]day 
the xxvij. daye of this present moneth, my lord [deputy] of Calleis sent 
for me and for the bailly, and at our comyng to hym he askid us for 
newis, and bad us take heede to our chargis ; he said it was no other butt 
to be warr betwene the emperoure and the [king] oure master ; and fur- 
ther he shewed us he ha[rd] ther was comyng downe xxx. thowsand Al- 
m[aynes]. Also he saide that maister Bryan shoulde say the Fr[ench] 
king wolde take parte with the kinge our maister. 

[Also it] may please your lordshipp to be advertised [that I have this] 
day sent owte into every pajyshe of this [county to inquire] what 
store of grayne, and also of all maner [of provisions] ther is within 
the said countie, and have gy[ven order] that uppon a dayes warnyng 
they to be [ready to bring] into this castell suche grayne and su[ch provi- 
sions as] they shalbe commanded. 

Also, it may please your lordshypp to wytt here is sore in 

dekey, as wheelles and stockes and the brydge that goth owte 

of the Pyrton's bulwarke, is so feebell that men [cannot pass] 

over hit. I have spoken to Thomas Fowller for the same 

brydge, who hathe promysed he can, who is delygent to do for 

* This inclosure is not preserved with the letter. 


your lord[shypp any] thinge that in hym lyes ; and further he says [it is] 
requesyt that your lordshypp shoulde shortly [send] a warrant for more 
money for reparacions, [and] specially for a new bruhowse, for the olde ys 
[too decayed] to stande longe : beseching your lordshypp to [give] thanks to 
the said Thomas Fowller for his goo[d heed]. And further, my lord, yf I 
do here more of [this] besynes owte of Flanders, whiche spekes [of] 
warr, I shall advertise your lordshypp thereof [with] the shortest speede 
that may be. And as [for] your compane here, every man ys in goode 
ord[er and] well wyllyng to do theyre duties. Humbly [beseching] your 
lordshypp that I may be recommended [to your] synguler goode lady, 
and also to sir Richard And thus the blessed Trynete pre- 
serve your lordshypp in honour. At Guysnes, the ... of Novembre. 

Also, it may please your lordshypp to consydder [we have] butt fyve 
gonners in this howse, what chanse sh[all happen] ; and also here is no 
salt, whiche is nedefull to be provided. 

By your lowly servaunte, 

John Cheyny. 


The fortress of New-nhambridge, situated a short distance from Calais on the road to 
Boulogne, has formed the subject of a few remarks, in the prefatory description of the 
Map. The term " newly made" used in the present document must be understood as 
implying only an extensive repair or re-edification. The date is imperfect, but it was of 
course subsequent to the knighting of Sir Robert Jerningham by the duke of Suffolk, in 
1523 (see p. 100). 

Appointment of sir Robert Jerningham to the custody of the fortress 
of Newnhamhridge. 

(MS. Cotton. Calig. E. ii. f. 162.) 

Henry the viij., by the g[race of God king of England and] France, de- 
fensour of the faith, and . . . [unto our] right trusty and welbiloved coun- 

seillor our deputie of our toune and marches of Calais, [the 

lord] Sandes, capitain of our castell of Guysnes, [our right] trusty and right 


welbiloved counsaillour sir [Ricliard] Weston knight, treasorour of onr saide 
tonne and [marches], greting, Forasmoche as wee have determy[ncd and] 
appoincted that our fortresse newly made at N[ewnham] bridge, besydesour 
saide towne of Calais, shalbe [furnished] of a sufficient keper, haveing under 
him a com[petent] nomber of men for the suretie and defense th[erof.] 
Wherupon wee, trusting in the fidelitie and circ[umspecti]on of our 
trusty servaunt syr Robert Jerningham kni[ght,] have committed unto 
hym the custodye of th[e same] during our pleasour. To whom wee have 
appo[inted] entertaynement, and the nombre of persones to be [chosen 
and] taken in maner and fourme as followeth : — FurSt, that he shall have 
for hymself the wa[ges and] rome of a spere on horsbak in our retynue 
[of our] towne of Calais as he now hathe, and also [shall have] the 
nombre of soldeours hereafter mencioned . . . foure dede pays,* that is to 
saye, the wages of [four] of the fotemen, every of theym in vjd. stei'lingby 
[the daye], whiche wages he shall retayne to his owne [use and] profyte 
during our saide pleasour, having n[o man] in those iiij. romes. And over 
and above the [said] wages for four fotemen, there shalbe contyn[ually] 
resident under the saide sir Robert Jerning[ham in] the saide fortresse the 
nombre of xx" perso[ns,+ and the] same xxti, and also the saide iiij. fotemen 
for [dead] pais, to be taken of the soldeours and romes [within our] saide 
towne and castell of Calais, that is [to saye,] of our deputie of the same our 
toune ij. fotemen ••...... 

horsbacke in viijd by .... the [daye ] vj(/. by day, of our 

lieutenaunt of our [said castle of ... ] fotemen in vjd. by the day, of . . . 

fotemen in vjd. by the day, of Rauf Br vjf^. by day, of John 

Rawlyns oone by day, of Fisher's men ij. fotemen [in viijrf.] and 

one in v^d. by day, of Richard G man in vjd. by day, of John 

Highef .... [one man] in vjd. by day, oute of the retynewe .... twoo 
archers on horsbak and iiij. fotemen in \ujd. by day, and iiij. fotemen in vjrf. 
by day. [We] therforo, willing this our ordre to be put [in due] execution, 
have by these presents auctorysed .... of you, wherof our saide deputie 

* The pay of four dead men. 

t When the account previously printed (p. 138) was drawn up, in 1533, the lieutenant 
of Newnhambridge had a garrison of only twelve persons. 



to be one, [to] electe and assign unto the saide sir Robert Jerningham 
the nombre of soldeours and romes in maner before specified. And the 
same to delyver unto hym, discharging them from their attendance [in] our 
saide towne, and appointing those of our said . . . and the other saide romes 
unto hyni as is aforesaid, semblably to delyver to hym the saide fo[rtress] 
with all artillery, ordenaunce, and abillementes of [war] therunto belonging 
by indenters to be made therof betwene you and hym. So as the same 
fortresse, whiche we woll shall alwaies [be] as a membre of that our towne 
of Calais, and under the jurisdiction of our deputie of our [said town] and 
marches, as other offices belonging to the [said] towne be, may be 
lykewise ordered in w[atch and] warde, checkes, vacacions, and com- 
trolleni[ent, as the] offices in our said towne be by the compt[roller or] 
other officers of the same our towne for the tyme [being.] And the wages 
to be paied by you our saide [treasurer] at the termes of payment in our 
saide towne [accusto]myd, the same to be delivered unto the handes [of 
the] saide keper, and to be by hyiu paide into the sold[eours] .... 

commaunde you to see the p [remises performed] accordingly. And that 
you our saide [de))uty take] the othe of the saide syr Robert Jerning[ham 
swearing] hym to be oon of our counseillours in our sa[id town]. Wherein 
and in all and singular the premisses [these] letters shalbe unto every of 
you sufficiant [warrant] and discharge. Geven undre our signet at our 
[palace of] Grenewich the xij. day of Aprill, in the x . . . of our reign. 
Endorsed, — To the kingis most gracious highnes. 

When the king was in France in 1532, Thomas Palmer was captain of Newnhani- 
bridge, and was knighted on the 10th of November (as before mentioned in p. 122). 

In the will of sir John Wallop, K.G., lieutenant of Guisnes, made May 22, 1551, is this 
" Item, To Nicholas Alexander, captayne of Newnam-bridge, my late secretary, an 
annuitie of vj?. xiij5. iiijc/. to be paid," &c. 

On the name of Newnhambridge some remarks have been made in the introductory 
description of the Map, p. xxix. 


Foray into tul French Country. 

The following narrative describes sucli a foray as that recorded in p. 32 of Turpyn's 
Chronicle. Though somewhat subsequent in date to the other contents of this volume, 
it is inserted as affording a more vivid and graphic picture of the mode of aggression 
usual upon the French borders in times of war than it has been our fortune to find in any 
other paper. 

Sir John Wallop, the chief commander on the occasion here described, was one who 
for a long succession of years was highly distinguished in his military capacity ; and 
particularly in France. (See the memoir of him in Collins's Peerage, art. Portsmouth.) 
Having previously (as it seems) been marshal of Calais, he was constituted lieutenant of 
the castle there June 23, 1533 (Bill. Sign. 22 Hen. VIH.), and subsequently he became 
lieutenant of the castle and county of Guisnes, which office he filled in 1543, when he 
was appointed captain-general and leader of the forces appointed to be employed, pur- 
suant to a treaty with the emperor (Pat. 35 Hen. VIII. p. 16, m. 24), and which resulted 
in the expedition here commemorated.* After his return, as a special mark of the king's 
approbation, he was elected a knight of the garter on Christmas eve 1543. He at last 
died at Guisnes, July 13, 1551, having made his will on the ■22nd of May preceding, in 
which he styles himself " lieutenante of the castill and countye of Guisnes." " He was a 
nobuU captayne as ever was." (Machyn's Diary, p. 8. 

(MS. Harl. 283, f. 3.) 

The names of the Capiiaynes that he at the Kinges Majesties hoste, 

Firste, sir John Wallope knight, cappitayne generall of the hoste ; sir 
Thomas Semer, highe marshall of the same ; sir Robert Bowes, treasorer ; 
sir Richard Cromwell, cappitayne of the horsmen ; sir George Carowe, sir 
John Rayensford, sir Thomas Pallmer, sir John Sant John, and sir John 
Gaskin, cappitaynes of the fotemen. 

The Jorneyes and Viogies of the Kinges Majesties army, and the 
feates hy the sam,e achieved and done. 

The hole oste departed owte of Callyes upon Sonday the xxij day of 
Julye, at iiij of the clok at afternone, and campid the same night without 
the walles of the towne in the feldes. Uppon the Monday the xxiij day of 
Jully, in the morninge, they wente towardes sir John Wallope metinge them, 

* A later hand has indorsed upon the manuscript, "about 1513, "-i— just thirty years 
too soon. 


and so marched to Lanerton, beinge within the French palle ; and there 
mete with the lord Greay, capitayne of Hames castill, and ther birnt 
Lanerton, with the nomber of iij c. howses, and Campfer with Finies 
mylle, otherwise called a castill ; and after the abbey of Bewliew, and so 
went to Finies towne that night, and ther camped. And upon Tewisday, 
the marshall the same morninge went with sertayne gentillemen and other 
soldeardes unto iij pilles * called Ratton, Abrilton, and Rensam, and the 
same birnt also, and birnt dyvers vilages, and certayne howses in Mergison, 
and within iij milles compase of Bolloigne. The said army marchid for- 
ward unto the abbey of Lyquies, six mylles from Fynies, spoylinge and 
birning all the way they wente, untill they came unto the abbey aforesaid, to 
the which they came at ij of the cloke at afternone ; and the said abbey 
was imediately delyvered up unto them, wherein was xij Frenchmen, and 
a monke called doctor Driw, which afterwardes folowid the clarkes, being 
bond with bondes. And upon Wediiisday the xxv day of Julye, they 
campid that night, to the intent that the cheyfteayne before his departure 
wolde se the said abbey as well bernte, as also the walles razed downe to 
the hard grownde with gonpowder, which was donne. And upon the same 
daye ther came to us two thowsande fotemen of Burgonyones and ij thow- 
sande of horsmen. 

And upon Thursday, the xxvj day of Jully, the said army departed from 
Lysquies and marchid unto the vilage and castill of Awlkinges, and ther 
campid, and ther lay all night, and ther were two laromes. 

And upon Friday, the xxvij of July, departinge from thence, bernte the 
towne and the castill, and the castill was razed downe at Whitsontide laste 
paste by the Burgonyones ; and so departinge razed downe the great tower 
that was standing with gonpowder, and all the reaste burnt to peeces. 
And so marchid the said day from thence to Hawlinge, two mylles from 
Sante Homers, and ther lay Saturday the xxviij day of Jully. 

Upon Sonday, the xxix day, from Hawlinge to Otingall, ij mylles from 
Twrwin, and ther did the northern men, with other of the kinges men, 
ridde vmder the walles of Twrwin, and skirmyshed with the Frenchmen, 
and one Dasser killed one of the Frenchmen's horse with his bowe, and 
hurte was donne on bothe parties. And after our comynge into the 

* piles or fortified towers. 


campe, om* cheiftayne seat up to the capteayiie of Torwin a letter, requir- 
inge him that vj men of armes, beinge gentillmen, might runne with six 
gentillmen of our army for life and dethe ; to the which answere was made 
in the morninge, that he wolde sende vj gentillmen of armes to runne, and 
X gentillmen armid to keepe them compayney, at ix of the cloke. Upon 
that ther was sertayne appoynted to furnishe them to do that enterprise, 
which wher of ower partie master Charrlles Hawward, master Peter Carew, 
master Henry Markham, master Shelley of Calleyes, master Callverley, 
and master Hall. And of ther parte was like nomber of gentilmen, which 
ech other met \\'ithout the towne at the hower appoynted, and ther ranne 
one with another two coursies and brake ther staves valiantly. And ther 
was hurte on ower partie master Calverley, and he brake ij speres on him 
that hurt him in the hed to the deathe. and master Markham did hurt one 
of the gentillmen also. And the same tyme ther wher iij browght from 
Boloigne by a trumpet to the campe, and ther delyvered. After this donne 
the army marchid forward toward an olde castill called Lyvters, beinge 
distroyed by the Frenchmen, which is within two legies of Turwin, wher 
the army camped Monday the xxx'" July, all the day, and upon Tewsday 
the xxxj'' of July the said army marchid from the said campe of Livters to 
the cam[p]e of Alwines, one myle from Ayre, and ther we had ij laromes, 
and lay ther all that night ; and upon Wedinsday, the first of Auguste, the 
said army marchid from thence to the campe adjoyninge unto the castill of 
Erewyn next unto Rusher, and ther laye alle night. And upon Thursday 
the seconde day of August the said army marchid from thence unto the 
campe of Varkingnowghe a niylle from EtwajTie, and ther lay Friday and 
Saturdaye all daye. And upon the same Saturday afternoone came into 

the campe the countes of Pavoy, basse dowghter 

{Here the MS. abruptly breaks off.) 



1509. In Rymer's collection, vol. xiii. p. 265, are printed two commissions, both dated 
at Knoll, 24 Sept. 1509, one addressed to Sir Gilbert Talbot, deputy of the town and 
marches of Calais, Sir John Digby, and Sir John Wiltshire comptroller there, knights of 
the king's body, to take the musters within the town and castle of Calais, and the castles 
of Guysnes and Hammes (Rot. Franc. 1 Hen. VIII. m. 17) ; the other directed to Sir 
William Scot and James Dyggys, directing them to take the musters at Dover of le crewe 
of one hundred persons, about to be sent to Calais under the conduct of Sir John Pecche, 
knight of the king's body. (Pat. 1 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m, 18 dor.) 

P. 10. — Full particulars of the sea fight, in which Sir Edward Howard lost his life, 
will be found in Mr. Howard of Corby's Memorials of the Howard family, particularly the 
narrative of Sir Edward Echyngham, one of the captains present. 

P. 30, note ^. — The emperor's second ambassador here mentioned is styled in a docu- 
ment in Rymer, xiii. 227, lord of Berg op Zoom and of Walham, chamberlain of the 
emperor, and a knight of the golden fleece. On the 19th May, 1516, King Henry VIII. 
commissioned him to be his representative at a chapter of that order, under the title of 
" nostre trescher et tresame cousin et confrere du dit ordre Jehan seigneur de Berghes." 
(Ibid. p. 568) 

P. 38 note. — Erase the reference to " the account of the expenses of this Embassy," as 
the account belongs to Wolsey's previous Embassy in 1521. 

P. 45. — The change of fashion at Calais with regard to " polling of heads" had, accord- 
ing to Stowe, been preceded by the like change in England about a twelvemonth before : 
"The 8 of May, 1534, the king commanded all about his court to poll their heads, and, 
to give them example, he caused his own head to be polled, and from thenceforth his 
beard to be notted and no more shaven." It seems most probable, however, that on both 
sides of the channel this important revolution was effected during the same month of 
May, and only eleven days later at Calais than at court ; and apparently our chronicler, 
by his association of it with the duke of Norfolk's embassy, fixes it to the year 1535. 

P. 51 note. — The word " enramplished " is proved to be correct by a document recently 
printed in the 31st volume of the Archaeologia, being a contemporary narrative of the 
Marriage of the duke of Burgundy to the princess Margaret of York in the year 1468. 
It is there applied to various things, apparently in the sense of fully furnished and 
garnished : thus, the turrets of the gate were " enramplysshid " with minstrelsy, the cup- 
board with cups, the hangers of the duke's horse-harness with great ballas, and the 
coursers at the justs " were of a sute in cremesyn velvet, enrampleshid with great cam- 
paynes of fyne gold." (pp. 331, 334, 335, 338.) 

Pp. 73, 74, 75. — At the head of these pages,/or 1512, read 1513. 

P. 120, line 14. — The figures fallen out are, x\\s. ijrf. 


Abbeville, 16 
Abergavenny, xee Berga- 

Abridges, sir J. 42, 176 
Abrilton, 212 
Ackett, sir J. 122 
Acton, R. 179; T. 179 
Adison, J. 117 
Agier, William, 51 
Aldercare, sir Ra. 26, 42 
Alexander, N. 210 
Aleyn, John, 51 

Alford, mr. 38 ; T. 98 

Alleyn, dr. 39 

Allington, sir G, 177 

Alwines, 213 

Amiens, 113, 115, 197 

Anderne abbey, 85 

Antwerp, 102, 103, 166 

Aparre, sir W. 21, 26, 176, 
see Parre 

Appleyard, mrs. 25 

Aprice, D. 65 ; sir Gr. 21 ; 
T. 179 

Arde or Ardres, 2, 12, 13,18, 
28, 85, 87, 191, 197 

Amedell, T. 98 

Arras, 36 

Arundel, earl of, 41, 111, 17'>; 
see Maltravers 

Arundell, sir T. 176 ; sir E. 

3 ; sir J. 12, 66 ; mr. 38 
Ascough, sir W. 42 
Asbeley the younger, 173 
Asheton, Chr. 177 
Assheton, sir J. 10, 24, 42 
Aston, E. 98 ; sir E. 123 
Atkynson, sir W. 64 
Atwater,W. bp. of Lincoln,94 
Atwell, J. 118 
Audley, lord, 2, 11, 166, 167, 

179; sir J. 11, 22, 26 
Audley, lord chancellor, 167 
Avery, mr. 40 
Awlkinges, 212 

Baker, J. 64, 133; W. 117, 

139; maistress, 64 
Baldewyn, sir R. 64 
Banastre,173 ; lady, 117,180 ; 

John, 180 
Banner Watch, 152 
Barban, mr. 40 
Barclay, Alex. 83 
Barentyne, sir W. 176 
Barmeston, sir T. 177 
Barnes, see Bemers 

Barnesse, Jehanne, 77 
Barowe, 102, 105 ; seeBerghes 
Barrington, sir W. 32, 42 
Barton, T. 117 
Basset, Mary and Philippa, 

188; J. ib. 
Bassett, 179 

de Bayes, mons. 40, 197 
Bayneham, R. 117; W. 118 
Baynham, sir A. 10 
Baynton, sir E. 42, 169, 176 
Beauford, A. 117 
Beaulieu abbey, 212 
Bedalle, T, 65 

Bekeryng, H. 51 
Belknap, sir E. 10, 12, 18, 

23, 78, 79 
Bell castle, 33 
Belle, John, 65 
Bely, John, 66 
Bennet, dr. 39 
Benton, mrs. xxx 
Berepe, mr. 40 
Bergavenny, lord, 3, 13, 15 

bis, 20, 89 
Berghes, or Barow, lord, 6, 

30,75, 214 
Berkeley, sir M. II, 21,. 32; 

made lord Berkeley, ib. ,■ 



lord 33, 1G3; M. 175 ; gir 

W. 177 
Berners, lord, vi. xxxviii. 12, 

20, 44, 92, 93, 94, 163, 

164 ; lady, 92 
Beurghe, mr. 40 
Bigotte, mr. 39 
Blakney, W. 64 
Bleikbulle, J. 51 
Blounte, Richard, 76 
Blunt, R. 137 
Blunte, 173 
Blyth, bp. G. 19 
Bocarde, 13 
Boleyne, queen Anne, 77, 

165 ; see Pembroke. Be- 
headed by the hangman of 

Calais, 47 
sir E. 22, 42 ; sir 

J. 42, 174 ; sirT. 21,78; 

sir W. 42 ; lady, 24 ; lady, 

jun. 25 
Bonham, J. 179 
Boninges, 14 
Boocker, G. 195 
Booth, bp. C. 23; sir J. 4 
a Borowgh, sir E. Ill 
Borough, lord, 175 
Bosworthe liethe, 1 
Botfisshe house, 117 
Boughton, sir E. 173 
Boulogne, 14, 40, 43, 121 
Bourbon, duke of, 34, 36, 37 
Bourger, J. 137 
Bowes, sir R. 211 
Bowker, G. 185 
Boworth, 120 
Bowyn, W. 51 
Boys, 32 

Boyse, J. 174; W. 174 
Boyte Haikes, 194, 195 
Brakenbery, 1 
Brandon, sir C. 9 ; sir R. 12, 

22 ; sir W. 1 
Bramston moor, 14 
Bray, sir Edm. 22, 32 ; sir 

Edw. 32,177; lord, 42,175 
Breame, 173 
Brest, 10 

Breswoode, W. 130 
Bresylle, 75, 76 
Bretayne, sir W. 21 
Brettowlte, J. xxxix 
Brewis, mistress, 25 
Brewnbridge, 32 
Brewton, sir R. 10 
Bridewell, palace of, 80 
Bridges, sir J. 42, 176; R.177 
Brindelyolyn or Brindholme, 

sir E. 164, 186 
de Brion, 40 
Britayne, 1 

Broke, 51 ; lady 25 ; T. 47 
Brooke, lord, 9, 12, 20 ; R. 

117, 137 
Broughton, mr. (two) 39 
Browne, sir A. 26, 31, 32, 42, 

44, 113, 115, 175 ; Chr. 

51; sir F. 31; G. 137; sir 

H. 177; J. 84,94, 99, 137; 

sir J. 177 ; sir M. 8, 15, 

24 ; R. 117; sir Weston, 

22 ; mistress, 25 
Brudenell, Robert, 94 
Bruges, 102, 189 
Brwerton, mr. 40 
Bryan, sir F. 23, 26, 31, 38, 

44, 168,173, 206 

Buckemer, George, 13 
Buckingham, duke of, 3, 12, 

20, 50,89,109, 1 U ; duchess 

of, 24 
Buddis, Francis, 77 
Bulbecke, lord, 175 
Bulkeley, mr. 39 
Bulmer, sir W. 22 
Burde, J. 139 
Burdett, sir J. 23 
Burdon, W. 117 
Buren, sir J. 172 
Burford, baron of, 10, 11 
Burgis, sir T. 21 
Burgoyne, Margaret (of York) 

duchess of, 1 ; Philip duke 

of, 4, 5, 47 ; Charles duke 

of, 6, 7 
Burneville, 32 
Busshey, sir M. 21, 24 
Butler, sir J. 47, 180; Jas. 

98 ; sir P. 176 ; W. 180 
Buttill, J. 65 

Cade, mr. 39 

Cadiz, 7 

Calais, garrison and wages of 
in 1500, 4; in 1533, 136; 
Beauchamp tower, xxviii. 
123, 125, 126, 159; Bou- 
logne gate, 127, 128, 140 ; 
Boulogne well, 160 ; Castle 
corner, 159 ; Castle hill, 
147, 148; Castle street, 


155; the Churches, 139; 
our Lady in the wall, 122, 
155 ; St. Mary's church, 
xxvii. 95, 164; the Mai- 
son Dieu, 37; St. Nicholas, 
xxvii. 7; Co we lane, 160; 
the red Crosse, 118; De- 
vylyn tower, 123, 126 note, 
197; Dikeland, 129, 135; 
East and West houses, 149 ; 
Exchequer, the, xxvii. 117 ; 
Fishers' gap, 123 ; the 
Flemish bell, 149 ; Friars, 
the, 117, 142; the Haven, 
device for repairing, 128 ; 
the New Haven, xli ; Lan- 
tern gate, xli. 123, 125,140, 
153,159,161, 168; Market, 
xli, 141,143,154, 156,158; 
Milkgate, 124, 125, 126, 
140; the Noble, 117; 
Northumberland tower, 
160 ; Paradise, xxvii ; 
Prince's bulwark, 127; 
Prince's tower, 160 ; Serch- 
er's tower, xxvii. 123, 161 ; 
Shaking tower, 124; Staple 
house or inn, xxvii. 60, 
117,159,168; Watergate, 
124, 140, 150, 159 

Calays, Henry, 77 

Calkewell, 13 

Calthorp, sir P. 24 ; P. 174 

Calverley, J. 137; mr. 213 

Camber, the, 163 

Cambray, 41 

Campaigne, 32 

Campfer, 212 

Candyshe, R. 98, 179; the 
younger, 179 

Caninges, G. 195 

Cantelowe, W. 98 

Canterbury, 28, 113, 116, 
169; archdeacon of, 39; 
St. Augustine's, 193 

Capel, sir G. 22, 26, 42, 176 ; 
sir H. 177 

Capon, dr. 39 

Carew, sir Edmond, baron of, 
11 ; slain, 12; sir G. 138, 
211; G. 173; sir J. 9; sir 
N. 19,22,26,32; P. 173, 
212; sir Ri. xxxix. 6 bis, 
22, 66 ; lady, 25 

Carie, mistress, 25 ; R. 139 

Caakis, 32 

Carlisle, archdeacon of, 89 

Carter, John, 120 ; R. 94 

Cary, lady, 173 

Castille, king and queen of, 
5 ; Charles prince of, 53 ; 
54, 69, 70 

Catesby, 1 ; mr. 39 

Cavendish, sir R. 12 ; mr. 39, 
see Candyshe 

Causey, the, xxix. 11, 113 

Chabannes, Jaques de, 30 

Chabot, 43, 45, 130 

Chamberlain, sir E. 21, 32, 
42 ; sir Ra. 24 

Chamberlen, 179 

Chaunfeer, earl of, 34 

Charles V. his visit to Eng- 
land in 1520, 28 ; inter- 
view with king Henry at 
Gravelines, 29 ; his peace 
with Francis I. 35 

Chastillon, marshal, 85, 86 ; 
letters of, 88 

Chafer, R. 117 

Chauncy, sir T. 21 

Chawmond, 179 

Chayney, T. 137 

Cheney, sir F. 8 ; J. 206 ; sir 

J. 21, 23; R. 177; sir 

T. 26, 33, 42; mistress, 

Choke, J. 179 
Chomley, sir R. 177 
Clere, sir J. 175 ; sir Ro. 24; 

lady, 25 
Clerk, bp. John, 40, 41, 48, 

113, 115; G. xli. 
Clermont, mons. 14 
Cleves, queen Anna of, 167 

et seg. 
Clifford, N. 1 74 
Clifton, John, 40 
Clinton, lord, 8, 15, 42, 175 
Cloth of Gold, meeting of, 18 

et seq. 
Clufelde, T.51 
Cobham, lord, xxxviii. 10, 11, 

15, 20,42, 173; lady, 24, 

174; sir G. 13, 32; sir J. 

31 ; child of honour, 76 
Coffen, mistress, 25; John, 

26 ; sir W. 23 
Cokeson, J. R. xli. 137 
Cokke, R. 51 
Cole, R. 139 
Colume, XXX. xxxiii. 134 
Compton, sir W. 21 ; lady, 

25, 67 
Coningesby, W. 174 
Constable, sir R. 3, 22 ; rar. 

Conwaye, Chr. 118; E. 179; 

sir Hugh, xxxix. 
Conyers, lord, 14 ; Chr. 98 
2 F 



Coo, Chr. 98 
Cooke, mistress, 25 
Coolis, 32 
Corbett, sir R. 100 
Cornwall, sir J. 32 ; sir R. 

21, 31, 32, 33; sir T. 21 ; 

see Burford 
Comwallis, mistress, 25 ; sir 

T. xix 
Coton, Anth. 64 
Courtenay, sir W. 21, 33; 

see Devonshire 
Courtney, Victor, 50 
Cowbridge, 191 et seq. 
Cowkerk, xxxi. 
Cowswade, the, 193 
Crake, R. 98 
Crane, R. 179 
Cranmer, archbp. 167, 170, 

Crayford, J. 174 
Creke, mr. 40 
Crispe, H. 174 
Crofts, sir J. 10 
Cromwell, mr. 118, 119, 130, 

167, 188; G. 167, 173 ; 

R. 175 ; sir R. 211 
Crooke, R. 98 
Crulle, T. 51 
Culpeper,T. 175 ; Wa. xxxix. 

Curzon, lord, 11 bis, 31, 33 ; 

sir R. 22 
Cutt, H. 174 

Cutte, sir John, 22 ; mr. 39 
Cuttewes, or Cutturus, R. 

117, 163 

Dacre, lord, 3, 11, 14 

Dacre of the South, lord, 20, 

Damplip, A. 185 
Damporte, N. xli 
Dannett, sir J. 176 ; mistress, 

Dannyt, sir G, 23 
Darcy, lord, 7,12, 20, 66, 92, 

93, 111 ; sir T. 122, 176; 

sir G. 176; lady, 92 
Darell, sir E. 3, 24; sir Ja. 

3, 8, 15 ; lady, 25 
Dartford, 169 
Dasser, 212 
Daubeney, lord, xxxviii. 2, 3, 

15, 20, 42 ; lady, 24 
Dauncy, mr. 39; sir J. 21, 

176; W. 98 
Dauphin, the, 17, 78 
Daverne, 32 
Davola, lord Lois, 189 
Dawtrye, Sir F. 177 
Deal, 28, 168 
Deen, sir E. 32 
Delafer, mons. 14 
Delamarche, Robert, 36 
Delaware, lord, 20 
Dennes, Mr. 39 
Dennis, sir T. 176 
Denny, A. 175 
Denys, Alice, 77 ; sir T. 

39, 169 ; W. 98 ; sir W. 

Denton, dr. 20, 76 
Derby, earl of 10, 11, 23, 

38,41,175; countess of, 24 
Devereux, Anne, 77 
Devonshire, earl of, 2, 20, 26, 

52 ; countess of, 24 ; lord 

W. of, 4 

Dewys, T. 117 

Dicher, M. 195 

Digby, sir J. 3, 8, 10,214; 

R. 179 
Digges, T. 174 
Dimock, sir Ro. 11 
Docwra, sir T. xvi. 3, 6, 10, 

11, 17, 18, 20 
Dogans, A. 118 
Dohell, sir Guy, 32 
a Doltzike, sir J. 167, 172 
Donne, sir Gr. 13, 23, 26, 33, 

42, 176 
Donstable, T. 60 
Donyngton, R. xli 
Dormer, sir R. 176 
Dornome, 13 
Dorset, marquess of, 6, 8, 12, 

20, 26, 51, 111, 175 
Dossen, J. 139 
Douglas, lady Margaret, 

Dover, 113, 122, 169, etc. 
Dramer, 173 
Driw, dr. 212 
Drisis, T. 51 
Drury, sir R. 22 ; R. 177 ; 

W. 98 ; sir W. 177 
Ducke, dr. 39 
Dudley, baron of, 2, 10; sir 

A. 203 ; Edm. 188 ; sir 

J. 38, 42, 98, 100, 169, 

176, 188 ; T. 98 ; yonge, 

Dunkirk, 207 
Duras, 32 
Durlamis, 32 
Dyer, A. 118 
Dygges, James, 214 
Dylcok, H. 64 



Echyngham, sir, E. 214 ; mr. 

40; F. 117 
Edgare, T. 177 
Edgecombe, sir P. 21, 66 
Edmunde, M. 61 
Egerton, sir R. 21 ; mr. 40 
Egmont, C. 66 
Elderker, see Aldercare 
Elizabeth, queen, wife of 

Henry VII. 3, 4 
EUarton, 173 
Ellis, mr. 39 
EUyote, sir T. 177 
Elton, William, 94 
Erewyn, 213 
Erneley, J. 179 
Essex, earl of 2, 3, 12, 20, 

89, 175 ; sir W. 21, 42, 

176; T. 177 
Estffild, J. 66 
Eston, J. 98 
Eton, Roger, 40 
Exeter, marquess of, 41 

Fabyan, E, 177 

Fairfax, mr. 39 ; W. 98 

Fawcon, Rob. 65 

Feldinge, sir W. 177 

Fell, dr. 20 

Ferrara, duke of, 37 ; visit of 

his brothers to England, 

Ferrars, lord, 9, 14, 20, 33, 

175; sir E. 23; sir H. 

177 ; yong, 179 
Ferrys, Eliz. 77 

Fettyplace, E. 177 ; sir T. 

24 ; lady, 25 
Feversham, 198 
Filcott, H. 195 
Finch, sir J. 22 ; sir W. 42, 
173 ; lady, 25, 174 ; mis- 
tress, 25 
Fines hill, 200 
Fines mill alias castle, 212 
Finnes, Mary, 77 
Fisher, bp. J. 23 
Fitzwalter, lord, 10, 11, 31 ; 

lady, 24 
Fitzwarren, lord, 13 ; Mar- 
gery, dau. of lord, 25 
Fitzwilliam, sir W. 21, 32, 
33, 41, 42, 45, 111, 130, 
133, 177, 203; lady, 25; 
see Southampton 
de Flagy, mons. 189 
Flammoke, A. 179 
Fogge, sir J. 8, 15 
Foljambe, sir G. 23 
Foorde, J. 194, 195 
Forrest, M. 98 
Forster, sir G. 23 ; sir H. 

122, 176 
Fortescue, sir A. 12, 24, 32, 

205 ; sir J. 3, 13 
Foster, T. 81 
Fowler, R. 124, 153 ; T. 207, 

Fox, bp. R. 3, 6, 12, 90, 94 ; 

bp. E. 46, 47 
Francis I. 17, 43,113—120; 
taken prisoner at Paris, 34 ; 
his peace with the emperor, 
Francis 11., see Dauphin 

Fraunces, M. 97 ; R. 98 ; dr. 

Freydon, 13 
Frowick's house, 129 
Fulford, sir J. 177 
Fynes, erle of, 6 
Fynnex, John, 94 

Gage, sir J. 176, 185, 187 
Gainsford, G. 118, 137 
Gardiner, bp. 38, 41, 46, 165 
Gardyner, W. 117 
Garneys, Chr. Ill, 163; R. 

117, 179 
Gascoigne, J. 179 ; sir W. 

39, 42, 177 
Gaskin, sir J. 211 
Gaston, sir W. 22 
Gate, sir Geoff. 26 
Gattinara, count of, 30 
GaveU, J. 195 
Gaynford, sir J. 22 
Gaynesford, G. 118, 137 
Germyn, sir T. 175, 177 
Ghent, 188 
Gibon, T. 175 
Gibson, Richard, 120 
Gilbert, Gates, 188 
Giles, Hugh, 195 
GUford, J. 174 
Gilmyn, mrs. 172 
Gonson, W. 173 
Goodrick, bp. T. 45 
Gorge, sir C. 177 
Goringe, sir W. 176 
Goston, E. 117 



Gostwick, mr. 39 ; J. 98, 1 79 

de Grave, J. 121 

Graveling, xxx. xxxi, 2, 4, 28, 

165, 168, 207 
Gray, lord, xxxix. 2, 42, 139, 

193, 195, 196, 203, 212 ; 

lady, 92, 93 ; lady Anne, 

widow, 24 
Green, sir T. 11 
Greene, T. 174 
Greenfield, sir R. 138, 183, 

193, 195, 196 
Greenwich, 170 
Greenwood, H. xxxi. 
Grenville, sir T. 188; tee 

Gresham, yonge, 173 
Greville, sir E, 24 ; F. 1 79 

J. 179 
Grey, lord E. 8; sir E. 23 

lady Eliz. 24, 77; lord J 

8, 20, 26; his lady, 24, 92 

93; lordL. 9, 20, 26, 31 

33, 76; lordR. 20, 26 

of Wilton, see Gray 

Griffyn, sir T. 176 
Gryffith, sir G. 123 
Grynstede, J. 117 
Guelderland, expedition to, 8 
Guelders, duke of, 36; Chas. 

Egmont of, 66 
Guilford, sir E. xxxix. 15, 21, 

32,33,121, 163; sir J. 22; 

sir H. 9, 15, 21, 38; lady, 

sen. and jun. 25, 77, 205 
Guille, mr. 77 
Guisnes, xxv. xxxi. 2, 4, 5, 

13, 18, 28, 90, 131, 132, 

134, 139, 191, 199 et seq. 

211 ; laws for the county 
of, 130 ; buildings for the 
royal meeting there, 80 et 
seq. ; pursevant, 197 

le Guyse, mons. 119 

Gybson, R. 83 

Gyfi"ord,G. 177; T. 177 ; sir 
W. 177 

Gynes, maistres, 64 

Hadden, sir R. 51 
Haines, T. xxx. xxxi. 
Hales, Chr. 130 ; J. 130, 

174 ; lady, 174 
Hall, F. 137,187, 195, 197; 

mr. 213 ; J. xxxi. ; N. xxx. 

R. 118 
Halford, sir W. 21 
Hamever, 32 
Hammes, xxv. xxxi. 2, 4, 5, 

131, 132, 134, 139,212 
Hampden, sir John, 24, 177 
Hansard, mr. 26, 39 ; A. 98 
Hantzeler, 172 
Harcourt, sir J. 24, 1 76 
Hares, Ralph, 186 
ab Harff, W. 167 
Harleston, sir CI. 176 
Harman, bp. 19; J. 179 
Harper, G. 177 
Harrington, lord, 3 
Harrowden, lord, 38; see 

Hart, lady, 174 
Harte, SirP. 177 
HaiTye, J. xxx. 
Haryott, W. 64 

Hasden (?), sir J. 24 

Haselwode, mr. 39 

Hastings, lord, 2, 10, 11, 20, 
173; lady, 14 ; F. 137, 164 ; 
Jane, 164 ; mr. 173 

Haster, sir W. 21 

Haulte, Henry, 51 ; lady, 174 

Hawarde, see Howard 

Hawlinge, 212 

Hawte, sir W. 42 

Haydon, sir J. 22 

Haynes, M. 195 

Hays, Cornelius, 118 

Hedinge, 32, 36 

Henbery, J. 118 

Heneage, mr. 38 ; T. 97 ; sir 
T. 175 

Henry VII. king, 1, 2, 4, 
49 ; his letter to sir John 
Wiltshire, 52 ; his pro- 
jected marriages, 68. 

Henry YIII. at Calais, 12, 
41, 42, 118 et seq.; his 
signet, 206 

Hubbard, mrs. 117 

Hubbert, H. 174 

Herbert, lord, 10, 11, 12, 20, 
26, 33, 100 ; Margaret 
lady, 92, 93 ; W. 173 

Heron, sir J. 22, 84 

Hertford, earl of, 175 

Hervey, sir G. 22 

Hervye, Nich. 26 

Heveningham, sir J. 24 

Higgans, dr. 20 

HQton, EUs, 50 

Hobby, P. 175 

Hogan, sir J. 10 

Hoghstein, 167, 172 

Holcroft, T. 173 

Hollaade, L. 137 

HoUehed, 195 

Hone, mr. 65 

Hopton, sir A. 11, 22, 42, 

1 76 ; lady, 25 
Home, 179 

Homes, the lady of, 74 
Horsey, sir J. 176 
Howard, lord, xxxix. 9, 14 ; 

lord Edm. 20, 26, 31, 164, 

183 ; C. 212 ; sir Edw. 9, 

10, 214 ; his commission as 

admiral, 67 ; lady K. 164 ; 

T. 117, 137 ; lord Wil- 

liam, 42, 45, 173 
Huckelers, 32 
Hues, T. 16 
Hugayne, mistress, 25 
Hungerford, lord, 1 75 ; sir A. 

42,176; sir E. 22; J. 179; 

sir J. 21; sirW. 3, 42 
Hunt, O. 65 
Hurleston, sir J. 176 
Hussey, B. 179; sir Gi. 31, 

32; sir T. 3, 11, 21, 89; 

sir W. 21 
Hyde, W. 177 

Ichyngham, see Echingham 
Inge, archbp. 38 
Ingham, R. 174 
Isle, sir H. 173 

James IV. 10; death of, 15 
Jenkyns, E. 118 

Jenyns, 121 ; S. 118 
Jennings, William, 203 
Jermye, sir J. 174 
Jermyn, sir T. 175, 177 
Jerningham, Anne, 77 ; H. 

173 ; sir J. 177 : Ro. 26 ; 

sir R. 26, 32, 38, 61, 100, 

208 ; mistress 25 
Johnes, sir R. 24 
Johnson, 179 ; R. 51 
Judde, mr. 40 
Judson, R. 117 
Juliers, William duke of, 167 

Katharine, queen, 23, 27, 28 
Kele, H. 117; J. 117 
Kellwaye, W. 179 
Kempe, T. 174 ; mistress, 25 
Kene, John, 64 
Kent, earl of, 11 bis, 20, 111 
Kevell, GUes, 207 
Kildare, earl of, 20 
Kingesmell, J. 179 
Kingston, A. 177; sir W. 21, 

26, 33, 42 
Kirkham, sir J. 24 ; sir R. 

Knevett, A. 26, 175 ; sir E. 

174; sir H. 173; sir T. 9 ; 

mr. 38 ; maistress, 64 
Knight, dr. 20 
Knightley, E. 177 
KnoUes, 173 

Lacy, H. 117,118 
Lambarde, W. 64 
Lambert, W. 124 

Lambert's housed" 

Lane, R. 177 

Lanerton, 211 

de Lannoy, C. 31 

Lathum, Rauf, 51 

Latimer, lord 2 

Latronet, 120 

Laware, lord, 175 

Lawrence, mistress, 25 

Lea, archbp. 125 

Lee, Sir A. 176 ; Rob. 64 ; 
Ric. 139, 195 

Leighton, sir T. 11 

Leland, xxix. 

Lemster, R. 117 

Leonard, R. 194, 195 

Lestrange, sir T. 174 

Lewis, sir R. 15 ; T. 117 

Lighe, mr. 39 

Linacre, mr. 65 

Lind, T. 8 

Lincoln, earl of, 1 

Lisle, C. Brandon viscoimt, 
12 ; A. Plantagenet visct. 
xxxviii. 21, 32, 41 ; made 
lord deputy of Calais, 44. 
121, 138, 139, 165, 
166, 168, 181, 190; auto- 
graph, 183 ; letter sum- 
moning his return, 184 ; 
put into the Tower, 48 ; 
Elizabeth lady, 188 ; Ho- 
nourlady, 187, 188 

Lisle, sir T. 42, 73, 74; Ste- 
phen, 122 

Litille, sir J. 24 

Liveries of England and of 
Burgundy, 8 

Lomelyn, Domyngo, 119 


Lomun, E, 175 

London, W. 195 

Long, sir H. 22, 42, 179; 

R. 118, 137, 179 
Longe, sir R. 175 ; mr. 122 
Longingham, 32 
Longland, bp. John, 41 
Longueville, duke of, 14 
Longvill, sir T. 176 
Lorraine, cardinal of, 40, 43, 

119, 120 
Louis XII., marriage of, 16 ; 

death, 17 
Lovedayes, G. 137 
Loveles, sir R. 50 
Lovell, lord, 1 bis ; sir F. 1 74 ; 

sirT. 6, 15,32, 81 
Lubeck, 46 ; loss of the ship, 

Lucas, widow, 118 
Lucy, sirT. 12,23; W. 179 
Lumley, lord, 20 
LuttreU, A. 98 ; mr. 39 ; 

jun. lb. 
Lyquies, 212 
Lylgrave, 81, 82 
Lyndesey, mr. 40 
Lysley, sir T. 177 
Lyster, sir M. 177 
Lysters, 213 

Macedonia, prince of, 189 
Magnus, dr. 20 
Maidstone, 202 
Main brook, the, 193 
Maltravers, lord, xxxviii. 41, 

190, 191, 196 
Manners, sir O. 100 ; sir R. 


ManteU, 173; sir W. 100 

Many, J, 174 

Margaret, mistress, 25 ; see 

Margison, 2, 11, 212 
Marian, serg. xxx. 
Marck, xxx. xxxi. xxxviii. xl. 

134, 192 
Markham, H. 179, 213 ; sir 

J. 42, 176; R. 179 
Mamey, sir H. 13, 89 ; sir 

J. 22 
Marshall's house, 117 
Mary, dau. of Henry VII. 6, 
7, 53 ; marriage to Louis 
XII. 16, 75, 76 ; marriage 
to duke of Suffolk, 17 

dau. of Henry VIII. 17 

Mason, mr. 118 
Massingberd, J. 117; T. 139 
Masters, J. xxx. 
Materface (?) lord, 20 
Matthews, R. 118 
Maunselle, mr. 51 
Maximilian, emperor, 13, 14, 

Mayuu, maister, 83 
Medley, G. 163 
Medleton, J. 137 
Medilton, T. 65 
Mentoria, mrs. Kath. 25 
Meryng, sir W. xxxix 
Metford, R. 98 
Mewtas, P. 1 75 
Michelle, 120 
Middleton, mr. 39 
Middelton, J. 118 
Milford haven, 1 
Miuter, L. xxxii. 

Meninges, E. 173 
Mompesson, E. 179 
Montagu, lord, 20, 42 ; lady 24 
Montmorency, Anne, 118 ; 

duke of, 43 
Montreuil, 32, 40 
Mordaunt, lord, 42, 175 ; sir 

J, 24, 176 
More, John, 51 ; mr. T. 22 ; 

sir T. knighted, 31, 22,38, 

Moreton, T. 64 ; Lewis, 71 
Morgan, G. 179; John, 64 ; 

sir P. 9 ; sir W. 21 
Morley, lord, 2, 23, 175 ; 

lady, 26 
Morleys, 31 
Morison, R. 175 
Morres, sir Cha. 173 
Morris, sir R. 21 ; mistress, 

Mounteagle, lord, 38, 42 
Mountjoy, lord, 4, 50, 174, 

175; lady, 24 
Mountore, xxxi. 
Mountperson, E. 179 
Moylle, T. 174 ; W, 174 
Myller, J. 118 
MynshaUe, R. 117, 118 

Nanfant, sir R. xxxix. 50 

Naveme, prince of, 14 

Navarre, king of, 43 

Needham, 171 

Neville, sir E. 16, 26,33,42, 
26, 121; sir J. 22, 26, 42, 
118,177;sirT.21, 51,173; 



lord, 175; lady, wife of sir 

J. 25 ; lady, 92, 93 
Neweman, sir W. 123 
Newkerk, xxxi 
Newnham, sir W. 176 
Newnham bridge, xxix. 11, 

103, 124, 129, 131, 134, 

138, 208 et seq. 
Newport, sir T. 21 
Newton, A. 98; sir J. 177; 

mr. 40, 118 
Norfolk, duke of, 1, 41, 43, 

44, 45, 92, 93, 119, 120, 

165, 169, 170, 174, 183, 

184; duchess of, 92, 93 
Norham castle, 14 
Norris, Henry, 26 ; sir J. 176 ; 

sir L. 42 
Northumberland, earl of, 1, 

4, 12, 20, 50, 89, 111 
Norton, sir J. 8, 15, 42; J. 

IHbis; sirS. 10, 50; S. 

117, 137 
Nueuare, earl of, 172 

Ogan, W. 98 

Olysleger, H. 167, 172 

Orange, prince of, 36 

Ormond, earl of, 3 

Osborne, William, 120 

Otingal, 212 

Outred, sir A. 13 ; R. 98 ? see 

Overstein, earl of, 172 
Owen, sir D. 11, 22; sir H. 

22, 32 ; sir Jasper, 32, 33 ; 

lady, jun. 25 
Oxford, earl of, 2, 20, 41, 

175 ; countess of, 19, 24, 
61 ; countess of, jun. 24 
Oye, XXX. xxxi. xxxviii, xl. 
134, 192 

Padula, marquis of, 189 
Page (Gage?) sir J. 42 ; sir R. 

42, 97, 176 
Pakenham, 51 
Palant, 172 
de Palatio, bp. 19 
Palmer, 65; H. 137; sir T. 

42,119,120, 123, 138,183, 

196,211; Wm. 26 
Parker, 120, 121 ; Edm. 65 ; 

sir H. 176; J. 26, 64; sir 

J. 64 ; master, 38; mistress, 

25, 64 
Parre, lord, 175; lady,widow, 

25 ; wife, ib. see Aparre 
Paris, master, 24 ; mistress, 

Paston, 51; Er. 174 ;T. 175; 

sir W. 22,42, 174 ; W. 50 
Pate, mr. 1 89 
Patrike, R. 117 
Paulet, sir H. 176; sir W.42, 

44, see Poulet 
Pavia, battle of, 34 ; countess 

of, 213 
Payton, sir R. 177 
Pechy, sir J. xxxviii. 3, 12, 

15, 21, 111, 214 
Pelham, 179; R. 137; sir W. 

42, 179 
Pembroke, Anne Boleyne, 

marchioness of, 44, 118, 


Pemerey, mr. 39 
Penyngton, H. 64 ; J. 98 ; 

sir W. 100 
Pepeling, xxix. 
Percy, sir W. 15 
Peterson, sir W. 47 
Petous, sir W. 164 
Pexsall, mr. 40 
Pexall, R. 98, 179 
Phelippe, mr. 40 
Philip, archduke, 4, 5, 49 
Philpott, sir P. 177 
Phylpot, Clement, 185, 186 
Pickering, Chr. 65 ; sir W. 

Pigote, F. 177 
Pierrepoint, sir W. 23 
Pirton, sir W. 32 
Plankeney, H. 117 
Plantagenet, sir A. 21 ; made 

viscount Lisle, 32 ; Frances, 

Elizabeth, and Bridget, 

188 ; see Lisle 
Plumer, Alart, 120 
de la Pole, see Suffolk, R. 

slain at Pavia, 35 
Pole, Arthur, 26, 76 ; sir A, 

100 ; sir G. 100 ; Giles, 

179; cardinal, 185, 187 
Polling of heads, 45, 214 
Pomeray, sir E, 21 
Pomerey, R. 97 
Porter, J. 117 
Portugal, expedition to, 7 
Poulet, J. 113, 179; see 

Poundar, sir W. 32 
Powis, lord, 2, 100 
Powys, L. 98 



Poynes, sir A. 21 

Poynings, sir E. 66, 89 ; lord, 

8, 13, 15, 21, 66, 89, 

137 ; sir T. 176 
Poyntz, sir A. 32 ; dau. of 

Anthony, 25; Fr. 26; sir 

N. 176; sirRo. 23 
de Prat, Anthoine, 30 
Preston, T. 64 
Prestwiche, E. 117 
Pre were, 32 
Pricok, Chr. 51 
Prowde, T. 195 
Puttenham, R. 179 
Pye, E. 118; J. 179 
Pyrton's or Porton's bulwark, 

199, 207 
Pytham, xxx. 

Quanden, Symon, 121 

Ragland, sir J. 21 

Rainford, sir J. 11, 15, 22, 

31,32, 176,211 
Rastell, J. 83, 84 
RatclifiFe, 1; master, 38,119 
Ratton, 212 
Rawlyns,J. 137,209 
Rede, dr. 45; L. 177 
Reade, sir W. 19 
Redman, mr. 39, 98 
Regent, burnt, 9 
Renkyn, Richard, 40 
Renolles, 118 
Rensom, 212 
Rescumer, J. 98 
Reskemer, mr. 39 

Rever, lord, 16, 34 

ap Reynold, R. 137 

Rice, mr. 39 

Rich, sir R. 176 

Richmond, duke of 41, 44, 

164; duchess of 170 
Ringley, sir E. xli. 31, 32, 

138, 164, 196 
Rise, lady Griffith, 25 
Risley, sir J. 3 
Robartes, T. 174 
Robynson, R. 139 
Rochester, 169, 180 
Rochford, lord, 42, 44, 45 ; 
his speech on the scaffold, 
Rodney, J. 179 
Rogers, sir J. 177 bis 
Rokewood, J. 137, 183, 193, 

194, 195 
Rolf, R. 164 
Rome, 185 
Roos, lord, 12, 20; child of 

honour, 76 
Roper, H. 50 ; W. 173 
Rotherham, sir T. 42, 176 
Rous, Anthony, 202 
Roydon, T. 174 
Roye, 100 
Russell, J. 5 ; sir J. 31, 32, 

42, 177 ; lord, 175 
Ruston, Nicholas, 40 
Ruthall, bp. T. 12, 19, 30 
Rutland, earl of, 41, 169, 

Rutter, R. 118 

Rysebank, xxvi. 4, 103, 124, 
129, 131, 132, 134, 138, 

Rysebank, pursevant, 52 

Sacheverall, sir H. 21 ; sir R. 

10, 22, 89 
Sadler, H. 84 ; sir R. 189 ; 

R. 175 
St. Clere, sir J. 176 ; mr. 39 
St. John, sir John, 39, 42, 98, 

St. John's, lord of, see 

St. Leger, A. 138 ; sir A. 
175 ; sir G. 24 ; lady, 25 ; 
young, 175 
St. Lowe, sir J. 177 
St. Omer's, xxxi. 32, 212 
St. Peter's without Calais, 4, 

49, 94, 168, 194, 201 
St. Peter's field, 7 
St. Pierre, 196 
Sakfeld, J. 117 
Salerno, prince of, 48, 188 
Samerde, 32 
Sampson, 173 

Sandes, J. 179 ; sir R. 39, 
42, 100; sirW. 11, 15, 18, 
21, 32; made lord Sandes, 
33 ; 42, 78, 89, HI, 130, 
139, 163, 175, 191, 196, 
203, 205, 206, 208, xl 
Sandgate, xxxiii. 15, 134 
Sandingfeld, xxLx. 2, 11, 43 
Sandwich, 8, 28, 122 
Santener (Seymour ?) sir E. 

Savage, sir J. 3 ; bp. Thos. 3 
Saville, mr. 39 ; H. 98 ; sir 
J. 3 


Savoy, Margaret duchess of, 
8, 13, 29, 34, 41, 52, 60 ; 
biographical notice of, 68 ; 

Saxony, John Frederick duke 
of, 167 

Scott, sir J. 8, 15 ; R. 174 ; 
sir W. 3, 15, 214 

Scrope, lady, 25 

Selve, Jean de, 30 

Semer, T. and W. 51 

Servants, allowed at the meet- 
ing of Cloth of Gold, 26 

Sexton, R. 118 

Seymour, sir E. 38, 100, see 
Santener ; sir F. 211 ; sir 
J. 11,22,42 ; sir T. 168, 
173 ; child of honour, 76 

Shawe, sir J. 3 

Shelley, mr. 213 

Shelton, sir J. 24 

Sheparde, John, 136 

Sherborne, sir H. 32 

Shirbroke, N. 51 

Shirley, 8 

Shrewsbury, earl of, 1, 2, 10, 
11, 12, 20 ; countess of, 

Shurley, sir R. 1 76 

Signet of Henry VIII. 206 

Simones, R. 1 75 

Skeffington, sir W. 22 

Skipwith,E. 179 ; W. 179 

Skryvyn,T. 117 

Skynner, 121 

SUngsby, Chr. 98 

Smithe, dr. 38 

Smythe, Thomas, 120 ; sir W. 
23, 177, 1B6, 195 

Smythes, H. 117 
Snowdon,W. 117 
Somerset, sir C. 10 ; sir G. 

122, 177 
Souch, lord, 1, 3, 11 
Souche, J, 177, see Zouch 
Southampton, 9, 167, 168, see 

Southwell, A. 179 ; R. 174 
Speake, sir T. 176 
Sperte, sir T. 173 
Sponer, W. 65 
Stable, J. 117 
Stafford, earl of, 20 ; countess 

of, 24 ; R. 137, 173 ; H. 

173, 179 
Stanley, E. 98 

Staple, privileges of the mer- 
chants of, xxiv. 106, see 

Staples, W. 117 
Stephenson, Henry, 40 
Steven the Almayne, xxviii. 

Stevyns, W. 117, 185 
Steynynges, E. 97 
Stirley, sir N. 176 
Stoke, battle at, 1 
Stokesley, bp. John, 20, 41 
Stoner, sir Wa. 24, 176 
Stourton, master, 38 ; sir W. 

100; lord, 175 ; R. 177 
Stowell, J. 179 
Strange, lord, 2 ; sir T. 42 
Strangways, sirG. 22, 32, 33, 

42, 176 ; H. 177 ; mr. 39 
Strayle, A. 117 
Stricklond, W. 98 
Sturmyn, R. 51 

Suffolk, C. Brandon, duke of 
(see Lisle), 12, 15, 16 ; his 
early history, 69 ; marriage 
to the Queen of France, 17 ; 
20, 25, 28, 33, 41, 43, ?4, 
99, 100, 119,167,169,170, 
173; duchess of, 169, 174; 
earl of, 2, 3, 50; lord 
Richard of, 3 ; lord Wil- 
liam of, 3 

Surrey, earl of, 1, 3 14, 31, 
41, 44, 164, 175 

Sussex, earl of, 175, 184, 

Sutton, sir J. 32 

Smalebery, H. 118 

Swarte, sir Martyn, 1 

Sybell, N. 1 74 

Sydney, sir W. 13, 16, 26, 

Symons, R. 174 

Sympson, W. 138, 183, 196 

Synclere, J. 97 

Talbot, sir Gilbert, xxxviii, 2, 

21,23,214. SirHumfrey, 

2 ; mr. 117 
Talboyse, lord, 173 
Talmach, L. 179 
Tame, sir E. 176 
Tate, sir B. 100; B. 167 ; T. 

Taylor, dr. 20, 58 
Temperlto, 6 
Tempest, Chr. 117 ; sir R, 

22, 98 ; T. 98 ; mr. 39 
Tennagel, 172 

Terra Nuova, marquis of, 1 89 
2 G 



Teye, sir T. 22, 176 
Thaccher, J. 117 
Tlierouenne, 11, 12, 14, sur- 
render of, f&.; 67, 212, 213 
ap Thomas, sir R. 10, 11 
Thomas, Hugh, 65 
Thornton's wido^\-, 117 
Throclimorton, mr. 3.0 
Throgmorton, G. 23, 177; 

R. 179 
Thursby, T. 174 
Thwaytes, E. 173 
Tilney, sir P. 22 ; lady, 9.5, 

Torrell, J. 98 
Townsend, Rob. 174 ; sirRog. 

Tourney, surrender of, 15 ; 
restored, 18,36,67,71,73 
Tourueyham, xxxi 
Trenchard. sir T. h, 19, 22- 

Tresliam, sir T. 176 
Trilby, sir M. 24 
Tuke, sir B. 176 
Tunstall, bp. C. 20, 38, 41. 

165, 177 
Turbrevyle, sir J. xl 
Turney, mr. 39 
TuRPYX, Richard, 1, 137 ; his 
history, preface, p. xiii; 
Richard, the Herald, xvi ; 
family pedigree, ib. 
TurwLitt, R. 177 
Tutt, T. 117, N. 179 
Tylney, see Tilney 
Tyndall, T. 175 
Tyrrell, sir J. 2; sir T. 24 

Umpton, A. 177 
Upton, N. 179 
Uptoins, sir R. 21 
Urmeston, C. 83, 84 
Utreight, sir R. 100, see Ou- 

Vachell, T. 177 

Valenciennes, 34, 100 

Valens, David, 40 

Van, G. 117 

Vane, R. 174 

Vannes, dr. Peter, 38 

Varkingnowglie, 213 

Vaumpage, sir W. 1 3 

Vaux, sirN. 3, 12, 18,21,77, 
79, 82, 84, 89, 203 ; made 
lord Vaux, 33 ; his son the 
second lord, 38 ; lady, 25 

Vavasour, B. 118 

Velvelle, sir R. 23, 26 

Venloo, 8 

Vere, sir J. 22, 33 

Verney, sir Ralph, 3, 23, 1 76 ; 
sir Ra. jun. 24 

Victoria, mistress, 25 

Villiers, J. 24, 32, 176 

Vincent, xxxi 

Voysey, bp. 19, 83 

Wadhara, sir E. 21 ; sir W, 

Waldani, xxx 
Wales, M. 66 
Walgrave, sir \V. 2). 177 

mr. 39 

Wall, Thomp.s, 203 " 
Wallop, sir J. 32, 33, 117, 
138, 165, 196, 197; his 
retinue, 202; 209,210,211 
Walsingham, sir E. 21, 177 
Walssh, T. 133 
Walton, mistress, 25 
Warde, J. 65 

Warham, abp. 19 ; sirG. 100 
Warren, mr. 39 
Warwick, earl of, xx 
Wast, 32 
Wast, R. 77 
Watch and Ward, ordinances 

for, 140 et seq. 
Wegan, mr. 40 
Welles, T. 179 
Wellesburn, J. 175 
Welshe, sir J. 176 
Wentworth, Anne, 25 ; the 
wife of John, ih. ; G. 98-; 
sir Ri. 11, 22; sir Ro. 
24; sirT. 100; lord, xxxix. 
175 ; mr. 39 
West, sir F. 22; bp. N. 17. 

19, 30; sir W. 177 
Westmerland, earl of, 20 
Westminster, John abbot of, 

92, 94 
Weston, dr. 6; sir R. 21, 33, 
176,209; maister, 121, 122 
Weymouth, 5 
Whetehyll, Adrian, xl ; sir R. 

xli. 8, 32, 118 ; Rob. xli. 
Whetehiirs bulwark, 199 
Whetenall, W. 174 
Whitehall at Westminster, 80 
Whitwaies, 117 
Wigston, yonge, 179 


Wnford,T. 174 
Williames, sir J. 176; R. 177 
M^illington, W. 179 
Willoughby, lord, xxxix. 9, 

12, 23 ; lady, 24 ; sir Chr. 
21 ; sir E. 176 ; G. 98 ; sir 
H. 2, 23, 24; II. 173 ; sir 
J. 33, 177 ; sir R. 66; T. 
137; sir T. 173; master, 

Wiltshire, earl of, 10, 11, 20, 
44 ; sir J. xixix. 6 bis, 52, 

Winchcombe, J. 177 

Windsor, lord, 175 ; sir A. 

13, 22, 33, 177 ; sir W. 

Wingfield, sir A. 22, 31, 33, 
42 ; C. 179 ; sir H. 176, 
H.179 ; sirJ.4,50 ; J. 173, 

179 ; sir Ric. xxxviii. 17, 

31,33,70,78,183 ; sir Rob. 

xxxviii. 33 ; T. 174 ; lady, 

wife of sir A. 25 ; lady, 

wife of sir Ric. ib. 
Wiseman, sir J. 32 
Wodehouse, R. 117 ; T. xxvii 
Woderove, Sir J. 12 
Wolsey, cardinal, chaplain to 

sir R. Nanfant, xxxix ; 19, 

28, 30 ; embassy to France 

in 1521, 94 ; in 1527, 37 ; 

92, 94, 97, 109, 113 
Wood, Ric. 65 
Worcester, earl of 17, 18, 19, 

20, 76 ; letter of, 86, 89 ; 

countess of 92, 93 
Wotton, sir E. 42, 173, 163, 

196 ; mistress, 77 ; R. 


Wriothesley, T. 116 ; mr. 180 
Wroughton, W. 179 
W^urtemburg, duke of 34 
Wyatt,sirH.6,22 ;sirT. 188 
Wymelle, 2 

Wyndham, Edra. 98 ; sir E. 
174; sir T. 22,94 ; mr. 39 
Wynebanck, R. 137 
Wyssen, lord of, 172 

Yate, J. 177 

Ychingham, xee Echyngham 
Yeo, W. 98 
Yerdeley, J. 98 
Yorke, T. 98, 179 

Zouche the eldere; 173; 
see Souch 


Lomioji : Printed by J. B. Nichols ai:d gon^, 25, rarliament Street. 



1. Restoration of King Edward IV. 

2. Kyng Johan, by Bishop Bale 

3. Deposition of Richard II. 

4. Plumpton Correspondence 

5. Anecdotes and Traditions 

6. Political Songs 

7. Hayward's Annals of Elizabeth 

8. Ecclesiastical Documents 

9. Norden's Description of Essex 

10. Warkworth's Chronicle 

11. Kemp's Nine Dales Wonder 

12. The Egerton Papers 

13. Chronica Jocelini de Brakelonda 

14. Irish Narratives, 1641 and 1690 

15. Rishanger's Chronicle 

16. Poems of Walter Mapes 

17. Travels of Nicander Nucius 

18. Three Metrical Romances 

19. Diary of Dr. John Dee 

20. Apology for the Lollards 

21. Rutland Papers 

22. Diary of Bishop Cartwright 

23. Letters of Eminent Literary Men 

24. Proceedings against Dame Alice Kyteler 

25. Promptorium Parvulorum: Tom. I. 

26. Suppression of the Monasteries 

27. Leycester Correspondence 

28. French Chronicle of London 

29. Polydore Vergil 

30. The Thornton Romances 

31. Verney's Notes of the Long Parliament 

32. Autobiography of Sir John Bramston 

33. Correspondence of James Duke of Perth 

34. Liber de Antiquis Legibus 

35. The Chronicle of Calais 

For the year 
^ 1838-9. 

V For 1839-40. 

For 1840-41. 

For 1841-42. 

For 1842-43. 

For 1843-44. 

VFor 1844-45. 


For 1843-46. 


S C I E T Y, 



At a General Meeting of the Camden Society held at the Freemasons' 

Tavern, Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, on Saturday the 

2nd of May, 1 846, 

The Right Hon. Lord BRAYBROOKE in the chair, 

His Lordship having opened the business of the Meeting, 

The Secretary read the Report of the Council agreed upon at their 
meeting of the 15th April last, whereupon it was 

Resolved, That the said Report be received and adopted, and that 
the Thanks of the Society be given to the Director and Council for their 

The Thanks of the Society were also voted to the Editors of the 
Society's publications for the past year; to the Local Secretaries; to the 
Rt. Hon. Lord Langdale; Sir Francis Palgrave ; and tlie Rt. Hon. The 
Lord Mayor, the Court of Aldermen, and Common Council of the city oi" 
London, for the manner in which they had severally assisted in the publi- 
cation of the Liber de A^itiquis Legibus ; to Thomas W. Bramston, Esq. 
for the loan of the Manuscript of Sir John Bramston's Autobiography ; and 
to the Lady Willoughby D'Eresby, for the loan of the Letters of the 
Duke of Perth. 

The Secretary then read the Report of the Auditors agreed upon at 
their Meeting of the 29th April last, whereupon it was 

Resolved, that the said Report be received and adopted, and tliat the 
Tiianks of the Society be given to them for their trou])!e. 


The Thanks of the Society having then been voted to the Treasurer, 
The Meeting proceeded to the election of Officers, when 
The Right Hon. Lord Braybrooke, F.S.A. 
Avas elected President of the Society; and 

Thomas Amyot, Esq. F.R.S., Treas. S.A. 

Beriah Botfield, Esq. M.P., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

John Payne Collier, Esq. F.S.A. 

Charles Purton Cooper, Esq. Q.C., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

William Durrant Cooper, Esq. F.S.A. 

Bolton Corney, Esq. 

Sir Henry Ellis, K.H., F.R.S., Sec. S.A. 

The Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A. 

Peter Levesque, Esq., F.S.A. 

Sir Francis Palgrave, K.H., F.R.S. 

Thomas Joseph Pettigrew, Esq. F.R.S., F.S.A. 

Thomas Stapleton, Esq. F.S.A. 

William John Thoms, Esq. F.S.A. 

Albert Way, Esq. M.A., Dir. S.A., and 

Thomas Wright, Esq. M.A., F.S.A. 
were elected as the Council; and 

John Brodribb Bergne, Esq. F.S.A. 

John Bruce, Esq. F.S.A., and 

The Rev. John Joseph Ellis, M.A., F.S.A. 
were elected Auditors of the Society for the ensuing year. 

Thanks were then voted to the Secretary ; and to Lord Braybrooke, 
for the interest he had always taken in the welfare of the Society, and for 
his able conduct in the Chair. 

At a Meeting of the Council of the Camden Society held at No. 25, 
Parliament Street, Westminster, on Wednesday the 6th May, 1846, 
The Rt. Hon. Lord Braybrooke, the President, in the Chair; 
Thomas Amyot, Esq. was elected Director ; John Payne Collier, 
Esq. Treasurer ; and William J. Thoms, Esq. Secretary, for the Year 


ELECTED 2nd MAY, 1845. 

The Council of the Camden Society, elected on the 2nd of May, 
1845, have great pleasure in repeating the assurance so uniformly made by 
former Councils of the continued welfare of the Society, and of establish- 
ing that gratifying fact, by pointing out, in confirmation of it, that the in- 
vestments standing in the name of the Trustees of the Society have during 
the past year been increased from £77^ 15s. Id. to £831 18s. lid. Three 
per Cent. Consols. 

The Council have added the following gentlemen to the List of 
Local Secretaries : — 

John Bruce, Esq. F.S.A., for Gloucestershire ; 

Rev. James Raine, F.S.A. Newc, for Durham ; 

and Henry Annesley Woodham, Esq. M.A. of Jesus College, 

Cambridge, who has been appointed Local Secretary for Cambridge, 

in the place of the Rev. John Lodge, M.A. 

And it would be very gratifying to the Council if other gentlemen 
possessed of local influence would kindly render assistance to the Society 
by undertaking the comparatively easy duties annexed to the office of 
Local Secretary. There is nothing which can more surely contribute to 
the permanent well-being of the Camden Society than such co-operation 
on the part of members resident in the country. 


The publications of the past year have been — = 

Autobiography of Sir John Bramston, Knight, &c. Edited by the Kt. Hon. 
LoKD Braybrooke, President of the Society, from the Original, in the possession 
of Thomas William Bramston, Esq. one of the knights of the shire for South Essex. 

Inedited Letters of the Duke of Perth, from the Originals, in the possession of 
Lady Willoughby de Eresby. Edited by William Jerdan, Esq. M.R.S.L. 

De Antiquis Legibus Liber, a Chronicle of the Mayors and Sheriffs of London, 
from 1178 to 1274. Edited by Thomas Stapleton, Esq. F.S.A. from the Tran- 
script made for the late Record Commission (for the use of which the Camden Society 
is indebted to the Right Honourable Lord Langdale, Her Majesty's Keeper of Re- 
cords), collated with the Original MS. in the Archives of the City of London. 

The latter M^ork is now only just ready for delivery, owing to the great care 
and attention bestowed upon it by Mr. Stapleton, to whose able hands 
the editorship was entrusted by the Council. The gratifying circumstances 
under which this volume was placed at their disposal for the purposes of 
publication were fully announced in the Report of the last year. The 
Meeting will probably feel it due to the Right Honourable Lord Langdale, 
Sir Francis Palgrave, and to the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, the 
Court of Aldermen, and the Common Council, of the City of London, to 
express by a general vote their sense of the obligations which they have 
conferred on the Society by the considerate manner in which they have 
on this occasion promoted its objects ; nor will the Society, it is pre- 
sumed, feel less disposed to give similar public expression of its thanks 
to T. W. Bramston, Esq., for the loan of the original MS. of Sir John 
Bramston's Autobiography ; and to the Lady Willoughby de Eresby for 
the use of the Letters of the Duke of Perth. 

The fact that the two last mentioned Volumes, like many of the pre- 
ceding Camden Publications, have been derived from materials in the pos- 
session of private individuals, consequently from sources inaccessible to 
the general reader, furnishes a very striking proof of the advantages which 
the establishment of the Camden Society is destined to secure for future 
inquirers into the history of this country. 

The fourth publication for the past year will be the " Chronicle of 
Calais," edited by John Gough Nichols, Esq., and to which, if the Meeting 
think proper, this Report, with the Report of the Auditors, and the List 
of Members for the past year, may be appended. 

RErOllT OK THE COUNCIL, 1 8 If). *> 

The first volume for the next year — being a further portion of the 
translation of Polydore Vergil's History of England — is completed at press ; 
and will very shortly be ready for delivery to the members. 

The Volumes which have been added to the List of suggested Pub- 
lications during the past year, are — 

A Selection from the Wills preserved in the Will Office at Bury St. Edmund's. 
To be edited by Samuel Tymms, Esq. 

The Ancient English and French Romances of Havelok the Dane. To be 
edited by Sir Frederic Madden, K.H., F.R.S. 

The Autobiography of Anne Clifford, Countess of Pembroke, Dorset, and Mont- 
gomery, and other Records preserved in Skipton Castle. To be edited by Edward 
Hailstone, Esq. F.S.A. 

Regulse Inclusarum : The Ancren Rewle. A Treatise on the Rules and Duties 
of Monastic Life, in the Anglo-Saxon Dialect of the xiij. century, addressed to a 
society of Anchorites, being a translation from the Latin Work of Simon de Ghent, 
Bishop of Salisbury. To be edited from MSS. in the Cottonian Library, British 
Museum, with an Introduction, Glossarial Notes, &c. by the Reverend James 
Morton, B.D. Prebendary of Lincoln. 

The Council have to regret the deaths, during the past year, of — 

John Adolphus, Esq., F.S.A. 

Rev. Richard H. Barham, B.A. 

Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells, F.R.S. and S.A. 

William Fuller Boteler, Esq. M.A., Q.C. 

Joseph Hoare Bradshaw, Esq. 

Mr. Emerson Charnley. 

Barron Field, Esq. 

Richard Halliwell, Esq. F.S.A. 

William F. Harrison, Esq., Local Secretary at Rochester. 

Rev. John Hodgson, M.R.S.L., V.P. Soc. Ant. Newc. 

Lady Holland. 

Thomas Moore, Esq. F.S.A. 

Mr. Setchel. 

The Ven. Archdeacon Todd, M.A., F.S.A. 

Thomas George Waller, Esq. 

Henry Walter, Esq. 

The Rev. Christopher Wordsworth, D.D, 


In concluding this Report the Council feel gratified in calling the 
attention of the Society to the fact that among the new Subscriptions re- 
ceived during the past year is one from the Library of Congress at 
Washington. At a moment of so much anxiety in reference to the public 
relations between Great Britain and the United States, it is delightful to 
notice this honourable proof of the interest felt by America in the progress 
of our historical studies. English history is, indeed, a branch of litera- 
ture in which both countries have a peculiar and a common interest. 
Descended from common ancestors, Great Britain and America ought ever 
to unite to keep alive the memory of the great and good deeds of fore- 
fathers in whose glories they both participate. 

Signed by order of the Council, 

' Thomas Amyot, Director. 
William J. Thoms, Secretary. 


Dated 29th April, 1846. 

We, the Auditors appointed to audit the Accounts of the Camden 
Society, report to the Society, that the Treasurer has exhibited to us an 
account of the Receipts and Expenditure of the Society, from the 30th 
April, 1845, to the 29th April, 1846, and that we have examined the said 
accounts, with the vouchers thereto relating, and find the same to be 
correct and satisfactory. 

And we further report that the following is an accurate Abstract of 
the Receipts and Expenditure of the Society during the period we have 


from the 30th April, 1845, to the 29th April, 1846, 

£. s. d. 

Balance of last year's account .. .. 211 8 6 

Received on account of members 
whose Subscriptions were in ar- 
rear at the last Audit 98 

The like on account of Subscrip- 
tions due 1st May, 1845 887 

One year's dividendon ^779 15s. Id. 
3 per Cent. Consols, invested in 
the names of the Trustees of the 
Society, deducting property-tax 22 14 2 

Compositions received from five 

Members 50 

Total receipts for the year £1,2G9 2 8 

£. s. d. 
Paid for the purchase of i^51 18«. 
10c?. 3 per Cent. Consols, invested 
for the benefit of the Society ... 50 

Paid for printing and paper of 1 ,250 
copies of "Verney's Notes of 
Long Parliament" 143 11 C 

The like of 1,250 copies of " Bram- 

ston's Autobiography" 288 10' C 

The like of 1,250 copies of " Perth 

Correspondence'' 93 18 G 

Paid for binding 1200 copies of 
" Verney's Notes of Long Parlia- 
ment" 48 

The like for 1,200 copies of " Bram- 

ston's Autobiography'' 57 12 

Paid for delivery and transmission 
of 1,200 copies of the three above 
mentioned books, atS^Z. per book, 
with paper for wrappers, book- 
ing, &c. and for Advertisements . 43 10 G' 

Paid for Miscellaneous Printing, 

Lists of Members, &c 36 1 3 

Paid for Transcripts, &c. connected 
with works published and in pro- 
gress 17 1 6 

One year's payment for keeping 
Accounts and General Corre- 
spondence of the Society 52 10 

Paid expenses of last General Meet- 
ing 2 7 

Paid for postage, carriage of par- 
cels, and otherpetty cash expenses 16 14 5 

Casli balance, viz. Sum 
in hand for Composi- 
tion £10 

The like from .Subscrip- 
tions and other re- 
ceipts 408 19 6 

418 19 6 

i:i,269 2 8 

And we, the AuditorSj further state, that the Treasurer has reported 
to us that, over and above the present balance of £418 19^. Gd. there are 
outstanding various subscriptions of Foreign Members, of Members resi- 
dent in places distant from London, and of Members recently elected, 
which the Treasurer sees no reason to doubt will be shortly received. 

Given under our hands this 29th day of April, 1846, 

S. R. Maitland. W. D. Cooper. Geo. R. Corner. 



Those Members to whose names (c.) is itrefixed have compounded for their Annual Subscriptions. 
The Members whose names are printed in Small Co.pitals were on the Council of the year. 

(c.) H. R. H. Prince Albert of Saxk-Coburg Gotha, K.G., F.R.S., F.S.A. 
The Most Rev. and Right Hon. the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. 
The Right Hon. Lord Lyndhurst, LL.D., F.R.S., Lord High Chancellor. 
The Most Hon. the Marquess of Northampton, D.C.L., Pres.R.S., F.S.A. 
The Right Hon. the Earl of Aberdeen, Pres.S.A., F.R S. 

J. White Abbott, Esq. Exeter. 
Abraham Abell, Esq. Cork. 
Joseph Ablett, Esq. Llanbedr Hall. 
Rt. Hon. Lord Viscount Adieson, 

(c.) Sir Robert Shafto Adair. 
H. G. Adams, Esq. Cliatham. 
John Adamson, Esq. Sec. S. A. Newc. 

Local Secretary ut Neivcastle. 
(c.) Rev. James Adcock, M.A. 
John Adolphus, Esq. F.S.A. [Died 

July 16, 1845.] 
Professor Dr. Adrian, Hesse Darmstadt. 
Wm. Harrison Ainsworlh, Esq. 
Ralph Ainsworth, Esq. M D. 
John Yonge Akerman, Esq. F.S.A. 
William Aldam, Esq. M.P. 
(c.) Edward Nelson Alexander, E.sq. 

F..S. A. Local Secretary at Halifax. 
Robert Henry Allan, Esq. F.S.A. 
George Edward Allen, Esq. Bath. 
Mr. William Allen. 
Franklin Allport, Esq. 
Richard Almack, Esq. F.S.A. 
Rev. Edward Constable Alston, M.A. 
George Henry Ames, Esq. Cote House, 
Samuel Amory, Esq. 
Thomas Amyot, Esq. F.R.S. Treas. 

S.A. Director. 
Alexander Annand, Esq. F.S.A. 
Thomas Chisholme Anstey, Esq, 
Samuel Appleby, Esq. 
George Appleyard, Esq. 
M le Chevalier Artaud, Membra de 

rinstitut de France. 
Robert John Asbton, Esq. F.L.S. 
Sydney Aspland, Esq. 
The Athenreuni Club. 

Fenton Robinson Atkinson, Esq. 

Rev. William Atthill, M.A. Deanery, 
Middleham, Yorkshire. Local Se- 
cretary at Middleham. 

Benjamin Austen, Esq. 

Australasian Public Library. 

W. Scrope Ayrton, Esq. F.S.A. 

James Bacon, Esq. 

Thomas Bacon, Esq. Redlands, Reading. 

Edward Badeley, Esq. F S.A. 

Thomas Smith Badger, Esq. 

Rt. Hon. Lord Bagot, LL.D., F.S.A. 

James Evan Baillie, Esq. 

George Baker, Esq. Local Secretary 
at Northampton. 

Rev. John Baldwin, M.A Dalton. 

Rev. Bulkeley Bandinel, D.D. Bod- 
ley's Librarian, Oxford. 

Harwood W. Banner, Esq. Liverpool. 

Rev. Richard H. Barham, B.A. [Died 
June 17, 1845.] 

W. G. L Barker, Esq. Middleham. 

(c.) George Barlow, Esq. Oldham. 

Benjamin Barnard, Esq. 

John Barnard, Esq. 

Keith Barnes, Esq. 

Ralph Barnes, Esq. Exeter. 

Charles Frederick Barnwell, Esq. 
M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

Rev. John Bartholomew, Morchard. 

Arthur Barr, Esq. 

Rev. Henry Barry, Draycot. 

Mr. J. Bartlett, Blandford. 

J. R. Bartlett, Esq. New York. 

William Bateman, Esq. R.N. 

Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of Bath and 
Wells [Died Sept. 22, I84r).] 

R. R. Bayley, Esq. 

Richard Bayley, Esq. Castle Dike. 

Henry Ridley Beal, Esq. 

Mr. Heury Mitchison Bealby. 

John Beardmore, Esq. Uplands. 

His Grace the Duke of Bedford. 

John Thomas Bedford, Esq. 

The Bedford Permanent Library. 

James Bell, Esq. 

Robert Bell, Esq. Chiswick. 

Thomas Bell, Esq F.R.S. 

Charles Bellamy, Esq. D.C.L. 

Samuel Beltz, Esq. 

John Benet, jun. Esq. 

George Bennet, Esq. Himley. 

Revd. S. Benson. 

Francis Benthall, Esq. F.S A. 

Henry Bentley, Esq. 

John Bentley, Esq. Birch House. 

Michael Bentley, Esq. 

Richard Bentley, E^q. 

Peter S. Benwell, Esq. Henley. 

John Brodribb Bergne, E?q. F.S.A. 

The Royal Library, Berlin. 

Charles William de Bernardy, Esq. 

Samuel Berridge, Esq. Leicester. 

(c.) The Rev. John Besly, D.C L. 
Vicar of Benton, Northumberland. 

Sir William Betham, Ulster King of 
Arms, F.S.A., U.V..\.h.. Local Se- 
cretary at Dublin. 

Richard Bethell, Esq. M.P. Rise, ne^r 

Edward Be van, Esq. 

La Bibliotheque du Roi, Paris. 

Robert Bickersteth, Esq. Liverpool. 

John Bidwell, Esq. F.S.A 

Leonard Shelford Bidwell, Esq. 


Rev. George Augustus Biedermann, 

Rector of Dauntsev, Wilts. 
Arthur Bigt;';, Esq. Bristol, 
(c.) John Billing, Esq. Reading. 
Mr. R. W. Billings. 
Samuel H. Bindon, Esq. 
William Bird, Esq. Rock Park. 
Thomas Birkbeck, Esq. 
John Birkbeck, Esq. Anley House. 
The Birmingham Public Librar)'. 
W. H. Bhumw, Esq. Beechland. 
John Blachford, Esq. 
William Black, Esq. 
John Burgoyne Blackett, Esq. 
Rev. Joseph William Blakesley, M.A. 

Fellow of Trin. Coll. C;unb. 
Michael Bland, Esq. F.R.S., F.S.A. 
Venble. George Bland, M.A., Arch- 
deacon of Lindistiirne. 
Charles Blandy, Esq. Reading. 
(c.) John Jackson Blandy, Esq. Local 

Secretary at Readinr/. 
William Blandy, Esq. Reading. 
Robert Willis Blencowe, Esq. M.A. 

The Hooke, near Lewes. 
Octavian Blewitt, Esq. Secretary to 

the Literary Fund Society, 
(c.) Rev. Philip Bliss, D.C.L., F.S.A., 

Registrar of the Univ. of Oxford. 

Local Secretary at Oxford. 
Bindon Blood, Esq. F.R.S.E., F.S.A. 

Scot., M.R.LA. Ennis, Ireland. 
Edward Blore, Esq. D.CL., F.S.A. 
B. Blundtrll, Esq. Temple. 
John Blunt, Esq. 
Rev. Wm. Blunt, B.A. Under Master 

of Merchant-Taylors' School. 
Miss Bockett, Southcote Lodge, Berks. 
Henry J. Boddy, Esq. Admiralty. 
Henry G. Bohn, Esq. 
Rev. J. A. Bolster, M.A., M.R.LA. 

Local Secretary at Cork. 
Edward A. Bond, Esq. 
Mr. William Boone. 
B. W. Booth, Esq. Manchester. 
John Booth, Esq. Barton on Irwell. 
Mr. Lionel Booth. 
Rev. INIiles Galloway Booty. 
Rt. Hon. Sir John Bernard Bosan- 

quet, Knt. M.A. 
Rev. Joseph Bosworth, LL.D., F.R.S., 

F S.A. Local Secretary at Derby. 
William Fuller Boteler, Esq. M.A., 

Q.C. [Died 23 Oct. 1815.] 
(c.) Beriah Botfield, Esq.M.P., F.R.S., 

Ijieut. Bowden, 22nd Foot. 
Miss Bower, Doncaster. 
Rev. Thomas Frere Bowerbank, M.A. 

Vicar of Chiswidc. 
George Bowyer, Esq. D.C.L., F.S.A. 

Mark Boyd, Esq. 

David Bradberry, Esq. 

The Subscription Library, Bradford, 

Robert Greene Bradley, Esq. Bencher 

of Gray's Inn. Local Secretary at 

Joseph Hoare Bradshaw, Esq. [Died 

May 24, 1845.] 
George Weare Braikenridge, Esq. 

F.S.A. Brislingtou House, Som. 
Thomas W. Bramston, Esq. M.P. 
Edward Wedlake Brayley, Esq. F.S.A. 
George Brice, Esq. Queen's Coll. Oxf. 
John Bright, Esq. M.D. 
John Ruggles Brise, Esq. Spains Hall. 
Charles Bristed, Esq. Trin. Coll. Camb. 
Thomas Broadwood, Esq. 
William Brockedon, Esq. F.R.S. 
William Broniet, M.D., F.S.A. 
(c.) Right Hon. the Lord Brooke. 
Francis Capper Brooke, Esq. Ufford 

Place, Sufifolk. 
Charles Bros, Esq. 
The Right Hon. Lord Brougham and 

Vaux, F.R.S. 
Rev. John Brown, M.A. Vice-Master 

of Trinity College, Cambridge. 
Robert Brown, Esq. Bishopwearmouth, 
Samuel Cowper Brown, Esq. F.S.A. 

Shillingford Cross, near Exeter. 
Samuel Wm. Browne, Esq. Levvisham. 
William Henry Brown, Esq. Lewisham. 
Rt. Hon. Sir James L. Knight Bruce, 

Vice Chancellor, F.R.S., F.S.A. 
(c.) John Bruce, Esq. F.S.A. Hyde 

House, Minchinhampton. Local 

Mr. Leonard Bruton, Bristol. 
Rev. Guy Bryan, M.A., F.S.A. Rec- 
tor of Woodham Walter, Essex. 

Local Secreta7-y at Maldon, 
Mr. John Bryant. 
Walter Buchanan, Esq. 
Henry T. Buckle, Esq. 
George Biickton, Esq. Oakfield. 
Lieut. -Gen. Sir Henry Bunbury, 

K.C.B., F.S.A. 
John Burder, Esq. F.S.A. 
WiUiamBurge, Esq. Q.C. ,M.A., D.CL. 
John William Burgon, Esq. 
James Burn, Esq. W.S. Edinburgh. 
Ven. Chas. Parr Burney, D.D. F.R S., 

F.S.A. Archdeacon of St., Alban's. 
John Burrell, Esq. Durham. 
Robert Burrell, E.-q. Durham. 
Edmund Burrow, Esq. 
Decimus Burton, Esq. F.R.S., F.S.A. 
John Hill Burton, Esq. Advocate. 
John M. Burton, Esq. Greenwich. 
Rev. C. J. Burton, Lydd, Kent. 

Johnson Atkinson Busfield, Esq. Brad- 
ford, Yorkshire. 
Rev. Thomas Byrth, D.D., F.S.A., 

Rector of Wallasey, Cheshire. 
Benjamin Bond Cabbell, Esq. F.R.S,, 

Frederick Caldwell, Esq. 
Ven. Henry Calthrop, B.D. Archdea- 
con of Rochester. 
Rt. Hon. Lord Campbell. 
Union Society, Cambridge. 
J. S. Cardale, Esq. Leicester. 
The Cardiff Institution, 
(c.) The Rev. Edward Cardwell, D.D. 

Camden's Professor of Ancient 

History, Oxford. 
W. Henry Pole Carew, Esq. Anthony. 
(c.) Peter StafTord Carey, Esq., M.A. 
Rt. Hon. the Earl of CarUsle, F.R.S. 
Edward John Carlos, Esq. 
Rev. John Carr, M.A. Fellow of Bal- 

liol college, Oxford. 
William Thomas Carr, Esq. 
John Carter, Esq. Coventry. 
George Alfred Carthew, Esq. East 

Dereham, Norfolk, 
(c.) Cornelius Cartwright, Esq. Dudley. 
W. C. Cartwright, Esq. 
Rev. W. Carus, M.A. Fellow of Trin. 

Coll. Camb. 
The Rt. Hon. Earl Cawdor, F.R.S. 
Edward P. Cearns, Esq. Liverpool. 
Mr. James Chaflin, Islington. 
Thomas Chapman, Esq. F.R.S. F.S.A. 
William Chapman, Esq. Richmond, 
(c.) William Chappell, Esq. F.S.A. 
Mr. Emerson Charuley, Newcastle. 

[Died Aug. 13, 1845.] 
Sir William Ciiatterton, Bart. 
J. M. G. Cheek, Esq. Evesham. Local 

Secretary at Eveshaiu. 
Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of Chichester. 
(c.) JohnWalbankeChilders, Esq.M.P. 
Francis Cholmeley, Esq. F.S.A. 
Rev. Henry Christmas, M.A., F.R.S., 

F.S.A. Sec. N.S., Librarian of Sion 

College, &c. SiC. 
Henry Christy, Esq. 
Charles Clark, Esq. Middle Temple. 
Rev. Francis Foreman Clark, B.A. 

Towutield House, Staffordshire. 
George Thomas Clark, Esq. 
William Clark, M.D. Professor of 

Anatomy, Cambridge. 
Joseph Clarke, Esq. 
Thomas J. Clarke, Esq. 
Thomas Clarke, Esq. Knedlington. 
Thomas Clarke, Esq. F.R.S., F.S.A. 
Rev. Patrick Clason, D.D. Edinb. For 

the Library of the Free Church of 





Rev. Jacob Clements, M.A. Upton St. • 

Leonard's, near Gloucester. 1 

(c.) Rev. Alfred Butler Clough, B.D., 

F.S.A. Jesus College, Oxford. 
Charles Thornton Coathupe, Esq. I 

Wraxhall, near Bristol. ' 

James Cobb, Esq. Yarmouth. ! 

J. Ingram Cobbin, Esq. ! 

Sir \Vm. S. R. Cockburn, Bart. M.A. 
William Colbourne, Esq. Chippenham. 
Rev. Edward Coleridge, M.A. 
Francis George Coleridge, Esq. Ottery 

St. jNIary, Devon. 
The Hon. Sir John Taylor Coleridge, 

one of the Judges of the Queen's 

Bench, M.A. 
John Payne Collier, Esq. F.S.A. 

Director of the Shakespeare Society. 

Mr. ColUngs, Bath. 
Edward Collins, Esq. 
Thomas Combe. Esq. Oxford 
Rev. C. Comberbach, Stonor. 
John Comport, Esq, F.S.A. Strood. 
The Library of Congress, Washington. 
(c.) Rev. John Connop, M.A. Brad- 
field Hall, Berkshire. 
Edward Conroy, Esq. M.A., ]\LR.I.A. 
William Conway, Esq. Rathmines. 
Lord Albert Conyngham, F.S.A. 
William Henry Cooke, Esq. Barrister- 

at-Law, Temple. 
Charles Henry Cooper, Esq. Coroner 

for Cambridge. 
Charles Purtox Cooper, Esq. 

Q.C., D.C L., F.R.S., F.S.A. 
Rev. James Cooper, M.A. St. Paul's 

Thomas Henry Cooper, Esq. 
William Durrant Cooper, Esq. F.S.A. 

The Royal Library of Copenhagen. 
The Lord Bishop of Cork, Cloyne, 

and Ross. 
George Richard Corner, Esq. F.S.A. 

(c.) Bolton Corney, Esq. Barnes. 
Rev. Tho. Corser, Stand, jNIanchester. 
Rev. G. E. Corrie, B.D. Fellow of 

Cath. Hall, and Norrisian Prof, of 

Divin. in the Univ. of Cambridge. 
The Right Hon. Lord Cottenham. 
The Right Hon. Lord Courtenaj'. 
Andrew Coventry, Esq. Advocate. 
Rev. M. Cowie, M.A. St. John's Coll. 

W^illiam Crafter, Esq. Gravesend. 
(c.) James T. Gibson Craig, Esq. 
George L. Craik, Esq. 
Vei-j' Rev. John Antony Cramer, D.D. 

Dean of Carlisle. 

Rev. Richard Crawley, M.A. Steeple 
Ashton, Wiltshire. I 

Sir Archer Denman Croft, Bart. 
Rev. Richard Croft, Vicar of Hart- ^ 

burn, Northumberland. 
Anthony Crofton, Esq. Barrister. : 

John Crofts, Esq. Bradford, York. ! 
The Rt. Hon. John Wilson Croker, 

LL.D., F.R.S. I 

Thomas Crofton Croker, Esq. 

F.S.A., ]\LR.LA. 
Crosby Hall Literary and Scientific 

John Cross, Esq. Barrister-at-Law. 
James Crossley, Esq. Local Secre- 
tary at Manchester. 
James Dodsley Cuff, Esq. 
Rev. vSamuel Camming, B.A. Old 

George Godfrey Cunningham, Esq. 
Peter Cunningham, Esq. Treasurer of 

the Shakespeare Society. 
Miss Richardson Currer, Eshton Hall. 
Henry Curwen, Esq. Workington 

Hall, Cumberland. 
The Rev. Henry Curwen, Rector of 

The Hon. Edward Cecil Curzon. 
Edward Dalton, Esq. LL.D., F.S.A. 
Thomas Dalton, Esq. Cardiff. 
George Daniel, Esq. 
Rev JohnWareyn Darby, Framlingham. 
George Webb Dasent, Esq. M.A. 
William Davie, Esq. Town Clerk of 

James Edward Davies, Esq. 
Robert Davies, Esq. F.S.A. Town 

Clerk of York. 
^ Richard Davies, jun. Esq. Llangefni. 
' Thomas Stephens Davies, Esq. F.R.S. , 

L. and Ed. F.S.A. 
David Elisha Davy, Esq. UflFord, Suf- 
folk. Local Secretary. 
1 Matthew Dawes, Esq., F.G.S. 
Vesey Thomas Dawson, Esq. 
Rev. Arthur Dayman, M.A. Shilling- 
stone Rectory, Blandford. 
Charles Deane, Esq. 
Rev. J. Bathurst Deane, M. A., F.S.A. 
James Dearden, Esq. Rochdale. 
Norris Deck, Esq. Cambridge. 
Right Hon. Earl de Grey, Pres. of R. 
■ Inst. Br. Architects, F.S.A. 
Rev. D. C. Delafosse, M.A. 
Philip Cliilwell De la Garde, Esq. 
George Dempster, Esq. of Skibo, Ad- 
Mons. Jules Desnoyers, Sec. de la. 

Soc. de I'Histoire de France. 
His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, 
K.G., D.C.L. 

Hugh Welch Diamond, Esq., F.S.A. 
F. H. Dickenson, Esq. M.P. 
William Dickson, Esq. Edinburgh. 
Count Maurice Dietrichstein, Prefect 

of the Imp. Library at Vienna. 
Charles Wentworth Dilke, Esq. LL.B. 
Joseph C. Dimsdale, Esq. 
(^c.) John Disney, Esq. The Hyde, 

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